In 2006, Toronto was the CMA with the highest proportion of young adults who lived in their parents' home. Nearly six in 10 (57.9%) young adults aged 20 to 29 remained in, or returned to, the parental home, a proportion much higher than the national average of 43.5%. Toronto also had the highest proportion of all the CMAs in 2001, with 54.0%.
It is worth noting that among the CMAs with the highest percentage of young adults still living in the parental home, were those who had the highest proportions of immigrants in their population in 2001: Toronto, Vancouver, Hamilton, and Windsor. The high cost of living, particularly in Toronto and Vancouver, could also help explain why living in the parental home is high in these CMAs.
Table 16 Proportion of young adults aged 20 to 29 living in the parental home, census metropolitan areas, 2001 and 2006
In contrast, all CMAs located in the province of Quebec had a proportion of young adults living in the parental home lower than the national average: Saguenay (40.2%), Montréal (39.8%), Trois-Rivières (33.5%), Québec (33.3%) and Sherbrooke (25.3%). These were also the CMAs which had the highest proportions of census families comprised of common-law couples. Results from the 2001 General Social Survey found that individuals who spent their youth in Quebec tend to be older than those in other provinces when they leave home, but they were also less likely to return home once independence had been achieved.1
Economic conditions in census metropolitan areas could also impact the likelihood of young adults being in the parental home. Some CMAs might have lower proportions of young adults at home where the economy is booming and people in their twenties can establish an independent household more easily. This could be the reason why the proportions in CMAs such as Edmonton (34.5%) and Calgary (34.0%) were below the national average.
Lower proportions of young adults aged 20 to 29 at home in CMAs such as Saskatoon (28.4%) and Regina (32.9%) likely reflect the out-migration of adults from these census metropolitan areas. Out-migration flows from Saskatchewan to Alberta have been important during the period 2001 to 2006.