2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Census Metropolitan Area and Residual for Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (49), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (9), Place of Birth (33), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 5 Years and Over of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-556-XCB2006019
Release date:April 8, 2008
Topic:Mobility and migration
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Institutional residents

People in seniors' residences in the 2006 Census are classified as 'not living in an institution'. This is a change from the 2001 Census where they were classified as institutional residents, specifically, 'living in an institution, resident under care or custody'.

Note: Inter-census metropolitan area migrants (5 years ago) subuniverse

Inter-census metropolitan area migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living in a different census metropolitan area from the one at which they resided five years earlier.


Note: Migration data for small geographic areas

Estimates of internal migration may be less accurate for small geographic areas, areas with a place name that is duplicated elsewhere, and for some census subdivisions (CSDs) where residents may have provided the name of the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration instead of the specific name of the component CSD from which they migrated.

To improve the accuracy of the 2006 Census data, postal codes are used to pinpoint the exact CSD of the previous residence.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.


Note: Mobility status - Place of residence 5 years ago

Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence five years earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classified as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility status (5 years ago). Within the movers category, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address as the one at which they resided five years earlier.

Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address than the one at which they resided five years earlier.

Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address, but in the same census subdivision (CSD) as the one they lived in five years earlier.

Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD five years earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada five years earlier (external migrants).

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.


Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details census metropolitan area and residual for province or territory of residence 5 years ago , immigrant status and period of immigration , place of birth , age groups and sex for the population aged 5 years and over in CanadaFootnote 2
Current - Census metropolitan area and residual for province or territory of residence (48) 5 years ago - Census metropolitan area and residual for province or territory of residence (49)
Canada St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador, excluding CMA(s) Prince Edward Island Halifax Nova Scotia, excluding CMA(s) Moncton Saint John New Brunswick, excluding CMA(s) Montréal Ottawa - Gatineau (Que. part - Partie Qc) Québec Saguenay Sherbrooke Trois-Rivières Quebec, excluding CMA(s) Barrie Brantford Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury Guelph Hamilton Kingston Kitchener London Oshawa Ottawa - Gatineau (Ont. part - Partie Ont.) Peterborough St. Catharines - Niagara Thunder Bay Toronto Windsor Ontario, excluding CMA(s) Winnipeg Manitoba, excluding CMA(s) Regina Saskatoon Saskatchewan, excluding CMA(s) Calgary Edmonton Alberta, excluding CMA(s) Abbotsford Kelowna Vancouver Victoria British Columbia, excluding CMA(s) Yukon Territory Northwest Territories Nunavut Outside Canada
Canada 29,544,485 164,510 316,380 125,530 344,730 512,120 113,165 116,055 458,935 3,275,700 251,700 656,235 147,045 168,130 132,095 2,244,350 145,865 111,495 147,920 114,000 623,955 137,685 395,930 413,135 284,475 758,655 106,070 357,335 114,715 4,465,085 291,025 2,347,225 632,400 417,990 182,180 216,215 511,470 914,395 898,550 1,034,125 139,270 137,460 1,848,620 292,815 1,225,405 28,335 37,810 26,135 1,160,035
St. John's 170,070 150,025 7,930 90 865 605 65 840 425 200 15 15 0 0 0 165 85 10 0 10 160 150 295 95 70 400 0 80 0 1,560 45 410 640 75 30 25 25 570 410 665 10 15 320 75 275 0 55 65 2,185
Newfoundland and Labrador, excluding CMA(s) 307,730 3,555 287,365 270 1,120 1,045 120 690 750 85 20 30 40 0 20 160 165 50 40 30 210 105 590 55 360 375 75 70 15 3,320 60 1,250 600 435 40 15 105 525 465 1,475 10 10 235 55 400 55 75 210 965
Prince Edward Island 127,570 80 375 117,835 1,110 820 305 230 790 235 35 50 0 0 0 100 120 60 40 65 220 30 75 90 120 345 25 105 10 830 40 495 115 90 30 10 55 265 80 290 60 20 145 75 200 0 45 0 1,435
Halifax 351,020 1,055 1,475 840 303,315 13,300 1,235 1,145 2,410 880 100 295 50 65 10 260 165 25 75 125 575 490 385 495 150 2,195 60 350 55 3,430 165 2,110 465 170 90 180 100 980 685 650 50 0 1,040 655 510 40 80 60 7,965
Nova Scotia, excluding CMA(s) 509,655 485 1,240 680 12,135 472,060 635 390 2,180 545 20 65 10 25 10 335 195 135 85 120 495 230 405 170 250 830 175 340 85 2,450 95 2,320 305 340 75 180 200 1,050 720 1,220 30 40 615 325 1,055 85 225 125 3,855
Moncton 117,650 100 160 425 945 865 100,025 1,020 8,100 565 15 140 30 50 0 360 55 65 20 90 135 45 120 40 45 490 10 75 15 675 30 405 65 50 10 10 60 280 130 175 0 10 160 20 145 10 15 10 1,390
Saint John 114,580 40 180 170 635 480 465 104,480 3,225 170 0 45 0 0 0 95 25 110 10 80 95 75 100 110 70 210 0 30 35 445 30 175 55 45 0 25 20 345 110 180 0 15 160 50 140 0 0 0 1,835
New Brunswick, excluding CMA(s) 452,920 275 585 575 1,410 1,950 5,580 2,915 420,165 1,520 110 840 55 105 35 1,215 65 65 50 70 480 370 125 185 190 885 80 145 25 2,080 100 2,350 345 245 40 50 165 490 740 720 15 50 350 85 480 30 85 25 4,380
Montréal 3,397,665 445 105 200 1,210 590 545 200 2,090 3,089,090 4,425 15,945 4,550 5,980 4,830 70,655 120 100 175 155 705 450 570 745 285 4,900 65 255 95 10,525 405 2,955 820 205 200 230 220 1,505 930 530 130 90 3,555 420 870 70 60 30 164,420
Ottawa - Gatineau (Que. part - Partie Qc) 265,840 35 0 25 165 85 110 0 350 5,480 230,780 2,480 650 305 470 6,480 30 20 240 0 135 250 10 35 35 8,800 0 115 30 580 90 1,345 140 50 20 20 15 170 265 55 0 0 180 120 85 0 25 60 5,485
Québec 671,200 45 65 60 285 130 160 0 930 13,105 1,375 604,250 3,165 1,480 1,590 31,555 15 0 15 15 30 235 25 35 10 600 10 0 0 590 15 575 110 35 20 0 80 185 155 400 10 25 185 115 140 10 0 30 9,335
Saguenay 142,980 10 20 0 100 0 0 0 80 2,025 105 1,590 131,540 150 80 5,700 0 0 0 0 10 25 0 20 0 40 0 0 0 35 0 340 70 0 0 0 25 0 40 125 0 0 40 0 95 10 0 0 675
Sherbrooke 174,180 0 0 15 60 90 70 0 125 6,000 255 1,185 440 148,460 400 11,830 10 0 0 0 20 0 10 10 10 130 0 10 0 160 25 85 50 0 30 0 35 50 20 80 0 15 35 20 115 0 0 15 4,290
Trois-Rivières 132,625 0 15 0 10 10 20 0 45 3,250 225 1,230 190 265 117,080 8,580 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 25 0 10 0 75 0 80 15 0 10 0 10 0 20 55 0 0 40 15 0 0 0 0 1,305
Quebec, excluding CMA(s) 2,275,380 60 165 180 355 350 335 20 1,650 105,720 5,770 22,765 5,425 9,690 7,055 2,094,380 60 90 85 30 200 85 185 120 230 1,505 40 195 30 1,245 160 2,735 150 150 135 35 145 435 275 590 30 80 490 200 735 45 40 175 10,745
Barrie 164,525 115 120 95 235 120 25 50 180 170 10 45 0 15 0 85 123,955 180 765 170 875 175 510 405 505 605 285 350 135 20,320 115 9,810 205 70 40 60 15 165 230 220 25 10 270 55 175 10 35 0 2,525
Brantford 115,810 40 60 50 10 125 0 10 25 100 10 0 15 0 0 20 125 99,265 65 320 3,505 70 2,030 390 100 200 100 540 110 2,360 140 3,835 50 15 0 25 95 90 120 60 20 15 105 25 120 0 0 20 1,390
Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury 148,630 75 40 10 70 70 35 0 125 260 60 35 0 15 0 220 305 105 133,010 85 285 105 225 355 215 675 60 150 185 1,965 100 7,580 75 200 10 35 45 160 145 150 35 15 175 30 180 0 65 0 895
Guelph 118,535 25 145 60 80 215 45 30 55 565 10 20 0 0 0 25 135 225 120 95,415 1,065 135 2,190 515 225 305 165 390 95 6,190 150 4,310 90 55 85 45 30 135 120 115 10 0 205 60 185 0 0 0 4,475
Hamilton 645,565 105 90 110 565 385 115 160 230 1,255 45 130 0 100 15 260 545 1,685 345 790 563,505 590 2,165 1,545 560 1,585 235 4,280 185 29,260 630 7,920 340 70 130 95 440 770 330 420 45 60 1,120 180 430 0 35 0 21,690
Kingston 141,190 100 125 50 510 355 115 45 405 825 35 305 20 60 20 180 215 70 255 140 440 115,955 360 540 185 2,080 335 305 140 3,210 135 7,230 270 90 45 80 50 340 575 280 30 10 500 215 175 20 90 0 3,685
Kitchener 418,810 325 535 120 300 315 60 85 280 810 95 60 0 10 10 205 425 1,230 535 3,125 2,590 445 353,465 1,970 540 1,405 255 1,110 125 14,155 610 12,005 410 70 85 75 260 470 330 370 80 65 800 125 300 0 30 15 18,095
London 428,135 105 145 60 340 290 25 130 320 680 75 45 20 35 15 140 375 495 445 555 1,480 530 1,745 371,555 340 1,105 265 875 170 8,250 1,485 17,190 500 60 60 180 65 580 410 375 30 55 815 175 445 0 10 15 15,065
Oshawa 308,210 155 240 35 305 180 85 80 195 630 35 115 0 30 0 215 305 100 325 170 715 300 585 635 253,105 885 1,055 510 110 33,245 380 6,695 150 55 20 20 30 295 145 190 15 25 415 155 275 30 10 55 4,885
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ont. part - Partie Ont.) 789,005 610 485 295 2,940 1,180 440 250 1,410 6,170 5,345 885 55 145 35 1,310 440 100 1,370 670 1,345 2,585 1,235 1,420 730 679,840 720 745 365 11,115 730 17,315 1,395 330 410 400 225 1,470 1,670 805 50 90 2,825 1,110 1,130 40 130 335 34,295
Peterborough 110,005 35 35 30 50 115 0 25 185 120 10 40 0 0 0 40 160 95 55 90 395 310 155 350 1,495 555 93,075 150 45 4,220 75 5,845 40 15 0 10 45 160 95 95 10 40 115 45 155 0 10 0 1,385
St. Catharines - Niagara 366,195 70 125 60 160 220 85 15 170 305 15 55 0 40 10 115 285 260 295 310 4,490 165 635 690 415 755 220 331,350 165 7,470 345 5,010 345 45 50 140 115 235 215 275 45 80 510 175 335 10 30 0 9,265
Thunder Bay 115,370 15 20 0 55 65 10 0 55 80 0 0 0 0 0 55 25 25 140 30 145 65 130 85 90 455 75 135 104,440 870 55 4,950 410 205 0 65 35 150 240 85 25 55 410 155 350 25 15 0 1,030
Toronto 4,771,650 1,175 2,030 515 4,000 1,445 445 510 1,480 16,175 265 505 75 180 95 965 6,215 1,395 2,175 4,110 19,070 3,955 9,205 8,950 10,600 11,410 2,310 5,745 1,140 4,181,260 4,365 28,695 3,210 580 560 615 505 4,980 2,835 1,340 430 175 11,585 1,360 1,410 100 115 30 411,325
Windsor 301,435 70 40 110 160 65 25 85 100 640 25 50 0 0 0 35 140 90 190 115 585 120 450 1,315 160 430 90 310 55 3,595 270,270 7,000 160 60 70 75 45 325 210 155 0 30 420 20 190 0 0 0 13,350
Ontario, excluding CMA(s) 2,411,285 575 1,215 505 1,890 2,620 330 505 2,325 4,555 1,325 735 260 225 95 3,560 8,985 4,410 5,440 5,225 14,275 6,570 13,975 14,700 11,235 20,175 5,200 5,595 2,920 66,580 7,450 2,154,380 2,635 1,760 245 285 1,050 2,090 1,845 2,920 200 170 2,190 785 3,160 120 335 285 23,360
Winnipeg 648,715 195 210 35 405 430 120 85 320 785 90 175 30 40 0 140 40 55 80 60 225 140 275 290 120 965 50 145 570 2,185 130 2,560 579,395 19,220 800 680 1,040 1,920 1,390 910 245 275 2,470 485 1,235 55 185 120 27,320
Manitoba, excluding CMA(s) 416,495 40 250 65 145 215 30 45 370 175 55 90 0 20 10 200 100 55 70 10 70 30 75 80 60 170 30 65 225 595 45 1,550 15,755 378,695 505 740 1,905 880 815 1,825 185 95 535 140 910 45 200 45 8,235
Regina 181,830 60 80 25 85 35 10 50 130 140 0 55 10 0 0 35 60 10 0 55 130 30 40 20 10 270 20 35 10 455 20 260 630 495 159,785 2,470 9,090 990 560 755 40 80 705 130 435 25 20 0 3,455
Saskatoon 217,295 15 30 10 140 40 0 35 90 145 15 30 0 0 0 45 15 0 30 115 60 70 50 115 50 175 10 100 65 785 50 415 710 795 2,140 185,180 13,980 1,575 930 1,520 65 115 850 215 950 50 95 45 5,370
Saskatchewan, excluding CMA(s) 497,485 30 390 15 95 270 30 15 220 170 30 30 0 0 0 220 40 10 35 20 125 40 35 105 25 255 30 70 60 525 0 1,130 750 2,475 6,430 9,375 457,105 2,190 1,685 6,425 55 185 615 280 2,275 75 175 55 3,300
Calgary 1,004,465 870 1,025 450 2,110 2,170 385 520 1,215 2,595 75 305 25 65 45 650 320 170 320 440 990 480 795 1,215 530 2,270 95 510 825 8,260 500 3,165 5,500 1,960 3,440 4,160 3,470 822,530 12,380 26,320 890 2,080 10,900 2,230 11,325 390 580 60 62,830
Edmonton 964,945 1,055 1,600 315 1,450 2,115 360 455 1,575 1,910 270 400 85 135 15 575 200 155 210 185 475 555 445 550 235 1,950 110 320 560 5,020 405 3,480 3,875 1,370 1,605 2,825 3,530 10,440 820,015 38,490 685 1,010 6,015 1,540 9,015 450 1,215 90 35,600
Alberta, excluding CMA(s) 1,083,720 1,015 5,790 580 1,500 3,270 335 430 2,480 980 105 350 210 90 0 855 350 60 295 135 640 355 550 370 240 1,015 210 300 450 2,755 330 5,650 2,960 3,925 2,255 3,705 12,440 28,920 27,375 921,910 1,015 1,365 4,110 1,375 19,105 620 1,305 155 19,455
Abbotsford 146,455 25 10 0 35 80 0 25 20 130 0 0 0 0 0 115 0 0 0 65 125 35 45 105 55 155 0 70 70 500 10 305 245 150 115 160 215 730 485 440 116,575 430 12,485 405 5,325 10 25 0 6,640
Kelowna 153,165 10 25 30 90 135 20 0 20 215 0 40 10 30 0 105 55 40 15 40 210 40 100 100 35 515 40 60 155 1,005 35 575 875 320 295 425 380 2,940 1,810 1,540 785 119,595 6,120 745 10,010 60 50 0 3,425
Vancouver 1,992,490 685 270 185 1,210 800 140 210 335 4,205 120 390 25 140 15 535 290 225 125 430 1,195 480 730 1,295 335 3,430 205 560 340 13,720 695 2,915 3,715 645 925 1,145 880 7,790 5,670 3,055 7,845 3,300 1,719,235 7,905 27,840 325 250 35 165,685
Victoria 311,060 175 135 55 845 280 20 45 270 735 45 80 20 15 30 60 240 55 90 130 400 320 235 440 95 1,285 85 225 125 2,645 110 1,735 910 315 420 480 205 2,890 1,940 1,270 460 930 7,935 257,345 13,950 160 120 20 10,675
British Columbia, excluding CMA(s) 1,268,740 260 615 200 785 1,685 125 150 775 1,060 195 255 25 75 65 1,310 390 180 215 165 985 390 475 765 280 1,540 200 485 405 3,970 365 5,460 2,380 1,895 820 1,685 2,535 10,830 7,885 13,505 8,960 6,580 45,910 12,860 1,107,455 915 720 140 19,780
Yukon Territory 28,465 10 20 0 65 55 0 10 35 95 0 15 0 10 0 60 0 0 15 10 10 10 50 10 10 55 10 15 30 125 0 190 135 15 30 35 60 200 270 280 25 50 420 105 775 24,320 290 35 475
Northwest Territories 37,825 180 425 45 235 230 30 25 135 80 55 40 0 30 15 60 0 0 20 10 50 50 35 25 40 185 0 10 10 310 10 320 150 80 40 155 285 245 695 710 30 85 220 115 380 110 30,765 365 695
Nunavut 25,900 95 310 10 100 135 10 25 70 80 10 15 0 10 0 70 10 0 0 10 20 15 25 15 10 180 10 20 0 135 10 130 155 65 25 10 50 50 65 85 0 15 80 20 105 20 180 23,370 105

Footnotes

Footnote 1

For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 2

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-556-XCB2006019.

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