2006 Census Topic-based tabulations
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Topic-based tabulation: Citizenship (5), Place of Birth (35), Sex (3) and Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (12) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data
About this tabulation
|Release date:||December 4, 2007|
|Topic:||Immigration and citizenship|
Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe
In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.
From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.
Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.
Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.
Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.
For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.
For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.
|Place of birth (35)||Citizenship (5)|
|Total - CitizenshipFootnote 2||Canadian citizens||Canadian citizens only||Citizens of Canada and at least one other country||Not Canadian citizensFootnote 3|
|Total - Place of birth of respondentFootnote 4||31,241,030||29,480,160||28,617,050||863,115||1,760,865|
|Born in Canada||24,716,835||24,714,845||24,561,415||153,430||1,995|
|Born outside of Canada||6,524,190||4,765,320||4,055,635||709,680||1,758,870|
|United States of America||298,370||160,950||117,425||43,520||137,425|
|Caribbean and Bermuda||330,085||261,100||227,365||33,735||68,985|
|Other Southern Europe||406,840||344,000||284,940||59,060||62,835|
|Other Northern Europe||67,585||53,670||47,205||6,470||13,910|
|Asia and the Middle East||2,660,330||1,834,890||1,638,335||196,555||825,440|
|West Central Asia and the Middle East||389,680||270,880||203,160||67,715||118,805|
|China, People's Republic of||494,580||317,745||303,810||13,935||176,835|
|Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region||220,095||203,240||181,625||21,610||16,855|
|Other Eastern Asia||226,280||126,345||106,960||19,380||99,935|
|Other Southeast Asia||266,195||227,425||217,750||9,675||38,770|
|Other Southern Asia||286,690||184,815||147,035||37,780||101,875|
|Oceania and otherFootnote 5||60,090||39,665||32,975||6,690||20,425|
- Footnote 1
Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
- Footnote 2
Includes persons who are stateless.
- Footnote 3
Includes persons who are stateless. Prior to the 2006 Census, this category was called 'Citizens of other countries.' The content of the category remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.
- Footnote 4
For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.
- Footnote 5
'Other' includes Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and the category 'Other country.'
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006008.
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