2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Immigrant Status (4) for the Population of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 1911 to 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-557-XCB2006006
Release date:December 4, 2007
Topic:Immigration and citizenship
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.

Note: Nunavut

Data from the 2006 and 2001 censuses are available for Nunavut, the new territory that came into effect on April 1, 1999.

Standard data products released only at the Canada/province/territory geographic levels will not contain data for Nunavut for the census years prior to 2001. Standard data products released at the census metropolitan area (CMA) and census agglomeration (CA) geographic levels may contain data for Nunavut for the 2006 and/or previous censuses.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details immigrant status for the population in CanadaFootnote 1
Census year (11) Immigrant status (4)
Total - Immigrant status Non-immigrantsFootnote 2 ImmigrantsFootnote 3 Non-permanent residentsFootnote 4
1911Footnote 5 7,206,643 5,619,682 1,586,961 0
1921Footnote 6 8,788,483 6,832,747 1,955,736 0
1931Footnote 7 10,376,786 8,069,261 2,307,525 0
1941Footnote 8 11,506,655 9,487,808 2,018,847 0
1951Footnote 9 14,009,429 11,949,518 2,059,911 0
1961Footnote 10 18,238,247 15,393,984 2,844,263 0
1971Footnote 11 21,568,310 18,272,780 3,295,530 0
1981Footnote 12 24,083,500 20,240,165 3,843,335 0
1991Footnote 13 26,994,045 22,427,745 4,342,890 223,410
2001 29,639,030 23,991,910 5,448,480 198,640
2006 31,241,030 24,788,720 6,186,950 265,360

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

For the 1981 to 2006 censuses, the term 'non-immigrants' refers to persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents. For censuses prior to 1981, the term 'non-immigrants' refers to persons born in Canada.

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Footnote 3

For the 1991 to 2006 censuses, the term 'immigrants' refers to persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Data on the landed immigrant population have been collected in a direct census question since the 1991 Census. In the 1981 and 1986 censuses, the immigrant population was defined as persons who were not Canadian citizens by birth and prior to the 1981 Census, the immigrant population referred to all persons born outside Canada. Changes to the definition of the immigrant population since 1981 should not have a major impact on the comparability of census data on immigrants over time.

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Footnote 4

Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this type of permit was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census. Data on non-permanent residents are not available prior to 1991 because until that census, they were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated (the only exception to this occurred in 1941 when persons who did not plan to live permanently in Canada were included in the census).

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Footnote 5

In the 1911 Census, parts of Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and Alberta were included in the Northwest Territories. Data for Nunavut are not available prior to 2001. Data for Newfoundland and Labrador are not available prior to 1951. Data for non-permanent residents are not available prior to 1991 because until that census, non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated in the census (the only exception to this occurred in 1941 when persons who did not plan to live permanently in Canada were included in the census).

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Footnote 6

Data for Nunavut are not available prior to 2001. Data for Newfoundland and Labrador are not available prior to 1951. Data for non-permanent residents are not available prior to 1991 because until that census, non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated in the census (the only exception to this occurred in 1941 when persons who did not plan to live permanently in Canada were included in the census).

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Footnote 7

Data for Nunavut are not available prior to 2001. Data for Newfoundland and Labrador are not available prior to 1951. Data for non-permanent residents are not available prior to 1991 because until that census, non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated in the census (the only exception to this occurred in 1941 when persons who did not plan to live permanently in Canada were included in the census).

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Footnote 8

Data for Nunavut are not available prior to 2001. Data for Newfoundland and Labrador are not available prior to 1951. Data for non-permanent residents are not available prior to 1991 because until that census, non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated in the census (the only exception to this occurred in 1941 when persons who did not plan to live permanently in Canada were included in the census).

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Footnote 9

Data for Nunavut are not available prior to 2001. Data for non-permanent residents are not available prior to 1991 because until that census, non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated in the census (the only exception to this occurred in 1941 when persons who did not plan to live permanently in Canada were included in the census).

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Footnote 10

Data for Nunavut are not available prior to 2001. Data for non-permanent residents are not available prior to 1991 because until that census, non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated in the census (the only exception to this occurred in 1941 when persons who did not plan to live permanently in Canada were included in the census).

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Footnote 11

Data for Nunavut are not available prior to 2001. Data for non-permanent residents are not available prior to 1991 because until that census, non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated in the census (the only exception to this occurred in 1941 when persons who did not plan to live permanently in Canada were included in the census).

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Footnote 12

Data for Nunavut are not available prior to 2001. Data for non-permanent residents are not available prior to 1991 because until that census, non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated in the census (the only exception to this occurred in 1941 when persons who did not plan to live permanently in Canada were included in the census).

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Footnote 13

Data for Nunavut are not available prior to 2001.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006006.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

To access the comma separated values (CSV) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example csview.

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Footnote b

To access the tab separated values (TAB) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example AscToTab.

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Footnote c

To access the Beyond 20/20 (IVT) version, you need the Beyond 20/20 Table Browser, which may be downloaded below. These links download files directly from an external site and are not the responsibility of Statistics Canada.

Beyond 20/20 Browser for Windows operating systems (18.9 MB)
To install this product, run 'ProBrowser.exe'.

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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