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Population and Dwelling Counts, 2001 Census


To view tables providing population and dwelling counts established by the 2001 Census of Canada, select from the following geographic areas and statistical classifications. These tables are also available in print in A National Overview: Population and Dwelling Counts.

Please note that the most appropriate 2001 population figures for Canada, provinces and territories are the current postcensal population estimates. See the explanatory note.

Some tables provide land area, population density and population rank information for the 2001 Census. Many tables provide more than one geographic level for viewing the data; for example, view census subdivision (CSD) data for all of Canada, or by individual province or territory, or by census metropolitan area (CMA) or census agglomeration (CA). See the definitions of geographic terms.

Care should be exercised in comparing the 2001 Census counts of total dwellings (including both occupied and unoccupied) with dwelling counts from the 1996 and earlier population and dwelling count releases. For 2001, the count of total dwellings in some areas is substantially higher than reported for the 1996 Census of Canada. The increase in the total number of dwellings between 1996 and 2001 is directly linked to our efforts to improve the coverage of seasonal dwellings. Based on our consultation process for 2001 and the requirements to simplify collection procedures and improve overall coverage of dwellings, the 2001 Census private dwelling definition was modified slightly from previous censuses to eliminate one criterion - access to a source of drinking water throughout the year. The result was that more private dwellings were counted in the 2001 Census - specifically more seasonal dwellings (secondary residences such as cottages, cabins and/or chalets) that now meet the private dwelling definition.

For the 2001 Census, a private dwelling is defined as:

A set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

After the release of the population and dwelling counts, errors are occasionally uncovered in the data. It is not possible to make changes to the 2001 Census data presented in these tables. However, to obtain the population and dwelling count amendments for census subdivisions (CSD) and other levels of geography, see the population and dwelling count amendments.

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