2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Citizenship (5), Place of Birth (35), Sex (3) and Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (12) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

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General information

Catalogue number:97-557-XCB2006008
Release date:December 4, 2007
Topic:Immigration and citizenship
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Data table

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This table details citizenship , place of birth , sex and immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in CanadaFootnote 1
Place of birth (35) Citizenship (5)
Total - CitizenshipFootnote 2 Canadian citizens Canadian citizens only Citizens of Canada and at least one other country Not Canadian citizensFootnote 3
Total - Place of birth of respondentFootnote 4 31,241,030 29,480,160 28,617,050 863,115 1,760,865
Born in Canada 24,716,835 24,714,845 24,561,415 153,430 1,995
Born outside of Canada 6,524,190 4,765,320 4,055,635 709,680 1,758,870
United States of America 298,370 160,950 117,425 43,520 137,425
Central America 147,235 103,735 86,660 17,075 43,495
Caribbean and Bermuda 330,085 261,100 227,365 33,735 68,985
South America 267,100 180,815 148,920 31,895 86,285
Europe 2,359,485 1,922,605 1,589,335 333,275 436,880
Western Europe 462,615 361,605 318,820 42,785 101,005
Eastern Europe 520,695 417,105 313,085 104,025 103,585
Southern Europe 706,805 605,955 520,035 85,920 100,850
Italy 299,965 261,950 235,095 26,860 38,010
Other Southern Europe 406,840 344,000 284,940 59,060 62,835
Northern Europe 669,375 537,940 437,390 100,550 131,435
United Kingdom 601,795 484,265 390,180 94,085 117,525
Other Northern Europe 67,585 53,670 47,205 6,470 13,910
Africa 401,500 261,550 214,620 46,930 139,945
Western Africa 54,930 30,500 24,800 5,700 24,425
Eastern Africa 137,775 98,715 90,000 8,720 39,055
Northern Africa 140,645 89,235 61,690 27,540 51,405
Central Africa 25,760 11,675 10,025 1,650 14,085
Southern Africa 42,385 31,420 28,105 3,315 10,960
Asia and the Middle East 2,660,330 1,834,890 1,638,335 196,555 825,440
West Central Asia and the Middle East 389,680 270,880 203,160 67,715 118,805
Eastern Asia 940,960 647,325 592,400 54,930 293,630
China, People's Republic of 494,580 317,745 303,810 13,935 176,835
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region 220,095 203,240 181,625 21,610 16,855
Other Eastern Asia 226,280 126,345 106,960 19,380 99,935
Southeast Asia 586,540 449,700 427,680 22,015 136,840
Philippines 320,340 222,270 209,930 12,340 98,070
Other Southeast Asia 266,195 227,425 217,750 9,675 38,770
Southern Asia 743,145 466,985 415,095 51,895 276,160
India 456,455 282,165 268,055 14,110 174,285
Other Southern Asia 286,690 184,815 147,035 37,780 101,875
Oceania and otherFootnote 5 60,090 39,665 32,975 6,690 20,425

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Includes persons who are stateless. Prior to the 2006 Census, this category was called 'Citizens of other countries.' The content of the category remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.

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Footnote 4

For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 5

'Other' includes Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and the category 'Other country.'

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006008.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

To access the comma separated values (CSV) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example csview.

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Footnote b

To access the tab separated values (TAB) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example AscToTab.

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Footnote c

To access the Beyond 20/20 (IVT) version, you need the Beyond 20/20 Table Browser, which may be downloaded below. These links download files directly from an external site and are not the responsibility of Statistics Canada.

Beyond 20/20 Browser for Windows operating systems (18.9 MB)
To install this product, run 'ProBrowser.exe'.

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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