2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Generation Status (4), Age Groups (9) and Sex (3) for the Population 15 Years and Over of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 1971, 2001 and 2006 Censuses - 20% Sample Data

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General information

Catalogue number:97-557-XCB2006010
Release date:December 4, 2007
Topic:Immigration and citizenship
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Nunavut

Data from the 2006 and 2001 censuses are available for Nunavut, the new territory that came into effect on April 1, 1999.

Standard data products released only at the Canada/province/territory geographic levels will not contain data for Nunavut for the census years prior to 2001. Standard data products released at the census metropolitan area (CMA) and census agglomeration (CA) geographic levels may contain data for Nunavut for the 2006 and/or previous censuses.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

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This table details generation status , age groups and sex for the population 15 years and over in CanadaFootnote 1
Generation status (4) Age groups (9)
Total - Age groups 15 to 24 years 25 to 54 years 25 to 34 years 35 to 44 years 45 to 54 years 55 to 64 years 65 to 74 years 75 years and over
Total - Generation status 25,664,220 4,207,815 13,732,585 3,987,075 4,794,100 4,951,415 3,649,530 2,255,645 1,818,655
1st generationFootnote 2 6,124,560 628,845 3,279,115 872,505 1,251,410 1,155,200 991,250 677,720 547,630
2nd generationFootnote 3 4,006,420 787,090 1,964,085 700,370 674,370 589,345 410,370 402,910 441,960
3rd generation or moreFootnote 4 15,533,240 2,791,880 8,489,380 2,414,195 2,868,315 3,206,865 2,247,905 1,175,005 829,065

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

Persons born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. Also included in the first generation are a small number of people born outside Canada to parents who are Canadian citizens by birth. In addition, the first generation includes people who are non-permanent residents (defined as people from another country living in Canada on Work or Study Permits or as refugee claimants, and any family members living with them in Canada).

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Footnote 3

Persons born inside Canada with at least one parent born outside Canada. This includes (a) persons born in Canada with both parents born outside Canada and (b) persons born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and one parent born outside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).

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Footnote 4

Persons born inside Canada with both parents born inside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006010.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

To access the comma separated values (CSV) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example csview.

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Footnote b

To access the tab separated values (TAB) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example AscToTab.

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Footnote c

To access the Beyond 20/20 (IVT) version, you need the Beyond 20/20 Table Browser, which may be downloaded below. These links download files directly from an external site and are not the responsibility of Statistics Canada.

Beyond 20/20 Browser for Windows operating systems (18.9 MB)
To install this product, run 'ProBrowser.exe'.

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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