2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (14), Location of Study (5), Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs, 2000 (14), Age Groups (10A) and Sex (3) for the Population 15 Years and Over of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2003 Representation Order), 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number :97-560-XCB2006020
Release date :July 29, 2008
Topic :Education
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Data quality - Certificate or diploma below the bachelor level

The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.

In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.

We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.

For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

More information will be available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, to be published later in 2008.

Note: Major field of study - Classification of instructional programs - (CIP), Canada, 2000

For the first time with the 2006 Census, major field of study data were coded with the Classification of Instructional Programs - (CIP), Canada, 2000.

Prior to the 2006 Census, the Major Field of Study Classification (MFS) was used to classify major field of study. We recommend users not make historical comparisons between the two classification systems. Even though some entries in the two classifications are similar, direct comparison would be inappropriate given the much more detailed character of the new classification.

A theoretical concordance table between the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) and the Major Field of Study Classification (MFS) showing the definitional relationship between the two classifications was developed. This table is available in the 2006 Census Dictionary (Appendix N). This type of concordance allows users to see the relationship between the two classes of systems based on the definitional aspects of each system. However, users are cautioned that this type of concordance can not be used to convert counts from one classification system to another.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details highest certificate, diploma or degree , location of study , major field of study - classification of instructional programs, 2000 , age groups and sex for the population 15 years and over in CanadaFootnote 2
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs, 2000 (14) Highest certificate, diploma or degree (14)
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 3 No certificate, diploma or degree Certificate, diploma or degree High school certificate or equivalentFootnote 4 Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diplomaFootnote 5 University certificate, diploma or degree University certificate or diploma below bachelor level University certificate or degree Bachelor's degree University certificate or diploma above bachelor level Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry Master's degree Earned doctorate
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs, 2000Footnote 6 25,664,220 6,098,330 19,565,900 6,553,420 2,785,420 4,435,135 5,791,915 1,136,150 4,655,770 2,981,465 493,540 136,845 866,975 176,940
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 12,651,750 6,098,330 6,553,420 6,553,420 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Education 994,665 0 994,660 0 22,095 143,675 828,890 139,015 689,875 406,275 149,515 850 122,785 10,455
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 481,190 0 481,190 0 70,645 223,895 186,650 45,630 141,020 102,780 12,190 185 22,970 2,895
Humanities 717,125 0 717,125 0 16,440 153,775 546,910 80,780 466,130 320,995 36,420 520 87,405 20,790
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,275,100 0 1,275,100 0 66,905 315,645 892,545 106,110 786,435 568,400 61,905 910 124,160 31,065
Business, management and public administration 2,801,720 0 2,801,720 0 374,190 1,272,645 1,154,885 311,695 843,190 538,495 98,055 1,115 198,750 6,770
Physical and life sciences and technologies 451,960 0 451,960 0 8,195 74,990 368,775 31,425 337,350 207,930 20,945 1,455 62,495 44,530
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 568,755 0 568,755 0 54,930 242,945 270,875 50,165 220,715 144,750 16,245 220 51,965 7,535
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,922,080 0 2,922,085 0 1,344,435 878,090 699,550 142,475 557,080 366,360 52,705 875 114,970 22,160
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 291,510 0 291,510 0 67,555 112,290 111,665 28,015 83,650 53,715 5,560 120 19,445 4,810
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 1,728,890 0 1,728,890 0 273,390 751,700 703,795 186,420 517,375 263,480 38,325 130,525 59,430 25,615
Personal, protective and transportation services 777,370 0 777,370 0 486,425 265,370 25,570 14,075 11,500 7,085 1,620 65 2,470 250
Other fields of studyFootnote 7 2,105 0 2,100 0 205 110 1,785 335 1,450 1,200 50 0 115 85

Footnotes

Footnote 1

'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed.

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Footnote 2

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 3

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class'. For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

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Footnote 4

'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

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Footnote 5

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

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Footnote 6

'Field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level.

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Footnote 7

Includes Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-560-XCB2006020.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

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Footnote b

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Footnote c

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Footnote d

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