2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Place of Birth (33), Period of Immigration (9), Sex (3) and Age Groups (10) for the Immigrant Population of Census Metropolitan Areas, Tracted Census Agglomerations and Census Tracts, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-557-XCB2006018
Release date:April 8, 2008
Topic:Immigration and citizenship
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Suppression of citizenship and immigration data on Indian reserves and settlements

Persons living on Indian reserves and Indian settlements who were enumerated with the 2006 Census Form 2D questionnaire were not asked the questions on citizenship (Question 10), landed immigrant status (Question 11) and year of immigration (Question 12). Consequently, citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros for Indian reserves and Indian settlements at census subdivision and lower levels of geography where the majority of the population was enumerated with the 2D Form. These data are, however, included in the totals for larger geographic areas, such as census divisions and provinces. For more information on the census data quality and confidentiality standards and guidelines relating to Indian reserves, please refer to http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/reference/notes/DQguidelines/DQguide_IndianReserves.cfm.
For a complete list of Indian reserves and Indian settlements for which citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros, please refer to http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/reference/notes/supplist2D.cfm.

Data table

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This table details place of birth , period of immigration , sex and age groups for the immigrant population in St. John's
Place of birth (33) Period of immigration (9)
Total - Period of immigration for the immigrant populationFootnote 1 Before 1961 1961 to 1970 1971 to 1980 1981 to 1990 1991 to 2000 1991 to 1995 1996 to 2000 2001 to 2006Footnote 2
Total - Place of birthFootnote 3 5,255 685 870 1,150 600 925 380 545 1,025
United States of America 860 125 110 365 65 120 70 60 70
Central America 100 0 0 0 10 75 75 0 20
Caribbean and Bermuda 115 10 25 10 10 15 15 0 45
South America 165 0 10 0 25 20 15 10 110
Europe 2,280 525 550 530 215 260 110 150 205
Western Europe 340 100 90 60 25 35 20 15 25
Eastern Europe 240 0 25 20 20 105 50 55 65
Southern Europe 190 30 45 80 10 30 10 20 0
Italy 30 0 25 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other Southern Europe 160 20 25 75 10 30 10 20 0
Northern Europe 1,510 390 385 370 155 95 30 60 115
United Kingdom 1,385 350 365 355 135 90 30 60 95
Other Northern Europe 125 45 30 15 20 0 0 0 20
Africa 435 0 40 45 35 85 0 80 220
Western Africa 75 0 0 0 0 10 10 0 65
Eastern Africa 80 0 10 20 10 10 0 10 40
Northern Africa 220 0 0 25 30 45 0 40 120
Central Africa 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Africa 65 0 30 0 0 20 0 20 0
Asia and the Middle East 1,250 15 125 200 235 335 95 240 350
West Central Asia and the Middle East 150 0 10 10 40 30 0 25 70
Eastern Asia 430 10 25 65 65 130 25 100 130
China, People's Republic of 260 10 0 15 15 115 15 105 100
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region 90 0 15 45 15 15 10 0 0
Other Eastern Asia 80 0 0 10 30 0 0 0 25
Southeast Asia 115 0 20 40 0 30 20 10 25
Philippines 75 0 0 35 0 25 15 10 15
Other Southeast Asia 45 0 15 10 10 10 10 0 0
Southern Asia 545 0 70 80 120 145 45 95 130
India 355 10 70 80 95 100 30 70 15
Other Southern Asia 185 0 0 0 25 40 15 25 115
Oceania and otherFootnote 4 35 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

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Footnote 2

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

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Footnote 3

For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 4

'Other' includes Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the category 'Other country,' as well as immigrants born in Canada.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006018.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

To access the comma separated values (CSV) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example csview.

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Footnote b

To access the tab separated values (TAB) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example AscToTab.

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Footnote c

To access the Beyond 20/20 (IVT) version, you need the Beyond 20/20 Table Browser, which may be downloaded below. These links download files directly from an external site and are not the responsibility of Statistics Canada.

Beyond 20/20 Browser for Windows operating systems (18.9 MB)
To install this product, run 'ProBrowser.exe'.

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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