2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Census Metropolitan Area and Residual for Province or Territory of Residence 1 Year Ago (49), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (9), Place of Birth (33), Age Groups (17B) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 1 Year and Over of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-556-XCB2006018
Release date:April 8, 2008
Topic:Mobility and migration
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Institutional residents

People in seniors' residences in the 2006 Census are classified as 'not living in an institution'. This is a change from the 2001 Census where they were classified as institutional residents, specifically, 'living in an institution, resident under care or custody'.

Note: Inter-census metropolitan area migrants (1 year ago) subuniverse

Inter-census metropolitan area migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living in a different census metropolitan area from the one at which they resided one year earlier.


Note: Migration data for small geographic areas

Estimates of internal migration may be less accurate for small geographic areas, areas with a place name that is duplicated elsewhere, and for some census subdivisions (CSDs) where residents may have provided the name of the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration instead of the specific name of the component CSD from which they migrated.

To improve the accuracy of the 2006 Census data, postal codes are used to pinpoint the exact CSD of the previous residence.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.


Note: Mobility status - Place of residence 1 year ago

Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence one year earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classified as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility status (1 year ago). Within the category of movers, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address as the one at which they resided one year earlier.

Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address than the one at which they resided one year earlier.

Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address, but in the same census subdivision (CSD) as the one they lived in one year earlier.

Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD one year earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada one year earlier (external migrants).

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.


Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE or 92-566-XPE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details census metropolitan area and residual for province or territory of residence 1 year ago , immigrant status and period of immigration , place of birth , age groups and sex for the population aged 1 year and over in CanadaFootnote 2
Current - Census metropolitan area and residual for province or territory of residence (48) 1 year ago - Census metropolitan area and residual for province or territory of residence (49)
Canada St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador, excluding CMA(s) Prince Edward Island Halifax Nova Scotia, excluding CMA(s) Moncton Saint John New Brunswick, excluding CMA(s) Montréal Ottawa - Gatineau (Que. part - Partie Qc) Québec Saguenay Sherbrooke Trois-Rivières Quebec, excluding CMA(s) Barrie Brantford Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury Guelph Hamilton Kingston Kitchener London Oshawa Ottawa - Gatineau (Ont. part - Partie Ont.) Peterborough St. Catharines - Niagara Thunder Bay Toronto Windsor Ontario, excluding CMA(s) Winnipeg Manitoba, excluding CMA(s) Regina Saskatoon Saskatchewan, excluding CMA(s) Calgary Edmonton Alberta, excluding CMA(s) Abbotsford Kelowna Vancouver Victoria British Columbia, excluding CMA(s) Yukon Territory Northwest Territories Nunavut Outside Canada
Canada 30,897,210 176,595 319,930 132,475 365,475 530,315 122,185 119,895 472,195 3,524,295 275,575 696,170 149,160 181,235 136,960 2,353,800 170,350 120,350 154,005 124,080 670,580 146,940 436,280 445,520 320,140 818,625 113,535 379,990 120,425 4,946,810 315,365 2,497,090 675,100 442,280 190,115 226,905 527,840 1,026,170 987,250 1,126,570 153,250 155,075 2,030,755 318,065 1,303,965 30,070 41,110 28,795 297,530
St. John's 177,470 170,850 2,595 40 425 275 60 125 105 130 20 0 0 0 0 35 20 0 10 0 70 10 180 30 20 80 0 70 0 430 25 85 100 35 0 0 15 125 170 180 0 0 55 0 70 0 40 60 915
Newfoundland and Labrador, excluding CMA(s) 318,725 1,955 310,110 175 485 305 75 250 285 20 10 10 30 0 0 80 40 0 25 65 75 35 215 15 145 195 0 25 10 1,335 0 420 190 160 25 0 50 200 170 735 10 0 55 15 115 0 190 105 310
Prince Edward Island 133,100 25 205 129,850 420 290 80 70 320 95 0 25 0 0 0 55 10 10 0 15 50 15 15 50 35 45 0 0 0 165 0 335 20 0 15 15 40 90 20 55 0 10 110 0 10 0 20 15 505
Halifax 365,625 305 230 310 350,390 4,700 390 275 870 315 10 150 10 45 0 240 55 30 10 25 150 145 185 75 40 765 20 45 15 875 55 440 155 140 10 60 50 225 210 195 25 10 165 400 175 0 85 10 2,530
Nova Scotia, excluding CMA(s) 528,945 120 220 200 4,390 515,905 215 130 720 180 20 20 0 30 0 95 45 0 15 20 255 95 105 85 135 230 60 80 0 745 15 845 50 95 20 30 45 415 355 695 35 0 165 110 330 40 70 35 1,465
Moncton 122,695 65 70 115 375 275 117,140 200 2,550 125 40 65 10 20 0 85 0 15 15 10 30 10 30 45 20 185 10 35 0 235 0 200 45 0 15 0 15 45 0 50 0 10 35 15 25 0 15 10 425
Saint John 119,750 0 65 75 280 170 265 116,275 975 40 30 10 0 0 10 20 10 50 0 0 0 65 80 45 0 100 0 10 0 105 0 125 10 25 0 0 10 50 10 70 0 0 75 10 20 0 0 30 610
New Brunswick, excluding CMA(s) 470,410 70 145 170 500 560 2,235 1,050 459,130 480 55 475 45 45 10 470 25 20 0 15 70 95 75 110 95 325 25 45 15 625 20 815 100 65 15 50 10 125 180 345 0 0 170 40 145 0 0 10 1,315
Montréal 3,548,840 55 45 50 380 200 210 100 565 3,464,370 1,620 5,080 1,185 2,030 1,140 21,555 50 25 80 110 235 200 80 150 40 1,445 25 60 20 3,185 170 1,005 285 60 90 90 130 470 370 305 30 25 1,010 90 385 50 20 35 39,890
Ottawa - Gatineau (Que. part - Partie Qc) 278,375 0 0 20 30 60 50 10 70 1,775 268,380 535 230 105 95 1,940 0 0 50 0 15 70 20 0 30 2,820 0 10 0 90 10 385 45 15 20 0 0 20 45 25 0 0 50 20 30 0 25 20 1,230
Québec 697,290 15 0 50 35 60 15 0 350 4,105 565 678,120 855 580 415 8,125 0 0 0 10 20 45 0 15 10 120 10 20 0 155 0 205 55 25 25 10 25 35 40 150 0 0 45 40 50 0 15 20 2,820
Saguenay 147,980 0 10 0 20 0 20 0 0 890 45 710 144,230 85 10 1,620 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 15 0 30 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 75 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 0 155
Sherbrooke 181,580 0 0 0 0 10 25 0 15 1,810 115 475 100 174,180 130 3,575 0 0 0 0 15 10 0 20 0 60 0 10 0 35 10 45 0 0 0 0 10 35 10 35 0 15 0 0 35 0 0 0 785
Trois-Rivières 137,270 0 0 0 20 10 0 0 0 1,080 50 475 40 40 132,280 2,680 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 15 0 40 0 10 0 10 0 30 0 0 20 0 15 10 15 25 0 0 15 0 10 0 0 0 385
Quebec, excluding CMA(s) 2,366,925 30 70 45 160 140 95 10 675 32,415 1,645 8,045 2,005 3,475 2,785 2,308,990 10 40 65 40 65 95 30 70 35 360 0 110 10 320 10 850 90 35 25 10 45 110 60 260 25 15 90 70 245 10 20 20 3,095
Barrie 173,210 25 45 0 65 70 10 15 30 80 0 0 0 0 0 20 162,330 55 160 40 240 30 245 115 190 135 50 95 10 5,140 25 2,860 60 0 10 0 0 75 100 85 0 0 35 15 55 0 20 0 670
Brantford 121,570 45 30 0 0 15 25 25 20 50 0 0 0 0 0 10 15 116,195 10 135 1,080 35 805 165 35 50 45 185 0 665 65 1,125 20 0 0 0 15 35 35 40 0 25 20 0 25 0 0 0 500
Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury 154,920 60 25 10 25 10 40 10 10 80 35 25 0 15 0 80 180 60 149,590 0 95 25 90 75 100 255 25 45 15 780 10 2,535 10 65 0 50 0 55 10 65 0 0 40 0 45 0 0 0 270
Guelph 124,505 0 40 0 15 40 25 0 15 70 10 10 0 0 0 15 50 125 60 117,330 360 85 945 165 115 135 15 85 35 2,145 30 1,245 40 0 0 10 0 115 65 15 0 0 50 0 85 10 0 0 905
Hamilton 675,695 40 40 95 100 120 20 15 110 345 0 35 10 0 0 80 140 635 115 275 651,475 140 825 615 250 440 95 1,380 85 9,365 200 2,665 130 25 120 25 70 260 80 160 0 0 185 35 125 0 20 0 4,715
Kingston 147,075 60 10 0 215 90 0 10 200 350 10 120 45 75 10 75 90 25 75 50 140 139,090 150 135 55 660 195 65 30 925 0 2,295 100 15 10 35 0 60 145 115 0 0 130 35 45 0 20 0 1,090
Kitchener 440,735 120 270 20 185 30 20 15 100 215 35 0 0 0 0 65 110 395 105 1,145 995 105 421,005 745 130 405 80 340 45 5,185 290 3,280 200 10 10 15 55 220 70 130 20 0 210 50 150 0 30 0 4,130
London 447,685 10 75 0 215 115 0 10 105 315 40 60 0 15 0 20 150 235 105 155 375 130 845 431,020 100 260 15 350 55 2,675 600 5,270 75 50 40 20 15 90 115 105 0 35 255 35 85 10 10 0 3,415
Oshawa 324,050 10 110 10 110 50 25 55 15 170 0 25 0 30 0 40 10 45 70 60 230 115 205 125 309,765 265 300 150 20 8,000 140 2,155 70 40 0 55 0 85 25 0 0 0 125 25 55 10 0 0 1,235
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ont. part - Partie Ont.) 826,010 150 225 45 870 330 150 30 400 1,790 1,790 320 55 20 10 430 175 105 300 190 400 1,065 315 500 240 793,355 250 400 140 3,590 270 5,830 325 90 140 105 55 390 475 325 65 30 660 530 400 0 70 140 8,425
Peterborough 114,095 10 0 0 30 25 0 0 40 35 10 0 0 0 0 15 40 45 30 15 50 30 75 125 400 150 109,305 60 0 1,115 10 1,905 10 10 10 0 35 40 0 55 0 0 40 0 15 0 0 0 335
St. Catharines - Niagara 381,325 0 25 0 60 60 30 10 50 125 10 0 0 10 0 105 130 105 50 150 1,640 60 175 285 135 215 60 370,615 25 2,360 75 1,635 70 20 15 50 25 55 35 90 10 10 125 0 110 0 10 10 2,485
Thunder Bay 119,835 10 0 0 15 10 0 0 0 10 10 0 0 0 0 10 10 10 65 55 50 20 60 40 70 135 10 50 116,665 245 0 1,350 120 45 15 0 10 35 65 55 0 55 95 10 50 20 20 0 335
Toronto 5,010,520 310 425 155 1,380 745 180 220 400 5,445 165 255 10 85 10 245 2,615 395 560 1,705 6,380 1,315 3,015 2,960 4,305 3,635 835 2,140 320 4,858,180 1,415 9,005 1,010 180 130 135 115 1,450 810 480 115 65 3,210 340 670 40 55 25 92,855
Windsor 316,820 35 10 20 10 20 30 0 35 190 45 0 0 0 0 15 15 35 50 20 250 25 250 490 55 180 0 120 30 1,135 308,310 2,295 35 10 10 20 25 50 80 60 0 0 115 20 30 0 0 0 2,695
Ontario, excluding CMA(s) 2,515,115 155 355 110 560 895 90 140 760 1,170 455 265 125 65 0 1,065 3,320 1,310 1,785 1,785 3,770 2,665 4,645 5,130 2,835 6,360 1,660 2,050 1,215 18,185 2,555 2,436,080 730 590 35 65 240 525 480 1,085 150 40 520 255 1,005 25 105 115 7,560
Winnipeg 678,320 95 15 0 90 180 15 30 70 275 10 30 0 0 0 75 10 35 45 50 130 60 65 110 40 265 15 35 145 935 10 740 657,390 6,430 210 285 275 545 325 400 35 50 725 75 320 30 50 65 7,510
Manitoba, excluding CMA(s) 441,040 10 70 30 95 85 10 15 70 15 0 20 0 0 0 45 55 20 25 10 50 95 55 55 0 65 0 15 35 215 0 400 5,840 428,535 130 215 710 215 265 535 40 45 165 35 340 30 45 55 2,260
Regina 190,155 10 10 15 40 15 0 0 50 115 35 20 0 0 0 20 10 0 15 10 0 0 15 40 0 65 0 0 0 135 0 75 215 185 182,785 805 2,790 350 180 290 30 70 210 35 295 10 20 0 1,180
Saskatoon 228,070 30 0 0 60 75 0 0 30 70 0 25 0 0 10 20 0 0 0 20 35 25 50 30 10 55 35 25 15 335 0 180 200 280 790 216,270 5,125 575 275 770 40 15 355 55 195 10 70 10 1,875
Saskatchewan, excluding CMA(s) 523,980 10 55 15 75 70 0 10 10 50 25 25 30 10 0 65 0 10 25 10 10 30 0 15 0 80 15 25 40 210 0 360 250 830 2,075 4,195 509,510 565 625 2,390 10 65 240 80 600 15 45 35 1,165
Calgary 1,056,385 435 360 165 860 805 250 215 555 1,385 30 170 10 80 25 290 120 55 160 85 500 235 340 590 210 1,030 65 370 320 4,295 240 1,160 1,950 690 1,055 975 1,225 995,305 4,730 9,885 365 455 3,550 785 3,270 110 195 10 16,400
Edmonton 1,012,465 470 630 190 675 870 120 205 795 785 75 190 20 35 0 285 50 50 65 50 210 225 170 345 175 790 60 75 320 3,230 360 1,300 1,225 730 550 745 1,300 3,675 960,135 14,120 165 490 2,160 760 2,940 90 520 45 9,985
Alberta, excluding CMA(s) 1,145,285 560 2,660 265 735 1,435 145 140 1,060 415 30 75 60 40 0 335 70 60 65 65 250 115 220 180 60 480 85 185 290 1,695 80 1,985 1,000 1,590 795 1,315 4,420 11,205 10,385 1,084,055 250 575 1,305 470 6,105 225 405 60 7,245
Abbotsford 154,600 0 0 0 10 15 0 0 10 85 10 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 10 65 10 15 10 10 10 10 55 25 65 0 70 85 40 25 20 95 220 115 130 145,000 170 4,275 190 1,905 0 0 0 1,770
Kelowna 159,050 10 0 15 80 20 20 0 10 110 0 55 0 0 0 10 15 10 15 10 50 10 30 35 20 170 0 20 75 315 0 195 295 75 85 110 85 830 515 615 260 148,695 1,830 210 2,755 30 35 0 1,340
Vancouver 2,076,590 140 70 55 320 390 45 95 80 1,950 20 125 0 50 0 190 190 90 45 220 285 155 335 335 115 1,220 65 200 140 5,540 170 830 1,355 265 380 415 215 2,550 1,930 1,130 3,310 965 1,990,950 2,865 8,755 145 115 50 47,710
Victoria 322,205 70 20 25 290 80 0 30 90 280 35 15 0 25 0 45 35 0 0 30 105 90 105 90 0 275 20 105 75 715 25 535 265 45 110 140 35 945 460 530 120 305 2,530 305,670 4,225 35 40 10 3,485
British Columbia, excluding CMA(s) 1,321,945 90 285 65 245 570 35 85 315 420 70 50 25 25 10 385 125 40 125 55 260 40 155 240 85 535 55 170 145 930 160 1,720 755 695 250 520 835 3,530 2,740 5,260 3,095 2,780 14,395 4,545 1,267,255 300 255 40 7,165
Yukon Territory 29,915 30 10 0 25 10 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 0 0 15 0 0 0 10 0 0 20 25 0 30 0 10 0 30 0 30 25 10 10 0 20 25 65 120 10 10 100 30 205 28,765 90 0 155
Northwest Territories 40,370 70 170 40 40 70 0 10 70 35 0 15 10 0 0 25 10 0 15 0 10 10 0 10 10 40 0 0 10 60 10 70 25 35 10 25 35 110 215 195 15 25 65 50 155 65 38,300 90 160
Nunavut 28,665 40 110 10 35 30 0 10 25 25 10 15 0 0 0 35 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 0 10 100 10 0 0 60 0 65 55 25 10 10 20 0 15 45 10 0 25 0 45 0 65 27,660 55

Footnotes

Footnote 1

For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-556-XCB2006018.

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Footnotes

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