2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Country of Citizenship (203), Single and Multiple Citizenship Responses (3), Immigrant Status (4A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-557-XCB2006022
Release date:December 4, 2007
Topic:Immigration and citizenship
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Data table

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This table details detailed country of citizenship , single and multiple citizenship responses , immigrant status and sex for the population in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed country of citizenship (203) Single and multiple citizenship responses (3)
Total - Single and multiple citizenship responsesFootnote 2 Single citizenship responsesFootnote 3 Multiple citizenship responsesFootnote 4
Total - Detailed country of citizenshipFootnote 5 31,241,030 30,370,770 870,255
Canada 29,480,165 28,617,050 863,110
United KingdomFootnote 6 253,215 124,695 128,515
United States of AmericaFootnote 7 226,755 147,040 79,710
China, People's Republic ofFootnote 8 226,025 192,035 33,990
India 184,320 173,660 10,660
Philippines 110,875 98,340 12,540
Pakistan 93,100 58,340 34,760
France and dependenciesFootnote 9 78,785 34,830 43,955
Italy 76,490 37,850 38,640
Poland 67,710 15,615 52,100
Korea, SouthFootnote 10 63,810 61,520 2,290
Portugal 57,075 31,795 25,285
Romania 49,860 25,535 24,325
Germany 49,850 39,490 10,360
IranFootnote 11 47,485 26,965 20,520
Lebanon 39,950 15,060 24,890
Jamaica 34,870 22,510 12,360
Taiwan 33,720 17,265 16,450
Sri Lanka 33,485 29,655 3,830
Colombia 33,160 27,060 6,100
Mexico 33,045 27,235 5,805
Russian Federation 26,735 15,720 11,010
Israel 26,215 12,430 13,785
Algeria 24,735 15,345 9,395
Netherlands and dependenciesFootnote 12 24,665 19,145 5,515
Morocco 22,365 14,655 7,710
Japan 22,310 19,895 2,415
Australia 21,590 13,980 7,605
Viet NamFootnote 13 20,980 15,440 5,540
Guyana 20,790 12,410 8,380
Switzerland 20,730 4,560 16,170
Bangladesh 20,310 13,290 7,015
Trinidad and Tobago 19,925 11,210 8,715
Afghanistan 19,860 16,335 3,520
Egypt 17,860 8,315 9,545
Greece 17,445 5,950 11,495
Haiti 17,340 13,785 3,555
El Salvador 14,975 7,380 7,595
Turkey 14,520 9,080 5,440
Iraq 14,440 9,315 5,125
Ukraine 14,140 12,575 1,565
South Africa, Republic of 12,565 9,370 3,195
Brazil 12,500 8,255 4,240
Bulgaria 11,920 7,430 4,495
Argentina 11,805 8,165 3,640
Serbia and Montenegro 11,580 4,680 6,905
Nigeria 11,405 8,660 2,740
Croatia 10,680 3,140 7,535
Chile 10,595 7,035 3,560
Peru 10,435 7,210 3,230
Ireland (Eire) 10,355 3,970 6,380
Hungary 10,215 4,190 6,025
Congo, Democratic Republic of theFootnote 14 9,555 8,710 845
New Zealand and dependenciesFootnote 15 9,255 4,405 4,850
SyriaFootnote 16 9,105 4,755 4,345
Sudan 8,745 7,135 1,610
Jordan 8,065 5,025 3,045
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7,720 3,205 4,510
Ethiopia 7,605 6,930 680
Albania 7,495 5,260 2,235
Belgium 7,425 5,015 2,415
VenezuelaFootnote 17 7,085 5,420 1,665
Somalia 7,005 5,175 1,835
Czech Republic 6,760 2,115 4,640
Cuba 6,345 4,735 1,610
Ghana 6,275 4,630 1,645
Malaysia 6,125 5,630 490
Tunisia 6,070 3,810 2,260
Spain 5,770 2,210 3,560
Ecuador 5,650 4,080 1,570
Barbados 5,645 2,210 3,430
Slovakia 5,595 2,680 2,915
Yugoslavia, n.o.s.Footnote 18 5,380 2,590 2,795
Guatemala 5,085 3,025 2,060
Kenya 5,020 4,540 480
Fiji 4,950 4,005 945
Indonesia 4,945 4,620 320
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 4,705 3,605 1,095
Sweden 4,705 2,685 2,015
Austria 4,670 3,445 1,225
Mauritius 4,545 3,210 1,335
Zimbabwe 4,455 4,345 110
DenmarkFootnote 19 4,015 3,415 590
Finland 3,770 2,250 1,520
Singapore 3,635 3,225 405
Grenada 3,520 2,670 855
Uruguay 3,480 1,850 1,630
Burundi 3,410 2,960 450
Thailand 3,360 2,690 665
MacedoniaFootnote 20 3,350 2,065 1,280
Saudi Arabia 3,340 3,195 145
Moldova, Republic of 3,165 2,825 345
CambodiaFootnote 21 3,105 2,275 830
Eritrea 2,855 2,155 700
Kazakhstan 2,785 2,685 95
Belarus 2,750 2,035 715
Dominican Republic 2,580 1,820 760
Rwanda 2,530 2,270 260
Cameroon 2,470 2,230 250
Palestine/West Bank/Gaza StripFootnote 22 2,445 2,030 410
Costa Rica 2,295 1,710 585
Norway 2,280 1,790 490
Saint Lucia 2,200 1,770 425
Tanzania, United Republic of 2,150 1,825 320
Nicaragua 2,145 1,140 1,000
Slovenia 2,075 425 1,655
Sierra Leone 2,040 1,830 210
Nepal 2,020 1,915 105
Malta 1,990 890 1,100
Honduras 1,920 1,305 610
Côte d'IvoireFootnote 23 1,870 1,580 285
LibyaFootnote 24 1,850 1,470 380
Latvia 1,685 705 980
Estonia 1,675 465 1,210
Paraguay 1,550 1,140 410
Angola 1,490 1,360 125
Senegal 1,455 1,215 245
StatelessFootnote 25 1,455 1,455 0
Lithuania 1,365 885 480
Panama 1,330 615 715
Uganda 1,315 1,135 180
Bolivia 1,235 990 250
Dominica 1,190 760 435
Cyprus 1,160 190 975
Equatorial Guinea 1,160 965 195
MyanmarFootnote 26 1,165 1,025 135
Togo 1,135 990 150
LaosFootnote 27 1,120 745 375
Liberia 1,105 1,045 60
Azerbaijan 1,060 990 70
Yemen 965 695 265
United Kingdom - dependent territoriesFootnote 28 955 580 375
Armenia 940 880 60
Belize 895 635 260
Uzbekistan 850 810 35
Kuwait 760 645 115
Antigua and BarbudaFootnote 29 740 310 425
Benin 740 585 160
Burkina Faso 730 575 160
Kyrgyzstan 725 700 20
Chad 685 600 85
Mali 665 505 160
Madagascar 650 415 235
United Arab Emirates 655 565 85
Guinea 610 465 145
Zambia 565 455 105
Mongolia 525 495 30
Saint Kitts and Nevis 520 190 330
Bahamas 485 360 125
Gabon 470 440 25
Iceland 470 330 140
United Kingdom - British citizensFootnote 30 405 95 310
Congo, Republic of the 410 355 55
Mauritania 385 365 20
Georgia 355 355 0
Oman 320 305 15
Seychelles 300 210 90
Tajikistan 300 295 0
Gambia 295 210 80
Namibia 235 220 15
Suriname 235 195 45
Botswana 220 205 10
Bahrain 220 215 0
Niger 220 205 15
Djibouti 210 160 50
Luxembourg 170 145 20
Central African Republic 155 140 20
Czechoslovakia, n.o.s.Footnote 31 155 85 65
Brunei Darussalam 150 150 10
Malawi 140 130 15
Qatar 125 125 0
Cape Verde 110 85 20
Bhutan 100 100 0
Mozambique 90 65 20
Korea, NorthFootnote 32 70 50 15
USSR, n.o.s.Footnote 33 55 55 0
Swaziland 60 45 10
Guinea-Bissau 40 45 0
Tonga 40 40 0
Comoros 35 20 15
Maldives 35 20 15
PalauFootnote 34 30 0 20
Turkmenistan 30 30 0
Liechtenstein 15 0 15
Papua New Guinea 20 10 10
SamoaFootnote 35 20 10 10
Andorra 15 15 0
Lesotho 15 15 0
Monaco 15 10 10
Micronesia, Federated States of 10 0 0
Tuvalu 0 0 0
Vanuatu 0 10 0
East TimorFootnote 36 0 0 0
French, n.o.s.Footnote 37 0 0 0
Holy See (Vatican City) 0 0 0
Kiribati 0 0 0
Marshall Islands 0 0 0
Nauru 10 0 0
San Marino 0 0 0
Sao Tome and Principe 0 0 0
Solomon Islands 0 0 0
Western Sahara 0 0 0

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

The category 'Total - Single and multiple citizenship responses' indicates the number of respondents who reported each citizenship, either as their only response or in addition to one or more other citizenships. Total responses represent the sum of single citizenship responses and multiple citizenship responses received in the census.

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Footnote 3

A single citizenship response occurs when a respondent provides one citizenship only.

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Footnote 4

A multiple citizenship response occurs when a respondent provides two or more citizenships.

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Footnote 5

This is a total population count. The sum of the citizenships in this table is greater than the total population count because a person may report more than one citizenship in the census.

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Footnote 6

The official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

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Footnote 7

Includes United States of America, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam and American Samoa, as well as responses of 'American dependency'.

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Footnote 8

Includes all persons who reported 'People's Republic of China,' as well as persons who reported 'Macau,' the former dependency of Portugal, and all persons who reported 'Hong Kong.' Macau and Hong Kong are now special administrative regions of China. Also includes persons born in Hong Kong who reported a citizenship of 'British national overseas,' or 'British dependent territory citizen' or 'Stateless.'

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Footnote 9

Includes France as well as the following dependencies of France: French Polynesia, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, New Caledonia, Réunion, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and Wallis and Futuna, as well as responses of 'French dependency.'

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Footnote 10

The official name is the Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 11

The official name is the Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 12

Includes Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles and Aruba, as well as responses of 'Netherlands dependency.'

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Footnote 13

The official name is the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

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Footnote 14

Formerly known as Zaire.

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Footnote 15

Includes New Zealand, Niue, Tokelau, and Cook Islands, as well as responses of 'New Zealand dependency.'

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Footnote 16

The official name is the Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 17

The official name is the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 18

The abbreviation 'n.o.s'. means 'not otherwise specified'.Includes persons who reported 'Yugoslavia.' In 2006, the 2001 designation 'n.i.e.' ('not included elsewhere') was replaced with 'n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.

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Footnote 19

Includes Faroe Islands and Greenland, a dependency of Denmark.

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Footnote 20

The official name is the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

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Footnote 21

Formerly known as Kampuchea.

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Footnote 22

Palestine refers to pre-1948 British mandate Palestine. West Bank and Gaza Strip are the territories referred to in the Declaration of Principles, signed by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993. However, since responses to the census are self-reported, it is not clear that responses of 'Palestine,' 'Gaza Strip' or 'West Bank' were in reference to these territories as defined.

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Footnote 23

Also known as Ivory Coast.

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Footnote 24

The official name is Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.

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Footnote 25

Persons who reported 'Stateless' as their country of citizenship, excluding those who reported 'Hong Kong' as their place of birth. Those who reported 'Hong Kong' as their place of birth and who reported 'Stateless' as their citizenship are included in 'People's Republic of China'.

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Footnote 26

Formerly known as Burma.

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Footnote 27

The official name is the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

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Footnote 28

Includes the following dependencies of the United Kingdom: Anguilla, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Gibraltar, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Saint Helena (also known as Saint Helena and Ascension), Turks and Caicos Islands and the British Virgin Islands, as well as responses of 'British dependency.'

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Footnote 29

Formerly known as Antigua.

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Footnote 30

Includes persons who reported 'British citizen' and 'British national overseas,' excluding those who reported 'Hong Kong' as their place of birth. Those who reported 'Hong Kong' as their place of birth and who reported 'British' as their citizenship are included in 'People's Republic of China.'

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Footnote 31

The abbreviation 'n.o.s'. means 'not otherwise specified'. Includes persons who reported 'Czechoslovakia.' In 2006, the 2001 designation 'n.i.e.' ('not included elsewhere') was replaced with 'n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.

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Footnote 32

The official name is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 33

The abbreviation 'n.o.s'. means 'not otherwise specified'. Includes persons who reported 'USSR.' In 2006, the 2001 designation 'n.i.e.' ('not included elsewhere') was replaced with 'n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.

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Footnote 34

Formerly known as Republic of Belau.

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Footnote 35

Formerly known as Western Samoa.

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Footnote 36

The official name is the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.

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Footnote 37

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified'. Includes persons who reported 'French'. In 2006, the 2001 designation 'French responses' was replaced with 'French, n.o.s.' to be consistent with the classifications used in other census variables.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006022.

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Footnotes

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Footnote d

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