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Census tract profile for 0077.00 (CT), Montréal (CMA) and Quebec

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Census tract profile for 0077.00 (CT), Montréal (CMA) and Quebec
All data
Population and dwelling counts 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Population in 20061 2,461 3,635,571 7,546,131
Population in 20011 2,289 3,451,027†A 7,237,479
2001 to 2006 population change (%) 7.5 5.3 4.3
Total private dwellings2 1,052 1,593,502 3,452,300
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents3 1,015 1,525,629 3,188,713
Population density per square kilometre 5,880.5 853.6 5.6
Land area (square km) 0.42 4,258.97 1,356,366.78
Age characteristics Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population4 2,460 3,635,575 7,546,130
0 to 4 years 145 190,690 375,270
5 to 9 years 185 198,965 398,980
10 to 14 years 200 232,040 478,255
15 to 19 years 135 224,230 475,005
20 to 24 years 160 236,805 472,170
25 to 29 years 175 257,625 492,870
30 to 34 years 160 249,495 467,325
35 to 39 years 180 265,425 502,300
40 to 44 years 215 304,270 619,120
45 to 49 years 190 300,165 644,040
50 to 54 years 165 263,280 588,085
55 to 59 years 120 230,985 524,350
60 to 64 years 115 185,925 428,070
65 to 69 years 95 141,335 315,560
70 to 74 years 65 123,410 268,145
75 to 79 years 65 102,725 220,530
80 to 84 years 45 72,575 156,775
85 years and over 45 55,640 119,285
Median age of the population5 37.1 39.3 41.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 78.7 82.9 83.4
Common-law status characteristics Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over6 1,930 3,013,880 6,293,620
Not in a common-law relationship 1,735 2,509,820 5,071,770
In a common-law relationship 200 504,060 1,221,855
Legal marital status characteristics Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over7 1,930 3,013,880 6,293,620
Never legally married (single)8 970 1,299,760 2,721,330
Legally married (and not separated)9 555 1,150,500 2,361,855
Separated, but still legally married10 75 69,115 132,285
Divorced11 220 309,290 667,400
Widowed12 115 185,215 410,750
Occupied private dwelling characteristics Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total private dwellings occupied by usual residents13 1,015 1,525,740 3,189,345
Single-detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 1.0 32.2 45.7
Semi-detached houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 15.3 4.9 4.9
Row houses - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 4.9 3.0 2.4
Apartments, duplex - as a % of total occupied private dwellings14 0.0 9.2 8.0
Apartments in buildings with fewer than five storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings14 56.7 41.7 32.8
Apartments in buildings with five or more storeys - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 19.7 8.4 5.1
Other dwellings - as a % of total occupied private dwellings15 3.0 0.6 1.2
Number of owned dwellings16 355 814,310 1,917,735
Number of rented dwellings17 660 711,435 1,267,945
Number of dwellings constructed before 1986 680 1,132,230 2,340,830
Number of dwellings constructed between 1986 and 200618 335 393,515 848,515
Dwellings requiring major repair - as a % of total occupied private dwellings 8.4 7.7 7.7
Average number of rooms per dwelling19 4.5 5.6 5.8
Dwellings with more than one person per room - as a % of total occupied private dwellings19 1.5 1.6 1.0
Average value of owned dwelling ($)20 264,294 244,417 182,399
Selected family characteristics Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total number of census families21 550 994,965 2,121,610
Number of married-couple families22 240 562,055 1,156,930
Number of common-law-couple families23 110 252,685 611,850
Number of lone-parent families 205 180,220 352,825
Number of female lone-parent families 195 144,735 274,885
Number of male lone-parent families 10 35,490 77,935
Average number of persons in all census families 3.1 2.9 2.9
Average number of persons in married-couple families22 3.5 3.1 3.0
Average number of persons in common-law-couple families23 2.5 2.8 2.9
Average number of persons in lone-parent families 2.8 2.5 2.5
Average number of persons in female lone-parent families 2.8 2.5 2.5
Average number of persons in male lone-parent families 0.0 2.4 2.4
Median income in 2005 - All census families ($)24 38,874 61,361 58,678
Median income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)22 43,914 66,503 63,327
Median income in 2005 - Common-law-couple families ($)23 96,641 70,864 65,132
Median income in 2005 - Lone-parent families ($) 23,935 38,311 37,195
Median income in 2005 - Female lone-parent families ($) 23,882 36,205 34,689
Median income in 2005 - Male lone-parent families ($) 0 49,556 47,362
Median after-tax income in 2005 - All census families ($)24 38,631 52,666 50,719
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)22 38,882 56,768 54,307
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Common-law-couple families ($) 79,233 59,858 55,734
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Lone-parent families ($) 23,859 36,006 35,120
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Female lone-parent families ($) 23,548 34,395 33,254
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Male lone-parent families ($) 0 43,213 41,758
Selected household characteristics Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total private households25 1,015 1,525,740 3,189,345
Households containing a couple (married or common-law) with children26 195 396,745 818,445
Households containing a couple (married or common-law) without children27 155 397,595 916,525
One-person households 395 481,425 980,340
Other household types28 270 249,980 474,030
Average household size 2.2 2.3 2.3
Median income in 2005 - All private households ($)29 31,400 47,979 46,419
Median income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)26 43,978 79,611 76,339
Median income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)27 83,100 60,198 55,438
Median income in 2005 - One-person households ($) 14,434 25,483 23,598
Median income in 2005 - Other household types ($)28 28,837 43,324 41,760
Median after-tax income in 2005 - All private households ($)29 29,157 41,463 40,447
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)26 38,898 67,416 65,160
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)27 69,828 51,289 47,684
Median after-tax income in 2005 - One-person households ($) 14,434 22,735 21,413
Median after-tax income in 2005 - Other household types ($)28 28,709 39,619 38,510
Median monthly payments for rented dwellings ($)30 363 614 566
Median monthly payments for owner-occupied dwellings ($)31 1,013 901 717
Mother tongue Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population32 2,250 3,588,520 7,435,905
English only 490 425,635 575,555
French only 770 2,328,400 5,877,660
English and French 85 26,855 43,335
Other language(s)33 905 807,630 939,350
Knowledge of official languages Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population34 2,255 3,588,520 7,435,905
English only 415 262,810 336,785
French only 395 1,404,915 4,010,880
English and French 1,420 1,861,930 3,017,860
Neither English nor French 30 58,870 70,375
Language spoken most often at home Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population35 2,250 3,588,520 7,435,905
English 620 592,130 744,430
French 850 2,435,650 6,027,735
Non-official language 700 442,080 518,320
English and French 15 35,200 52,325
English and non-official language 40 25,000 26,560
French and non-official language 20 47,340 54,490
English, French and non-official language 10 11,110 12,035
Immigrant status and period of immigration Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population36 2,250 3,588,520 7,435,900
Non-immigrants37 1,370 2,806,230 6,535,430
Immigrants38 885 740,355 851,555
Before 1991 400 384,440 438,940
1991 to 2000 385 190,570 218,715
2001 to 200639 95 165,345 193,905
Non-permanent residents40 0 41,930 48,915
Citizenship Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population41 2,250 3,588,520 7,435,905
Canadian citizens 2,130 3,350,800 7,155,510
Canadian citizens under age 18 595 720,060 1,499,220
Canadian citizens age 18 and over 1,530 2,630,740 5,656,290
Not Canadian citizens42 120 237,720 280,390
Generation status Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over43 1,740 2,967,715 6,184,490
1st generation44 860 734,230 840,970
2nd generation45 245 326,150 403,405
3rd generation or more46 635 1,907,335 4,940,110
Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population 1 year and over47 2,220 3,548,840 7,358,260
Lived at the same address 1 year ago 1,825 3,085,970 6,450,410
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed addresses within the same census subdivision (municipality) 330 267,270 524,270
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed addresses from another census subdivision (municipality) within the same province or territory 20 143,745 312,140
Lived in a different province or territory 1 year ago 30 11,965 23,080
Lived in a different country 1 year ago 10 39,890 48,360
Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population 5 years and over48 2,105 3,397,665 7,059,875
Lived at the same address 5 years ago 1,170 1,998,810 4,368,530
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed addresses within the same census subdivision (municipality) 670 737,230 1,452,230
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed addresses from another census subdivision (municipality) within the same province or territory 95 459,435 969,300
Lived in a different province or territory 5 years ago 55 37,765 73,555
Lived in a different country 5 years ago 110 164,420 196,260
Aboriginal population Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population49 2,250 3,588,520 7,435,905
Aboriginal identity population50 20 17,865 108,425
Non-Aboriginal identity population 2,230 3,570,655 7,327,475
Educational attainment Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over51 1,735 2,967,715 6,184,490
No certificate, diploma or degree 315 653,320 1,547,875
High school certificate or equivalent52 465 665,330 1,377,585
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 50 378,130 945,965
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma53 335 479,555 992,365
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 55 168,210 301,140
University certificate, diploma or degree 515 623,175 1,019,550
Total population aged 15 to 2454 300 459,635 944,770
No certificate, diploma or degree 95 158,830 347,860
High school certificate or equivalent55 95 138,195 271,780
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 0 33,140 84,495
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma56 85 85,170 168,685
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 0 12,395 19,290
University certificate, diploma or degree 30 31,915 52,660
Total population aged 25 to 3457 315 504,830 955,545
No certificate, diploma or degree 0 48,670 113,280
High school certificate or equivalent58 70 78,980 151,140
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 0 72,930 179,115
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma59 85 103,565 205,210
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 0 29,785 44,125
University certificate, diploma or degree 155 170,895 262,685
Total population aged 35 to 6460 915 1,539,365 3,283,280
No certificate, diploma or degree 140 243,390 611,840
High school certificate or equivalent61 265 344,990 743,790
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 40 228,720 586,215
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma62 125 250,880 537,325
University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level 50 100,375 186,105
University certificate, diploma or degree 300 371,005 617,990
Major field of study Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over63 1,735 2,967,715 6,184,490
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 785 1,318,645 2,925,465
Education 35 108,340 253,465
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 40 87,310 135,195
Humanities 80 112,535 195,940
Social and behavioural sciences and law 155 177,350 296,070
Business, management and public administration 265 394,315 744,150
Physical and life sciences and technologies 90 67,010 111,905
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 55 88,620 142,565
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 115 330,110 721,800
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 15 16,280 73,760
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 60 175,395 364,510
Personal, protective and transportation services 30 91,535 218,580
Other64 0 265 1,080
Location of study Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over65 1,740 2,967,715 6,184,490
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 785 1,318,645 2,925,465
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 955 1,649,065 3,259,025
Inside Canada 730 1,409,875 2,976,490
Outside Canada 225 239,190 282,540
Labour force activity Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over66 1,740 2,967,715 6,184,490
In the labour force67 1,070 1,972,450 4,015,200
Employed68 955 1,835,840 3,735,505
Unemployed69 110 136,610 279,695
Not in the labour force70 670 995,260 2,169,290
Participation rate71 61.5 66.5 64.9
Employment rate72 54.9 61.9 60.4
Unemployment rate73 10.3 6.9 7.0
Occupation Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over74 995 1,923,970 3,929,675
A Management occupations75 140 198,525 353,065
B Business, finance and administration occupations 170 389,925 715,465
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 95 145,165 255,930
D Health occupations 50 111,565 236,205
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 105 179,410 357,915
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 40 78,860 126,355
G Sales and service occupations 315 459,220 940,290
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 30 239,925 581,045
I Occupations unique to primary industry 0 15,000 101,365
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 55 106,375 262,030
Industry Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total experienced labour force 15 years and over76 1,000 1,923,970 3,929,675
Agriculture and other resource-based industries 0 27,370 145,985
Construction 15 88,790 205,665
Manufacturing 95 260,530 573,550
Wholesale trade 55 108,185 173,190
Retail trade 70 232,440 472,030
Finance and real estate 40 124,210 211,230
Health care and social services 90 206,855 441,705
Educational services 65 136,600 270,895
Business services 295 408,965 673,565
Other services 275 330,030 761,855
Unpaid work Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid work77 1,545 2,692,740 5,643,450
Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid housework78 1,540 2,647,445 5,559,160
Population 15 years and over reporting hours looking after children without pay79 595 1,113,220 2,333,500
Population 15 years and over reporting hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors80 240 525,685 1,151,790
Language used most often at work Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population 15 years and over who worked since 200581 1,080 2,080,005 4,266,965
English 410 406,935 531,935
French 530 1,499,240 3,498,285
Non-official language 0 19,460 32,725
English and French 90 138,805 185,660
English and non-official language 15 4,085 4,935
French and non-official language 15 3,440 4,555
English, French and non-official language 10 8,040 8,860
Place of work status Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total employed labour force 15 years and over82 955 1,835,840 3,735,505
Worked at home 60 112,495 249,750
Worked outside Canada 10 6,865 11,500
No fixed workplace address 25 147,025 300,445
Worked at usual place 865 1,569,470 3,173,810
Worked in census subdivision (municipality) of residence 715 776,785 1,717,370
Worked in a different census subdivision (municipality) within the census division (county) of residence 70 223,735 469,675
Worked in a different census division (county) 60 564,170 920,255
Worked in a different province 15 4,775 66,510
Mode of transportation to work Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total employed labour force 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address83 885 1,716,490 3,474,255
Car, truck, van, as driver 330 1,122,045 2,525,440
Car, truck, van, as passenger 30 86,170 192,310
Public transit 385 367,755 445,250
Walked or bicycled 120 125,960 278,975
All other modes 20 14,560 32,275
Visible minority population characteristics Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Total population84 2,250 3,588,520 7,435,900
Total visible minority population85 1,180 590,375 654,355
Chinese 60 72,015 79,825
South Asian86 390 70,615 72,850
Black 400 169,065 188,070
Filipino 15 23,510 24,200
Latin American 45 75,400 89,510
Southeast Asian87 105 44,965 50,460
Arab 100 98,885 109,020
West Asian88 25 14,520 16,120
Korean 15 4,665 5,310
Japanese 0 2,985 3,535
Visible minority, n.i.e.89 0 3,505 4,155
Multiple visible minority90 20 10,250 11,310
Not a visible minority91 1,075 2,998,145 6,781,550
Earnings in 2005 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Persons 15 years and over with earnings (counts)92 1,105 2,051,450 4,225,875
Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over ($)93 18,853 26,731 25,464
Persons 15 years and over with earnings who worked full year, full time (counts)94 465 1,054,760 2,136,705
Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($)93 35,969 39,419 37,722
Income in 2005 Figure Figure 0077.00 Data quality note(s) for CT 0077.00
(CT)
Montréal Data quality note(s) for Montréal
(CMA)
Quebec Data quality note(s) for Quebec
(PR)
Persons 15 years and over with income (counts)95 1,665 2,817,840 5,876,975
Median income - Persons 15 years and over ($)96 16,978 25,161 24,430
Median income after tax - Persons 15 years and over ($)96 16,505 23,053 22,471
Composition of total income (100%)97 100 100 100
Earnings - As a % of total income 72.0 74.8 73.2
Government transfers - As a % of total income 17.9 12.2 13.9
Other money - As a % of total income 9.9 13.0 12.9
Income status of all persons in private households (counts)98 2,250 3,574,560 7,349,680
% in low income before tax - All persons 51.1 21.1 17.2
% in low income after tax - All persons 44.9 16.1 12.5
% in low income before tax - Persons less than 18 years of age 66.4 22.7 17.6
% in low income after tax - Persons less than 18 years of age 59.0 16.9 12.5

Notes:

1. 2006 and 2001 population based on 100% data

Statistics Canada is taking additional measures to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. Starting with the 2001 Census, some population counts are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

2. Total private dwellings

For the 2006 Census, a private dwelling is defined as: A set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.
Private dwellings

3. Private dwellings occupied by usual residents

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.
Private dwellings occupied by usual residents

4. Age - 100% data

Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 16, 2006). This variable is derived from date of birth.

5. Median age

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

6. Common-law status - 100% data

Refers to persons who live together as a couple but who are not legally married to each other. These persons can be of the opposite sex or of the same sex.

7. Legal marital status - 100% data

Refers to the legal conjugal status of a person.

8. Never legally married (single)

Persons who have never married (including all persons less than 15 years of age) and persons whose marriage has been annulled and who have not remarried.

9. Legally married (and not separated)

Persons whose spouse is living, unless the couple is separated or a divorce has been obtained. In 2006, legally married same-sex couples are included in this category.

10. Separated, but still legally married

Persons currently married, but who are no longer living with their spouse (for any reason other than illness or work) and have not obtained a divorce.

11. Divorced

Persons who have obtained a legal divorce and who have not remarried.

12. Widowed

Persons who have lost their spouse through death and who have not remarried.

13. Occupied private dwellings - 20 % sample data

'Occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling in which a person or a group of persons are permanently residing. Also included are private dwellings whose usual residents are temporarily absent on Census Day.

14. Apartments, duplex - as a % of total occupied private dwellings

In 2006, improvements to the enumeration process and changes in structural type classification affect the historical comparability of the 'structural type of dwelling' variable. In 2006, 'apartment or flat in a duplex' replaces 'apartment or flat in a detached duplex' and includes duplexes attached to other dwellings or buildings. This is a change from the 2001 Census where duplexes attached to other dwellings or buildings were classified as an 'apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys'.

15. Other dwellings - as a % of total occupied private dwellings

'Other occupied private dwellings' includes other single attached houses and movable dwellings such as mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

16. Number of owned dwellings

'Owned occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling which is owned or being purchased by some member of the household. A dwelling is classified as 'owned' even if it is not fully paid for, such as one which has a mortgage or some other claim on it.

17. Number of rented dwellings

'Rented occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling, even if it is provided without cash rent or at a reduced rent, or if the dwelling is part of a cooperative.

18. Number of dwellings constructed between 1986 and 2006

Includes data up to May 16, 2006.

19. Average number of rooms per dwelling

A 'room' is an enclosed area within a dwelling which is finished and suitable for year-round living (e.g., kitchen, dining-room, or bedroom). Not counted as rooms are bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes.

20. Average value of owned dwelling ($)

'Owned occupied private dwellings' refers to a private dwelling which is owned or being purchased by some member of the household. A dwelling is classified as 'owned' even if it is not fully paid for, such as one which has a mortgage or some other claim on it.

'Value of dwelling' refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

21. Family characteristics - 20% sample data

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without children of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. 'Children' in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

22. Number of married-couple families

In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.

23. Number of common-law-couple families

Since 2001, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex common-law couples.

22. Average number of persons in married-couple families

In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.

23. Average number of persons in common-law-couple families

Since 2001, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex common-law couples.

24. Median income in 2005 - All census families ($)

Census family total income - The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

  • wages and salaries (total)
  • net farm income
  • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
  • child benefits
  • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
  • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
  • benefits from Employment Insurance
  • other income from government sources
  • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
  • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
  • other money income.

After-tax income of census families - The after-tax income of a census family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members and persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of census families - The median income of a specified group of census families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of census families.

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without children of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. 'Children' in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

22. Median income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)

In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.

23. Median income in 2005 - Common-law-couple families ($)

Since 2001, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex common-law couples.

24. Median after-tax income in 2005 - All census families ($)

Census family total income - The total income of a census family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family.

Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

  • wages and salaries (total)
  • net farm income
  • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
  • child benefits
  • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
  • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
  • benefits from Employment Insurance
  • other income from government sources
  • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
  • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
  • other money income.

After-tax income of census families - The after-tax income of a census family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members and persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of census families - The median income of a specified group of census families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of census families.

Census family refers to a married couple (with or without children of either or both spouses), a couple living common-law (with or without children of either or both partners) or a lone parent of any marital status, with at least one child living in the same dwelling. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. 'Children' in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

22. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Married-couple families ($)

In 2006, this category includes both opposite-sex and same-sex married couples.

25. Household characteristics - 20% sample data

Private household refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. It may consist of a family group (census family) with or without other persons, of two or more families sharing a dwelling, of a group of unrelated persons, or of one person living alone. Household members who are temporarily absent on Census Day (e.g., temporary residents elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. For census purposes, every person is a member of one and only one household. Unless otherwise specified, all data in household reports are for private households only.

26. Households containing a couple (married or common-law) with children

Refers to one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with at least one child under 25 years of age.

27. Households containing a couple (married or common-law) without children

Includes one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with all children 25 years of age and over.

28. Other household types

Includes multiple-family households, lone-parent family households and non-family households other than one-person households.

29. Median income in 2005 - All private households ($)

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household.

Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

  • wages and salaries (total)
  • net farm income
  • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
  • child benefits
  • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
  • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
  • benefits from Employment Insurance
  • other income from government sources
  • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
  • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
  • other money income.

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of median after-tax income of households.

Private household refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. It may consist of a family group (census family) with or without other persons, of two or more families sharing a dwelling, of a group of unrelated persons, or of one person living alone. Household members who are temporarily absent on Census Day (e.g., temporary residents elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. For census purposes, every person is a member of one and only one household. Unless otherwise specified, all data in household reports are for private households only.

26. Median income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)

Refers to one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with at least one child under 25 years of age.

27. Median income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)

Includes one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with all children 25 years of age and over.

28. Median income in 2005 - Other household types ($)

Includes multiple-family households, lone-parent family households and non-family households other than one-person households.

29. Median after-tax income in 2005 - All private households ($)

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household.

Total income refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

  • wages and salaries (total)
  • net farm income
  • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
  • child benefits
  • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
  • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
  • benefits from Employment Insurance
  • other income from government sources
  • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
  • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
  • other money income.

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income.

The above concept and procedure also apply in the calculation of median after-tax income of households.

Private household refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. It may consist of a family group (census family) with or without other persons, of two or more families sharing a dwelling, of a group of unrelated persons, or of one person living alone. Household members who are temporarily absent on Census Day (e.g., temporary residents elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. For census purposes, every person is a member of one and only one household. Unless otherwise specified, all data in household reports are for private households only.

26. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households with children ($)

Refers to one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with at least one child under 25 years of age.

27. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Couple households without children ($)

Includes one-family households containing a couple (with or without persons not in census families) with all children 25 years of age and over.

28. Median after-tax income in 2005 - Other household types ($)

Includes multiple-family households, lone-parent family households and non-family households other than one-person households.

30. Median monthly payments for rented dwellings ($)

Includes the monthly rent and costs of electricity, heat and municipal services paid by tenant households.

31. Median monthly payments for owner-occupied dwellings ($)

Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings.

32. Mother tongue - 20% sample data

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.

33. Other language(s)

Includes responses indicating single responses of a non-official language and multiple responses. Multiple responses include cases where one non-official language is in combination either with English or French or with both official languages.

34. Knowledge of official languages - 20% sample data

Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither of the official languages of Canada.

Data on knowledge of official languages

According to studies on data certification, the 2006 Census statistics on knowledge of official languages could underestimate the category 'English and French' and overestimate the category 'French only,' particularly for the francophone population, but also for the whole population in general. More information on the subject will be available in the Languages Reference Guide, to be published in 2008.

35. Language spoken most often at home - 20% sample data

Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census. Other languages spoken at home on a regular basis were also collected.

36. Immigrant status and period of immigration - 20% sample data

Note: Suppression of citizenship and immigration data on Indian reserves and settlements

Persons living on Indian reserves and Indian settlements who were enumerated with the 2006 Census Form 2D questionnaire were not asked the questions on citizenship (Question 10), landed immigrant status (Question 11) and year of immigration (Question 12). Consequently, citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros for Indian reserves and Indian settlements at census subdivision and lower levels of geography where the majority of the population was enumerated with the 2D Form. These data are, however, included in the totals for larger geographic areas, such as census divisions and provinces.

For more information on the census data quality and confidentiality standards and guidelines relating to Indian reserves, please refer to http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/ref/notes/dq-qd/reserves-eng.cfm.

For a complete list of Indian reserves and Indian settlements for which citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros, please refer to http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/ref/notes/sup_2D-eng.cfm.

37. Non-immigrants

Non-immigrants are persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.

38. Immigrants

Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are more recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

39. 2001 to 2006

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

40. Non-permanent residents

Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.

41. Citizenship - 20% sample data

Refers to the legal citizenship status of the respondent. Persons who are citizens of more than one country were instructed to provide the name of the other country(ies).

Note: Suppression of citizenship and immigration data on Indian reserves and settlements

Persons living on Indian reserves and Indian settlements who were enumerated with the 2006 Census Form 2D questionnaire were not asked the questions on citizenship (Question 10), landed immigrant status (Question 11) and year of immigration (Question 12). Consequently, citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros for Indian reserves and Indian settlements at census subdivision and lower levels of geography where the majority of the population was enumerated with the 2D Form. These data are, however, included in the totals for larger geographic areas, such as census divisions and provinces.

For more information on the census data quality and confidentiality standards and guidelines relating to Indian reserves, please refer to http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/ref/notes/dq-qd/reserves-eng.cfm.

For a complete list of Indian reserves and Indian settlements for which citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros, please refer to http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2006/ref/notes/sup_2D-eng.cfm.

42. Not Canadian citizens

Includes persons who are stateless. Prior to the 2006 Census, this category was called 'Citizens of other country(ies).' The content of the category remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.

43. Generation status - 20% sample data

Refers to the generational status of a person, that is, 1st generation, 2nd generation or 3rd generation or more.

44. 1st generation

Persons born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. Also included in the first generation are a small number of people born outside Canada to parents who are Canadian citizens by birth. In addition, the first generation includes people who are non-permanent residents (defined as people from another country living in Canada on Work or Study Permits or as refugee claimants, and any family members living with them in Canada).

45. 2nd generation

Persons born inside Canada with at least one parent born outside Canada. This includes (a) persons born in Canada with both parents born outside Canada and (b) persons born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and one parent born outside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).

46. 3rd generation or more

Persons born inside Canada with both parents born inside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).

47. Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago - 20% sample data

Information indicating whether the person lived in the same residence on Census Day (May 16, 2006), as he or she did one year before (May 16, 2005).

Estimates of internal migration may be less accurate for small geographic areas, areas with a place name that is duplicated elsewhere, and for some census subdivisions (CSDs) where residents may have provided the name of the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration instead of the specific name of the component CSD from which they migrated.

To improve the accuracy of the 2006 Census data, postal codes are used to pinpoint the exact CSD of the previous residence.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

48. Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago - 20% sample data

Information indicating whether the person lived in the same residence on Census Day (May 16, 2006), as he or she did five years before (May 16, 2001).

Estimates of internal migration may be less accurate for small geographic areas, areas with a place name that is duplicated elsewhere, and for some census subdivisions (CSDs) where residents may have provided the name of the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration instead of the specific name of the component CSD from which they migrated.

To improve the accuracy of the 2006 Census data, postal codes are used to pinpoint the exact CSD of the previous residence.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

49. Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population - 20% sample data

This is a grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, based on their responses to three questions on the 2006 Census form.

50. Aboriginal identity population

Included in the Aboriginal identity population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.

51. Educational attainment - 20% sample data

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

52. High school certificate or equivalent

'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

53. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

54. Educational attainment - 20% sample data

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

55. High school certificate or equivalent

'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

56. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

57. Educational attainment - 20% sample data

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

58. High school certificate or equivalent

'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

59. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

60. Educational attainment - 20% sample data

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

61. High school certificate or equivalent

'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

62. College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non-university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non-degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

63. Major field of study - 20% sample data

'Field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level.

64. Other

Includes multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies (other).

65. Location of study - 20% sample data

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

66. Labour force activity - 20% sample data

Labour force activity - Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years and over in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

67. In the labour force

Labour force - Refers to persons who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006). In past censuses, this was called 'total labour force.'

68. Employed

Employed - Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006):

(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment or without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice;

(b) were absent from their job or business, with or without pay, for the entire week because of vacation, an illness, a labour dispute at their place of work, or any other reasons.

69. Unemployed

Unemployed - Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents, who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were without paid work or without self-employment work and were available for work and either:

(a) had actively looked for paid work in the past four weeks;

(b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job;

(c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

70. Not in the labour force

Not in the labour force - Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents, who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers in an 'off' season who were not looking for work, and persons who could not work because of a long-term illness or disability.

71. Participation rate

Participation rate - Refers to the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years and over excluding institutional residents.

72. Employment rate

Employment rate - Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years and over excluding institutional residents.

73. Unemployment rate

Unemployment rate - Refers to the unemployed expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

74. Occupation - 20% sample data

Occupation - National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006. Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

Experienced labour force

Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2005 or 2006.

75. A - Management occupations

Broad occupational category A - Management occupations

Census data for occupation groups in Broad occupational category A - Management occupations should be used with caution. Some coding errors were made in assigning the appropriate level of management, e.g., senior manager as opposed to middle manager, and in determining the appropriate area of specialization or activity, e.g., a manager of a health care program in a hospital as opposed to a government manager in health policy administration. Some non-management occupations have also been miscoded to management due to confusion over titles such as program manager and project manager. Data users may wish to use data for management occupations in conjunction with other variables such as Income, Age and Education.

76. Industry - 20% sample data

Industry - North American Industry Classification System 2002. Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

Experienced labour force

Refers to persons 15 years and over, excluding institutional residents who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2005 or 2006.

77. Unpaid work - 20% sample data

Persons reporting hours of unpaid work.

Includes all persons reporting hours of unpaid housework; hours looking after children, without pay; or hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors.

78. Persons reporting hours of unpaid housework

Refers to the number of persons reporting hours of unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006). Unpaid housework includes work for one's own household, for other family members outside the household, and for friends or neighbours.

79. Persons reporting hours looking after children, without pay

Refers to the number of persons reporting hours spent looking after children without pay. It includes hours spent providing unpaid child care for members of one's own household, for other family members outside the household, for friends or neighbours in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

80. Persons reporting hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors

Refers to the number of persons reporting hours spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors of one's own household, to other senior family members outside the household, and to friends or neighbours in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

81. Language used most often at work - 20% sample data

Refers to the language used most often at work by the individual at the time of the census. Other languages used at work on a regular basis were also collected.

82. Place of work status - 20% sample data

Employed labour force 15 years and over who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006):

(a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment or without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice

(b) were absent from their job or business, with or without pay, for the entire week because of a vacation, an illness, a labour dispute at their place of work, or any other reasons.

83. Mode of transportation to work - 20% sample data

Refers to the mode of transportation to work of non-institutional residents 15 years of age and over who worked at some time since January 1, 2005. Persons who indicate in the place of work question that they either had no fixed workplace address, or specified a usual workplace address, are asked to identify the mode of transportation they usually use to commute from home to work. The variable usually relates to the individual's job in the week prior to enumeration. However, if the person did not work during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 2005, the information relates to the job held longest during that period.

84. Visible minority population - 20% sample data

85. Total visible minority population

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

86. South Asian

For example, East Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, etc.

87. Southeast Asian

For example, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Malaysian, Laotian, etc.

88. West Asian

For example, Iranian, Afghan, etc.

89. Visible minority, n.i.e.

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Kurd,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

90. Multiple visible minority

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

91. Not a visible minority

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

92. Persons 15 years and over with earnings (counts)

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years and over during calendar year 2005 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2005 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2005 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2005, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the Net Income Stabilization Account (NISA). The value of income 'in kind', such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

Average and median incomes and standard errors for average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (census/economic families, persons not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings or any other source of income and after-tax income of individuals 15 years and over.

Includes persons who did not work in 2005 but reported earnings.

93. Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over ($)

For persons with earnings.

94. Persons 15 years and over with earnings who worked full year, full time (counts)

Worked 49 to 52 weeks in 2005, mostly full time and reported earnings.

93. Median earnings - Persons 15 years and over who worked full year, full time ($)

For persons with earnings.

95. Persons 15 years and over with income (counts)

Total income - Refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years and over:

  • wages and salaries (total)
  • net farm income
  • net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
  • child benefits
  • Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
  • benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
  • benefits from Employment Insurance
  • other income from government sources
  • dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
  • retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
  • other money income.

After-tax income refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excluded gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind', such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

Average and median incomes and standard errors for average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (census/economic families, persons not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.

96. Median income - Persons 15 years and over ($)

For persons with income.

97. Composition of total income (100%)

Composition of income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.

98. Income status of all persons in private households (counts)

Income status before or after tax - Refers to the position of an economic family or a person 15 years and over not in an economic family in relation to Statistics Canada's low income before-tax or after-tax cut-offs.

Since each family member shares the income status of that family, percentages in low income can be derived for all persons in private households. For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary.

Symbols:

A  adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2006 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2001 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2001 and 2006 censuses. The 2001 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A'. The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2001 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2001, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions).

†  excludes census data for for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes'.)