2006 Census Topic-based tabulations

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Topic-based tabulation: Number Reporting and Aggregate Amount Reported for Each Source of Income (32) and Selected Income, Demographic, Labour Force, Educational and Cultural Characteristics (109) for the Population 15 Years and Over of Canada, Provinces, Territories, 2005 - 20% Sample Data

About this tabulation

General information

Catalogue number:97-563-XCB2006009
Release date:December 9, 2008
Topic:Income and earnings
Data dimensions:

Note

Note: Data Quality - Relationship of Census Income Estimates to the National Accounts and Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics

Census income estimates of aggregate income in 2005 were compared to similar personal income estimates from the national accounts. After adjustments to the personal income estimates for differences in concepts and coverage, the census estimate of aggregate income in 2005 from comparable sources was 1.2% lower than the national accounts estimate. As in the past, census estimates for some income components and for some provinces compared more favourably than for others.

Census estimates of aggregate wages and salaries, the largest component of income, were slightly higher (1.0%) than the national accounts estimates. This was partially offset by the difference (-7.8%) between the census estimates of aggregate self-employment income from both farm and non-farm self-employment and the adjusted national accounts figures. Overall, estimates of aggregate employment income or earnings were nearly identical (0.3% difference).

Census estimates of Old Age Security pensions and the Guaranteed Income Supplement were slightly lower (-1.4%), as they were for Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (-0.9%), than adjusted national accounts estimates. Employment Insurance benefits reported in the census were smaller by 6.1%. Census estimates of aggregate child benefits were 2.0% higher than the adjusted national accounts estimates. Census estimates of other government transfer payments, which include such items as social welfare benefits, provincial income supplements to seniors, veterans' pensions and GST/HST/QST refunds, were significantly below (-39.2%) the estimates from the national accounts. Overall, census estimates of aggregate income from all government transfer payments were lower by 12.0%. The census estimate of aggregate investment income in 2005 was slightly lower (-2.7%) than the comparable national accounts estimate. This is a significant improvement when compared to previous census comparisons.

Census income statistics were also compared with similar statistics from the annual Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID). SLID estimates reflect adjustments made for population undercoverage, while census estimates do not include such an adjustment. This adjustment contributes to census estimates showing fewer income recipients (-2.1%) and earners (-1.4%) than SLID estimates. However, due to higher average amounts, census estimates of aggregate earnings are 2.8% higher than the SLID estimate, while the census estimate of aggregate total income of individuals is 2.3% higher. Most of the observed provincial differences were considered acceptable in the light of sampling errors in the Survey. The all-person low income prevalence rates for Canada (excluding the Territories) were almost identical in both sources for the before-tax measure at 15.3% and only slightly higher (0.6 percentage points) in census than SLID for the after-tax rate.

Note: Income suppression

Area suppression is the deletion of all characteristic data for geographic areas with populations below a specified size. Income distributions and related statistics are suppressed if the population in the area, excluding institutional residents, is less than 250 from either the 100% or the 20% database, or if the number of private households is less than 40 from the 20% database.

Tables with income, after-tax income or earnings distributions

Income, after-tax income and earnings distributions have been suppressed where the estimated total number of units (persons, families or households) in the reference year is less than 250. All suppressed cells and associated averages, medians and standard errors of average income, average after-tax income or average earnings have been replaced with zeroes or symbols.

In all cases, suppressed data are included in the appropriate higher aggregate subtotals and totals.

Tables with number and median or average income, after-tax income or earnings

Statistics have been suppressed if the estimated total number of persons (males, females or both sexes) with income, after-tax income or earnings in the reference year is less than 250 persons. All suppressed counts and associated averages and medians have been replaced by zeroes or symbols.

In all cases, suppressed data are included in the appropriate higher aggregate subtotals and totals.

Note: Institutional residents

People in seniors' residences in the 2006 Census are classified as 'not living in an institution'. This is a change from the 2001 Census where they were classified as institutional residents, specifically, 'living in an institution, resident under care or custody'.

Note: Non-permanent residents and the census universe

In the 2006 Census, non-permanent residents are defined as people from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living in Canada with them. In the 1991, 1996 and 2001 censuses, non-permanent residents also included persons who held a Minister's permit; this was discontinued by Citizenship and Immigration Canada prior to the 2006 Census.

From 1991 on, the Census of Population has enumerated both permanent and non-permanent residents of Canada. Prior to 1991, only permanent residents of Canada were included in the census. (The only exception to this occurred in 1941.) Non-permanent residents were considered foreign residents and were not enumerated.

Total population counts, as well as counts for all variables, are affected by this change in the census universe. Users should be especially careful when comparing data from 1991, 1996, 2001 or 2006 with data from previous censuses in geographic areas where there is a concentration of non-permanent residents.

Today in Canada, non-permanent residents make up a significant segment of the population, especially in several census metropolitan areas. Their presence can affect the demand for such government services as health care, schooling, employment programs and language training. The inclusion of non-permanent residents in the census facilitates comparisons with provincial and territorial statistics (marriages, divorces, births and deaths) which include this population. In addition, this inclusion of non-permanent residents brings Canadian practice closer to the United Nations (UN) recommendation that long-term residents (persons living in a country for one year or longer) be enumerated in the census.

Although every attempt has been made to enumerate non-permanent residents, factors such as language difficulties, the reluctance to complete a government form or to understand the need to participate may have affected the enumeration of this population.

For additional information, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE.

For counts of the non-permanent resident population in 1991, 2001 and 2006, please refer to the 2006 Census table 97-557-XCB2006006.


Note: Population universe

The population universe of the 2006 Census includes the following groups:
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants with a usual place of residence in Canada;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants who are abroad, either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission;
- Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Study Permits and members of their families living with them;
- persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who hold Work Permits and members of their families living with them.

For census purposes, the last three groups in this list are referred to as 'non-permanent residents'. For further information, refer to the variable Immigration: Non-permanent resident found in the 2006 Census Dictionary, catalogue number 92-566-XWE.

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details number reporting and aggregate amount reported for each source of income and selected income, demographic, labour force, educational and cultural characteristics for the population 15 years and over in CanadaFootnote 1
Selected income, demographic, labour force, educational and cultural characteristics (109) Number reporting and aggregate amount reported for each source of income (32)
Total - With incomeFootnote 2 Aggregate income $'000 With market incomeFootnote 3 Aggregate market income $'000 With employment incomeFootnote 4 Aggregate employment income $'000 With wages and salaries Aggregate wages and salaries $'000 With self-employment incomeFootnote 5 Aggregate self-employment income $'000 With investment income Aggregate investment income $'000 With retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities Aggregate retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities $'000 With other money income Aggregate other money income $'000 With government transfer paymentsFootnote 6 Aggregate government transfer payments $'000 With Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement Aggregate Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement $'000 With Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits Aggregate Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits $'000 With child benefits Aggregate child benefits $'000 With Employment Insurance benefits Aggregate Employment Insurance benefits $'000 With other income from government sources Aggregate other income from government sources $'000 With taxes paid Aggregate taxes paid $'000 With after-tax income Aggregate after-tax income $'000
Total - Income groups 24,423,160 866,977,494 21,850,130 771,160,974 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,420 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,336 8,162,010 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,420 15,853,894 15,460,115 95,816,618 3,817,595 25,963,562 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,644 2,255,215 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,435 153,622,155 24,418,610 713,355,409
Under $2,000Footnote 7 1,380,720 168,302 780,480 -416,583 547,045 -523,104 459,830 610,456 109,905 -1,133,576 259,465 4,694 6,905 24,496 102,100 77,340 922,585 584,885 9,525 29,238 51,215 66,550 109,450 138,883 12,200 21,173 775,890 329,027 31,075 90,785 1,380,425 77,518
$2,000 to $4,999 1,194,645 4,135,701 960,040 2,721,887 798,275 2,263,047 720,130 2,140,140 101,680 122,920 226,615 211,965 12,510 29,190 144,885 217,684 775,115 1,413,811 24,010 65,231 85,285 201,295 246,880 681,835 28,865 67,440 498,270 398,009 27,765 57,447 1,193,670 4,078,245
$5,000 to $6,999 896,425 5,387,027 667,360 3,139,030 558,690 2,661,946 494,035 2,411,583 87,285 250,352 168,140 186,864 15,560 42,050 117,635 248,187 677,790 2,247,987 67,510 346,976 102,170 328,138 160,905 665,174 35,470 115,057 450,575 792,658 27,215 53,764 895,910 5,333,294
$7,000 to $9,999 1,514,745 12,943,088 1,106,085 6,988,670 893,320 5,887,343 775,215 5,147,136 165,010 740,211 314,590 393,973 54,530 145,433 210,870 561,916 1,225,320 5,954,407 190,800 1,222,606 287,205 1,086,760 207,950 916,364 91,015 356,212 838,910 2,372,426 145,765 91,601 1,514,060 12,851,482
$10,000 to $11,999 1,037,220 11,376,677 755,515 5,808,944 586,260 4,913,561 504,810 4,249,407 115,775 664,149 237,335 337,733 65,250 188,649 134,295 369,005 868,845 5,567,738 222,540 1,684,261 259,955 1,160,583 140,130 593,356 88,950 386,490 595,245 1,743,054 305,575 144,496 1,036,835 11,232,181
$12,000 to $14,999 1,581,200 21,360,541 1,164,295 10,421,350 860,900 8,733,016 745,255 7,589,953 168,920 1,143,040 401,775 620,007 146,750 481,304 200,200 587,052 1,374,710 10,939,190 547,920 5,164,590 502,055 2,022,369 236,905 991,648 166,715 802,542 1,009,695 1,958,063 615,275 375,475 1,580,965 20,985,064
$15,000 to $19,999 2,430,720 42,264,971 2,125,150 23,671,438 1,438,745 19,079,063 1,267,150 16,899,557 264,770 2,179,511 797,265 1,481,626 493,375 2,074,438 335,270 1,036,340 2,126,610 18,593,545 869,045 6,828,673 951,520 5,560,463 390,390 1,602,258 328,330 1,792,908 1,613,770 2,809,220 1,512,900 1,515,925 2,430,410 40,749,100
$20,000 to $24,999 1,935,755 43,359,820 1,878,505 31,340,693 1,433,820 25,225,677 1,296,560 22,847,391 231,380 2,378,266 650,410 1,596,254 448,600 3,499,248 300,345 1,019,491 1,610,290 12,019,110 456,415 2,841,017 552,375 3,774,787 364,205 1,410,896 331,435 1,996,336 1,137,005 1,996,063 1,670,160 3,018,719 1,935,605 40,341,070
$25,000 to $29,999 1,745,745 47,901,380 1,724,870 38,377,766 1,398,555 31,103,950 1,297,515 28,890,979 189,360 2,212,852 594,010 1,674,800 385,380 4,627,226 273,465 971,865 1,377,200 9,523,596 339,460 1,992,958 433,445 3,081,808 321,765 1,150,704 296,405 1,848,767 923,505 1,449,347 1,636,915 4,605,525 1,745,620 43,295,896
$30,000 to $34,999 1,716,180 55,532,759 1,707,110 47,915,525 1,440,820 39,404,635 1,355,725 37,161,133 174,455 2,243,395 601,965 1,899,795 346,205 5,675,663 266,670 935,609 1,264,005 7,617,145 276,610 1,578,619 369,075 2,656,567 303,585 949,470 242,390 1,445,874 818,680 986,629 1,659,395 6,402,578 1,716,060 49,130,093
$35,000 to $39,999 1,473,265 55,050,910 1,469,190 49,494,567 1,276,070 41,224,960 1,210,755 39,231,754 146,900 1,993,105 534,295 1,694,075 275,875 5,724,823 234,855 850,724 838,545 5,556,214 200,640 1,122,505 281,055 2,015,394 266,890 737,108 180,280 1,034,941 378,215 646,247 1,442,810 7,276,572 1,473,200 47,774,249
$40,000 to $44,999 1,255,420 53,137,224 1,253,155 49,161,704 1,110,950 41,537,152 1,060,605 39,794,924 119,695 1,742,289 469,160 1,582,077 217,405 5,322,619 200,020 719,826 567,205 3,975,582 148,995 824,488 216,095 1,541,432 201,270 463,163 125,260 680,658 161,900 465,855 1,236,770 7,942,732 1,255,355 45,194,586
$45,000 to $49,999 1,038,085 49,172,543 1,037,150 46,257,559 932,520 39,432,388 893,705 37,954,886 99,120 1,477,747 409,090 1,440,052 173,725 4,759,062 172,675 625,814 422,290 2,915,217 116,575 640,546 169,730 1,208,304 149,245 297,001 89,215 461,390 78,390 307,980 1,027,215 8,137,193 1,038,010 41,035,522
$50,000 to $59,999 1,587,765 86,621,640 1,586,950 82,787,305 1,454,715 71,694,118 1,394,120 69,014,599 160,380 2,679,582 650,470 2,608,136 240,570 7,463,634 269,990 1,021,378 570,235 3,834,096 159,185 864,154 231,945 1,648,490 202,385 361,408 113,570 534,753 81,460 425,276 1,573,725 15,756,352 1,587,705 70,865,262
$60,000 to $69,999 1,143,370 73,744,084 1,143,015 71,626,742 1,071,500 63,424,673 1,029,955 61,205,954 118,815 2,218,481 499,905 2,213,228 147,440 5,149,294 206,710 839,817 335,320 2,117,163 97,200 472,053 138,745 982,924 119,640 184,904 59,680 239,039 45,665 238,220 1,135,415 14,637,970 1,143,285 59,105,930
$70,000 to $79,999 776,770 57,964,760 776,620 56,922,813 743,060 51,528,153 715,575 49,694,005 84,845 1,833,873 357,325 1,689,396 82,050 3,072,680 148,190 632,723 186,735 1,042,005 48,530 171,299 75,395 530,987 66,995 91,168 30,485 107,445 28,290 141,092 772,100 12,200,856 776,725 45,764,221
$80,000 and over 1,715,125 246,855,899 1,714,640 244,940,794 1,656,015 213,129,078 1,537,480 188,548,818 320,545 24,579,934 990,190 17,994,376 181,215 8,678,500 449,230 5,139,111 317,310 1,914,886 42,630 114,309 161,950 1,184,052 80,805 88,329 34,940 127,370 62,430 400,820 1,706,370 71,314,210 1,714,765 175,542,054
Total - Major source of incomeFootnote 8 24,423,160 866,977,494 21,850,130 771,160,974 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,420 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,336 8,162,010 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,415 15,853,894 15,460,115 95,816,618 3,817,600 25,963,562 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,644 2,255,215 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,440 153,622,108 24,418,610 713,355,409
Wages and salaries 14,846,785 637,753,324 14,845,865 619,479,664 14,846,150 602,464,737 14,847,345 601,013,867 834,900 1,450,959 4,139,390 8,788,763 281,430 3,664,370 1,781,930 4,561,925 7,083,455 18,273,549 132,605 604,867 476,190 2,408,484 2,177,985 5,102,651 1,621,295 6,747,832 4,297,825 3,409,714 11,982,935 120,069,906 14,844,990 517,683,411
Self-employment income 1,290,925 50,821,537 1,290,975 49,024,687 1,291,145 46,687,501 235,540 1,979,314 1,291,145 44,708,016 478,780 1,350,204 39,525 505,335 202,660 481,688 726,235 1,796,819 42,275 211,108 90,445 482,949 185,890 542,116 30,760 192,680 502,155 367,964 874,455 11,101,836 1,290,555 39,719,668
Government transfer payments 5,628,280 74,660,758 3,056,130 15,409,669 1,140,870 4,451,663 942,500 4,083,938 252,220 367,728 1,691,035 2,909,114 1,310,890 7,113,774 603,360 935,121 5,628,360 59,251,034 2,591,815 19,635,647 2,803,335 16,250,140 1,102,105 5,396,941 555,570 4,858,067 3,909,415 13,110,271 1,577,110 2,268,817 5,623,205 72,391,955
Investment income 699,815 28,010,592 699,800 25,849,355 218,940 3,016,836 144,920 2,618,914 98,790 397,831 699,840 20,593,246 129,465 1,467,291 206,000 771,930 410,020 2,161,297 150,835 775,143 213,115 1,118,165 45,845 100,027 8,110 38,447 188,810 129,531 423,375 6,200,096 698,920 21,810,557
Other incomeFootnote 9 1,957,360 75,731,436 1,957,360 61,397,575 704,155 4,098,955 588,110 3,697,292 181,805 401,675 1,152,965 3,987,759 1,532,050 44,207,587 973,460 9,103,238 1,612,040 14,333,835 900,065 4,736,789 1,286,120 8,791,253 57,575 181,912 39,480 181,362 599,695 442,517 1,664,500 13,970,816 1,956,875 61,760,511
Total - Age groupsFootnote 10 24,423,160 866,977,494 21,850,130 771,160,974 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,420 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,425 8,162,010 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,420 15,853,915 15,460,115 95,816,618 3,817,595 25,963,528 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,644 2,255,210 12,018,394 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,435 153,622,108 24,418,610 713,355,555
15 to 19 years 1,339,930 7,986,165 1,289,220 7,611,629 1,219,935 6,844,649 1,203,235 6,681,520 35,725 163,137 167,435 263,760 3,715 27,699 160,910 475,521 383,070 374,543 N N 28,580 44,166 16,465 54,857 16,140 51,139 347,440 224,378 192,025 297,343 1,339,405 7,688,835
20 to 24 years 2,019,360 31,633,919 1,845,185 28,877,678 1,785,485 27,499,657 1,759,200 26,912,614 83,015 587,018 296,940 507,462 5,095 28,318 296,580 842,242 1,523,325 2,756,277 N N 40,300 95,649 118,455 435,288 188,790 802,577 1,408,280 1,422,743 891,145 2,632,441 2,018,905 29,001,436
25 to 34 years 3,931,960 127,555,317 3,587,700 117,542,861 3,487,295 114,685,138 3,328,900 109,704,665 364,365 4,980,587 750,415 1,216,991 10,715 71,971 445,430 1,568,645 2,505,955 10,012,545 N N 19,910 88,851 922,865 3,306,083 668,950 3,937,831 1,645,810 2,679,759 2,861,150 19,304,915 3,931,325 108,250,498
35 to 44 years 4,737,355 204,468,474 4,325,780 192,169,694 4,172,580 185,471,767 3,848,855 172,791,057 634,190 12,680,603 1,252,615 4,027,777 22,205 226,604 569,640 2,443,553 2,849,000 12,298,650 N N 67,770 426,772 1,620,590 5,317,747 572,410 3,206,727 1,412,770 3,347,418 3,636,965 37,684,766 4,736,460 166,783,621
45 to 54 years 4,838,345 229,356,412 4,447,850 219,930,541 4,226,320 206,462,274 3,856,425 190,771,841 707,615 15,690,458 1,751,630 8,399,190 87,950 1,572,787 688,605 3,496,128 2,281,640 9,426,194 N N 194,240 1,376,135 811,150 2,012,679 477,255 2,328,160 1,350,700 3,709,229 3,857,805 46,456,340 4,837,375 182,900,238
55 to 64 years 3,533,245 145,646,941 3,141,465 134,693,669 2,479,220 103,556,325 2,171,610 93,289,982 528,750 10,266,429 1,639,575 9,116,529 737,700 17,565,868 789,050 4,454,833 1,935,090 10,953,091 95,085 430,110 998,455 5,711,638 69,960 165,599 281,130 1,419,926 1,136,745 3,225,825 2,666,745 29,707,868 3,532,875 115,938,907
65 to 69 years 1,212,085 38,497,511 974,815 24,945,997 414,975 10,127,997 317,555 8,339,510 135,835 1,788,548 618,350 3,503,993 636,685 10,387,005 255,275 926,893 1,180,635 13,551,440 1,013,830 6,296,014 1,063,275 6,130,042 5,120 15,347 34,770 188,107 551,645 921,946 755,635 6,111,046 1,211,755 32,386,334
70 years and over 2,810,885 81,833,093 2,238,115 45,389,066 415,455 6,071,598 272,650 4,902,076 169,365 1,169,593 1,685,050 10,593,414 1,789,295 27,077,994 561,925 1,646,042 2,801,400 36,443,912 2,708,685 19,237,438 2,456,680 15,177,762 4,800 16,075 15,770 83,907 1,644,495 1,928,718 1,664,975 11,427,313 2,810,515 70,405,586
Total - Legal marital statusFootnote 11 24,423,165 866,977,671 21,850,130 771,160,798 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,425 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,336 8,162,005 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,420 15,853,915 15,460,115 95,816,618 3,817,600 25,963,528 4,869,200 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,628 2,255,210 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,440 153,622,155 24,418,615 713,355,555
Never legally married (single) 8,083,310 199,841,858 7,275,325 182,128,850 6,854,780 170,519,550 6,589,055 162,379,714 557,190 8,139,739 1,635,730 4,384,787 207,155 3,763,322 1,050,525 3,461,211 5,070,535 17,713,052 201,190 1,548,500 374,040 1,977,219 773,695 3,156,796 831,850 4,153,773 4,321,700 6,876,790 4,495,445 29,067,419 8,081,270 170,774,538
Legally married (and not separated)Footnote 12 12,109,705 517,573,493 11,046,440 470,259,037 8,951,005 400,293,728 8,010,025 367,390,067 1,703,720 32,903,487 4,898,250 24,855,695 2,021,455 36,624,390 1,961,845 8,485,404 6,996,985 47,314,481 2,176,010 13,369,633 2,762,510 16,316,434 2,172,240 5,798,914 1,103,265 6,264,902 2,506,170 5,564,583 9,119,540 100,297,514 12,108,430 417,276,191
Separated, but still legally married 759,760 28,566,107 652,890 24,886,602 575,070 22,232,228 531,715 20,724,641 79,610 1,507,495 186,020 727,317 67,160 1,138,173 119,040 789,100 577,490 3,679,549 77,485 604,688 114,295 671,966 229,020 943,162 83,205 425,962 466,215 1,033,760 527,130 4,688,911 759,480 23,877,411
Divorced 2,048,370 79,235,498 1,766,740 69,937,465 1,501,165 60,167,072 1,366,085 55,970,410 240,825 4,196,692 640,300 3,007,001 272,125 4,693,235 354,780 2,070,043 1,416,580 9,298,189 271,225 2,028,493 437,700 2,566,331 346,150 1,241,145 202,120 1,011,707 1,082,905 2,450,491 1,507,720 13,974,683 2,047,735 65,260,945
Widowed 1,422,020 41,760,179 1,108,735 23,948,852 319,250 7,507,227 261,540 6,928,227 77,510 578,934 801,710 4,654,297 725,470 10,739,273 281,235 1,048,141 1,398,525 17,811,340 1,091,690 8,412,212 1,180,670 7,519,099 48,295 183,611 34,775 162,051 1,120,915 1,534,379 876,595 5,593,627 1,421,700 36,166,618
Total - SexFootnote 13 24,423,165 866,977,494 21,850,130 771,160,974 18,201,265 660,719,462 16,758,425 613,393,424 2,658,860 47,326,425 8,162,010 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,420 15,853,915 15,460,115 95,816,618 3,817,600 25,963,528 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,628 2,255,210 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,435 153,622,155 24,418,610 713,355,555
Male 11,952,155 522,120,889 10,936,660 481,116,304 9,480,555 415,906,730 8,620,885 382,451,655 1,573,790 33,455,137 3,876,515 21,322,034 1,687,675 35,886,270 1,756,070 8,001,279 6,681,410 41,004,521 1,630,585 10,543,126 2,223,985 14,964,092 191,850 673,494 1,071,365 5,697,926 5,051,695 9,125,892 8,862,525 105,895,321 11,948,745 416,225,468
Female 12,471,000 344,856,792 10,913,470 290,044,679 8,720,715 244,812,938 8,137,535 230,941,791 1,085,070 13,871,198 4,285,495 16,307,052 1,605,685 21,072,034 2,011,345 7,852,635 8,778,705 54,812,097 2,187,010 15,420,401 2,645,220 14,086,930 3,377,550 10,650,150 1,183,850 6,320,495 4,446,210 8,334,110 7,663,910 47,726,825 12,469,865 297,129,943
Total - Class of workerFootnote 14 24,423,160 866,977,494 21,850,125 771,160,798 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,420 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,336 8,162,010 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,415 15,853,894 15,460,115 95,816,618 3,817,600 25,963,562 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,644 2,255,215 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,440 153,622,108 24,418,610 713,355,409
Paid workers 16,713,235 684,838,076 16,297,920 653,552,469 16,029,710 613,589,777 15,557,930 594,723,033 1,440,400 18,866,780 4,779,290 19,239,614 590,800 11,310,738 2,288,265 9,412,346 8,707,410 31,285,684 332,680 1,806,784 849,785 4,673,813 2,707,235 7,587,467 2,044,590 10,592,585 5,352,975 6,625,033 12,855,445 127,992,388 16,710,150 556,845,730
Self-employed 1,357,410 48,981,534 1,290,555 45,160,701 1,218,565 37,788,935 421,340 10,221,523 1,008,710 27,567,320 538,720 3,447,386 124,230 2,553,850 261,215 1,370,723 867,165 3,820,780 122,400 746,119 198,790 1,149,691 212,840 754,765 69,415 497,906 575,640 672,340 857,040 10,065,158 1,356,760 38,916,385
All othersFootnote 15 6,352,515 133,157,863 4,261,655 72,447,672 952,990 9,340,985 779,150 8,448,792 209,745 892,259 2,844,000 14,942,107 2,578,325 43,093,723 1,217,935 5,070,847 5,885,540 60,710,179 3,362,520 23,410,661 3,820,630 23,227,487 649,320 2,981,390 141,205 927,963 3,569,280 10,162,619 2,813,950 15,564,595 6,351,705 117,593,284
Total - Work activity in 2005Footnote 16 24,423,160 866,977,671 21,850,130 771,160,798 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,425 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,336 8,162,010 37,629,089 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,420 15,853,894 15,460,115 95,816,618 3,817,595 25,963,528 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,644 2,255,215 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,435 153,622,108 24,418,610 713,355,409
Worked mostly full time, full yearFootnote 17 9,519,445 505,858,542 9,367,755 495,334,481 9,275,765 475,117,039 8,637,140 446,205,813 1,296,645 28,911,348 3,076,440 12,585,983 203,585 3,349,659 1,174,530 4,281,722 3,881,345 10,524,194 130,235 724,276 326,550 1,844,652 1,411,840 3,497,759 509,465 2,023,756 2,334,865 2,433,736 8,738,045 102,580,773 9,517,985 403,277,798
Worked mostly part time and/or part yearFootnote 18 8,159,390 222,378,511 7,946,350 199,796,744 7,766,075 173,941,361 7,142,660 156,393,993 1,140,070 17,547,211 2,166,600 9,841,766 482,885 9,881,787 1,308,605 6,131,893 5,374,955 22,581,781 305,510 1,699,848 677,050 3,683,756 1,415,590 4,470,075 1,540,560 8,480,709 3,362,430 4,247,381 4,859,470 34,900,669 8,157,200 187,477,946
Did not work in 2005 6,744,320 138,740,365 4,536,020 76,029,709 1,159,420 11,661,270 978,625 10,793,426 222,150 867,825 2,918,970 15,201,364 2,606,895 43,726,777 1,284,280 5,440,280 6,203,820 62,710,620 3,381,855 23,539,374 3,865,605 23,522,612 741,970 3,355,829 205,190 1,513,968 3,800,610 10,778,880 2,928,920 16,140,704 6,743,420 122,599,703
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 19 24,423,160 866,977,494 21,850,130 771,160,974 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,420 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,336 8,162,010 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,420 15,853,915 15,460,115 95,816,618 3,817,595 25,963,528 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,395 11,323,628 2,255,210 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,435 153,622,155 24,418,610 713,355,409
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,274,050 111,771,571 4,139,305 78,051,357 2,862,075 59,625,862 2,598,020 55,525,631 387,575 4,100,124 1,517,475 5,919,798 982,765 10,521,427 593,515 1,984,263 3,940,630 33,720,346 1,681,360 12,557,003 1,812,860 10,149,870 512,680 2,272,602 423,185 2,199,367 2,775,035 6,541,503 2,545,900 13,197,545 5,272,460 98,574,111
Certificate, diploma or degree 19,149,110 755,205,771 17,710,830 693,109,569 15,339,190 601,093,768 14,160,405 557,867,661 2,271,290 43,226,233 6,644,530 31,709,336 2,310,595 46,436,867 3,173,900 13,869,632 11,519,480 62,096,308 2,136,235 13,406,526 3,056,345 18,901,150 3,056,720 9,051,042 1,832,030 9,819,054 6,722,870 10,918,489 13,980,535 140,424,552 19,146,150 614,781,446
High school certificate or equivalentFootnote 20 6,327,285 180,654,518 5,696,930 158,853,615 4,832,795 135,499,629 4,508,340 128,822,636 573,585 6,677,151 1,863,710 8,046,611 739,995 11,708,250 935,470 3,599,104 4,072,805 21,800,890 820,045 5,399,027 1,107,225 6,438,031 923,945 2,993,459 561,010 2,718,439 2,604,510 4,251,950 4,051,935 27,772,049 6,326,330 152,882,386
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,745,830 96,516,061 2,508,865 84,365,245 2,118,695 73,455,156 1,922,550 69,569,810 338,820 3,885,501 868,165 3,161,784 416,265 6,404,066 396,355 1,344,158 1,787,445 12,150,658 419,195 2,663,111 581,965 3,784,247 376,710 1,444,374 378,885 1,932,677 1,090,420 2,326,245 2,090,925 15,723,069 2,745,465 80,792,829
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diplomaFootnote 21 4,373,185 163,468,878 4,098,925 149,770,922 3,632,505 133,623,115 3,382,915 127,686,628 495,955 5,936,362 1,448,895 5,330,723 461,595 8,225,507 675,300 2,591,546 2,627,915 13,698,039 412,270 2,526,097 619,040 3,851,417 868,920 2,421,611 462,380 2,513,854 1,445,460 2,385,087 3,347,725 27,614,462 4,372,655 135,854,448
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelFootnote 22 1,114,885 44,947,816 1,031,565 40,990,293 850,395 34,010,789 778,495 32,104,723 139,615 1,906,177 442,140 2,121,874 186,350 3,958,601 200,825 899,096 695,490 3,957,415 164,565 1,005,599 227,595 1,418,124 185,295 529,744 84,270 472,216 371,020 531,720 830,775 8,208,968 1,114,620 36,738,715
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor's level or aboveFootnote 23 4,587,925 269,618,884 4,374,545 259,129,450 3,904,805 224,504,917 3,568,105 199,683,835 723,315 24,821,090 2,021,625 13,048,312 506,395 16,140,667 965,955 5,435,747 2,335,820 10,489,279 320,165 1,812,689 520,515 3,409,395 701,855 1,661,853 345,485 2,181,864 1,211,450 1,423,495 3,659,185 61,106,078 4,587,085 208,512,743
Bachelor's degree 2,940,815 155,589,202 2,803,095 149,164,273 2,527,240 131,278,387 2,345,815 121,660,539 396,165 9,617,710 1,230,070 7,087,304 269,330 7,941,755 570,705 2,856,933 1,542,085 6,424,795 171,520 991,596 284,630 1,810,716 483,195 1,161,008 244,305 1,526,389 830,870 935,094 2,303,255 33,317,801 2,940,345 122,271,260
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 486,090 27,596,537 461,085 26,304,980 400,020 22,164,609 367,060 20,277,447 70,295 1,887,259 214,230 1,369,347 73,240 2,283,910 93,845 487,129 255,580 1,291,806 45,350 260,835 72,485 473,866 76,355 174,147 35,015 227,370 121,765 155,606 392,580 6,095,812 485,975 21,500,664
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 134,325 15,461,146 126,940 15,131,137 112,625 13,346,683 70,385 5,154,595 65,145 8,192,122 74,980 1,040,712 15,760 523,534 47,440 220,384 57,350 329,690 13,470 75,193 20,200 155,728 16,190 39,715 3,020 19,702 25,910 39,288 112,135 4,589,281 134,230 10,871,717
Master's degree 852,345 56,937,251 816,430 54,990,152 721,085 46,776,743 657,755 43,094,761 149,585 3,682,219 409,740 2,688,044 114,740 4,040,903 203,690 1,484,266 401,355 1,947,246 66,140 362,149 107,720 716,645 111,775 255,516 56,545 368,888 197,225 244,050 700,590 13,524,230 852,195 43,413,110
Earned doctorate 174,355 14,035,232 167,005 13,539,176 143,835 10,938,464 127,090 9,496,481 42,130 1,442,059 92,605 862,926 33,325 1,350,520 50,275 387,068 79,450 495,771 23,685 122,861 35,480 252,436 14,350 31,467 6,615 39,514 35,690 49,457 150,625 3,578,638 174,340 10,456,419
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 24 24,423,160 866,977,671 21,850,130 771,160,798 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,420 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,425 8,162,010 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,415 15,853,915 15,460,110 95,816,618 3,817,600 25,963,562 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,644 2,255,215 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,435 153,622,108 24,418,610 713,355,409
Non-immigrantsFootnote 25 18,653,255 676,055,872 16,865,145 605,072,908 14,278,505 520,545,800 13,225,425 484,682,823 1,997,810 35,863,018 6,036,240 27,950,725 2,474,795 44,567,861 2,905,440 12,008,715 11,494,000 70,982,875 2,709,455 18,208,493 3,661,870 21,812,903 2,626,145 8,110,471 1,842,440 9,840,146 6,959,235 13,010,851 12,883,395 121,815,470 18,650,455 554,240,357
ImmigrantsFootnote 26 5,565,685 186,137,247 4,839,395 161,777,799 3,797,920 136,252,299 3,414,130 125,030,174 650,375 11,222,204 2,093,245 9,561,557 814,310 12,326,380 837,215 3,637,659 3,808,785 24,359,334 1,101,575 7,700,459 1,200,315 7,200,079 916,035 3,098,149 402,610 2,121,625 2,405,385 4,239,050 3,557,125 30,991,304 5,564,320 155,146,020
Before 1961 780,295 29,828,757 689,465 22,166,753 286,710 11,824,927 234,045 10,560,214 76,925 1,264,473 481,680 3,454,676 406,780 6,193,892 173,865 693,283 645,910 7,662,029 518,925 3,381,562 544,855 3,605,053 11,025 21,305 18,535 89,194 355,785 564,982 563,835 5,408,608 780,200 24,420,243
1961 to 1970 699,255 29,704,588 621,075 25,276,611 407,740 19,163,762 353,090 17,252,604 88,405 1,911,062 353,945 1,957,687 216,055 3,511,299 136,305 643,688 475,380 4,428,002 243,085 1,541,816 314,415 2,040,772 48,780 115,672 33,605 166,194 248,330 563,493 522,415 5,778,587 699,105 23,925,959
1971 to 1980 888,150 37,865,647 786,300 34,502,343 651,380 30,467,946 581,245 27,723,867 119,450 2,744,020 379,315 1,788,232 113,130 1,570,101 139,895 675,979 510,055 3,363,345 143,790 1,048,199 186,835 996,223 118,475 320,599 63,360 334,272 307,365 664,051 652,035 7,115,551 887,925 30,750,266
1981 to 1990 982,750 33,242,502 847,110 30,177,776 757,850 28,174,736 685,995 25,928,379 123,665 2,246,369 312,215 1,005,516 40,405 474,261 122,280 523,234 633,890 3,064,800 102,890 910,008 87,610 307,670 201,500 663,672 79,775 420,289 431,300 763,172 632,415 5,332,271 982,550 27,910,253
1991 to 1995 762,895 20,926,641 645,240 18,634,266 573,995 17,526,531 523,595 16,290,275 86,355 1,236,287 212,435 557,750 17,215 227,907 86,415 322,001 523,110 2,292,483 70,970 636,252 38,715 125,780 167,785 613,332 63,765 331,675 368,410 585,440 431,495 2,878,809 762,660 18,047,888
1996 to 2000 696,620 18,699,730 609,220 17,010,209 548,800 16,064,513 501,600 15,005,892 85,155 1,058,635 187,270 419,735 11,100 173,466 84,355 352,472 471,520 1,689,566 17,220 145,347 17,520 70,505 171,955 605,793 70,735 393,341 315,405 474,561 391,250 2,578,313 696,320 16,121,464
2001 to 2004Footnote 27 618,635 13,725,049 530,010 12,183,692 473,535 11,346,171 441,665 10,678,108 61,670 667,936 144,655 325,387 8,010 148,352 80,420 363,825 445,785 1,541,368 4,410 34,964 8,475 43,387 162,665 601,824 66,960 355,752 302,375 505,426 314,215 1,670,983 618,540 12,054,089
Total - Population by visible minority groupsFootnote 28 24,423,160 866,977,671 21,850,130 771,160,974 18,201,265 660,719,462 16,758,425 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,336 8,162,005 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,415 15,853,915 15,460,110 95,816,618 3,817,595 25,963,528 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,395 11,323,644 2,255,215 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,435 153,622,108 24,418,610 713,355,409
Total visible minority populationFootnote 29 3,621,320 100,491,273 3,090,870 89,652,047 2,701,735 82,091,650 2,512,060 76,507,936 344,260 5,583,877 1,097,145 3,210,660 164,215 2,373,217 481,305 1,976,326 2,482,465 10,839,255 309,645 2,540,465 305,840 1,476,503 698,210 2,510,447 292,885 1,568,834 1,777,605 2,743,009 2,040,665 14,441,020 3,620,135 86,050,158
Chinese 935,390 26,676,550 812,990 24,242,213 649,325 21,415,538 598,965 19,814,458 88,850 1,601,208 435,860 1,619,277 46,280 590,460 167,450 617,040 622,525 2,434,229 109,295 903,842 84,760 366,203 145,375 408,127 57,835 316,903 457,295 439,156 497,120 4,023,061 935,055 22,653,546
South AsianFootnote 30 884,810 25,455,161 756,155 22,822,854 679,400 21,131,401 629,080 19,524,344 95,780 1,607,276 268,205 650,313 37,890 573,619 105,805 467,338 600,805 2,632,259 72,135 601,307 76,670 360,776 179,495 608,163 84,840 448,628 400,850 613,411 513,290 3,742,515 884,675 21,712,642
Black 517,120 13,971,678 437,950 11,982,396 397,945 11,147,235 378,045 10,665,957 39,490 481,375 96,590 154,221 30,355 464,625 59,430 216,262 373,455 1,989,338 39,645 307,088 49,985 288,040 111,505 514,772 48,630 257,232 290,895 622,189 298,630 1,809,734 517,015 12,162,040
Filipino 300,690 8,603,425 273,305 7,897,131 255,645 7,514,180 248,625 7,322,050 17,435 192,123 64,795 77,824 13,995 192,657 29,610 112,572 195,880 706,288 21,110 172,136 23,495 112,558 61,530 157,034 24,185 131,309 129,645 133,211 209,900 1,160,433 300,585 7,443,020
Latin American 223,790 5,500,609 187,625 4,780,293 173,925 4,563,914 163,555 4,303,846 20,150 260,175 35,020 62,417 4,735 58,601 24,305 95,290 156,365 720,316 10,910 96,197 13,040 56,162 50,780 210,850 22,550 114,507 112,955 242,600 126,385 694,755 223,720 4,805,835
Southeast AsianFootnote 31 170,780 4,452,968 141,440 3,915,449 127,310 3,676,776 118,565 3,391,102 14,105 285,706 40,975 87,582 4,805 64,758 18,315 86,343 119,575 537,460 12,890 118,777 11,685 48,452 37,105 135,102 15,915 85,910 86,115 149,194 97,360 601,553 170,730 3,851,302
Arab 178,200 4,645,752 140,080 3,996,674 123,245 3,628,287 111,525 3,269,512 19,540 358,961 36,295 141,794 5,185 93,633 23,680 132,969 130,585 649,096 10,220 86,221 10,730 54,998 39,645 215,799 14,235 77,184 92,265 214,932 84,420 702,410 178,135 3,943,442
West AsianFootnote 32 114,450 2,651,410 90,185 2,298,056 80,430 2,113,659 71,905 1,917,453 13,635 196,103 24,445 82,539 1,865 30,769 12,910 71,085 84,640 353,326 5,770 50,498 4,580 20,217 21,800 93,899 7,560 40,773 65,315 147,929 50,165 353,091 114,385 2,298,315
Korean 100,175 2,145,135 78,700 1,901,725 64,580 1,672,098 51,580 1,390,847 16,840 281,234 29,610 123,132 3,160 45,145 11,815 61,205 74,655 243,524 7,415 60,519 7,860 33,049 19,895 71,939 3,850 23,489 56,670 54,533 40,335 282,753 99,990 1,862,391
Japanese 62,190 2,426,104 55,965 2,215,941 44,085 1,859,391 40,220 1,705,576 6,845 153,752 28,440 134,853 9,745 169,527 11,670 52,177 37,930 210,160 10,840 66,844 12,475 81,519 7,355 18,301 3,155 18,026 22,955 25,482 41,400 482,282 62,135 1,943,842
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 33 53,300 1,500,252 45,105 1,337,048 41,185 1,263,135 39,070 1,220,767 4,105 42,151 12,800 19,933 2,510 32,420 5,430 21,735 35,750 163,091 4,235 35,369 4,450 23,178 10,015 32,362 4,455 24,251 26,205 47,993 32,955 210,043 53,295 1,290,142
Multiple visible minorityFootnote 34 80,425 2,462,354 71,360 2,262,400 64,665 2,106,050 60,930 1,982,158 7,485 123,837 24,120 56,770 3,690 57,153 10,895 42,306 50,305 200,185 5,180 41,669 6,125 31,394 13,710 44,080 5,675 30,649 36,435 52,362 48,700 378,436 80,405 2,083,994
Not a visible minorityFootnote 35 20,801,845 766,486,221 18,759,260 681,508,923 15,499,530 578,627,837 14,246,360 536,885,307 2,314,605 41,742,545 7,064,860 34,418,435 3,129,145 54,585,014 3,286,115 13,877,588 12,977,650 84,977,330 3,507,950 23,423,062 4,563,360 27,574,519 2,871,190 8,813,197 1,962,325 10,449,587 7,720,295 14,716,984 14,485,775 139,181,092 20,798,475 627,305,125
Total - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity populationFootnote 36 24,423,160 866,977,494 21,850,125 771,160,974 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,425 613,393,424 2,658,860 47,326,336 8,162,010 37,629,089 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,420 15,853,915 15,460,115 95,816,588 3,817,600 25,963,528 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,644 2,255,210 12,018,394 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,440 153,622,108 24,418,610 713,355,555
Total Aboriginal identity populationFootnote 37 760,915 18,177,081 598,940 14,881,693 538,290 13,974,730 516,940 13,520,192 42,255 454,591 79,510 193,267 33,130 453,718 91,365 260,022 562,100 3,295,311 56,275 472,863 78,230 404,354 178,995 800,923 84,230 468,253 431,895 1,148,893 331,760 2,121,656 760,730 16,055,431
North American Indian single responseFootnote 38 433,130 9,069,705 322,475 7,091,854 283,685 6,709,625 274,830 6,530,020 16,100 179,618 31,725 65,169 15,055 191,575 54,125 125,509 339,575 1,977,818 32,120 289,470 39,300 184,800 112,895 558,452 42,225 235,578 273,325 709,518 138,255 817,604 433,040 8,252,077
Métis single response 273,485 7,719,349 233,025 6,655,147 214,810 6,199,690 203,675 5,960,456 23,445 239,208 42,310 115,876 15,410 226,410 30,805 113,271 182,425 1,064,165 19,635 146,087 32,900 188,021 51,835 177,190 35,550 190,558 129,855 362,314 164,515 1,120,277 273,420 6,599,084
Inuit single response 29,520 751,610 23,800 618,465 22,585 598,310 22,020 582,895 1,160 15,380 1,270 2,000 685 6,871 3,610 11,460 22,015 133,074 1,865 16,627 2,275 10,992 8,920 44,371 3,020 20,443 15,900 40,628 15,615 101,233 29,510 650,339
Multiple Aboriginal identity responses 5,110 132,247 4,250 110,803 3,825 100,317 3,665 96,246 305 4,079 725 2,489 330 4,711 615 3,124 3,575 21,571 450 3,545 680 4,113 955 3,201 515 3,189 2,690 7,548 2,755 17,038 5,110 115,280
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhereFootnote 39 19,665 504,033 15,395 405,287 13,385 366,920 12,755 350,570 1,240 16,303 3,480 7,732 1,650 24,079 2,205 6,652 14,515 98,684 2,210 17,178 3,075 16,456 4,390 17,667 2,930 18,485 10,125 28,899 10,620 65,476 19,650 438,425
Non-Aboriginal identity population 23,662,250 848,800,582 21,251,185 756,279,309 17,662,975 646,744,750 16,241,475 599,873,042 2,616,605 46,871,753 8,082,500 37,435,844 3,260,230 56,504,583 3,676,050 15,593,874 14,898,015 92,521,307 3,761,325 25,490,697 4,790,975 28,646,639 3,390,400 10,522,742 2,170,985 11,550,141 9,066,000 16,311,098 16,194,680 151,500,451 23,657,885 697,300,115
Total - Registered Indian statusFootnote 40 24,423,165 866,977,494 21,850,130 771,160,974 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,425 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,336 8,162,010 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,415 15,853,915 15,460,115 95,816,588 3,817,595 25,963,528 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,644 2,255,210 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,440 153,622,108 24,418,610 713,355,409
Registered IndianFootnote 41 391,785 7,987,777 287,870 6,161,822 251,865 5,850,696 245,005 5,705,158 12,805 145,674 26,080 52,288 12,755 156,187 50,520 102,653 312,030 1,825,883 29,315 266,498 34,750 159,873 105,785 532,073 37,980 214,315 252,480 653,175 114,385 661,429 391,695 7,326,339
Not a Registered Indian 24,031,380 858,989,871 21,562,260 764,999,160 17,949,400 654,868,965 16,513,420 607,688,052 2,646,055 47,180,721 8,135,925 37,576,836 3,280,610 56,802,117 3,716,895 15,751,244 15,148,085 93,990,706 3,788,285 25,697,070 4,834,460 28,891,151 3,463,610 10,791,573 2,217,235 11,804,106 9,245,415 16,806,829 16,412,050 152,960,679 24,026,920 706,029,058
Total - Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestry populationFootnote 42 24,423,165 866,977,494 21,850,130 771,160,974 18,201,265 660,719,643 16,758,420 613,393,241 2,658,860 47,326,336 8,162,005 37,629,112 3,293,360 56,958,309 3,767,415 15,853,915 15,460,110 95,816,618 3,817,600 25,963,562 4,869,205 29,051,021 3,569,400 11,323,644 2,255,215 12,018,421 9,497,900 17,459,993 16,526,435 153,622,155 24,418,615 713,355,409
Total Aboriginal ancestry populationFootnote 43 1,098,615 28,839,304 903,670 24,476,326 820,290 22,835,606 782,380 21,933,260 75,410 902,260 150,330 383,689 52,560 830,710 134,055 426,155 769,270 4,363,041 72,210 582,613 109,560 590,748 247,665 1,041,157 129,250 707,988 562,425 1,440,507 557,575 3,841,112 1,098,400 24,998,141
North American Indian single ancestry 324,430 6,255,945 231,160 4,668,481 199,275 4,427,515 193,615 4,318,139 10,050 109,385 19,725 43,520 10,235 119,754 43,055 77,793 264,035 1,587,487 26,055 244,432 29,355 129,120 87,150 465,716 32,855 184,812 216,675 563,476 86,830 479,270 324,350 5,776,763
North American Indian and non-Aboriginal ancestries 461,205 13,414,883 400,875 11,777,267 368,955 10,910,800 349,385 10,413,548 38,905 497,165 80,000 205,096 26,125 456,954 53,690 204,521 300,690 1,637,608 26,490 191,292 47,240 271,507 94,845 344,971 56,745 302,859 206,180 526,962 277,665 1,982,892 461,115 11,431,942
Métis single ancestry 52,565 1,371,527 42,005 1,129,321 38,320 1,055,106 36,645 1,021,651 3,495 33,572 6,785 20,749 2,705 35,101 5,220 18,366 38,285 242,140 4,445 36,132 6,950 37,255 10,790 42,204 7,575 42,863 28,110 83,668 29,485 185,539 52,555 1,185,830
Métis and non-Aboriginal ancestries 193,005 6,001,301 173,935 5,394,490 162,170 5,018,491 153,195 4,804,000 18,830 214,465 37,130 99,740 10,705 179,825 23,985 96,599 118,145 606,719 10,715 73,682 19,270 116,036 37,380 111,692 23,790 127,773 77,485 177,505 126,510 946,258 193,005 5,055,019
Inuit single ancestry 24,200 588,068 19,055 472,049 18,055 456,141 17,600 446,114 895 10,114 905 1,937 555 5,299 2,840 8,645 18,520 116,120 1,650 14,903 1,965 9,497 7,645 39,617 2,370 16,063 13,650 36,000 12,390 75,554 24,190 512,664
Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 11,515 349,235 10,205 308,326 9,515 292,740 9,115 281,866 750 10,858 1,570 3,232 465 7,162 1,395 5,083 7,435 40,977 640 4,951 1,080 6,101 2,545 8,644 1,755 11,202 4,740 10,036 7,230 55,370 11,510 293,919
Other Aboriginal multiple ancestriesFootnote 44 31,685 858,242 26,445 726,262 24,005 674,943 22,815 648,196 2,490 26,766 4,220 9,390 1,765 26,692 3,870 15,141 22,150 132,017 2,210 17,186 3,700 21,231 7,315 28,277 4,165 22,416 15,590 42,873 17,465 116,194 31,670 742,106
Non-Aboriginal ancestry population 23,324,545 838,138,186 20,946,460 746,684,800 17,380,970 637,884,048 15,976,045 591,459,819 2,583,450 46,424,012 8,011,680 37,245,421 3,240,800 56,127,518 3,633,360 15,427,757 14,690,840 91,453,548 3,745,390 25,380,876 4,759,645 28,460,274 3,321,735 10,282,488 2,125,960 11,310,406 8,935,470 16,019,485 15,968,860 149,781,000 23,320,205 688,357,278

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2005 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2005, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (For example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the Net Income Stabilization Account (NISA). The value of income 'in kind', such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2005 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2005 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Limited information was available for respondents who allowed use of their income tax data on these benefits. For these persons, these benefits were calculated and assigned, where applicable,to one of the parents in the census family on the basis of information on children in the family and the family income. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included are child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories.

Old age security pension - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons 65 years of age and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2005.

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2005 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2005, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program.

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Child benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Canada or Quebec Pension Plan benefits and Employment Insurance benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2005.

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2005 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2005 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract;pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers;annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2005 and not reported in any of the other nine sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income.

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2005 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2005.

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Footnote 3

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 4

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 5

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2005 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice.

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Footnote 6

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2005. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in:
- the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor
- benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
- benefits from Employment Insurance
- Child benefits
- other income from government sources.

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Footnote 7

Including loss.

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Footnote 8

Major source of income - Refers to that component which constitutes the largest proportion of a person's total income. Various combinations of income sources can be used to derive this classification. For example, at the most detailed level, income sources are combined into five components: wages and salaries, self-employment income (farm and non-farm), government transfer payments, investment income, and other income. The absolute values for these components are compared and the largest one is designated as the major source of family income.

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Footnote 9

Includes 'retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities' as well as 'other money income.'

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Footnote 10

Age
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 16, 2006). This variable is derived from Date of birth.

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Footnote 11

Legal marital status
Part A - Plain language definition
A person's conjugal status under the law (e.g., single, married, widowed). Legal marital status data are derived from the responses to Question 4 (Marital status) in the census questionnaires.
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the legal conjugal status of a person.
The various responses are defined as follows:
Never legally married (single)
Persons who have never married (including all persons less than 15 years of age) and persons whose marriage has been annulled and who have not remarried.
Legally married (and not separated)
Persons whose spouse is living, unless the couple is separated or a divorce has been obtained.
Separated, but still legally married
Persons currently married, but who are no longer living with their spouse (for any reason other than illness or work) and have not obtained a divorce.
Divorced
Persons who have obtained a legal divorce and who have not remarried.
Widowed
Persons who have lost their spouse through death and who have not remarried.

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Footnote 12

In 2006, this category includes spouses in same-sex marriages.

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Footnote 13

Sex
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the gender of the respondent.

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Footnote 14

Class of worker - Refers to the classification of persons who reported a job into the following categories:
(a) persons who worked mainly for wages, salaries, commissions, tips, piece-rates, or
payments 'in kind' (payments in goods or services rather than money)
(b) persons who worked mainly for themselves, with or without paid help, operating a business,
farm or professional practice, alone or in partnership
(c) persons who worked without pay in a family business, farm or professional practice owned
or operated by a related household member; unpaid family work does not include unpaid
housework, unpaid childcare, unpaid care to seniors and volunteer work.

The job reported was the one held in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006) if the person was employed, or the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005, if the person was not employed during the reference week. Persons with two or more jobs in the reference week were asked to provide information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

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Footnote 15

Includes unpaid family workers and persons who have not worked since January 1, 2005.

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Footnote 16

Work activity in 2005
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2005 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (1 to 29 hours per week).
The term 'full-year full-time workers' refers to persons 15 years of age and over who worked 49 to 52 weeks (mostly full time) in 2005 for pay or in self-employment.

Return to footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly full time in 2005.

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Footnote 18

Includes persons who worked 49 to 52 weeks mostly part time in 2005, as well as persons who worked 1 to 48 weeks either full time or part time in 2005.

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Footnote 19

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class'. For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

Census questions relating to education changed substantially between 2001 and 2006, principally to reflect developments in Canada's education system. These changes improved the quality of data and provided more precise information on the level of educational attainment as well as fields of study.

However, users should be aware that changes to the education portion of the 2006 Census questionnaire have affected the comparability of some 2006 Census data with data from previous censuses. More information on the historical comparability of specific categories of 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.

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Footnote 20

'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.

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Footnote 21

'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.

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Footnote 22

The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.

In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.

We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.

For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

More information is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.

Return to footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Questions pertaining to university degrees attained in 2006 (for example bachelor's degrees or master's degrees) were similar to those asked in 2001. Data for the university categories (bachelor's degree through to earned doctorate) are comparable over time.

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Footnote 24

Includes non-permanent residents. Non-permanent residents are not included elsewhere in this table. Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.

Return to footnote 24 referrer

Landed immigrant status
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to whether or not the person is a landed immigrant in Canada. Landed immigrants are people who have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

Non-immigrant population
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to people who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most were born in Canada, a small number of them were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.

Immigrant population
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to people who are, or have been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada.

Non-permanent resident
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to people from another country who had a Work or Study Permit, or who were refugee claimants at the time of the census, and family members living in Canada with them.

Period of immigration
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to ranges of years based on the year of immigration question. Year of immigration refers to the year in which landed immigrant status was first obtained. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

Year of immigration
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the year in which landed immigrant status was first obtained. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 25

Non-immigrants are persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.

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Footnote 26

Immigrants are persons who are, or have been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada.

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Footnote 27

Census income data relate to the calendar year prior to each census year, i.e., 2005 for the 2006 Census. As a result, immigrants who arrived in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 16, 2006 have zero income and are excluded. As well, immigrants who arrived in the income reference year (2005) may not have a full year of applicable income. For this reason, immigrants arriving in 2005 are excluded from the 2001 to 2004 group. However, these groups are included in the Immigrant sub-total.

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Footnote 28

Visible minority population
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the visible minority group to which the respondent belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'.

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Footnote 29

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'East Indian', 'Pakistani', 'Sri Lankan', etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Vietnamese', 'Cambodian', 'Malaysian', 'Laotian', etc.

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Footnote 32

For example, 'Iranian', 'Afghan', etc.

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Footnote 33

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere'. Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese', 'West Indian', 'Kurd', 'Tibetan', 'Polynesian', 'Pacific Islander', etc.

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian'.

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Footnote 35

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 36

This is a grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, with Aboriginal persons further divided into Aboriginal groups, based on their responses to three questions on the 2006 Census form.

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Aboriginal identity
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
In 1991 and previous censuses, the Aboriginal population was defined using the ethnic origin question (ancestry). The 1996 Census included a question on the individual's perception of his/her Aboriginal identity.
The question used in the 2006 and 2001 censuses is the same as the one used in 1996.

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Footnote 37

Included in the Aboriginal identity population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.

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Footnote 38

Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographic area under study. In 2006, a total of 22 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 22 communities are not included in the census counts.

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Footnote 39

Includes those who identified themselves as Registered Indians and/or band members without identifying themselves as North American Indian, Métis or Inuit in the Aboriginal identity question.

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Footnote 40

Registered or Treaty Indian
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to those persons who reported they were registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act and can prove descent from a band that signed a treaty. Although there was a question in the 1991 Census on registration status, the layout of the 1996 question was somewhat different. In 1991, Question 16 on Registered Indians had two components. In the first part of the question, respondents were asked about their registration status, while the second part of the question dealt with band membership. The question used in 1996 asked only for registration or treaty status, while band membership was dealt with in a separate question.
The wording of the question, starting in 1996, differs slightly from the one in previous censuses. Prior to 1996, the term 'treaty' was not included in the question. It was added in 1996 at the request of individuals from the Western provinces, where the term is more widely used.
The 2006 Census question is the same as the one used in 1996 and 2001.

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Footnote 41

Registered or Treaty Indian: The expression 'Registered Indian' refers to those persons who reported they were registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act and can prove descent from a band that signed a treaty.

The Registered Indian counts in this table may differ from the administrative counts maintained by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, with the most important causes of these differences being the incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements as well as methodological and conceptual differences between the two sources.

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Footnote 42

Aboriginal ancestry
Part A - Plain language definition
Not applicable
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to those persons who reported at least one Aboriginal ancestry (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit) to the ethnic origin question. 'Ethnic origin' refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors.
'Aboriginal ancestry' was referred to as 'Aboriginal origin' prior to the 2006 Census. The content of the variable remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.

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Footnote 43

Refers to those persons who reported at least one Aboriginal ancestry (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit) to the ethnic origin question. 'Ethnic origin' refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of a person's ancestors. Additional Information on ethnic origin can be obtained from the 2006 Census Dictionary.
'Aboriginal ancestry' was referred to as 'Aboriginal origin' prior the 2006 Census. The content of the variable remains unchanged in 2006 compared with the previous censuses.

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Footnote 44

Includes those who reported multiple Aboriginal ancestries or multiple Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestries to the ethnic origin question.

Return to footnote 44 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 97-563-XCB2006009.

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Footnotes

Footnote a

To access the comma separated values (CSV) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example csview.

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Footnote b

To access the tab separated values (TAB) file, use the conversion features available in most spreadsheet software, or use a free viewer, for example AscToTab.

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Footnote c

To access the Beyond 20/20 (IVT) version, you need the Beyond 20/20 Table Browser, which may be downloaded below. These links download files directly from an external site and are not the responsibility of Statistics Canada.

Beyond 20/20 Browser for Windows operating systems (18.9 MB)
To install this product, run 'ProBrowser.exe'.

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Footnote d

XML (SDMX - ML) - Is a statistical data and metadata exchange standard for the electronic exchange of statistical information. Two extensible mark-up language (XML) files are provided in a compressed bundle.

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