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2006 Census of Canada: Special Interest Profiles

Registered Indian Status (3), Area of Residence (6), Age Groups (8), Sex (3) and Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force, Educational and Income Characteristics (238), for the Total Population of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

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Canada Warning
Selected demographic, cultural, labour force, educational and income characteristics (238) Registered Indian status (3)
Total - Registered Indian status 2 Registered Indian 3 Not a Registered Indian
Note(s) :
  1. TOTAL - AREA OF RESIDENCE
    'Area of residence' refers to the following geographic areas: on reserve, urban census metropolitan area, urban non-census metropolitan area and rural area. These geographic areas can be used to show where the Aboriginal population is residing.

    'On reserve' includes eight census subdivision (CSD) types legally affiliated with First Nations or Indian bands, i.e., Indian reserve (IRI), Indian settlement (S-E), Indian government district (IGD), terres réservées aux Cris (TC), terres réservées aux Naskapis (TK), Nisga'a village (NVL), Nisga'a land (NL) and Teslin land (TL), as well as 35 additional CSDs of various other types that are generally northern communities in Saskatchewan, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Territory, which have large concentrations of Registered Indians.

    An urban area has a minimum population concentration of 1,000 persons and a population density of at least 400 persons per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All territory outside urban areas is classified as rural. On-reserve CSDs are excluded from this category.

    A census metropolitan area (CMA) is a large urban area and has a population of at least 100,000.

    Urban non-census metropolitan areas are smaller urban areas with a population of less than 100,000.

    Rural areas include remote and wilderness areas and agricultural lands, as well as small towns, villages and other populated places with a population of less than 1,000. On-reserve CSDs are excluded from this category.

    Additional information on the geographic units can be obtained from the 2006 Census Dictionary.
  2. TOTAL - REGISTERED INDIAN STATUS
    Registered or Treaty Indian
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to those persons who reported they were registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act and can prove descent from a band that signed a treaty. Although there was a question in the 1991 Census on registration status, the layout of the 1996 question was somewhat different. In 1991, Question 16 on Registered Indians had two components. In the first part of the question, respondents were asked about their registration status, while the second part of the question dealt with band membership. The question used in 1996 asked only for registration or treaty status, while band membership was dealt with in a separate question.

    The wording of the question, starting in 1996, differs slightly from the one in previous censuses. Prior to 1996, the term 'treaty' was not included in the question. It was added in 1996 at the request of individuals from the Western provinces, where the term is more widely used.

    The 2006 Census question is the same as the one used in 1996 and 2001.
  3. REGISTERED INDIAN
    Registered or Treaty Indian: The expression 'Registered Indian' refers to those persons who reported they were registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act and can prove descent from a band that signed a treaty.

    The Registered Indian counts in this table may differ from the administrative counts maintained by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, with the most important causes of these differences being the incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements as well as methodological and conceptual differences between the two sources.
  4. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY LEGAL MARITAL STATUS
    Legal marital status
    Part A - Plain language definition
    A person's conjugal status under the law (e.g., single, married, widowed). Legal marital status data are derived from the responses to Question 4 (Marital status) in the census questionnaires.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the legal conjugal status of a person.
    The various responses are defined as follows:
    Never legally married (single)
    Persons who have never married (including all persons less than 15 years of age) and persons whose marriage has been annulled and who have not remarried.
    Legally married (and not separated)
    Persons whose spouse is living, unless the couple is separated or a divorce has been obtained.
    Separated, but still legally married
    Persons currently married, but who are no longer living with their spouse (for any reason other than illness or work) and have not obtained a divorce.
    Divorced
    Persons who have obtained a legal divorce and who have not remarried.
    Widowed
    Persons who have lost their spouse through death and who have not remarried.
  5. LEGALLY MARRIED (AND NOT SEPARATED)
    In 2006, this category includes spouses in same-sex marriages.
  6. TOTAL POPULATION IN PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS BY CENSUS FAMILY STATUS
    Census family status
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Classification of persons according to whether or not they are members of a census family and the status they have in the census family (a census family is composed of a married couple or two persons living common-law, with or without children, or of a lone parent living with at least one child in the same dwelling). A person can be a spouse, a common-law partner, a lone parent, a child or a person not in a census family.
    Part B - Detailed definition:
    Refers to the classification of the population according to whether or not the persons are members of a census family.
    Family persons refer to household members who belong to a census family. They, in turn, are further classified as follows:

    Spouses refer to two persons of opposite sex or of the same sex who are legally married to each other and living in the same dwelling.

    Common-law partners are two persons of opposite sex or of the same sex who are not legally married to each other, but live together as a couple in the same dwelling.

    Lone parent refers to a mother or a father, with no spouse or common-law partner present, living in a dwelling with one or more children.

    Children refer to blood, step- or adopted sons and daughters (regardless of age or marital status) who are living in the same dwelling as their parent(s), as well as grandchildren in households where there are no parents present. Sons and daughters who are living with their spouse or common-law partner, or with one or more of their own children, are not considered to be members of the census family of their parent(s), even if they are living in the same dwelling. In addition, those sons and daughters who do not live in the same dwelling as their parent(s) are not considered members of the census family of their parent(s). The category of 'children' can be further distinguished as follows:

    Never-married sons and/or daughters in a census family, as used in censuses prior to 2001.

    Other sons and/or daughters in a census family who would not have been included in the census family of their parents according to the previous concept.

    Grandchildren living in the same household as their grandparent(s), with no parents present.

    Persons not in census families refer to household members who do not belong to a census family.
  7. TOTAL POPULATION 1 YEAR AND OVER
    Mobility 1: Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Information indicating whether the person lived in the same residence on Census Day (May 16, 2006), as he or she did one year before (May 16, 2005). This means that we have 'movers' and 'non-movers'. There are different types of 'movers': people who moved within the same city or town (non-migrants), people who moved to a different city or town (internal migrants), and people who came from another country to live in Canada (external migrants).
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence one year earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classified as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility status (1 year ago). Within the category of movers, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

    Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address as the one at which they resided one year earlier.

    Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address than the one at which they resided one year earlier.

    Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address, but in the same census subdivision (CSD) as the one they lived in one year earlier.

    Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD one year earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada one year earlier (external migrants).
  8. TOTAL POPULATION 5 YEARS AND OVER
    Mobility 5: Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Information indicating whether the person lived in the same residence on Census Day (May 16, 2006), as he or she did five years before (May 16, 2001). This means that we have 'movers' and 'non-movers'. There are different types of 'movers': people who moved within the same city or town (non-migrants), people who moved to a different city or town (internal migrants), and people who came from another country to live in Canada (external migrants).
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence five years earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classified as a mover and this categorization is called mobility status (5 years ago). Within the movers category, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

    Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address as the one at which they resided five years earlier.

    Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address than the one at which they resided five years earlier.

    Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address, but in the same census subdivision (CSD) as the one they lived in five years earlier.

    Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD five years earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada five years earlier (external migrants).
  9. TOTAL - ABORIGINAL AND NON-ABORIGINAL IDENTITY POPULATION
    This is a grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, with Aboriginal persons further divided into Aboriginal groups, based on their responses to three questions on the 2006 Census form.

    Aboriginal identity
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
    In 1991 and previous censuses, the Aboriginal population was defined using the ethnic origin question (ancestry). The 1996 Census included a question on the individual's perception of his/her Aboriginal identity.
    The question used in the 2006 and 2001 censuses is the same as the one used in 1996.
  10. TOTAL ABORIGINAL IDENTITY POPULATION
    Included in the Aboriginal identity population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
  11. NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN SINGLE RESPONSE
    Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographic area under study. In 2006, a total of 22 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 22 communities are not included in the census counts.
  12. ABORIGINAL RESPONSES NOT INCLUDED ELSEWHERE
    Includes those who identified themselves as Registered Indians and/or band members without identifying themselves as North American Indian, Métis or Inuit in the Aboriginal identity question.
  13. TOTAL - ABORIGINAL AND NON-ABORIGINAL ANCESTRY POPULATION
    Aboriginal ancestry
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to those persons who reported at least one Aboriginal ancestry (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit) to the ethnic origin question. 'Ethnic origin' refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors.
    'Aboriginal ancestry' was referred to as 'Aboriginal origin' prior to the 2006 Census. The content of the variable remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.
  14. TOTAL - ABORIGINAL ANCESTRY POPULATION
    Refers to those persons who reported at least one Aboriginal ancestry (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit) to the ethnic origin question. 'Ethnic origin' refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of a person's ancestors. Additional Information on ethnic origin can be obtained from the 2006 Census Dictionary.

    'Aboriginal ancestry' was referred to as 'Aboriginal origin' prior the 2006 Census. The content of the variable remains unchanged in 2006 compared with the previous censuses.
  15. TOTAL - NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN ANCESTRY
    This category indicates the number of respondents who reported the North American Indian ethnic origin, either as their only response or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. The total represents the sum of single responses and multiple responses received in the census. Respondents who reported multiple ethnic origins are counted more than once, as they are included in the multiple responses for each origin they reported. For example, a respondent who reported 'North American Indian and Métis' is included in the multiple responses for North American Indian and for Métis.
  16. TOTAL - MÉTIS ANCESTRY
    This category indicates the number of respondents who reported the Métis ethnic origin, either as their only response or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. The total represents the sum of single responses and multiple responses received in the census. Respondents who reported multiple ethnic origins are counted more than once, as they are included in the multiple responses for each origin they reported. For example, a respondent who reported 'North American Indian and Métis' is included in the multiple responses for North American Indian and for Métis.
  17. TOTAL - INUIT ANCESTRY
    This category indicates the number of respondents who reported the Inuit ethnic origin, either as their only response or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. The total represents the sum of single responses and multiple responses received in the census. Respondents who reported multiple ethnic origins are counted more than once, as they are included in the multiple responses for each origin they reported. For example, a respondent who reported 'North American Indian and Inuit' is included in the multiple responses for North American Indian and for Inuit.
  18. TOTAL POPULATION BY MOTHER TONGUE
    Mother tongue
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.
  19. TOTAL POPULATION BY LANGUAGE SPOKEN MOST OFTEN AT HOME
    Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census. Data on other languages spoken on a regular basis at home are also collected.
  20. TOTAL POPULATION BY KNOWLEDGE OF ABORIGINAL LANGUAGES
    Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language.
  21. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY LABOUR FORCE ACTIVITY
    Labour force activity
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006). Respondents were classified as Employed, Unemployed, or Not in the labour force. The labour force includes the employed and the unemployed.

    Employed
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Persons who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006):
    (a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment or without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice
    (b) were absent from their job or business, with or without pay, for the entire week because of a vacation, an illness, a labour dispute at their place of work, or any other reasons.

    Unemployed
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Persons who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were without paid work or without self-employment work and were available for work and either:
    (a) had actively looked for paid work in the past four weeks; or
    (b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or
    (c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.

    Not in the labour force
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to persons who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers in an 'off' season who were not looking for work, and persons who could not work because of a long term illness or disability.

    Participation rate
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over.

    The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, in that group.

    Employment rate
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over.

    The employment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, in that group.

    Unemployment rate
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the unemployed expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

    The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.
  22. TOTAL LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER BY CLASS OF WORKER
    Class of worker
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    This variable classifies persons who reported a job into the following categories:
    (a) persons who worked mainly for wages, salaries, commissions, tips, piece-rates, or payments 'in kind' (payments in goods or services rather than money);
    (b) persons who worked mainly for themselves, with or without paid help, operating a business, farm or professional practice, alone or in partnership;
    (c) persons who worked without pay in a family business, farm or professional practice owned or operated by a related household member; unpaid family work does not include unpaid housework, unpaid childcare, unpaid care to seniors and volunteer work.
    The job reported was the one held in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006) if the person was employed, or the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005, if the person was not employed during the reference week. Persons with two or more jobs in the reference week were asked to provide information for the job at which they worked the most hours.
  23. CLASS OF WORKER - NOT APPLICABLE
    Unemployed persons 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2005 only.
  24. ALL CLASSES OF WORKER
    Refers to the experienced labour force population: includes persons who were employed and persons who were unemployed who worked for pay or in self-employment since January 1, 2005.
  25. SELF-EMPLOYED
    Includes self-employed unincorporated and incorporated.
  26. TOTAL LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER BY INDUSTRY - NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM 2002
    Industry (based on the 2002 North American Industry Classification System [NAICS])
    Part A - Plain language definition
    General nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2006 Census data on industry (based on the 2002 NAICS) can be compared with data from Canada's NAFTA partners (United States and Mexico).
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were required to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.
    The 2006 Census industry data are produced according to the 2002 NAICS. The NAICS provides enhanced industry comparability among the three North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) trading partners (Canada, United States and Mexico). This classification consists of a systematic and comprehensive arrangement of industries structured into 20 sectors, 103 subsectors and 328 industry groups. The criteria used to create these categories are similarity of input structures, labour skills or production processes used by the establishment. For further information on the classification, see North American Industry Classification System, Canada, 2002, Catalogue no. 12-501-XPE.
  27. INDUSTRY - NOT APPLICABLE
    Unemployed persons 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2005 only.
  28. ALL INDUSTRIES
    Refers to the experienced labour force population: includes persons who were employed and persons who were unemployed who worked for pay or in self-employment since January 1, 2005.
  29. TOTAL LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER BY OCCUPATION - NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION FOR STATISTICS 2006
    Occupation (based on the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 [NOC-S 2006])
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Kind of work done by persons aged 15 and over. Occupation is based on the type of job the person holds and the description of his or her duties. The 2006 Census data on occupation are classified according to the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 (NOC-S 2006). For comparisons with data from the 1991 and 1996 censuses, the variable Occupation (historical) should be used.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.
    The 2006 Census occupation data are classified according to the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 (NOC-S 2006). This classification is composed of four levels of aggregation. There are 10 broad occupational categories containing 47 major groups that are further subdivided into 140 minor groups. At the most detailed level, there are 520 occupation unit groups. Occupation unit groups are formed on the basis of the education, training, or skill level required to enter the job, as well as the kind of work performed, as determined by the tasks, duties and responsibilities of the occupation.
    For information on the NOC-S 2006, see the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006, Catalogue No. 12-583-XIE.
  30. OCCUPATION - NOT APPLICABLE
    Unemployed persons 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2005 only.
  31. ALL OCCUPATIONS
    Refers to the experienced labour force population: includes persons who were employed and persons who were unemployed who worked for pay or in self-employment since January 1, 2005.
  32. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY HIGHEST CERTIFICATE, DIPLOMA OR DEGREE
    'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class'. For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

    Census questions relating to education changed substantially between 2001 and 2006, principally to reflect developments in Canada's education system. These changes improved the quality of data and provided more precise information on the level of educational attainment as well as fields of study.

    However, users should be aware that changes to the education portion of the 2006 Census questionnaire have affected the comparability of some 2006 Census data with data from previous censuses. More information on the historical comparability of specific categories of 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
    Highest certificate, diploma or degree
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Information indicating the person's most advanced certificate, diploma or degree.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    This is a derived variable obtained from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported. There is an implied hierarchy in this variable (secondary school graduation, registered apprenticeship and trades, college, university) which is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. However, at the detailed level a registered apprenticeship graduate may not have completed a secondary school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a master's degree necessarily have a certificate or diploma above the bachelor's degree level. Therefore, although the sequence is more or less hierarchical, it is a general rather than an absolute gradient measure of academic achievement.
  33. HIGH SCHOOL CERTIFICATE OR EQUIVALENT
    'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.
  34. COLLEGE, CEGEP OR OTHER NON-UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE OR DIPLOMA
    'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.
  35. UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE OR DIPLOMA BELOW BACHELOR LEVEL
    The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.

    In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.

    We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.

    For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

    More information is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
  36. UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE, DIPLOMA OR DEGREE AT BACHELOR'S LEVEL OR ABOVE
    Questions pertaining to university degrees attained in 2006 (for example bachelor's degrees or master's degrees) were similar to those asked in 2001. Data for the university categories (bachelor's degree through to earned doctorate) are comparable over time.
  37. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER WITH POSTSECONDARY QUALIFICATIONS BY MAJOR FIELD OF STUDY - CLASSIFICATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS, 2000
    'Field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level.
    Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP)
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Main subject area of the person's highest certificate, diploma or degree after high school.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. The Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP [Canada 2000]) major field of study classification structure consists of 13 major categories or primary groupings, 12 of which are used for the census (the category which includes courses in personal development is not used). The 12 primary groupings are: education; visual and performing arts, and communications technologies; humanities; social and behavioural sciences and law; business, management and public administration; physical and life sciences and technologies; mathematics, computer and information sciences; architecture, engineering and related technologies; agriculture, natural resources and conservation; health, parks, recreation and fitness; personal, protective and transportation services; other.
  38. OTHER FIELDS OF STUDY
    Includes Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, Other.
  39. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY EMPLOYMENT INCOME AND WORK ACTIVITY
    Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2005 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

    Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

    Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2005 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2005, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the Net Income Stabilization Account (NISA). The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

    Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2005 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be less than approximately two and one half standard errors.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors of average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (families [census/economic], persons 15 years of age and over not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.

    Work activity - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in the reference year at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (1 to 29 hours per week). Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks. The term 'Full-year full-time workers' refers to persons 15 years of age and over who worked 49 to 52 weeks (mostly full time) in the reference year for pay or in self-employment.
  40. DID NOT WORK OR HAD NO EMPLOYMENT INCOME IN 2005
    Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2005 only, persons who worked in 2006 only, as well as persons who worked in 2005 but had no employment income.
  41. WORKED FULL YEAR FULL TIME WITH EMPLOYMENT INCOME
    Was an earner or employment income recipient and worked 49 to 52 weeks in 2005, mostly full time.
  42. WORKED PART YEAR OR PART TIME WITH EMPLOYMENT INCOME
    Was an earner or employment income recipient and worked less than 49 weeks or worked mostly part time in 2005.
  43. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY EMPLOYMENT INCOME
    Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2005 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

    Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

    Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2005 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2005, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the Net Income Stabilization Account (NISA). The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

    Net non-farm income for unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2005 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be less than approximately two and one half standard errors.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors of average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (families [census/economic], persons 15 years of age and over not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.
  44. WITH EMPLOYMENT INCOME
    Earner or employment income recipient - Refers to a person 15 years of age and over who received wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income during calendar year 2005.
  45. UNDER $5,000
    Including loss.
  46. AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT INCOME $
    For persons with employment income.
  47. MEDIAN EMPLOYMENT INCOME $
    For persons with employment income.
  48. STANDARD ERROR OF AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT INCOME $
    For persons with employment income.
  49. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER WITH INCOME IN 2005 BY COMPOSITION OF TOTAL INCOME %
    Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area.
  50. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY WAGES AND SALARIES IN 2005
    Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excludes gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump-sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be approximately two and one half standard errors.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors for average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (families [census/economic], persons not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.
  51. AVERAGE WAGES AND SALARIES $
    For persons with wages and salaries.
  52. MEDIAN WAGES AND SALARIES $
    For persons with wages and salaries.
  53. STANDARD ERROR OF AVERAGE WAGES AND SALARIES $
    For persons with wages and salaries.
  54. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY TOTAL INCOME IN 2005
    'Total income' refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

    - wages and salaries (total)
    - net farm income
    - net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
    - child benefits
    - Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
    - benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
    - benefits from Employment Insurance
    - other income from government sources
    - dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
    - retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
    - other money income.

    'After-tax income' refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2005.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excluded gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be less than approximately two and one half standard errors.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors of average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (families [census/economic]), persons 15 years of age and over not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.
  55. UNDER $5,000
    Including loss.
  56. AVERAGE INCOME $
    For persons with income.
  57. MEDIAN INCOME $
    For persons with income.
  58. STANDARD ERROR OF AVERAGE INCOME $
    For persons with income.
  59. TOTAL - PERSONS IN PRIVATE HOUSEHOLDS BY INCOME STATUS IN 2005
    Income status before tax - Refers to the position of an economic family or a person 15 years of age and over not in an economic family in relation to Statistics Canada's low income before tax cut-offs (LICOs).

    Income status after tax - Refers to the position of an economic family or a person 15 years of age and over in relation to Statistics Canada's low income after-tax cut-offs (LICO-AT).

    Measures of low income known as 'low income (before tax) cut-offs (LICOs)' were first introduced in Canada in 1968 based on 1961 Census income data and 1959 family expenditure patterns. At that time, expenditure patterns indicated that Canadian families spent about 50% of their total income on food, shelter and clothing. It was arbitrarily estimated that families spending 70% or more of their income (20 percentage points more than the average) on these basic necessities would be in 'straitened' circumstances. With this assumption, low income cut-off points were set for five different sizes of families.

    Subsequent to these initial cut-offs, revised low income before tax cut-offs were established based on national family expenditure data from 1969, 1978, 1986 and 1992. The initial LICOs were based upon the total income, before tax, of families and persons 15 years and over not in economic families.

    After a comprehensive review of low income cut-offs completed in 1991, low income cut-offs based upon after-tax income were published for the first time in Income After Tax, Distributions by Size in Canada, 1990 (Catalogue no. 13-210). Income after tax cut-offs are estimated independently for economic families and persons 15 years of age and over not in economic families based upon family expenditure and income after tax. Consequently, the low income after-tax cut-offs are set at after-tax income levels, differentiated by size of family and area of residence, where families spend 20 percentage points more of their after-tax income than the average family on food, shelter and clothing.

    For the purposes of low income statistics (before or after tax), economic families and persons 15 years of age and over not in economic families in the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut and on Indian reserves were excluded. The low income cut-offs are based on certain expenditure-income patterns which are not available from survey data for the entire population.

    The incidence of low income is not calculated for economic families and persons not in economic families living in the Yukon, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and on Indian reserves. In addition, low income data are available for two census subdivisions (CSDs) in Saskatchewan (Denare Beach, Sandy Bay) which Indian and Northern Affairs Canada considers as First Nation communities but which are not Indian reserves. The data for these communities have been included in the incidence of low income calculations for the Saskatchewan and Canada level data. However, they are not shown as part of the 'On reserve' column in the tables for Saskatchewan and Canada.

    Prevalence of low income (before or after tax) can also be derived for census families, persons not in census families and the population in private households. See Low Income Statistics for Census Families and Households, Staff Report no. 1991-1, Labour and Household Surveys Analysis Division, Statistics Canada.

    Prevalence of low income rates are calculated from rounded counts of low income persons or families and the total number of persons or families. These counts have been rounded independently of the rounded counts shown in the table; thus, there may be a small difference between the rate shown and the one derived from the counts shown. Users are advised to interpret prevalence of low income rates based upon small counts with caution.

    Since its initial publication, Statistics Canada has clearly and consistently emphasized that the LICOs are not measures of poverty. Rather, LICOs reflect a consistent and well-defined methodology that identifies those who are substantially worse-off than average. These measures have enabled Statistics Canada to report important trends, such as the changing composition of those below the LICOs over time.

    Low income before tax cut-offs (LICOs) - Income levels at which families or persons not in economic families spend 20% more than average of their before tax income on food, shelter and clothing. For additional information and a table of low income cut-offs, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Catalogue no. 92-566-XWE.
  60. TOTAL - PERSONS IN ECONOMIC FAMILIES
    Economic family
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. For 2006, foster children are included.

    Persons not in economic families - Household members who do not belong to an economic family. Persons living alone are included in this category.
Warning Data quality note(s)
  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
Total population 15 years and over by legal marital status 4 25,664,225 427,495 25,236,730
Never legally married (single) 8,963,165 246,190 8,716,975
Legally married (and not separated) 5 12,415,720 117,775 12,297,940
Separated, but still legally married 766,035 18,735 747,300
Divorced 2,067,200 27,595 2,039,610
Widowed 1,452,105 17,200 1,434,905
Total population in private households by census family status 6 31,074,405 622,205 30,452,200
Number of family persons 26,113,390 531,000 25,582,390
Husbands or wives 12,211,820 115,020 12,096,800
Common-law partners 2,753,740 81,005 2,672,730
Lone parents 1,414,065 60,335 1,353,730
Children in census families 9,733,770 274,640 9,459,125
Number of persons not in census families 4,961,015 91,205 4,869,805
Living with relatives 644,010 31,275 612,735
Living with non-relatives only 989,950 18,310 971,640
Living alone 3,327,050 41,620 3,285,430
Total population 1 year and over 7 30,897,210 611,670 30,285,540
Lived at the same address 1 year ago 26,534,115 498,115 26,036,005
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed addresses within the same census subdivision (municipality) 2,554,260 66,995 2,487,260
Lived within the same province or territory 1 year ago, but changed addresses from another census subdivision (municipality) within the same province or territory 1,221,560 38,130 1,183,430
Lived in a different province or territory 1 year ago 289,745 7,695 282,050
Lived in a different country 1 year ago 297,530 730 296,795
Total population 5 years and over 8 29,544,485 562,355 28,982,130
Lived at the same address 5 years ago 17,457,170 328,800 17,128,365
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed addresses within the same census subdivision (municipality) 6,507,905 132,865 6,375,035
Lived within the same province or territory 5 years ago, but changed addresses from another census subdivision (municipality) within the same province or territory 3,566,790 78,630 3,488,165
Lived in a different province or territory 5 years ago 852,580 20,255 832,330
Lived in a different country 5 years ago 1,160,035 1,805 1,158,230
Total - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population 9 31,241,030 623,780 30,617,250
Total Aboriginal identity population 10 1,172,785 623,785 549,010
North American Indian single response 11 698,025 564,870 133,155
Métis single response 389,785 34,280 355,505
Inuit single response 50,485 1,365 49,115
Multiple Aboriginal identity responses 7,740 2,450 5,290
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere 12 26,760 20,815 5,945
Non-Aboriginal identity population 30,068,240 0 30,068,240
Total - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestry population 13 31,241,030 623,780 30,617,250
Total - Aboriginal ancestry population 14 1,678,235 583,150 1,095,090
Aboriginal ancestry single responses 630,420 429,440 200,980
Aboriginal ancestry multiple responses 1,047,815 153,710 894,105
Total - North American Indian ancestry 15 1,253,615 563,645 689,970
North American Indian ancestry single responses 512,150 421,115 91,035
North American Indian ancestry multiple responses 741,470 142,530 598,935
Total - Métis ancestry 16 409,065 29,935 379,135
Métis ancestry single responses 77,300 7,575 69,720
Métis ancestry multiple responses 331,770 22,360 309,415
Total - Inuit ancestry 17 65,890 2,950 62,935
Inuit ancestry single responses 40,975 755 40,225
Inuit ancestry multiple responses 24,910 2,200 22,710
Total - Non-Aboriginal ancestry population 29,562,795 40,635 29,522,165
Total population by mother tongue 18 31,241,030 623,780 30,617,250
Total single responses 30,848,270 612,520 30,235,750
English 17,882,775 423,165 17,459,610
French 6,817,655 24,590 6,793,060
Aboriginal languages 210,080 164,565 45,515
Other single responses 5,937,765 200 5,937,565
Total multiple responses 392,760 11,260 381,500
English and Aboriginal language 11,035 9,375 1,660
French and Aboriginal language 860 585 270
English, French and Aboriginal language 240 115 120
Other multiple responses 380,625 1,180 379,450
Total population by language spoken most often at home 19 31,241,030 623,780 30,617,245
Total single responses 30,665,025 613,655 30,051,365
English 20,584,770 490,575 20,094,200
French 6,608,120 24,040 6,584,090
Aboriginal languages 129,340 98,555 30,780
Other single responses 3,342,790 495 3,342,295
Total multiple responses 576,000 10,120 565,885
English and Aboriginal language 9,680 8,415 1,260
French and Aboriginal language 695 615 75
English, French and Aboriginal language 75 55 20
Other multiple responses 565,550 1,030 564,520
Total population by knowledge of Aboriginal languages 20 31,241,030 623,785 30,617,250
Total single responses 20,015,410 403,660 19,611,755
English 15,697,475 384,095 15,313,380
French 3,851,775 11,760 3,840,015
Aboriginal languages 12,725 7,640 5,090
Other single responses 453,435 170 453,270
Total multiple responses 11,225,615 220,120 11,005,495
English and Aboriginal language 217,300 172,090 45,210
French and Aboriginal language 14,515 13,120 1,395
English, French and Aboriginal language 11,825 7,630 4,195
Other multiple responses 10,981,980 27,285 10,954,695
Total population 15 years and over by labour force activity 21 25,664,220 427,495 25,236,730
In the labour force 17,146,135 247,040 16,899,095
Employed 16,021,175 200,160 15,821,020
Unemployed 1,124,960 46,885 1,078,075
Not in the labour force 8,518,090 180,455 8,337,635
Participation rate 66.8 57.8 67.0
Employment rate 62.4 46.8 62.7
Unemployment rate 6.6 19.0 6.4
Total labour force 15 years and over by class of worker 22 17,146,135 247,045 16,899,095
Class of worker - Not applicable 23 284,955 15,130 269,830
All classes of worker 24 16,861,185 231,915 16,629,265
Wage earners 14,816,205 219,595 14,596,610
Self-employed 25 1,993,710 12,115 1,981,605
Unpaid family workers 51,270 210 51,055
Total labour force 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System 2002 26 17,146,135 247,040 16,899,090
Industry - Not applicable 27 284,955 15,130 269,825
All industries 28 16,861,180 231,915 16,629,265
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 523,650 11,075 512,575
21 Mining and oil and gas extraction 238,810 5,945 232,870
22 Utilities 132,950 2,135 130,810
23 Construction 1,069,100 20,075 1,049,025
31-33 Manufacturing 2,005,980 15,330 1,990,655
41 Wholesale trade 739,305 3,700 735,605
44-45 Retail trade 1,917,175 20,435 1,896,735
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 820,195 9,855 810,335
51 Information and cultural industries 417,325 2,670 414,655
52 Finance and insurance 689,215 2,515 686,695
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 303,510 2,435 301,070
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,122,450 5,370 1,117,075
55 Management of companies and enterprises 20,530 145 20,385
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 722,700 11,800 710,900
61 Educational services 1,150,535 17,975 1,132,560
62 Health care and social assistance 1,716,255 30,635 1,685,625
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 346,310 6,715 339,600
72 Accommodation and food services 1,126,695 17,995 1,108,700
81 Other services (except public administration) 819,880 9,150 810,730
91 Public administration 978,615 35,960 942,660
Total labour force 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 29 17,146,135 247,040 16,899,095
Occupation - Not applicable 30 284,950 15,125 269,825
All occupations 31 16,861,185 231,920 16,629,265
A Management occupations 1,631,730 14,470 1,617,265
B Business, finance and administrative occupations 3,025,425 31,270 2,994,155
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,108,045 6,295 1,101,755
D Health occupations 950,365 8,300 942,065
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 1,414,320 27,705 1,386,625
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 502,195 5,135 497,060
G Sales and service occupations 4,037,725 66,290 3,971,435
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,550,295 44,950 2,505,350
I Occupations unique to primary industry 648,315 16,185 632,125
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 992,765 11,325 981,440
Total population 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degree 32 25,664,225 427,495 25,236,730
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,098,325 212,060 5,886,270
Certificate, diploma or degree 19,565,895 215,435 19,350,460
High school certificate or equivalent 33 6,553,425 81,705 6,471,720
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,785,420 43,845 2,741,570
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 34 4,435,135 55,445 4,379,690
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 35 1,136,150 12,530 1,123,620
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor's level or above 36 4,655,770 21,910 4,633,860
Bachelor's degree 2,981,460 15,945 2,965,515
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 493,540 2,935 490,600
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 136,845 220 136,625
Master's degree 866,980 2,345 864,630
Earned doctorate 176,945 460 176,490
Total population 15 years and over with postsecondary qualifications by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs, 2000 37 13,012,475 133,730 12,878,745
Education 994,660 10,880 983,790
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 481,190 3,295 477,895
Humanities 717,125 5,420 711,705
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,275,100 13,675 1,261,425
Business, management and public administration 2,801,720 29,240 2,772,480
Physical and life sciences and technologies 451,965 1,140 450,825
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 568,755 3,975 564,780
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,922,085 27,860 2,894,225
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 291,510 4,375 287,135
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 1,728,890 18,395 1,710,500
Personal, protective and transportation services 777,370 15,445 761,925
Other fields of study 38 2,100 40 2,065
Total population 15 years and over by employment income and work activity 39 25,664,225 427,495 25,236,730
Did not work or had no employment income in 2005 40 8,622,380 200,090 8,422,285
Worked full year full time with employment income 41 9,275,765 98,775 9,176,995
Average employment income $ 51,221 37,120 51,373
Median employment income $ 41,401 32,460 41,521
Standard error of average employment income $ 52 100 53
Worked part year or part time with employment income 42 7,766,075 128,625 7,637,450
Average employment income $ 22,398 15,365 22,516
Median employment income $ 13,072 9,869 13,142
Standard error of average employment income $ 41 49 43
Total population 15 years and over by employment income 43 25,664,225 427,495 25,236,730
Without employment income 7,462,960 175,630 7,287,335
With employment income 44 18,201,265 251,865 17,949,395
Under $5,000 45 2,696,200 57,135 2,639,065
$ 5,000 to $ 9,999 1,827,850 34,090 1,793,760
$10,000 to $19,999 2,862,810 48,710 2,814,100
$20,000 to $29,999 2,440,740 36,835 2,403,905
$30,000 to $39,999 2,265,070 27,415 2,237,660
$40,000 to $49,999 1,770,725 17,625 1,753,095
$50,000 to $59,999 1,272,410 11,250 1,261,165
$60,000 to $74,999 1,320,490 10,540 1,309,955
$75,000 and over 1,744,970 8,275 1,736,695
Average employment income $ 46 36,301 23,229 36,484
Median employment income $ 47 26,850 16,595 26,991
Standard error of average employment income $ 48 34 50 35
Total population 15 years and over with income in 2005 by composition of total income % 49 100 100 100
Market income % 88.9 77.1 89.1
Employment income % 76.2 73.2 76.2
Wages and salaries % 70.7 71.4 70.7
Self-employment income % 5.5 1.8 5.5
Investment income % 4.3 0.7 4.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities % 6.6 2.0 6.6
Other money income % 1.8 1.3 1.8
Government transfer payments % 11.1 22.9 10.9
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement % 3.0 3.3 3.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits % 3.4 2.0 3.4
Child benefits % 1.3 6.7 1.3
Employment Insurance benefits % 1.4 2.7 1.4
Other income from government sources % 2.0 8.2 2.0
Income taxes paid % 17.7 8.3 17.8
Total population 15 years and over by wages and salaries in 2005 50 25,664,225 427,495 25,236,730
Without wages and salaries 8,905,800 182,490 8,723,315
With wages and salaries 16,758,425 245,000 16,513,420
Under $5,000 2,376,090 55,425 2,320,665
$ 5,000 to $ 9,999 1,626,855 33,095 1,593,765
$10,000 to $19,999 2,548,370 47,215 2,501,155
$20,000 to $29,999 2,249,190 35,870 2,213,330
$30,000 to $39,999 2,148,340 26,720 2,121,620
$40,000 to $49,999 1,702,960 17,375 1,685,590
$50,000 to $59,999 1,224,070 10,980 1,213,090
$60,000 and over 2,882,550 18,345 2,864,210
Average wages and salaries $ 51 36,602 23,286 36,800
Median wages and salaries $ 52 27,994 16,719 28,190
Standard error of average wages and salaries $ 53 35 50 36
Total population 15 years and over by total income in 2005 54 25,664,225 427,495 25,236,730
Without income 1,241,060 35,710 1,205,355
With income 24,423,165 391,785 24,031,375
Under $5,000 55 2,575,365 89,705 2,485,665
$ 5,000 to $ 9,999 2,411,170 56,055 2,355,120
$10,000 to $19,999 5,049,145 100,075 4,949,070
$20,000 to $29,999 3,681,500 54,075 3,627,425
$30,000 to $39,999 3,189,445 36,790 3,152,655
$40,000 to $49,999 2,293,505 21,295 2,272,210
$50,000 to $79,999 3,507,900 26,650 3,481,250
$80,000 and over 1,715,125 7,135 1,707,990
Average income $ 56 35,498 20,388 35,745
Median income $ 57 25,615 14,095 25,851
Standard error of average income $ 58 30 33 31
Total - Persons in private households by income status in 2005 59 30,628,935 314,795 30,314,140
Total - Persons in economic families 60 26,358,390 275,635 26,082,760
Persons in economic families below low income cut-off before tax 3,144,530 95,115 3,049,420
Prevalence of low income before tax in 2005 for economic family members % 11.9 34.5 11.7
Persons in economic families below low income cut-off after tax 2,274,755 73,860 2,200,890
Prevalence of low income after tax in 2005 for economic family members % 8.6 26.8 8.4
Total - Persons 15 years and over not in economic families 4,270,545 39,165 4,231,385
Persons not in economic families below before-tax low income cut-off 1,556,490 22,495 1,533,990
Prevalence of low income before tax in 2005 for persons not in economic families % 36.4 57.5 36.3
Persons not in economic families below after-tax low income cut-off 1,209,870 19,440 1,190,425
Prevalence of low income after tax in 2005 for persons not in economic families % 28.3 49.6 28.1
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-564-XCB2006004