2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Ethnic Origin (247), Generation Status (4), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3), Age Groups (9) and Sex (3) for the Population 15 Years and Over of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

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General information

Catalogue number:97-562-XCB2006012
Release date:April 2, 2008
Topic:Ethnic origin and visible minorities
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Ethnic origin

In 2006, the Ethnic origin question asked: 'What were the ethnic or cultural origins of this person's ancestors?' Respondents were asked to specify as many origins as applicable. Four write-in spaces were provided and up to six ethnic origins were retained.

Since 1981, when respondents were first permitted to report more than one ethnic origin in the census, a distinction has been made between single and multiple ethnic origin responses. A 'single' response is given when a respondent provides one ethnic origin only. A 'multiple' response is given when a respondent provides two or more ethnic origins. A 'total response' indicates the sum of single and multiple responses for each specific group.

It must be noted that the measurement of ethnicity is affected by changes in the social environment in which the question is asked, and changes in the respondent's understanding or views about the topic. Awareness of family background or length of time since immigration can affect responses to the ethnic origin question. Some respondents may confuse or combine the concept of ethnic origin with other concepts such as citizenship, nationality, language or cultural identity.

As well, some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the census, while others may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for two or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.'

For additional information on issues related to the collection and dissemination of ethnic origin data, and on the comparability of ethnic origin data over time, refer to the Ethnic Origin Reference Guide, 2006 Census, Catalogue number 97-562-GWE2006025.

Note: Institutional residents

People in seniors' residences in the 2006 Census are classified as 'not living in an institution'. This is a change from the 2001 Census where they were classified as institutional residents, specifically, 'living in an institution, resident under care or custody'.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details ethnic origin , generation status , single and multiple ethnic origin responses , age groups and sex for the population 15 years and over in CanadaFootnote 2
Ethnic origin (247) Generation status (4)
Total - Generation status 1st generationFootnote 3 2nd generationFootnote 4 3rd generation or moreFootnote 5
Total - Ethnic originFootnote 6 25,664,220 6,124,565 4,006,420 15,533,245
British Isles origins 9,104,115 872,150 1,644,815 6,587,145
Cornish 1,300 310 370 615
English 5,377,260 547,860 1,035,150 3,794,245
Irish 3,483,385 230,970 496,990 2,755,420
Manx 3,930 680 960 2,290
Scottish 3,772,945 271,550 635,605 2,865,795
Welsh 358,215 47,210 77,075 233,935
British Isles, n.i.e.Footnote 7 316,460 49,420 80,845 186,195
French origins 4,045,400 182,185 286,870 3,576,345
Acadian 78,230 1,285 2,885 74,060
French 3,996,795 181,380 284,900 3,530,510
Aboriginal origins 1,182,500 16,565 70,845 1,095,090
Inuit 43,355 135 1,360 41,855
Métis 292,905 1,445 19,230 272,225
North American Indian 880,410 15,105 51,905 813,405
Other North American origins 8,241,500 155,340 670,240 7,415,915
American 248,235 50,015 81,250 116,970
Canadian 7,960,855 111,040 613,440 7,236,370
Newfoundlander 13,760 250 1,260 12,250
Nova Scotian 1,405 65 195 1,145
Ontarian 1,330 10 185 1,130
Québécois 118,735 1,125 4,770 112,835
Other provincial or regional groups 2,215 45 260 1,910
Caribbean origins 424,010 285,210 116,880 21,915
Antiguan 2,660 1,430 1,135 90
Bahamian 1,225 595 485 150
Barbadian 22,995 12,120 8,235 2,640
Bermudan 1,880 705 650 525
Carib 1,785 1,300 420 65
Cuban 9,850 7,850 1,615 385
Dominican, n.o.s.Footnote 8 8,145 6,185 1,775 190
Grenadian 8,590 6,220 2,210 160
Guyanese 45,330 30,015 13,670 1,645
Haitian 73,695 52,005 19,385 2,310
Jamaican 163,820 109,460 45,315 9,050
Kittitian/Nevisian 1,650 1,005 595 45
Martinican 700 480 165 55
Montserratan 595 325 235 30
Puerto Rican 1,325 825 310 195
St. Lucian 3,190 2,250 780 160
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 42,725 25,775 15,235 1,715
Vincentian/Grenadinian 7,170 4,980 1,955 235
West Indian 44,615 29,470 12,495 2,650
Caribbean, n.i.e.Footnote 9 9,560 6,225 2,675 650
Latin, Central and South American origins 260,155 209,735 41,645 8,780
Aboriginal from Central/South America 9,815 8,055 1,240 515
Argentinian 9,525 6,710 2,350 460
Belizean 535 290 220 25
Bolivian 2,070 1,570 445 55
Brazilian 11,220 8,500 2,235 485
Chilean 28,275 21,020 6,280 975
Colombian 31,665 27,980 3,055 630
Costa Rican 2,275 1,905 335 40
Ecuadorian 11,935 8,940 2,940 55
Guatemalan 12,810 10,510 2,025 270
Hispanic 3,550 3,005 420 125
Honduran 3,905 3,380 495 30
Maya 3,260 2,695 420 145
Mexican 41,990 31,685 7,160 3,140
Nicaraguan 7,965 6,965 915 85
Panamanian 2,570 2,020 465 85
Paraguayan 1,355 685 535 140
Peruvian 18,735 15,520 2,905 305
Salvadorean 42,650 36,395 5,695 560
Uruguayan 3,225 2,295 880 45
Venezuelan 7,285 6,065 1,055 165
Latin, Central or South American, n.i.e.Footnote 10 16,135 12,740 2,730 665
European origins 7,957,990 2,101,915 2,157,870 3,698,200
Western European origins 3,419,950 553,685 827,425 2,038,840
Austrian 157,415 30,700 48,510 78,205
Belgian 130,515 20,085 33,620 76,810
Dutch (Netherlands) 785,790 155,910 253,320 376,555
Flemish 10,210 2,265 2,575 5,375
Frisian 3,410 1,475 1,345 590
German 2,481,670 352,800 524,650 1,604,225
Luxembourger 2,700 780 875 1,045
Swiss 107,100 25,660 26,920 54,510
Northern European origins 872,900 80,885 204,095 587,915
Finnish 101,935 15,410 30,600 55,920
Scandinavian origins 786,280 67,570 178,000 540,705
Danish 155,280 26,020 47,725 81,530
Icelandic 67,090 1,630 9,175 56,285
Norwegian 335,775 19,415 71,545 244,810
Swedish 263,175 21,935 58,565 182,670
Scandinavian, n.i.e.Footnote 11 27,640 3,295 4,760 19,585
Eastern European origins 2,370,450 568,240 590,960 1,211,250
Baltic origins 79,120 25,955 29,905 23,255
Estonian 19,685 6,945 7,990 4,750
Latvian 22,725 7,965 8,735 6,025
Lithuanian 38,330 11,595 13,940 12,800
Byelorussian 8,545 5,845 1,445 1,255
Czech and Slovak origins 152,490 46,260 47,455 58,775
Czech 76,515 26,950 21,630 27,935
Czechoslovakian 29,950 4,385 10,740 14,825
Slovak 50,155 16,540 16,575 17,040
Hungarian (Magyar) 245,005 72,360 77,920 94,725
Polish 782,410 213,715 203,725 364,975
Romanian 153,905 75,455 26,330 52,120
Russian 392,405 112,475 83,720 196,210
Ukrainian 940,570 84,750 212,860 642,955
Southern European origins 2,134,150 962,655 737,965 433,530
Albanian 16,435 14,750 1,360 325
Bosnian 16,260 14,965 1,035 260
Bulgarian 21,735 15,925 2,540 3,270
Croatian 86,980 45,800 31,035 10,150
Cypriot 2,645 1,450 1,105 85
Greek 191,100 86,680 80,510 23,910
Italian 1,116,695 366,205 439,275 311,210
Kosovar 960 935 15 10
Macedonian 29,075 14,915 10,560 3,600
Maltese 27,745 8,910 12,600 6,235
Montenegrin 1,830 1,530 245 50
Portuguese 318,100 195,480 101,955 20,670
Serbian 56,890 44,260 9,275 3,355
Sicilian 3,325 710 1,190 1,420
Slovenian 27,670 11,360 12,455 3,855
Spanish 252,580 164,875 46,365 41,340
Yugoslav, n.i.e.Footnote 12 51,300 19,375 18,125 13,805
Other European origins 290,395 107,365 85,405 97,625
Basque 4,135 1,345 565 2,225
Gypsy (Roma) 2,395 955 615 830
Jewish 253,600 96,085 77,945 79,575
Slav (European) 4,625 2,475 905 1,245
European, n.i.e.Footnote 13 28,185 7,320 6,090 14,775
African origins 293,885 223,960 40,965 28,960
Afrikaner 1,420 1,190 135 95
Akan 490 450 40 0
Amhara 780 750 25 0
Angolan 1,460 1,295 150 10
Ashanti 1,225 1,075 145 0
Bantu 1,160 1,100 45 15
Black 42,275 20,955 8,870 12,445
Burundian 3,070 2,930 65 70
Cameroonian 3,015 2,665 230 115
Chadian 605 580 15 10
Congolese (Zairian) 6,890 6,455 310 125
Congolese, n.o.s.Footnote 14 3,740 3,320 300 120
Dinka 365 365 0 0
East African 2,400 1,670 620 110
Eritrean 7,395 6,835 525 35
Ethiopian 16,345 15,390 800 155
Gabonese 525 440 55 35
Gambian 355 320 20 15
Ghanaian 16,450 13,710 2,480 260
Guinean, n.o.s.Footnote 15 1,550 1,440 95 15
Harari 450 415 35 0
Ibo 465 435 25 0
Ivorian 1,415 1,225 95 95
Kenyan 3,775 3,280 455 40
Malagasy 1,130 965 130 40
Malian 895 825 50 25
Mauritian 3,595 2,480 940 175
Nigerian 12,785 10,650 1,950 185
Oromo 1,405 1,310 80 20
Peulh 680 670 10 0
Rwandan 3,875 3,725 90 65
Senegalese 2,250 1,930 250 65
Seychellois 615 545 60 10
Sierra Leonean 1,390 1,295 60 25
Somali 21,685 20,310 1,130 250
South African 18,585 12,230 4,655 1,705
Sudanese 8,130 7,975 115 35
Tanzanian 1,840 1,380 420 40
Tigrian 490 475 15 0
Togolese 1,185 1,050 110 25
Ugandan 2,525 2,015 440 80
Yoruba 2,255 2,000 230 30
Zambian 605 540 45 25
Zimbabwean 2,650 2,425 155 70
Zulu 500 460 20 20
African, n.i.e.Footnote 16 101,745 73,095 16,005 12,640
Arab origins 339,120 256,490 54,835 27,795
Egyptian 41,450 31,430 8,960 1,055
Iraqi 21,530 19,840 1,455 240
Jordanian 4,790 4,135 615 45
Kuwaiti 1,170 1,145 20 0
Lebanese 119,470 73,160 26,400 19,910
Libyan 1,470 1,350 100 10
Maghrebi origins 66,055 56,930 7,580 1,545
Algerian 18,860 17,060 1,250 550
Berber 10,435 10,070 265 95
Moroccan 31,505 25,655 5,120 725
Tunisian 6,950 5,775 1,005 170
Maghrebi, n.i.e.Footnote 17 1,350 1,085 200 70
Palestinian 17,535 14,870 2,370 285
Saudi Arabian 1,815 1,710 90 15
Syrian 23,520 15,190 4,360 3,970
Yemeni 1,635 1,410 180 40
Arab, n.i.e.Footnote 18 60,225 52,210 6,415 1,595
West Asian origins 235,190 205,155 23,675 6,365
Afghan 33,240 31,995 1,035 205
Armenian 41,265 29,540 9,285 2,435
Assyrian 6,870 6,005 685 180
Azerbaijani 2,715 2,615 50 40
Georgian 1,730 1,300 190 235
Iranian 98,695 92,400 5,325 975
Israeli 7,585 4,695 2,245 645
Kurd 6,355 6,185 145 30
Pashtun 1,140 1,125 15 0
Tatar 1,865 1,770 80 20
Turk 33,735 27,405 4,855 1,470
West Asian, n.i.e.Footnote 19 8,945 8,240 440 265
South Asian origins 998,220 842,560 143,260 12,400
Bangladeshi 17,335 16,600 680 55
Bengali 8,470 8,050 385 30
East Indian 745,930 612,460 122,445 11,025
Goan 3,865 3,125 660 80
Gujarati 2,445 2,150 295 0
Kashmiri 1,345 1,125 215 0
Nepali 2,815 2,675 125 10
Pakistani 84,465 75,160 8,730 575
Punjabi 39,995 33,625 6,145 230
Sinhalese 4,390 3,900 450 45
Sri Lankan 77,460 73,010 4,170 280
Tamil 25,935 24,825 1,065 45
South Asian, n.i.e.Footnote 20 41,710 37,580 3,770 360
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,768,860 1,467,580 246,885 54,390
Burmese 3,510 2,755 610 135
Cambodian 19,720 15,740 3,810 175
Chinese 1,099,110 916,845 156,990 25,275
Filipino 332,305 288,515 41,070 2,715
Hmong 545 325 205 15
Indonesian 10,585 7,225 2,715 645
Japanese 76,405 32,815 21,150 22,435
Khmer 940 765 155 20
Korean 117,065 106,320 9,770 970
Laotian 15,490 12,300 2,870 325
Malaysian 9,715 7,770 1,650 300
Mongolian 3,100 1,980 570 550
Singaporean 1,125 885 220 20
Taiwanese 15,195 14,010 1,145 40
Thai 7,035 6,005 925 105
Tibetan 3,300 3,115 180 10
Vietnamese 135,705 115,090 19,165 1,455
East or Southeast Asian, n.i.e.Footnote 21 6,135 5,075 735 315
Asian, n.o.s.Footnote 22 395 190 70 130
Oceania origins 42,230 19,560 14,640 8,025
Australian 21,645 8,435 8,210 4,995
New Zealander 7,625 3,145 3,110 1,380
Pacific Islands origins 13,690 8,380 3,570 1,740
Fijian 9,390 6,560 2,620 205
Hawaiian 1,685 325 285 1,070
Maori 1,100 615 320 170
Polynesian 840 400 215 230
Samoan 375 260 85 30
Pacific Islander, n.i.e.Footnote 23 640 425 170 45

Footnotes

Footnote 1

The category 'Total - Single and multiple ethnic origin responses' indicates the number of respondents who reported each ethnic origin, either as their only response or in addition to one or more other ethnic origins. Total responses represent the sum of single responses and multiple responses received in the census.

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Footnote 2

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 3

Persons born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. Also included in the first generation are a small number of people born outside Canada to parents who are Canadian citizens by birth. In addition, the first generation includes people who are non-permanent residents (defined as people from another country living in Canada on Work or Study Permits or as refugee claimants, and any family members living with them in Canada).

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Footnote 4

Persons born inside Canada with at least one parent born outside Canada. This includes (a) persons born in Canada with both parents born outside Canada and (b) persons born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and one parent born outside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).

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Footnote 5

Persons born inside Canada with both parents born inside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).

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Footnote 6

This is a total population count. The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population count because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the census.

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Footnote 7

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 8

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 9

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 10

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 11

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 12

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 13

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 14

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 15

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 16

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 17

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 18

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 19

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 20

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 21

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Footnote 22

The abbreviation 'n.o.s.' means 'not otherwise specified.'

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Footnote 23

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-562-XCB2006012.

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