2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Topic-based tabulation: Visible Minority Groups (15), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (9), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-562-XCB2006016
Release date:April 2, 2008
Topic:Ethnic origin and visible minorities
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Impact of municipal restructuring

The boundaries and names of municipalities (census subdivisions) can change from one census to the next because of annexations, dissolutions and incorporations. To bridge the impact of these municipal changes on data dissemination, the 2006 Census team is producing a profile for dissolved census subdivisions. For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details visible minority groups , immigrant status and period of immigration , age groups and sex for the population in CanadaFootnote 1
Visible minority groups (15) Immigrant status and period of immigration (9)
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration Non-immigrantsFootnote 2 ImmigrantsFootnote 3 Before 1991 1991 to 2000 1991 to 1995 1996 to 2000 2001 to 2006Footnote 4 Non-permanent residentsFootnote 5
Total - Population by visible minority groups 31,241,030 24,788,720 6,186,950 3,408,415 1,668,550 823,925 844,625 1,109,980 265,355
Total visible minority populationFootnote 6 5,068,095 1,528,345 3,362,150 1,295,475 1,234,010 611,145 622,860 832,665 177,595
Chinese 1,216,570 310,085 870,955 340,345 348,320 172,325 175,995 182,285 35,525
South AsianFootnote 7 1,262,865 370,535 867,450 295,180 330,020 147,330 182,690 242,250 24,875
Black 783,795 346,950 411,840 195,165 125,800 67,815 57,985 90,875 25,010
Filipino 410,695 105,205 289,365 101,185 112,710 62,175 50,535 75,465 16,120
Latin American 304,245 64,070 218,155 91,040 67,600 40,720 26,880 59,515 22,025
Southeast AsianFootnote 8 239,935 74,940 159,530 96,160 44,985 30,010 14,970 18,385 5,465
Arab 265,550 71,795 182,550 52,580 70,495 33,595 36,895 59,480 11,205
West AsianFootnote 9 156,700 23,240 129,060 27,865 57,225 22,110 35,115 43,970 4,400
Korean 141,895 21,260 99,695 26,655 37,025 13,350 23,670 36,020 20,940
Japanese 81,305 51,355 21,615 9,640 6,470 2,570 3,895 5,505 8,330
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 10 71,420 24,335 45,530 23,530 14,725 8,665 6,060 7,270 1,550
Multiple visible minorityFootnote 11 133,120 64,570 66,405 36,120 18,635 10,470 8,165 11,650 2,145
Not a visible minorityFootnote 12 26,172,940 23,260,375 2,824,805 2,112,940 434,540 212,775 221,765 277,320 87,765

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Non-immigrants are persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

For example, 'East Indian', 'Pakistani', 'Sri Lankan', etc.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

For example, 'Vietnamese', 'Cambodian', 'Malaysian', 'Laotian', etc.

Return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

For example, 'Iranian', 'Afghan', etc.

Return to footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'. Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese', 'West Indian', 'Kurd', 'Tibetan', 'Polynesian', 'Pacific Islander', etc.

Return to footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian'.

Return to footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to footnote 12 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-562-XCB2006016.

Download

Download data as displayed in the Data table tab

Download entire table

Footnotes

Footnote a

To access the comma separated values (CSV) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example csview.

Return to footnote a referrer

Footnote b

To access the tab separated values (TAB) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example AscToTab.

Return to footnote b referrer

Footnote c

To access the Beyond 20/20 (IVT) version, you need the Beyond 20/20 Table Browser, which may be downloaded below. These links download files directly from an external site and are not the responsibility of Statistics Canada.

Beyond 20/20 Browser for Windows operating systems (18.9 MB)
To install this product, run 'ProBrowser.exe'.

Return to footnote c referrer

Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

Return to footnote d referrer