2006 Census Topic-based tabulations
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Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Country of Citizenship (203), Single and Multiple Citizenship Responses (3), Immigrant Status (4A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data
About this tabulation
|Release date:||December 4, 2007|
|Topic:||Immigration and citizenship|
Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe
In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.
From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.
Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.
Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.
Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.
For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.
For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.
|Detailed country of citizenship (203)||Single and multiple citizenship responses (3)|
|Total - Single and multiple citizenship responsesFootnote 2||Single citizenship responsesFootnote 3||Multiple citizenship responsesFootnote 4|
|Total - Detailed country of citizenshipFootnote 5||31,241,030||30,370,770||870,255|
|United KingdomFootnote 6||253,215||124,695||128,515|
|United States of AmericaFootnote 7||226,755||147,040||79,710|
|China, People's Republic ofFootnote 8||226,025||192,035||33,990|
|France and dependenciesFootnote 9||78,785||34,830||43,955|
|Korea, SouthFootnote 10||63,810||61,520||2,290|
|Netherlands and dependenciesFootnote 12||24,665||19,145||5,515|
|Viet NamFootnote 13||20,980||15,440||5,540|
|Trinidad and Tobago||19,925||11,210||8,715|
|South Africa, Republic of||12,565||9,370||3,195|
|Serbia and Montenegro||11,580||4,680||6,905|
|Congo, Democratic Republic of theFootnote 14||9,555||8,710||845|
|New Zealand and dependenciesFootnote 15||9,255||4,405||4,850|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||7,720||3,205||4,510|
|Yugoslavia, n.o.s.Footnote 18||5,380||2,590||2,795|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||4,705||3,605||1,095|
|Moldova, Republic of||3,165||2,825||345|
|Palestine/West Bank/Gaza StripFootnote 22||2,445||2,030||410|
|Tanzania, United Republic of||2,150||1,825||320|
|Côte d'IvoireFootnote 23||1,870||1,580||285|
|United Kingdom - dependent territoriesFootnote 28||955||580||375|
|Antigua and BarbudaFootnote 29||740||310||425|
|United Arab Emirates||655||565||85|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||520||190||330|
|United Kingdom - British citizensFootnote 30||405||95||310|
|Congo, Republic of the||410||355||55|
|Central African Republic||155||140||20|
|Czechoslovakia, n.o.s.Footnote 31||155||85||65|
|Korea, NorthFootnote 32||70||50||15|
|USSR, n.o.s.Footnote 33||55||55||0|
|Papua New Guinea||20||10||10|
|Micronesia, Federated States of||10||0||0|
|East TimorFootnote 36||0||0||0|
|French, n.o.s.Footnote 37||0||0||0|
|Holy See (Vatican City)||0||0||0|
|Sao Tome and Principe||0||0||0|
- Footnote 1
Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
- Footnote 2
The category 'Total - Single and multiple citizenship responses' indicates the number of respondents who reported each citizenship, either as their only response or in addition to one or more other citizenships. Total responses represent the sum of single citizenship responses and multiple citizenship responses received in the census.
- Footnote 3
A single citizenship response occurs when a respondent provides one citizenship only.
- Footnote 4
A multiple citizenship response occurs when a respondent provides two or more citizenships.
- Footnote 5
This is a total population count. The sum of the citizenships in this table is greater than the total population count because a person may report more than one citizenship in the census.
- Footnote 6
The official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
- Footnote 7
Includes United States of America, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam and American Samoa, as well as responses of 'American dependency'.
- Footnote 8
Includes all persons who reported 'People's Republic of China,' as well as persons who reported 'Macau,' the former dependency of Portugal, and all persons who reported 'Hong Kong.' Macau and Hong Kong are now special administrative regions of China. Also includes persons born in Hong Kong who reported a citizenship of 'British national overseas,' or 'British dependent territory citizen' or 'Stateless.'
- Footnote 9
Includes France as well as the following dependencies of France: French Polynesia, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, New Caledonia, Réunion, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and Wallis and Futuna, as well as responses of 'French dependency.'
- Footnote 10
The official name is the Republic of Korea.
- Footnote 11
The official name is the Islamic Republic of Iran.
- Footnote 12
Includes Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, as well as responses of 'Netherlands dependency.'
- Footnote 13
The official name is the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
- Footnote 14
Formerly known as Zaire.
- Footnote 15
Includes New Zealand, Niue, Tokelau, and Cook Islands, as well as responses of 'New Zealand dependency.'
- Footnote 16
The official name is the Syrian Arab Republic.
- Footnote 17
The official name is the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
- Footnote 18
The abbreviation 'n.o.s'. means 'not otherwise specified'.Includes persons who reported 'Yugoslavia.' In 2006, the 2001 designation 'n.i.e.' ('not included elsewhere') was replaced with 'n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.
- Footnote 19
Includes Faroe Islands and Greenland, a dependency of Denmark.
- Footnote 20
The official name is the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
- Footnote 21
Formerly known as Kampuchea.
- Footnote 22
Palestine refers to pre-1948 British mandate Palestine. West Bank and Gaza Strip are the territories referred to in the Declaration of Principles, signed by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993. However, since responses to the census are self-reported, it is not clear that responses of 'Palestine,' 'Gaza Strip' or 'West Bank' were in reference to these territories as defined.
- Footnote 23
Also known as Ivory Coast.
- Footnote 24
The official name is Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.
- Footnote 25
Persons who reported 'Stateless' as their country of citizenship, excluding those who reported 'Hong Kong' as their place of birth. Those who reported 'Hong Kong' as their place of birth and who reported 'Stateless' as their citizenship are included in 'People's Republic of China'.
- Footnote 26
Formerly known as Burma.
- Footnote 27
The official name is the Lao People's Democratic Republic.
- Footnote 28
Includes the following dependencies of the United Kingdom: Anguilla, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Gibraltar, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Saint Helena (also known as Saint Helena and Ascension), Turks and Caicos Islands and the British Virgin Islands, as well as responses of 'British dependency.'
- Footnote 29
Formerly known as Antigua.
- Footnote 30
Includes persons who reported 'British citizen' and 'British national overseas,' excluding those who reported 'Hong Kong' as their place of birth. Those who reported 'Hong Kong' as their place of birth and who reported 'British' as their citizenship are included in 'People's Republic of China.'
- Footnote 31
The abbreviation 'n.o.s'. means 'not otherwise specified'. Includes persons who reported 'Czechoslovakia.' In 2006, the 2001 designation 'n.i.e.' ('not included elsewhere') was replaced with 'n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.
- Footnote 32
The official name is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
- Footnote 33
The abbreviation 'n.o.s'. means 'not otherwise specified'. Includes persons who reported 'USSR.' In 2006, the 2001 designation 'n.i.e.' ('not included elsewhere') was replaced with 'n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.
- Footnote 34
Formerly known as Republic of Belau.
- Footnote 35
Formerly known as Western Samoa.
- Footnote 36
The official name is the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.
- Footnote 37
The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified'. Includes persons who reported 'French'. In 2006, the 2001 designation 'French responses' was replaced with 'French, n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006022.
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- Footnote b
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- Footnote d
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