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Federal Electoral District Profile of Oak Ridges - Markham, Ontario (2003 Representation Order), 2006 Census

Selected characteristics Oak Ridges - Markham
Map
Ontario1 Canada1
Notes:
  1. Incompletely enumerated indian reserve or indian settlement
    On some Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the 2006 Census, enumeration was not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed. Moreover, for some Indian reserves and Indian settlements, the quality of the enumeration was considered inadequate. These geographic areas (a total of 22) are called incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements.
  2. Total population (100% data)
    Age - 100% data. Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 16, 2006). This variable is derived from date of birth.

    Sex - 100% data. Refers to the gender of the respondent.
  3. Median age of the population
    The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.
  4. Total population 15 years and over by common-law status (100% data)
    Refers to persons who live together as a couple but who are not legally married to each other. These persons can be of the opposite sex or of the same sex.
  5. Total population 15 years and over by legal marital status (100% data)
    Refers to the legal conjugal status of a person.
  6. Never legally married (single)
    Persons who have never married (including all persons less than 15 years of age) and persons whose marriage has been annulled and who have not remarried.
  7. Legally married (and not separated)
    Persons whose spouse is living, unless the couple is separated or a divorce has been obtained. In 2006, legally married same-sex couples are included in this category.
  8. Separated, but still legally married
    Persons currently married, but who are no longer living with their spouse (for any reason other than illness or work) and have not obtained a divorce.
  9. Divorced
    Persons who have obtained a legal divorce and who have not remarried.
  10. Widowed
    Persons who have lost their spouse through death and who have not remarried.
  11. Total private dwellings occupied by usual residents (20% sample data)
    'Occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling in which a person or a group of persons are permanently residing. Also included are private dwellings whose usual residents are temporarily absent on Census Day.
  12. Apartments, duplex - as a % of total occupied private dwellings
    In 2006, improvements to the enumeration process and changes in structural type classification affect the historical comparability of the 'structural type of dwelling' variable. In 2006, 'apartment or flat in a duplex' replaces 'apartment or flat in a detached duplex' and includes duplexes attached to other dwellings or buildings. This is a change from the 2001 Census where duplexes attached to other dwellings or buildings were classified as an 'apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys'.
  13. Apartments in buildings with fewer than five storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings
    In 2006, improvements to the enumeration process and changes in structural type classification affect the historical comparability of the 'structural type of dwelling' variable. In 2006, 'apartment or flat in a duplex' replaces 'apartment or flat in a detached duplex' and includes duplexes attached to other dwellings or buildings. This is a change from the 2001 Census where duplexes attached to other dwellings or buildings were classified as an 'apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys'.
  14. Other dwellings - as a % of total occupied private dwellings
    'Other occupied private dwellings' includes other single attached houses and movable dwellings such as mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.
  15. Number of owned dwellings
    'Owned occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling which is owned or being purchased by some member of the household. A dwelling is classified as 'owned' even if it is not fully paid for, such as one which has a mortgage or some other claim on it.
  16. Number of rented dwellings
    'Rented occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling, even if it is provided without cash rent or at a reduced rent, or if the dwelling is part of a cooperative.
  17. Number of dwellings constructed between 1986 and 2006
    Includes data up to May 16, 2006.
  18. Average number of rooms per dwelling
    A 'room' is an enclosed area within a dwelling which is finished and suitable for year-round living (e.g., kitchen, dining-room, or bedroom). Not counted as rooms are bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes.
  19. Dwellings with more than one person per room - as a % of total occupied private dwellings
    A 'room' is an enclosed area within a dwelling which is finished and suitable for year-round living (e.g., kitchen, dining-room, or bedroom). Not counted as rooms are bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes.
  20. Average value of owned dwelling ($)
    'Owned occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling which is owned or being purchased by some member of the household. A dwelling is classified as 'owned' even if it is not fully paid for, such as one which has a mortgage or some other claim on it.

    'Value of dwelling' refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.
  21. Total number of census families (20% sample data)
    Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without children of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. 'Children' in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.
  22. Number of married-couple families
    In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.
  23. Number of common-law-couple families
    Since 2001, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex common-law couples.
  24. Average number of persons in married-couple families
    In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.
  25. Average number of persons in common-law-couple families
    Since 2001, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex common-law couples.
  26. Median income in 2005 - All census families ($)
    Census family total income - The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

    Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:
    • wages and salaries (total)
    • net farm income
    • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
    • child benefits
    • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
    • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
    • benefits from Employment Insurance
    • other income from government sources
    • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
    • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
    • other money income.

    After-tax income of census families - The after-tax income of a census family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members and persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Median income of census families - The median income of a specified group of census families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

    The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of census families.

    Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without children of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. 'Children' in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.
  27. Median income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)
    In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.
  28. Median income in 2005 - Common-law-couple families ($)
    Since 2001, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex common-law couples.
  29. Median after-tax income in 2005 - All census families ($)
    Census family total income - The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

    Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:
    • wages and salaries (total)
    • net farm income
    • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
    • child benefits
    • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
    • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
    • benefits from Employment Insurance
    • other income from government sources
    • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
    • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
    • other money income.


    After-tax income of census families - The after-tax income of a census family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members and persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Median income of census families - The median income of a specified group of census families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

    The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of census families.

    Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without children of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. 'Children' in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.
  30. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)
    In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.
  31. Total private households (20% sample data)
    Private household refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. It may consist of a family group (census family) with or without other persons, of two or more families sharing a dwelling, of a group of unrelated persons, or of one person living alone. Household members who are temporarily absent on Census Day (e.g., temporary residents elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. For census purposes, every person is a member of one and only one household. Unless otherwise specified, all data in household reports are for private households only.
  32. Households containing a couple (married or common-law) with children
    Refers to one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with at least one child under 25 years of age.
  33. Households containing a couple (married or common-law) without children
    Includes one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with all children 25 years of age and over.
  34. Other household types
    Includes multiple-family households, lone-parent family households and non-family households other than one-person households.
  35. Median income in 2005 - All private households ($)
    Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household.

    Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:
    • wages and salaries (total)
    • net farm income
    • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
    • child benefits
    • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
    • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
    • benefits from Employment Insurance
    • other income from government sources
    • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
    • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
    • other money income.


    After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

    The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of median after-tax income of households.

    Private household refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. It may consist of a family group (census family) with or without other persons, of two or more families sharing a dwelling, of a group of unrelated persons, or of one person living alone. Household members who are temporarily absent on Census Day (e.g., temporary residents elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. For census purposes, every person is a member of one and only one household. Unless otherwise specified, all data in household reports are for private households only.
  36. Median income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)
    Refers to one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with at least one child under 25 years of age.
  37. Median income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)
    Includes one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with all children 25 years of age and over.
  38. Median income in 2005 - Other household types ($)
    Includes multiple-family households, lone-parent family households and non-family households other than one-person households.
  39. Median after-tax income in 2005 - All private households ($)
    Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household.

    Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:
    • wages and salaries (total)
    • net farm income
    • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
    • child benefits
    • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
    • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
    • benefits from Employment Insurance
    • other income from government sources
    • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
    • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
    • other money income.


    After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

    The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of median after-tax income of households.

    Private household refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. It may consist of a family group (census family) with or without other persons, of two or more families sharing a dwelling, of a group of unrelated persons, or of one person living alone. Household members who are temporarily absent on Census Day (e.g., temporary residents elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. For census purposes, every person is a member of one and only one household. Unless otherwise specified, all data in household reports are for private households only.
  40. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)
    Refers to one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with at least one child under 25 years of age.
  41. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)
    Includes one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with all children 25 years of age and over.
  42. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Other household types ($)
    Includes multiple-family households, lone-parent family households and non-family households other than one-person households.
  43. Median monthly payments for rented dwellings ($)
    Includes the monthly rent and costs of electricity, heat and municipal services paid by tenant households.
  44. Median monthly payments for owner-occupied dwellings ($)
    Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings.
  45. Total population by mother tongue (20% sample data)
    Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.
  46. Other language(s)
    Includes responses indicating single responses of a non-official language and multiple responses. Multiple responses include cases where one non-official language is in combination either with English or French or with both official languages.
  47. Total population by knowledge of official languages (20% sample data)
    Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither of the official languages of Canada.

    Data on knowledge of official languages

    According to studies on data certification, the 2006 Census statistics on knowledge of official languages could underestimate the category 'English and French' and overestimate the category 'French only,' particularly for the francophone population, but also for the whole population in general. More information on the subject will be available in the Languages Reference Guide, to be published in 2008.
  48. Total population by home language (20% sample data)
    Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census. Other languages spoken at home on a regular basis were also collected.
  49. Total population by immigrant status (20% sample data)
    Note: Suppression of citizenship and immigration data on Indian reserves and settlements

    Persons living on Indian reserves and Indian settlements who were enumerated with the 2006 Census Form 2D questionnaire were not asked the questions on citizenship (Question 10), landed immigrant status (Question 11) and year of immigration (Question 12). Consequently, citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros for Indian reserves and Indian settlements at census subdivision and lower levels of geography where the majority of the population was enumerated with the 2D Form. These data are, however, included in the totals for larger geographic areas, such as census divisions and provinces.

    For more information on the census data quality and confidentiality standards and guidelines relating to Indian reserves, please refer to Data quality and confidentiality standards and guidelines (public): Data suppression - Indian reserves.

    For a complete list of Indian reserves and Indian settlements for which citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros, please refer to Indian reserves and Indian settlements for which citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed - 2006 and 2001 censuses.
  50. Non-immigrants
    Non-immigrants are persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.
  51. Immigrants
    Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are more recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.
  52. 2001 to 2006
    Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.
  53. Non-permanent residents
    Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.
  54. Total population by citizenship (20% sample data)
    Refers to the legal citizenship status of the respondent. Persons who are citizens of more than one country were instructed to provide the name of the other country(ies).

    Note: Suppression of citizenship and immigration data on Indian reserves and settlements

    Persons living on Indian reserves and Indian settlements who were enumerated with the 2006 Census Form 2D questionnaire were not asked the questions on citizenship (Question 10), landed immigrant status (Question 11) and year of immigration (Question 12). Consequently, citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros for Indian reserves and Indian settlements at census subdivision and lower levels of geography where the majority of the population was enumerated with the 2D Form. These data are, however, included in the totals for larger geographic areas, such as census divisions and provinces.

    For more information on the census data quality and confidentiality standards and guidelines relating to Indian reserves, please refer to Data quality and confidentiality standards and guidelines (public): Data suppression - Indian reserves.

    For a complete list of Indian reserves and Indian settlements for which citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros, please refer to Indian reserves and Indian settlements for which citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed - 2006 and 2001 censuses.
  55. Not Canadian citizens
    Includes persons who are stateless. Prior to the 2006 Census, this category was called 'Citizens of other country(ies).' The content of the category remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.
  56. Total population 15 years and over by generation status (20% sample data)
    Refers to the generational status of a person, that is, 1st generation, 2nd generation or 3rd generation or more.
  57. 1st generation
    Persons born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. Also included in the first generation are a small number of people born outside Canada to parents who are Canadian citizens by birth. In addition, the first generation includes people who are non-permanent residents (defined as people from another country living in Canada on Work or Study Permits or as refugee claimants, and any family members living with them in Canada).
  58. 2nd generation
    Persons born inside Canada with at least one parent born outside Canada. This includes (a) persons born in Canada with both parents born outside Canada and (b) persons born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and one parent born outside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).
  59. 3rd generation or more
    Persons born inside Canada with both parents born inside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).
  60. Total population 1 year and over by mobility status 1 year ago (20% sample data)
    Information indicating whether the person lived in the same residence on Census Day (May 16, 2006), as he or she did one year before (May 16, 2005).

    Estimates of internal migration may be less accurate for small geographic areas, areas with a place name that is duplicated elsewhere, and for some census subdivisions (CSDs) where residents may have provided the name of the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration instead of the specific name of the component CSD from which they migrated.

    To improve the accuracy of the 2006 Census data, postal codes are used to pinpoint the exact CSD of the previous residence.

    For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Catalogue number 92-566 XWE.
  61. Total population 5 years and over by mobility status 5 years ago (20% sample data)
    Information indicating whether the person lived in the same residence on Census Day (May 16, 2006), as he or she did five years before (May 16, 2001).

    Estimates of internal migration may be less accurate for small geographic areas, areas with a place name that is duplicated elsewhere, and for some census subdivisions (CSDs) where residents may have provided the name of the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration instead of the specific name of the component CSD from which they migrated.

    To improve the accuracy of the 2006 Census data, postal codes are used to pinpoint the exact CSD of the previous residence.

    For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Catalogue number 92-566 XWE.
  62. Total Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population (20% sample data)
    This is a grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, with Aboriginal persons further divided into Aboriginal groups, based on their responses to three questions on the 2006 Census form.
  63. Total Aboriginal identity population
    Included in the Aboriginal identity population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
  64. North American Indian single response
    Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographic area under study. In 2006, a total of 22 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 22 communities are not included in the census counts.
  65. Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere
    Includes those who identified themselves as Registered Indians and/or band members without identifying themselves as North American Indian, Métis or Inuit in the Aboriginal identity question.
  66. Total population 15 years and over by educational attainment (20% sample data)
    'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.
    Census questions relating to education changed substantially between 2001 and 2006, principally to reflect developments in Canada's education system.
    These changes improved the quality of data and provided more precise information on the level of educational attainment as well as fields of study.
    However, users should be aware that changes to the education portion of the 2006 Census questionnaire have affected the comparability of some 2006 Census data with data from previous censuses. More information on the historical comparability of specific categories of "Highest certificate, diploma or degree" is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
  67. High school certificate or equivalent
    'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.
  68. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma
    'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.
  69. University certificate or diploma below bachelor level
    Note: Data quality - Certificate or diploma below the bachelor level

    The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.
    In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.
    We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.
    For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.
    More information is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
  70. Total population aged 15 to 24
    'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.
  71. High school certificate or equivalent
    'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.
  72. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma
    'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.
  73. University certificate or diploma below bachelor level
    Note: Data quality - Certificate or diploma below the bachelor level

    The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.
    In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.
    We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.
    For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.
    More information is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
  74. Total population aged 25 to 34
    'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.
  75. High school certificate or equivalent
    'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.
  76. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma
    'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.
  77. University certificate or diploma below bachelor level
    Note: Data quality - Certificate or diploma below the bachelor level

    The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.
    In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.
    We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.
    For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.
    More information is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
  78. Total population aged 35 to 64
    'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.
  79. High school certificate or equivalent
    'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.
  80. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma
    'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.
  81. University certificate or diploma below bachelor level
    Note: Data quality - Certificate or diploma below the bachelor level

    The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.
    In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.
    We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.
    For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.
    More information is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
  82. Total population 15 years and over by major field of study (20% sample data)
    'Field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level.

    Note: Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP), Canada, 2000

    For the first time with the 2006 Census, major field of study data were coded with the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP), Canada, 2000.

    Prior to the 2006 Census, the Major Field of Study Classification (MFS) was used to classify major field of study. We recommend users not make historical comparisons between the two classification systems. Even though some entries in the two classifications are similar, direct comparison would be inappropriate given the much more detailed character of the new classification.

    A theoretical concordance table between the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) and the Major Field of Study Classification (MFS) showing the definitional relationship between the two classifications was developed. This table is available in the 2006 Census Dictionary (Appendix N). This type of concordance allows users to see the relationship between the two classes of systems based on the definitional aspects of each system. However, users are cautioned that this type of concordance can not be used to convert counts from one classification system to another.
  83. Other
    Includes multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies (other).
  84. Total population 15 years and over by location of study (20% sample data)
    'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.
  85. Total population 15 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data)
    Labour force activity - Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years and over in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).
  86. In the labour force
    Labour force - Refers to persons who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006). In past censuses, this was called 'total labour force.'
  87. Employed
    Employed - Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006):

    (a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment or without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice;

    (b) were absent from their job or business, with or without pay, for the entire week because of vacation, an illness, a labour dispute at their place of work, or any other reasons.
  88. Unemployed
    Unemployed - Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were without paid work or without self-employment work and were available for work and either:

    (a) had actively looked for paid work in the past four weeks;

    (b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job;

    (c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.
  89. Not in the labour force
    Not in the labour force - Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers in an 'off' season who were not looking for work, and persons who could not work because of a long-term illness or disability.
  90. Participation rate
    Participation rate - Refers to the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years and over excluding institutional residents.
  91. Employment rate
    Employment rate - Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years and over excluding institutional residents.
  92. Unemployment rate
    Unemployment rate - Refers to the unemployed expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).
  93. Total experienced labour force 15 years and over by occupational categories (20% sample data)
    Occupation - National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006. Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

    Experienced labour force

    Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2005 or 2006.
  94. A Management occupations
    Broad occupational category A - Management occupations

    Census data for occupation groups in Broad occupational category A - Management occupations should be used with caution. Some coding errors were made in assigning the appropriate level of management, e.g., senior manager as opposed to middle manager, and in determining the appropriate area of specialization or activity, e.g., a manager of a health care program in a hospital as opposed to a government manager in health policy administration. Some non-management occupations have also been miscoded to management due to confusion over titles such as program manager and project manager. Data users may wish to use data for management occupations in conjunction with other variables such as Income, Age and Education.
  95. Total experienced labour force 15 years and over by industrial categories (20% sample data)
    Industry - North American Industry Classification System 2002. Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

    Experienced labour force

    Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2005 or 2006.
  96. Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid work (20% sample data)
    Persons reporting hours of unpaid work.

    Includes all persons reporting hours of unpaid housework; hours looking after children, without pay; or hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors.
  97. Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid housework
    Refers to the number of persons reporting hours of unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006). Unpaid housework includes work for one's own household, for other family members outside the household, and for friends or neighbours.
  98. Population 15 years and over reporting hours looking after children without pay
    Refers to the number of persons reporting hours spent looking after children without pay. It includes hours spent providing unpaid child care for members of one's own household, for other family members outside the household, for friends or neighbours in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).
  99. Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors
    Refers to the number of persons reporting hours spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors of one's own household, to other senior family members outside the household, and to friends or neighbours in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).
  100. Total population 15 years and over who worked since 2005 (20% sample data)
    Refers to the language used most often at work by the individual at the time of the census. Other languages used at work on a regular basis were also collected.
  101. Total employed labour force 15 years and over by place of work (20% sample data)
    Employed labour force 15 years and over who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006):

    (a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment or without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice

    (b) were absent from their job or business, with or without pay, for the entire week because of a vacation, an illness, a labour dispute at their place of work, or any other reasons.
  102. Total employed labour force 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportation (20% sample data)
    Refers to the mode of transportation to work of non-institutional residents 15 years of age and over who worked at some time since January 1, 2005. Persons who indicate in the place of work question that they either had no fixed workplace address, or specified a usual workplace address, are asked to identify the mode of transportation they usually use to commute from home to work. The variable usually relates to the individual's job in the week prior to enumeration. However, if the person did not work during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 2005, the information relates to the job held longest during that period.
  103. Total visible minority population
    The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'
  104. South Asian
    For example, East Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, etc.
  105. Southeast Asian
    For example, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Malaysian, Laotian, etc.
  106. West Asian
    For example, Iranian, Afghan, etc.
  107. Visible minority, n.i.e.
    The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Kurd,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.
  108. Multiple visible minority
    Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'
  109. Not a visible minority
    Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.
  110. Persons 15 years and over with earnings (counts) (20% sample data)
    Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years and over during calendar year 2005 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

    Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

    Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2005 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

    Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2005 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2005, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the Net Income Stabilization Account (NISA). The value of income 'in kind', such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors for average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (census/economic families, persons not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings or any other source of income and after-tax income of individuals 15 years and over.

    Includes persons who did not work in 2005 but reported earnings.
  111. Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over ($)
    For persons with earnings.
  112. Persons 15 years and over with earnings who worked full year, full time (counts)
    Worked 49 to 52 weeks in 2005, mostly full time and reported earnings.
  113. Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($)
    For persons with earnings.
  114. Persons 15 years and over with income (counts) (20% sample data)
    Total income - Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years and over:
    • wages and salaries (total)
    • net farm income
    • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
    • child benefits
    • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
    • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
    • benefits from Employment Insurance
    • other income from government sources
    • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
    • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
    • other money income.


    After-tax income refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excluded gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors for average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (census/economic families, persons not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.
  115. Median income - Persons 15 years and over ($)
    For persons with income.
  116. Median income after tax - Persons 15 years and over ($)
    For persons with after-tax income.
  117. Composition of total income (100%)
    Composition of income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.
  118. Income status of all persons in private households (counts)
    Income status before or after tax - Refers to the position of an economic family or a person 15 years and over not in an economic family in relation to Statistics Canada's low income before-tax or after-tax cut-offs.

    Since each family member shares the income status of that family, percentages in low income can be derived for all persons in private households. For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary.
Total population (100% data)2 169,645 12,160,280 31,612,895
0 to 4 years 11,425 670,765 1,690,540
5 to 9 years 11,065 721,590 1,809,375
10 to 14 years 12,170 818,445 2,079,925
15 to 19 years 11,925 833,115 2,140,490
15 years 2,565 171,245 442,180
16 years 2,425 172,175 443,670
17 years 2,445 166,090 427,595
18 years 2,275 160,585 411,225
19 years 2,215 163,015 415,825
20 to 24 years 10,165 797,260 2,080,385
25 to 29 years 8,985 743,695 1,985,580
30 to 34 years 12,205 791,950 2,020,225
35 to 39 years 14,070 883,985 2,208,275
40 to 44 years 15,695 1,032,415 2,610,460
45 to 49 years 14,695 991,975 2,620,595
50 to 54 years 12,210 869,400 2,357,305
55 to 59 years 10,260 774,525 2,084,620
60 to 64 years 7,210 581,980 1,589,870
65 to 69 years 5,530 466,240 1,234,575
70 to 74 years 4,365 401,950 1,053,790
75 to 79 years 3,420 338,910 879,580
80 to 84 years 2,320 250,270 646,700
85 years and over 1,935 191,810 520,610
Median age of the population3 37.5 39.0 39.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 79.6 81.8 82.3
Male, total 83,505 5,930,700 15,475,970
0 to 4 years 5,865 343,475 864,600
5 to 9 years 5,735 369,675 926,855
10 to 14 years 6,255 420,705 1,065,860
15 to 19 years 6,260 427,185 1,095,285
15 years 1,370 88,065 226,955
16 years 1,275 88,325 227,695
17 years 1,260 85,290 219,115
18 years 1,220 82,340 210,050
19 years 1,140 83,165 211,475
20 to 24 years 5,350 400,445 1,047,945
25 to 29 years 4,255 360,525 975,945
30 to 34 years 5,725 382,025 987,715
35 to 39 years 6,690 430,220 1,083,495
40 to 44 years 7,560 507,130 1,285,535
45 to 49 years 7,180 486,385 1,290,125
50 to 54 years 6,015 423,345 1,158,970
55 to 59 years 5,070 378,530 1,026,390
60 to 64 years 3,605 283,540 780,135
65 to 69 years 2,765 222,635 593,805
70 to 74 years 2,155 187,505 493,465
75 to 79 years 1,515 149,580 386,485
80 to 84 years 925 97,240 251,420
85 years and over 580 60,550 161,925
Median age of the population 36.7 38.1 38.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 78.6 80.9 81.5
Female, total 86,140 6,229,580 16,136,930
0 to 4 years 5,560 327,295 825,935
5 to 9 years 5,330 351,915 882,515
10 to 14 years 5,910 397,740 1,014,065
15 to 19 years 5,670 405,925 1,045,205
15 years 1,195 83,185 215,225
16 years 1,150 83,850 215,980
17 years 1,190 80,805 208,480
18 years 1,055 78,245 201,175
19 years 1,075 79,845 204,350
20 to 24 years 4,810 396,810 1,032,440
25 to 29 years 4,735 383,170 1,009,635
30 to 34 years 6,475 409,925 1,032,515
35 to 39 years 7,380 453,770 1,124,780
40 to 44 years 8,135 525,280 1,324,925
45 to 49 years 7,515 505,585 1,330,470
50 to 54 years 6,190 446,055 1,198,335
55 to 59 years 5,195 395,995 1,058,230
60 to 64 years 3,605 298,440 809,730
65 to 69 years 2,765 243,600 640,770
70 to 74 years 2,210 214,445 560,320
75 to 79 years 1,900 189,325 493,090
80 to 84 years 1,395 153,035 395,280
85 years and over 1,360 131,260 358,685
Median age of the population 38.1 39.9 40.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.5 82.7 83.1
Total population 15 years and over by common-law status (100% data)4 134,985 9,949,480 26,033,060
Not in a common-law relationship 130,035 9,257,725 23,301,420
In a common-law relationship 4,950 691,760 2,731,635
Total population 15 years and over by legal marital status (100% data)5 134,985 9,949,485 26,033,060
Never legally married (single)6 36,395 3,143,955 9,087,030
Legally married (and not separated)7 83,445 5,168,655 12,470,400
Separated, but still legally married8 2,815 345,075 775,425
Divorced9 5,960 679,985 2,087,385
Widowed10 6,370 611,800 1,612,820
Total private dwellings occupied by usual residents (20% sample data)11 52,550 4,555,025 12,437,470
Single-detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 77.5 56.1 55.3
Semi-detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 5.7 5.7 4.8
Row houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 9.8 7.9 5.6
Apartments, duplex - as a % of total occupied private dwellings12 2.4 3.4 5.3
Apartments in buildings with fewer than five storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings13 3.1 10.8 18.4
Apartments in buildings with five or more storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 1.4 15.6 8.9
Other dwellings - as a % of total occupied private dwellings14 0.1 0.5 1.6
Number of owned dwellings15 47,540 3,235,495 8,509,780
Number of rented dwellings16 5,005 1,312,295 3,878,500
Number of dwellings constructed before 1986 18,055 3,124,005 8,610,600
Number of dwellings constructed between 1986 and 200617 34,495 1,431,020 3,826,870
Dwellings requiring major repair - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 3.1 6.6 7.5
Average number of rooms per dwelling18 8.0 7.0 6.0
Dwellings with more than one person per room - as a % of total occupied private dwellings19 1.3 1.9 1.5
Average value of owned dwelling ($)20 475,274 297,479 263,369
Total number of census families (20% sample data)21 48,715 3,422,320 8,896,840
Number of married-couple families22 41,090 2,530,560 6,105,910
Number of common-law-couple families23 2,610 351,045 1,376,870
Number of lone-parent families 5,015 540,715 1,414,065
Number of female lone-parent families 4,025 441,105 1,132,290
Number of male lone-parent families 990 99,605 281,775
Average number of persons in all census families 3.2 3.0 2.9
Average number of persons in married-couple families24 3.3 3.1 3.1
Average number of persons in common-law-couple families25 2.7 2.7 2.8
Average number of persons in lone-parent families 2.7 2.5 2.5
Average number of persons in female lone-parent families 2.6 2.6 2.5
Average number of persons in male lone-parent families 2.7 2.4 2.4
Median income in 2005 - All census families ($)26 87,189 69,156 63,866
Median income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)27 92,510 77,243 71,665
Median income in 2005 - Common-law-couple families ($)28 85,465 66,525 63,811
Median income in 2005 - Lone-parent families ($) 46,492 38,448 36,465
Median income in 2005 - Female lone-parent families ($) 44,432 36,496 34,350
Median income in 2005 - Male lone-parent families ($) 57,662 50,339 47,153
Median after-tax income in 2005 - All census families ($)29 72,843 59,377 55,111
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)30 76,951 65,534 61,221
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Common-law-couple families ($) 71,918 57,013 54,815
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Lone-parent families ($) 41,993 35,677 34,205
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Female lone-parent families ($) 40,570 34,206 32,609
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Male lone-parent families ($) 51,668 43,972 41,661
Total private households (20% sample data)31 52,550 4,555,025 12,437,470
Households containing a couple (married or common-law) with children32 24,580 1,420,515 3,543,605
Households containing a couple (married or common-law) without children33 14,175 1,288,140 3,601,315
One-person households 6,060 1,104,870 3,327,050
Other household types34 7,735 741,500 1,965,495
Median income in 2005 - All private households ($)35 88,270 60,455 53,634
Median income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)36 102,641 87,960 82,156
Median income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)37 92,148 68,764 62,503
Median income in 2005 - One-person households ($) 39,901 30,025 26,720
Median income in 2005 - Other household types ($)38 77,387 51,560 46,347
Median after-tax income in 2005 - All private households ($)39 73,599 52,117 46,584
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)40 85,682 74,095 69,711
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)41 76,314 58,755 53,667
Median after-tax income in 2005 - One-person households ($) 33,483 26,473 23,888
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Other household types ($)42 66,425 46,194 42,053
Median monthly payments for rented dwellings ($)43 1,024 801 671
Median monthly payments for owner-occupied dwellings ($)44 1,588 1,046 839
Average household size 3.2 2.6 2.5
Total population by mother tongue (20% sample data)45 168,180 12,028,895 31,241,030
English only 93,980 8,230,705 17,882,780
French only 1,520 488,815 6,817,650
English and French 240 32,685 98,630
Other language(s)46 72,440 3,276,685 6,441,975
Total population by knowledge of official languages (20% sample data)47 168,175 12,028,895 31,241,030
English only 148,975 10,335,700 21,129,945
French only 160 49,210 4,141,850
English and French 12,885 1,377,325 5,448,850
Neither English nor French 6,155 266,655 520,385
Total population by home language (20% sample data)48 168,180 12,028,900 31,241,030
English 119,470 9,655,830 20,584,775
French 710 289,035 6,608,120
Non-official language 42,955 1,811,620 3,472,130
English and French 120 26,050 94,060
English and non-official language 4,835 239,890 406,455
French and non-official language 20 3,060 58,885
English, French and non-official language 70 3,405 16,600
Total population by immigrant status (20% sample data)49 168,180 12,028,895 31,241,030
Non-immigrants50 97,130 8,512,020 24,788,725
Immigrants51 70,000 3,398,725 6,186,950
Before 1991 36,970 1,884,440 3,408,420
1991 to 2000 25,745 933,545 1,668,550
2001 to 200652 7,285 580,740 1,109,980
Non-permanent residents53 1,050 118,150 265,355
Total population by citizenship (20% sample data)54 168,180 12,028,895 31,241,030
Canadian citizens 157,025 11,131,465 29,480,165
Canadian citizens under age 18 40,210 2,572,660 6,604,290
Canadian citizens age 18 and over 116,810 8,558,810 22,875,880
Not Canadian citizens55 11,155 897,430 1,760,865
Total population 15 years and over by generation status (20% sample data)56 133,640 9,819,420 25,664,220
1st generation57 67,935 3,340,205 6,124,560
2nd generation58 32,055 1,912,460 4,006,420
3rd generation or more59 33,645 4,566,755 15,533,240
Total population 1 year and over by mobility status 1 year ago (20% sample data)60 165,945 11,893,180 30,897,210
Lived at the same address 1 year ago 144,045 10,299,250 26,534,115
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed addresses within the same census subdivision (municipality) 9,155 951,995 2,554,260
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed addresses from another census subdivision (municipality) within the same province or territory 10,655 453,460 1,221,560
Lived in a different province or territory 1 year ago 350 56,835 289,745
Lived in a different country 1 year ago 1,735 131,630 297,530
Total population 5 years and over by mobility status 5 years ago (20% sample data)61 156,625 11,354,360 29,544,485
Lived at the same address 5 years ago 77,605 6,660,310 17,457,170
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed addresses within the same census subdivision (municipality) 33,165 2,542,885 6,507,905
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed addresses from another census subdivision (municipality) within the same province or territory 37,455 1,398,660 3,566,790
Lived in a different province or territory 5 years ago 1,595 185,785 852,580
Lived in a different country 5 years ago 6,805 566,715 1,160,040
Total Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population (20% sample data)62 168,180 12,028,895 31,241,030
Total Aboriginal identity population63 625 242,490 1,172,785
North American Indian single response64 430 158,400 698,025
Métis single response 145 73,605 389,785
Inuit single response 0 2,040 50,480
Multiple Aboriginal identity responses 10 1,910 7,740
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere65 35 6,540 26,760
Non-Aboriginal identity population 167,555 11,786,400 30,068,240
Total population 15 years and over by educational attainment (20% sample data)66 133,640 9,819,420 25,664,220
No certificate, diploma or degree 21,470 2,183,625 6,098,325
High school certificate or equivalent67 33,865 2,628,570 6,553,425
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 7,750 785,115 2,785,420
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma68 23,320 1,804,775 4,435,135
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level69 8,665 405,270 1,136,145
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor's level or above 38,570 2,012,060 4,655,770
Total population aged 15 to 2470 22,115 1,624,835 4,207,810
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,945 648,300 1,679,015
High school certificate or equivalent71 9,140 627,010 1,528,010
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 350 37,480 185,170
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma72 1,795 160,140 458,380
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level73 655 33,875 87,420
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor's level or above 2,230 118,030 269,810
Total population aged 25 to 3474 21,180 1,529,590 3,987,075
No certificate, diploma or degree 900 132,715 433,940
High school certificate or equivalent75 3,405 364,255 897,830
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 995 91,525 416,045
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma76 4,735 372,360 906,155
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level77 1,455 68,800 181,350
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor's level or above 9,685 499,935 1,151,750
Total population aged 35 to 6478 73,965 5,108,735 13,395,040
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,720 766,815 2,249,565
High school certificate or equivalent79 17,335 1,296,410 3,258,905
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 5,140 489,605 1,739,965
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma80 14,735 1,089,270 2,627,220
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level81 5,670 241,145 685,385
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor's level or above 24,365 1,225,490 2,833,995
Total population 15 years and over by major field of study (20% sample data)82 133,640 9,819,420 25,664,220
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 55,335 4,812,195 12,651,750
Education 5,005 335,715 994,665
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,970 193,790 481,190
Humanities 4,370 292,845 717,125
Social and behavioural sciences and law 9,040 576,100 1,275,100
Business, management and public administration 20,760 1,061,210 2,801,725
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,880 181,250 451,960
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 6,300 254,440 568,755
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 15,725 1,089,305 2,922,080
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 950 91,965 291,510
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 7,755 665,490 1,728,890
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,540 264,625 777,370
Other83 0 480 2,100
Total population 15 years and over by location of study (20% sample data)84 133,640 9,819,420 25,664,220
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 55,335 4,812,195 12,651,750
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 78,300 5,007,225 13,012,475
Inside Canada 57,765 3,928,550 10,948,685
Outside Canada 20,535 1,078,665 2,063,785
Total population 15 years and over by labour force activity (20% sample data)85 133,640 9,819,420 25,664,220
In the labour force86 95,320 6,587,580 17,146,135
Employed87 90,510 6,164,245 16,021,180
Unemployed88 4,810 423,330 1,124,955
Not in the labour force89 38,320 3,231,845 8,518,090
Participation rate90 71.3 67.1 66.8
Employment rate91 67.7 62.8 62.4
Unemployment rate92 5.0 6.4 6.6
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over by occupational categories (20% sample data)93 94,045 6,473,735 16,861,180
A Management occupations94 14,545 666,485 1,631,730
B Business, finance and administration occupations 21,780 1,204,495 3,025,425
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 10,075 451,930 1,108,045
D Health occupations 4,035 340,690 950,360
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 7,370 546,390 1,414,320
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,755 200,980 502,195
G Sales and service occupations 18,670 1,522,820 4,037,720
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 9,410 911,250 2,550,295
I Occupations unique to primary industry 2,080 165,085 648,310
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 3,330 463,610 992,765
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over by industrial categories (20% sample data)95 94,045 6,473,735 16,861,180
Agriculture and other resource-based industries 1,605 190,005 895,415
Construction 6,375 384,780 1,069,095
Manufacturing 10,935 899,670 2,005,980
Wholesale trade 6,695 307,465 739,305
Retail trade 9,425 720,235 1,917,170
Finance and real estate 11,030 442,610 992,720
Health care and social services 6,605 611,740 1,716,255
Educational services 6,300 433,485 1,150,535
Business services 21,260 1,274,345 3,103,195
Other services 13,820 1,209,395 3,271,505
Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid work (20% sample data)96 122,700 8,991,010 23,496,920
Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid housework97 120,890 8,869,060 23,178,395
Population 15 years and over reporting hours looking after children without pay98 59,010 3,736,905 9,625,655
Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors99 27,795 1,838,835 4,724,325
Total population 15 years and over who worked since 2005 (20% sample data)100 102,620 7,054,270 18,418,100
English 96,565 6,754,045 14,064,105
French 280 97,970 3,724,975
Non-official language 3,680 112,125 273,830
English and French 245 42,945 252,295
English and non-official language 1,825 45,400 86,820
French and non-official language 10 230 5,055
English, French and non-official language 15 1,555 11,025
Total employed labour force 15 years and over by place of work (20% sample data)101 90,510 6,164,250 16,021,180
Worked at home 8,145 436,380 1,230,355
Worked outside Canada 485 36,905 76,570
No fixed workplace address 9,315 596,305 1,644,360
Worked at usual place 72,560 5,094,655 13,069,895
Worked in census subdivision (municipality) of residence 19,720 3,056,365 7,814,510
Worked in a different census subdivision (municipality) within the census division (county) of residence 17,005 795,195 2,687,845
Worked in a different census division (county) 35,720 1,211,410 2,420,290
Worked in a different province 120 31,675 147,250
Total employed labour force 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportation (20% sample data)102 81,880 5,690,960 14,714,260
Car, truck, van, as driver 64,940 4,038,035 10,644,330
Car, truck, van, as passenger 6,485 470,410 1,133,145
Public transit 7,935 736,055 1,622,725
Walked or bicycled 1,960 389,110 1,134,805
All other modes 555 57,350 179,250
Total population by visible minority groups (20% sample data) 168,175 12,028,895 31,241,030
Total visible minority population103 70,070 2,745,200 5,068,095
Chinese 37,185 576,980 1,216,565
South Asian104 14,055 794,170 1,262,865
Black 4,340 473,765 783,795
Filipino 3,300 203,220 410,695
Latin American 820 147,135 304,245
Southeast Asian105 1,135 110,045 239,935
Arab 1,575 111,405 265,550
West Asian106 3,130 96,620 156,700
Korean 1,215 69,540 141,890
Japanese 455 28,080 81,300
Visible minority, n.i.e.107 715 56,845 71,420
Multiple visible minority108 2,140 77,405 133,120
Not a visible minority109 98,110 9,283,690 26,172,935
Persons 15 years and over with earnings (counts) (20% sample data)110 100,185 6,991,675 18,201,265
Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over ($)111 34,986 29,335 26,850
Persons 15 years and over with earnings who worked full year, full time (counts)112 55,825 3,690,670 9,275,770
Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($)113 51,295 44,748 41,401
Persons 15 years and over with income (counts) (20% sample data)114 126,300 9,340,020 24,423,165
Median income - Persons 15 years and over ($)115 31,491 27,258 25,615
Median income after tax - Persons 15 years and over ($)116 28,003 24,604 23,307
Composition of total income (100%)117 100 100 100
Earnings - As a % of total income 83.4 77.4 76.2
Government transfers - As a % of total income 5.7 9.8 11.1
Other money - As a % of total income 10.9 12.9 12.7
Income status of all persons in private households (counts)118 168,005 11,926,140 30,628,935
% in low income before tax - All persons 11.2 14.7 15.3
% in low income after tax - All persons 8.6 11.1 11.4
% in low income before tax - Persons less than 18 years of age 13.3 18.0 17.7
% in low income after tax - Persons less than 18 years of age 10.2 13.7 13.1
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