2006 Census Topic-based tabulations
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Topic-based tabulation: Selected Language Characteristics (165), Aboriginal Identity (8), Age Groups (7), Sex (3) and Area of Residence (6) for the Population of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data
About this tabulation
|Release date:||January 15, 2008|
Note: Data quality - Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux)
When comparing the census results to those of the 2001 Census, it appears that there is some overestimation of persons reporting Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) in British Columbia and, as a result, also at the Canada level. Although it affects a relatively small population, it is best to apply caution when analysing the census data for Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) in these geographies.
For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.
Note: Data on knowledge of official languages
According to studies on data certification, the 2006 Census statistics on knowledge of official languages could underestimate the category 'English and French' and overestimate the category 'French only,' particularly for the francophone population, but also for the whole population in general. More information on the subject will be available in the Languages Reference Guide, to be published in 2008.
Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe
In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.
From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.
Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.
Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.
Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.
For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.
For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.
Note: Population universe
The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.
For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.
|Selected language characteristics (165)||Area of residence (6)|
|Total - Area of residenceFootnote 3||On reserveFootnote 4||Rural||Total urban||Urban non-census metropolitan area||Urban census metropolitan area|
|Total population by detailed mother tongueFootnote 5||31,241,030||342,865||5,926,685||24,971,475||5,039,880||19,931,600|
|Total - Single responsesFootnote 6||30,848,270||336,795||5,892,340||24,619,135||5,007,915||19,611,215|
|Algonquian languages, n.i.e.||795||75||495||225||120||110|
|North Slave (Hare)||1,065||850||75||140||120||15|
|Athapaskan languages, n.i.e.||1,065||645||190||225||125||105|
|Iroquoian languages, n.i.e.||120||10||10||105||0||110|
|Salish languages, n.i.e.||1,810||1,505||25||285||180||105|
|Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux)||5,585||5,045||120||425||95||330|
|Wakashan languages, n.i.e.||715||460||55||200||70||135|
|Aboriginal languages, n.i.e.||1,165||255||130||780||270||510|
|Other single responses||5,937,760||4,895||400,615||5,532,250||310,750||5,221,500|
|Total multiple responsesFootnote 7||392,760||6,075||34,345||352,340||31,960||320,380|
|English and Aboriginal languageFootnote 8||11,035||5,350||1,380||4,300||2,150||2,145|
|French and Aboriginal languageFootnote 9||855||305||125||430||185||240|
|English, French and Aboriginal languageFootnote 10||240||25||75||135||85||55|
|Other multiple responses||380,625||390||32,765||347,470||29,535||317,935|
|Total population by detailed language spoken most often at homeFootnote 11||31,241,030||342,870||5,926,685||24,971,475||5,039,875||19,931,600|
|Total - Single responsesFootnote 12||30,665,025||336,040||5,895,760||24,433,235||5,010,805||19,422,425|
|Algonquian languages, n.i.e.||180||25||145||10||0||0|
|North Slave (Hare)||650||585||50||15||15||0|
|Athapaskan languages, n.i.e.||185||95||15||70||10||65|
|Iroquoian languages, n.i.e.||10||0||0||10||0||10|
|Salish languages, n.i.e.||205||205||0||0||0||0|
|Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux)||3,785||3,645||55||85||0||80|
|Wakashan languages, n.i.e.||105||90||15||0||0||0|
|Aboriginal languages, n.i.e.||215||15||55||140||20||125|
|Other single responses||3,342,790||2,270||150,660||3,189,860||105,895||3,083,965|
|Total multiple responsesFootnote 13||576,005||6,830||30,930||538,245||29,070||509,175|
|English and Aboriginal languageFootnote 14||9,680||6,005||1,330||2,345||1,390||950|
|French and Aboriginal languageFootnote 15||695||470||40||185||110||75|
|English, French and Aboriginal languageFootnote 16||75||25||10||40||25||15|
|Other multiple responses||565,550||330||29,550||535,670||27,540||508,130|
|Total population by knowledge of Aboriginal languagesFootnote 17||31,241,030||342,865||5,926,685||24,971,475||5,039,880||19,931,595|
|Total - Single responsesFootnote 18||20,015,415||183,880||4,592,495||15,239,040||3,989,450||11,249,590|
|Algonquian languages, n.i.e.||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|North Slave (Hare)||50||40||10||0||0||0|
|Athapaskan languages, n.i.e.||0||10||0||0||0||0|
|Iroquoian languages, n.i.e.||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Salish languages, n.i.e.||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux)||60||60||0||0||0||0|
|Wakashan languages, n.i.e.||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Aboriginal languages, n.i.e.||0||0||0||0||0||10|
|Other single responses||453,440||245||16,095||437,100||13,015||424,090|
|Total multiple responsesFootnote 19||11,225,615||158,990||1,334,190||9,732,435||1,050,430||8,682,010|
|English and Aboriginal language(s)Footnote 20||217,295||130,295||39,765||47,235||27,645||19,590|
|French and Aboriginal language(s)Footnote 21||14,515||11,595||1,275||1,640||1,055||585|
|English, French and Aboriginal language(s)Footnote 22||11,825||5,595||2,605||3,620||1,675||1,945|
|Other multiple responses||10,981,980||11,505||1,290,535||9,679,940||1,020,050||8,659,890|
- Footnote 1
This is a grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, with Aboriginal persons further divided into Aboriginal groups, based on their responses to three questions on the 2006 Census form.
- Footnote 2
Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
- Footnote 3
'Area of residence' refers to the following geographic areas: on reserve, urban census metropolitan area, urban non-census metropolitan area and rural area. These geographic areas can be used to show where the Aboriginal population is residing.
'On reserve' includes eight census subdivision (CSD) types legally affiliated with First Nations or Indian bands, i.e., Indian reserve (IRI), Indian settlement (S-E), Indian government district (IGD), terres réservées aux Cris (TC), terres réservées aux Naskapis (TK), Nisga'a village (NVL), Nisga'a land (NL) and Teslin land (TL), as well as 35 additional CSDs of various other types that are generally northern communities in Saskatchewan, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Territory, which have large concentrations of Registered Indians.
An urban area has a minimum population concentration of 1,000 persons and a population density of at least 400 persons per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All territory outside urban areas is classified as rural. On-reserve CSDs are excluded from this category.
A census metropolitan area (CMA) is a large urban area and has a population of at least 100,000.
Urban non-census metropolitan areas are smaller urban areas with a population of less than 100,000.
Rural areas include remote and wilderness areas and agricultural lands, as well as small towns, villages and other populated places with a population of less than 1,000. On-reserve CSDs are excluded from this category.
Additional information on the geographic units can be obtained from the 2006 Census Dictionary.
- Footnote 4
Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographic area under study. In 2006, a total of 22 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 22 communities are not included in the census counts.
- Footnote 5
Mother tongue refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census.
- Footnote 6
Indicates the number of persons who reported only one language as their mother tongue.
- Footnote 7
Indicates the number of persons who reported more than one language as their mother tongue.
- Footnote 8
Indicates the number of persons who reported English and one Aboriginal language as their mother tongue.
- Footnote 9
Indicates the number of persons who reported French and one Aboriginal language as their mother tongue.
- Footnote 10
Indicates the number of persons who reported English, French and one Aboriginal language as their mother tongue.
- Footnote 11
Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census. The data on home language shown in this table are not comparable to data found in similar tables produced for the 2001 Census when home language referred to the language spoken most often at home and the language spoken on a regular basis at home.
- Footnote 12
Indicates the number of persons who reported only one language spoken most often at home.
- Footnote 13
Indicates the number of persons who reported more than one language spoken most often at home.
- Footnote 14
Indicates the number of persons who reported English and one Aboriginal language spoken most often at home.
- Footnote 15
Indicates the number of persons who reported French and one Aboriginal language spoken most often at home.
- Footnote 16
Indicates the number of persons who reported English, French and one Aboriginal language spoken most often at home.
- Footnote 17
Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in an Aboriginal language.
- Footnote 18
Indicates the number of persons who reported knowledge of only one language, either as an official or a non-official language. For example, the category 'English' includes persons who reported knowledge of English only without reporting knowledge of any non-official language(s).
- Footnote 19
Indicates the number of persons who reported multiple official and/or non-official languages.
- Footnote 20
Indicates the number of persons who reported knowledge of English and at least one Aboriginal language.
- Footnote 21
Indicates the number of persons who reported knowledge of French and at least one Aboriginal language.
- Footnote 22
Indicates the number of persons who reported knowledge of English, French and at least one Aboriginal language.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-558-XCB2006015.
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