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Renewal of the Francophone population outside Quebec is becoming increasingly dependent on newcomers from other parts of Canada or from other countries. Between 2001 and 2006, aside from Quebec, only the Francophone population of Alberta and British Columbia had net gains in migration exchanges among the provinces and territories. The Yukon territory also enjoyed a small net gain.
Table 8 Net interprovincial migration of Francophone population, provinces and territories, 1991 to 1996, 1996 to 2001 and 2001 to 2006
Between 1996 and 2001, the Francophone population outside Quebec grew by nearly 10,000, primarily because of migration from Quebec. In contrast, between 2001 and 2006, the Francophone population outside Quebec declined by 5,000. This has occurred despite an increase in the number of Francophone immigrants during this period, from 7,500 in the 1996 to 2001 period to 9,350 in the 2001 to 2006 period. The decline in the Francophone population outside Quebec between 2001 and 2006 is mainly due to internal migration. During this period, 36,000 Francophones entered Quebec while 31,000 left for other parts of the country.