- Census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations crossing provincial boundaries
There is one census metropolitan area (Ottawa - Gatineau) and three census agglomerations (Campbellton, Hawkesbury and Lloydminster) that cross provincial boundaries. The data for their respective provincial parts are included with the appropriate census metropolitan area or census agglomeration, with data for the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration within the province of the provincial part that contributes the majority of the population to the area. For example, Ottawa - Gatineau can be found in Ontario, Campbellton in New Brunswick, Hawkesbury in Ontario and Lloydminster in Alberta.
- 1ST GENERATION
Persons born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. Also included in the first generation are a small number of people born outside Canada to parents who are Canadian citizens by birth. In addition, the first generation includes people who are non-permanent residents (defined as people from another country living in Canada on Work or Study Permits or as refugee claimants, and any family members living with them in Canada).
- 2ND GENERATION
Persons born inside Canada with at least one parent born outside Canada. This includes (a) persons born in Canada with both parents born outside Canada and (b) persons born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and one parent born outside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).
- 3RD GENERATION OR MORE
Persons born inside Canada with both parents born inside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).
- TOTAL VISIBLE MINORITY POPULATION
The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'.
- SOUTH ASIAN
For example, 'East Indian', 'Pakistani', 'Sri Lankan', etc.
- SOUTHEAST ASIAN
For example, 'Vietnamese', 'Cambodian', 'Malaysian', 'Laotian', etc.
- WEST ASIAN
For example, 'Iranian', 'Afghan', etc.
- VISIBLE MINORITY, N.I.E.
The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'. Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese', 'West Indian', 'Kurd', 'Tibetan', 'Polynesian', 'Pacific Islander', etc.
- MULTIPLE VISIBLE MINORITY
Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian'.
- NOT A VISIBLE MINORITY
Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.
Data quality note(s)
- Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.