2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Citizenship (5), Place of Birth (35), Sex (3) and Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (12) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-557-XCB2006024
Release date:December 4, 2007
Topic:Immigration and citizenship
Data dimensions:


Note: Impact of municipal restructuring

The boundaries and names of municipalities (census subdivisions) can change from one census to the next because of annexations, dissolutions and incorporations. To bridge the impact of these municipal changes on data dissemination, the 2006 Census team is producing a profile for dissolved census subdivisions. For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.

Note: Suppression of citizenship and immigration data on Indian reserves and settlements

Persons living on Indian reserves and Indian settlements who were enumerated with the 2006 Census Form 2D questionnaire were not asked the questions on citizenship (Question 10), landed immigrant status (Question 11) and year of immigration (Question 12). Consequently, citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros for Indian reserves and Indian settlements at census subdivision and lower levels of geography where the majority of the population was enumerated with the 2D Form. These data are, however, included in the totals for larger geographic areas, such as census divisions and provinces. For more information on the census data quality and confidentiality standards and guidelines relating to Indian reserves, please refer to http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/reference/notes/DQguidelines/DQguide_IndianReserves.cfm.
For a complete list of Indian reserves and Indian settlements for which citizenship, landed immigrant status and period of immigration data are suppressed using zeros, please refer to http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/reference/notes/supplist2D.cfm.

Data table

Select data categories for this table

This table details citizenship , place of birth , sex and immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in CanadaFootnote 1
Place of birth (35) Citizenship (5)
Total - CitizenshipFootnote 2 Canadian citizens Canadian citizens only Citizens of Canada and at least one other country Not Canadian citizensFootnote 3
Total - Place of birth of respondentFootnote 4 31,241,030 29,480,160 28,617,050 863,110 1,760,865
Born in Canada 24,716,835 24,714,845 24,561,415 153,430 1,990
Born outside of Canada 6,524,190 4,765,315 4,055,635 709,680 1,758,875
United States of America 298,370 160,945 117,425 43,520 137,420
Central America 147,235 103,735 86,660 17,075 43,495
Caribbean and Bermuda 330,085 261,100 227,365 33,735 68,985
South America 267,100 180,815 148,915 31,900 86,280
Europe 2,359,485 1,922,605 1,589,335 333,270 436,880
Western Europe 462,615 361,605 318,820 42,780 101,005
Eastern Europe 520,690 417,105 313,085 104,020 103,585
Southern Europe 706,805 605,955 520,040 85,915 100,850
Italy 299,965 261,950 235,095 26,855 38,010
Other Southern Europe 406,840 344,000 284,940 59,060 62,840
Northern Europe 669,375 537,940 437,385 100,550 131,435
United Kingdom 601,790 484,265 390,185 94,080 117,525
Other Northern Europe 67,580 53,675 47,205 6,465 13,910
Africa 401,495 261,550 214,620 46,930 139,945
Western Africa 54,930 30,500 24,800 5,700 24,425
Eastern Africa 137,775 98,720 90,000 8,720 39,055
Northern Africa 140,645 89,235 61,690 27,540 51,410
Central Africa 25,765 11,675 10,025 1,650 14,085
Southern Africa 42,385 31,425 28,105 3,320 10,960
Asia and the Middle East 2,660,325 1,834,890 1,638,340 196,550 825,440
West Central Asia and the Middle East 389,685 270,875 203,165 67,720 118,800
Eastern Asia 940,960 647,330 592,400 54,925 293,630
China, People's Republic of 494,580 317,745 303,810 13,935 176,835
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region 220,095 203,240 181,625 21,610 16,855
Other Eastern Asia 226,280 126,345 106,965 19,380 99,935
Southeast Asia 586,540 449,695 427,680 22,015 136,840
Philippines 320,340 222,275 209,930 12,340 98,070
Other Southeast Asia 266,195 227,425 217,750 9,675 38,770
Southern Asia 743,145 466,985 415,095 51,890 276,160
India 456,455 282,165 268,055 14,110 174,285
Other Southern Asia 286,695 184,815 147,035 37,780 101,875
Oceania and otherFootnote 5 60,090 39,665 32,975 6,695 20,425


Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Includes persons who are stateless. Prior to the 2006 Census, this category was called 'Citizens of other countries.' The content of the category remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.

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Footnote 4

For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 5

'Other' includes Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and the category 'Other country.'

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006024.


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Footnote a

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Footnote b

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Footnote c

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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