2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Language Spoken Most Often at Home (186), Other Language Spoken Regularly at Home (9), Generation Status (4) and Sex (3) for the Population 15 Years and Over of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-555-XCB2006039
Release date:December 4, 2007
Topic:Language
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Data quality - Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux)

When comparing the census results to those of the 2001 Census, it appears that there is some overestimation of persons reporting Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) in British Columbia and, as a result, also at the Canada level. Although it affects a relatively small population, it is best to apply caution when analysing the census data for Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) in these geographies.

For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

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This table details detailed language spoken most often at home , other language spoken regularly at home , generation status and sex for the population 15 years and over in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed language spoken most often at home (186) Other language spoken regularly at home (9)
Total - Other language spoken regularly at home None English French Non-official language English and French English and non-official language French and non-official language English, French and non-official language
Total - Detailed language spoken most often at home 25,664,220 22,412,290 1,500,720 486,805 1,178,680 23,810 26,730 34,570 625
Single responses 25,211,215 21,982,055 1,496,855 482,225 1,164,625 23,810 26,655 34,370 625
English 16,776,840 15,347,075 0 384,370 1,011,970 0 0 33,425 0
French 5,511,370 4,960,220 440,470 0 95,570 0 15,100 0 0
Non-official languages 2,923,010 1,674,755 1,056,380 97,855 57,080 23,810 11,555 945 625
Aboriginal languages 89,875 49,740 36,945 2,810 130 215 20 10 0
Algonquian languages 61,805 34,095 24,700 2,720 100 160 15 0 0
Algonquin 330 185 80 55 0 10 0 0 0
Atikamekw 2,870 1,775 10 1,085 0 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 1,375 1,025 350 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree 33,010 18,565 14,165 95 45 130 0 0 0
Malecite 125 75 45 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,095 1,115 1,970 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais-Naskapi 6,605 4,860 270 1,465 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 8,500 4,155 4,290 10 30 0 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 5,735 2,315 3,420 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 160 45 100 0 10 10 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages 8,345 4,415 3,905 10 0 0 0 10 0
Carrier 560 330 230 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 360 260 100 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chipewyan 105 60 50 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5,155 2,635 2,510 10 10 0 0 0 0
Dogrib 925 400 525 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 25 10 15 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slave (Hare) 475 300 175 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slave 565 325 240 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 175 90 70 0 0 0 0 10 0
Haida 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 20 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 380 340 40 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap 170 155 15 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 40 40 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 170 145 25 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 2,615 1,540 1,075 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 510 405 105 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitksan 290 205 85 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 150 140 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 65 60 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 110 90 20 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nootka 10 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 100 90 15 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15,880 8,725 7,005 85 15 55 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 60 40 20 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut, n.i.e. 15,815 8,685 6,985 85 10 50 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 190 90 80 0 15 0 0 0 0
Romance languages 476,145 262,010 159,930 40,825 2,450 9,930 555 260 185
Italian 166,290 97,615 56,555 8,200 415 3,290 115 70 35
Portuguese 97,205 57,500 33,115 5,100 245 1,040 170 30 0
Romanian 43,225 21,990 13,725 4,950 575 1,825 85 60 15
Spanish 169,160 84,795 56,445 22,575 1,170 3,770 185 105 110
Romance languages, n.i.e. 260 105 90 0 40 0 0 0 20
Germanic languages 116,900 59,405 54,650 705 1,295 490 340 0 15
Dutch 12,235 6,175 5,855 75 50 40 35 10 10
Flemish 410 205 165 40 0 0 0 0 0
Frisian 215 50 140 0 20 0 10 0 0
German 94,975 49,180 43,610 525 1,030 395 235 0 10
Yiddish 3,135 1,650 1,275 0 155 20 25 0 0
Scandinavian languages 2,730 980 1,650 10 40 30 15 0 0
Danish 1,235 410 795 0 10 0 20 0 0
Icelandic 160 80 80 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 430 170 245 0 0 10 0 0 0
Swedish 905 320 530 10 30 10 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,190 1,170 1,955 50 0 10 10 0 0
Celtic languages 200 75 100 25 0 0 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 100 60 30 10 10 0 0 0 0
Welsh 80 15 70 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 15 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 291,820 151,500 124,460 5,685 6,115 1,910 1,960 115 80
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 115 50 40 0 25 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 7,220 3,325 3,315 370 160 30 20 0 0
Bulgarian 9,670 5,560 3,125 710 120 115 25 0 0
Croatian 20,455 9,450 10,500 220 125 125 35 0 0
Czech 6,440 2,350 3,880 55 45 45 55 0 0
Macedonian 7,910 4,015 3,350 65 255 10 205 10 0
Polish 90,960 46,680 41,850 1,235 470 515 195 0 0
Russian 80,080 45,960 27,500 1,740 3,265 620 920 50 25
Serbian 28,945 14,660 13,450 430 195 135 55 15 0
Serbo-Croatian 5,790 2,800 2,250 535 85 80 30 0 0
Slovak 5,045 2,030 2,750 125 100 25 15 0 10
Slovenian 2,670 950 1,565 10 105 25 15 0 0
Ukrainian 24,820 12,725 10,225 130 1,110 170 380 35 40
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,695 930 650 55 55 0 0 0 0
Baltic languages 4,175 1,690 2,375 10 40 15 35 0 15
Latvian 1,925 670 1,215 0 0 10 15 0 10
Lithuanian 2,245 1,020 1,160 0 35 0 15 0 0
Finno-Ugric languages 25,890 12,020 12,965 255 320 170 120 25 15
Estonian 2,065 805 1,230 0 15 0 10 0 0
Finnish 3,945 1,930 1,965 0 55 0 0 0 0
Hungarian 19,885 9,290 9,770 250 250 165 115 25 15
Greek 52,400 28,460 22,295 445 285 785 100 25 10
Armenian 18,560 10,410 5,285 920 910 875 60 20 75
Turkic languages 14,050 7,390 4,805 825 750 135 130 0 0
Azerbaijani 680 225 240 0 170 10 30 0 0
Turkish 12,535 6,640 4,415 805 470 125 75 10 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 840 525 150 15 105 10 30 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages 148,510 68,105 52,170 20,770 2,720 4,120 390 155 75
Berber languages (Kabyle) 430 35 0 365 10 0 0 25 0
Cushitic languages 12,875 7,000 4,925 335 300 185 70 0 55
Oromo 1,085 515 525 0 40 0 10 0 0
Somali 11,790 6,480 4,395 335 265 185 65 0 55
Semitic languages 133,415 60,590 47,230 19,020 2,215 3,925 315 100 20
Amharic 7,065 3,430 3,200 70 290 20 55 0 0
Arabic 111,915 50,575 37,700 18,845 880 3,730 90 85 15
Hebrew 6,930 3,150 2,985 85 500 140 60 10 0
Maltese 1,130 330 785 0 0 10 0 0 0
Tigrigna 3,145 1,540 1,315 0 260 15 15 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,220 1,565 1,240 25 285 10 105 0 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,785 480 20 1,050 200 10 0 30 0
Indo-Iranian languages 503,270 294,620 187,115 1,990 14,325 1,440 3,695 60 30
Indo-Aryan languages 410,765 239,100 154,520 780 12,075 905 3,330 40 15
Bengali 25,745 13,885 11,090 135 270 220 140 0 0
Gujarati 43,135 22,705 18,435 125 1,170 145 555 0 0
Hindi 35,730 15,500 17,740 30 1,860 50 525 20 0
Konkani 530 230 255 0 15 0 20 0 0
Marathi 2,055 660 1,270 0 115 0 10 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 221,660 144,875 70,350 345 4,535 220 1,320 15 0
Sindhi 4,470 1,990 2,045 10 245 30 150 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,955 1,600 2,285 0 50 10 10 0 0
Urdu 73,480 37,665 31,035 145 3,815 225 595 0 0
Iranian languages 88,465 53,350 31,100 1,180 1,950 520 325 20 15
Kurdish 3,580 1,860 1,135 155 330 35 50 10 0
Pashto 4,550 2,465 1,695 15 310 25 40 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 80,335 49,020 28,270 1,015 1,310 460 235 10 15
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,040 2,170 1,495 25 295 15 40 0 0
Dravidian languages 82,320 46,555 34,555 315 535 145 185 10 10
Kannada 1,020 350 580 0 55 0 30 0 0
Malayalam 4,625 1,885 2,570 10 95 0 50 10 0
Tamil 73,465 43,215 29,585 310 180 135 35 10 10
Telugu 3,145 1,100 1,775 0 205 0 65 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 55 15 35 0 10 0 0 0 0
Japanese 16,370 9,810 6,185 130 205 20 20 0 0
Korean 85,360 56,645 27,815 305 400 115 65 10 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 705,150 469,090 208,770 3,705 19,685 1,140 2,610 115 35
Chinese languages 701,660 467,320 207,235 3,700 19,535 1,140 2,585 115 35
Cantonese 271,045 187,180 75,370 800 6,620 180 840 30 0
Chaochow (Teochow) 675 390 140 0 105 0 25 0 0
Fukien 1,785 840 485 0 290 0 165 0 0
Hakka 2,045 1,110 675 0 245 0 15 0 0
Mandarin 121,690 76,445 38,435 370 5,530 180 705 20 10
Shanghainese 1,110 625 200 10 260 0 10 0 0
Taiwanese 4,445 1,955 820 10 1,545 0 110 10 0
Chinese, n.o.s.Footnote 2 298,860 198,765 91,110 2,500 4,930 775 705 60 15
Tibetan languages 2,230 1,220 925 10 55 0 30 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 1,255 550 605 0 95 0 0 0 0
Tai languages 9,400 5,525 2,540 1,070 175 60 30 0 0
Lao 7,780 4,545 2,005 1,040 110 55 25 0 0
Thai 1,620 980 530 30 65 10 10 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 102,560 66,340 27,140 5,505 2,595 770 150 45 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,275 5,940 2,445 1,425 370 70 10 10 10
Vietnamese 92,285 60,400 24,695 4,075 2,225 695 145 40 0
Malayo-Polynesian languages 124,035 47,640 72,015 280 3,125 145 820 10 10
Bisayan languages 4,195 1,735 2,110 0 245 10 105 0 0
Ilocano 5,600 2,385 2,490 0 505 10 205 0 0
Malay 3,285 1,645 1,485 10 130 0 25 0 0
Pampango 845 335 420 0 30 0 60 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 108,850 40,915 65,030 215 2,170 115 390 10 0
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 1,260 615 480 55 50 15 40 10 0
Niger-Congo languages 16,485 6,925 6,655 1,905 390 475 45 55 35
Akan (Twi) 6,365 3,155 3,035 55 60 45 20 0 0
Bantu languages 6,470 2,315 2,020 1,465 280 300 15 35 30
Lingala 715 290 30 320 30 40 0 10 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,095 405 75 460 25 95 0 10 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 690 250 110 245 0 70 0 0 15
Shona 575 190 345 0 25 0 0 0 0
Swahili 2,140 770 850 325 100 75 10 15 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,255 415 615 115 95 10 10 0 0
Edo 190 80 110 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 325 140 180 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wolof 285 70 0 120 0 100 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,840 1,160 1,300 270 50 30 0 20 0
African languages, n.i.e. 2,725 1,380 915 100 145 90 95 0 0
Creoles 19,780 8,845 1,360 8,720 115 710 10 0 20
Non-verbal languages 6,225 5,315 710 155 35 10 10 0 10
American Sign Language 1,295 945 330 10 10 0 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 575 425 0 135 10 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 4,350 3,945 375 15 15 0 10 0 0
Other languages 10,795 5,265 4,630 400 325 50 120 0 0
Multiple responses 453,005 430,235 3,865 4,580 14,055 0 70 200 0
English and French 73,175 67,500 0 0 5,675 0 0 0 0
English and non-official language 322,395 310,130 0 4,580 7,480 0 0 200 0
French and non-official language 44,715 40,225 3,860 0 560 0 65 0 0
English, French and non-official language 12,720 12,380 0 0 335 0 0 0 0

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The 2006 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' includes responses of 'Chinese' as well as all Chinese languages other than Cantonese, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Chaochow (Teochow), Fukien, Hakka and Shanghainese. Data for the 'Chinese, n.o.s.' category in 2001 and 2006 are not directly comparable. The 2001 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' is equivalent to the sum of the 2006 categories 'Chinese, n.o.s.' and 'Chaochow (Teochow),' 'Fukien,' 'Shanghainese' and Taiwanese.'

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-555-XCB2006039.

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