Statistics Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

(Note: Content area on this page may be wider than usual.)

Warning View the most recent version.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Selected Demographic, Cultural, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (830), Mother Tongue (4), Age Groups (8A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data

Select data categories for this product
[Geographic index]


Canada Warning
Selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics (830) Mother tongue (4)
Total - Mother tongue 1 English French English and French
Note(s) :
  1. Census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations crossing provincial boundaries
    There is one census metropolitan area (Ottawa - Gatineau) and three census agglomerations (Campbellton, Hawkesbury and Lloydminster) that cross provincial boundaries. The data for their respective provincial parts are included with the appropriate census metropolitan area or census agglomeration, with data for the census metropolitan area or census agglomeration within the province of the provincial part that contributes the majority of the population to the area. For example, Ottawa - Gatineau can be found in Ontario, Campbellton in New Brunswick, Hawkesbury in Ontario and Lloydminster in Alberta.
  1. TOTAL - MOTHER TONGUE
    Language groups are defined as follows: 'English' includes respondents who reported English only or English and one non-official language; 'French' includes respondents who reported French only or French and one non-official language; 'English and French' includes respondents who reported English and French, with or without one non-official language.

    'Total' category includes all groups mentioned as well as respondents who reported a non-official language as their only mother tongue.
  2. TOTAL POPULATION BY AGE GROUPS
    Age
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the age at last birthday (as of the census reference date, May 16, 2006). This variable is derived from Date of birth.
  3. MEDIAN AGE
    The median age is an age 'x,' such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x.'
  4. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY LEGAL MARITAL STATUS
    Legal marital status
    Part A - Plain language definition
    A person's conjugal status under the law (e.g., single, married, widowed). Legal marital status data are derived from the responses to Question 4 (Marital status) in the census questionnaires.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the legal conjugal status of a person. The various responses are defined as follows:
    Never legally married (single) - Persons who have never married (including all persons less than 15 years of age) and persons whose marriage has been annulled and who have not remarried.
    Legally married (and not separated) - Persons whose spouse is living, unless the couple is separated or a divorce has been obtained.
    Separated, but still legally married - Persons currently married, but who are no longer living with their spouse (for any reason other than illness or work) and have not obtained a divorce.
    Divorced - Persons who have obtained a legal divorce and who have not remarried.
    Widowed - Persons who have lost their spouse through death and who have not remarried.
  5. LEGALLY MARRIED (AND NOT SEPARATED)
    Since 1996, Aboriginal people married according to traditional customs were instructed to report themselves as legally married.
    In 2006, legally married same-sex couples are included in this category.
  6. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY COMMON-LAW STATUS
    Common-law status
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to persons who live together as a couple but who are not legally married to each other. These persons can be of the opposite sex or of the same sex.
  7. TOTAL POPULATION BY KNOWLEDGE OF OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
    Knowledge of official languages
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French.
    Data on knowledge of official languages
    According to studies on data certification, the 2006 Census statistics on knowledge of official languages could underestimate the category 'English and French' and overestimate the category 'French only,' particularly for the francophone population, but also for the whole population in general. More information on the subject is available in the Languages Reference Guide.
  8. TOTAL POPULATION BY FIRST OFFICIAL LANGUAGE SPOKEN
    Data on knowledge of official languages
    According to studies on data certification, the 2006 Census statistics on knowledge of official languages could underestimate the category 'English and French' and overestimate the category 'French only,' particularly for the francophone population, but also for the whole population in general. More information on the subject is available in the Languages Reference Guide.
    First official language spoken
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to a variable specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act.

  9. OFFICIAL LANGUAGE MINORITY - (NUMBER)
    The official language minority is English in Quebec and French in all other provinces and territories.
  10. OFFICIAL LANGUAGE MINORITY - (PERCENTAGE)
    The official language minority is English in Quebec and French in all other provinces and territories.
  11. TOTAL POPULATION BY LANGUAGE SPOKEN MOST OFTEN AT HOME
    Refers to the language spoken most often at home by the individual at the time of the census. Data on other languages spoken on a regular basis at home are also collected.
  12. CHINESE, N.O.S.
    The 2006 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' includes responses of 'Chinese' as well as all Chinese languages other than Cantonese, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Chaochow (Teochow), Fukien, Hakka and Shanghainese. Data for the 'Chinese, n.o.s.' category in 2001 and 2006 are not directly comparable. The 2001 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' is equivalent to the sum of the 2006 categories 'Chinese, n.o.s.' and 'Chaochow (Teochow),' 'Fukien,' 'Shanghainese' and 'Taiwanese.'
  13. OTHER LANGUAGES
    This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix G in the 2006 Census Dictionary.
  14. TOTAL POPULATION BY LANGUAGE SPOKEN ON A REGULAR BASIS AT HOME
    Refers to the language spoken on a regular basis at home by the individual at the time of the census. Data on language spoken most often at home are also collected.
  15. CHINESE, N.O.S.
    The 2006 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' includes responses of 'Chinese' as well as all Chinese languages other than Cantonese, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Chaochow (Teochow), Fukien, Hakka and Shanghainese. Data for the 'Chinese, n.o.s.' category in 2001 and 2006 are not directly comparable. The 2001 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' is equivalent to the sum of the 2006 categories 'Chinese, n.o.s.' and 'Chaochow (Teochow),' 'Fukien,' 'Shanghainese' and 'Taiwanese.'
  16. OTHER LANGUAGES
    This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix G in the 2006 Census Dictionary.
  17. ALGONQUIN - VARIOUS NON-OFFICIAL LANGUAGES SPOKEN
    Knowledge of non-official languages
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation.
  18. CHINESE, N.O.S.
    The 2006 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' includes responses of 'Chinese' as well as all Chinese languages other than Cantonese, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Chaochow (Teochow), Fukien, Hakka and Shanghainese. Data for the 'Chinese, n.o.s.' category in 2001 and 2006 are not directly comparable. The 2001 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' is equivalent to the sum of the 2006 categories 'Chinese, n.o.s.' and 'Chaochow (Teochow),' 'Fukien,' 'Shanghainese' and 'Taiwanese.'
  19. OTHER LANGUAGES
    This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix G in the 2006 Census Dictionary.
  20. TOTAL POPULATION BY MOBILITY STATUS 1 YEAR AGO
    Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence one year earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classified as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility status (1 year ago). Within the category of movers, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

    Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address as the one at which they resided one year earlier.

    Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address from the one at which they resided one year earlier.

    Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address, but in the same census subdivision (CSD) as the one they lived in one year earlier.

    Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD one year earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada one year earlier (external migrants).

    Intraprovincial migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living in a different CSD from the one at which they resided one year earlier, in the same province.

    Interprovincial migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living in a different CSD from the one at which they resided one year earlier, in a different province.
  21. TOTAL POPULATION BY MOBILITY STATUS 5 YEARS AGO
    Refers to the relationship between a person's usual place of residence on Census Day and his or her usual place of residence five years earlier. A person is classified as a non-mover if no difference exists. Otherwise, a person is classified as a mover and this categorization is called Mobility status (5 years ago). Within the category of movers, a further distinction is made between non-migrants and migrants; this difference is called migration status.

    Non-movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at the same address as the one at which they resided five years earlier.

    Movers are persons who, on Census Day, were living at a different address from the one at which they resided five years earlier.

    Non-migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living at a different address, but in the same census subdivision (CSD) as the one they lived in five years earlier.

    Migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were residing in a different CSD five years earlier (internal migrants) or who were living outside Canada five years earlier (external migrants).

    Intraprovincial migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living in a different CSD from the one in which they resided five years earlier, in the same province.

    Interprovincial migrants are movers who, on Census Day, were living in a different CSD from the one in which they resided five years earlier, in a different province.
  22. TOTAL POPULATION BY CITIZENSHIP
    Citizenship
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the legal citizenship status of the respondent. Persons who are citizens of more than one country were instructed to provide the name of the other country(ies).
    Includes persons who are stateless.
  23. NOT CANADIAN CITIZENS
    Includes persons who are stateless. Prior to the 2006 Census, this category was called 'Citizens of other countries'. The content of the category remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.
  24. TOTAL POPULATION BY IMMIGRANT STATUS AND PLACE OF BIRTH
    For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.
  25. NON-IMMIGRANTS
    Non-immigrants are persons who are Canadian citizens by birth. Although most Canadian citizens by birth were born in Canada, a small number were born outside Canada to Canadian parents.
  26. IMMIGRANTS
    Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.
  27. OCEANIA AND OTHER
    'Other' includes Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the category 'Other country,' as well as immigrants born in Canada.
  28. NON-PERMANENT RESIDENTS
    Non-permanent residents are persons from another country who, at the time of the census, held a Work or Study Permit or who were refugee claimants, as well as family members living with them in Canada.
  29. TOTAL RECENT IMMIGRANTS BY SELECTED PLACES OF BIRTH
    In this product, recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2001 and Census Day, May 16, 2006.

    Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.
    For information on the specific countries included in each regional grouping in this variable, please refer to Appendix J in the 2006 Census Dictionary.
  30. OCEANIA AND OTHER
    'Other' includes Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the category 'Other country,' as well as immigrants born in Canada.
  31. TOTAL IMMIGRANT POPULATION BY PERIOD OF IMMIGRATION
    Period of immigration
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to ranges of years based on the year of immigration question. Year of immigration refers to the year in which landed immigrant status was first obtained. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.
    Immigrants are persons who are, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. A landed immigrant is a person who has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others are recent arrivals. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number were born in Canada. Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.
  32. 2001 TO 2006
    Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to Census Day, May 16, 2006.
  33. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OLDER BY GENERATION STATUS
    Generation status
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the generational status of a person, that is, 1st generation, 2nd generation or 3rd generation or more.
  34. 1ST GENERATION
    Persons born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, landed immigrants in Canada. Also included in the first generation are a small number of people born outside Canada to parents who are Canadian citizens by birth. In addition, the first generation includes people who are non-permanent residents (defined as people from another country living in Canada on Work or Study Permits or as refugee claimants, and any family members living with them in Canada).
  35. 2ND GENERATION
    Persons born inside Canada with at least one parent born outside Canada. This includes (a) persons born in Canada with both parents born outside Canada and (b) persons born in Canada with one parent born in Canada and one parent born outside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).
  36. 3RD GENERATION OR MORE
    Persons born inside Canada with both parents born inside Canada (these persons may have grandparents born inside or outside Canada as well).
  37. TOTAL POPULATION BY ABORIGINAL AND NON-ABORIGINAL IDENTITY POPULATION
    Aboriginal identity
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
    In 1991 and previous censuses, the Aboriginal population was defined using the ethnic origin question (ancestry). The 1996 Census included a question on the individual's perception of his/her Aboriginal identity.
    The question used in the 2006 and 2001 censuses is the same as the one used in 1996.
    This is a grouping of the total population into non-Aboriginal or Aboriginal population, with Aboriginal persons further divided into Aboriginal groups, based on their responses to three questions on the 2006 Census form.
  38. TOTAL ABORIGINAL IDENTITY POPULATION
    Included in the Aboriginal identity population are those persons who reported identifying with at least one Aboriginal group, that is, North American Indian, Métis or Inuit, and/or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian, as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
  39. NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN SINGLE RESPONSE
    Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographic area under study. In 2006, a total of 22 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 22 communities are not included in the census counts.
  40. ABORIGINAL RESPONSES NOT INCLUDED ELSEWHERE
    Includes those who identified themselves as Registered Indians and/or band members without identifying themselves as North American Indian, Métis or Inuit in the Aboriginal identity question.
  41. TOTAL POPULATION BY REGISTERED INDIAN STATUS
    Registered or Treaty Indian
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to those persons who reported they were registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act and can prove descent from a band that signed a treaty. Although there was a question in the 1991 Census on registration status, the layout of the 1996 question was somewhat different. In 1991, Question 16 on Registered Indians had two components. In the first part of the question, respondents were asked about their registration status, while the second part of the question dealt with band membership. The question used in 1996 asked only for registration or treaty status, while band membership was dealt with in a separate question.
    The wording of the question, starting in 1996, differs slightly from the one in previous censuses. Prior to 1996, the term 'treaty' was not included in the question. It was added in 1996 at the request of individuals from the Western provinces, where the term is more widely used.
    The 2006 Census question is the same as the one used in 1996 and 2001.
  42. REGISTERED INDIAN
    Registered or Treaty Indian: The expression 'Registered Indian' refers to those persons who reported they were registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act and can prove descent from a band that signed a treaty.

    The Registered Indian counts in this table may differ from the administrative counts maintained by the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, with the most important causes of these differences being the incompletely enumerated Indian reserves and Indian settlements as well as methodological and conceptual differences between the two sources.
  43. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY LABOUR FORCE ACTIVITY
    Labour force activity
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the labour market activity of the population 15 years of age and over in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006). Respondents were classified as Employed, Unemployed, or Not in the labour force. The labour force includes the employed and the unemployed.
  44. IN THE LABOUR FORCE
    Labour force
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to persons who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

    Labour force = Employed + Unemployed
  45. EMPLOYED
    Employed
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Persons who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006): (a) did any work at all for pay or in self-employment or without pay in a family farm, business or professional practice; (b) were absent from their job or business, with or without pay, for the entire week because of a vacation, an illness, a labour dispute at their place of work, or any other reasons.
  46. UNEMPLOYED
    Unemployed
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Persons who, during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were without paid work or without self-employment work and were available for work and either: (a) had actively looked for paid work in the past four weeks; or (b) were on temporary lay-off and expected to return to their job; or (c) had definite arrangements to start a new job in four weeks or less.
  47. NOT IN THE LABOUR FORCE
    Not in the labour force
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to persons who, in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), were neither employed nor unemployed. It includes students, homemakers, retired workers, seasonal workers in an 'off' season who were not looking for work, and persons who could not work because of a long term illness or disability.
  48. PARTICIPATION RATE
    Participation rate
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over.

    Participation rate = Labour force divided by Population 15 years of age and over (excluding institutional residents) X 100

    The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the total labour force in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, in that group.
  49. EMPLOYMENT RATE
    Employment rate
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the number of persons employed in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006), expressed as a percentage of the total population 15 years of age and over.

    Employment rate = Employed divided by Population 15 years and over (excluding institutional residents) X 100

    The employment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the number employed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over, in that group.
  50. UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
    Unemployment rate
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the unemployed expressed as a percentage of the labour force in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

    Unemployment rate = Unemployed divided by Labour force X 100

    The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex, marital status, geographic area, etc.) is the unemployed in that group, expressed as a percentage of the labour force in that group, in the week prior to enumeration.
  51. TOTAL LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER BY CLASS OF WORKER
    Class of worker
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    This variable classifies persons who reported a job into the following categories:
    a. persons who worked mainly for wages, salaries, commissions, tips, piece-rates, or payments 'in kind' (payments in goods or services rather than money);
    b. persons who worked mainly for themselves, with or without paid help, operating a business, farm or professional practice, alone or in partnership;
    c. persons who worked without pay in a family business, farm or professional practice owned or operated by a related household member; unpaid family work does not include unpaid housework, unpaid childcare, unpaid care to seniors and volunteer work.

    The job reported was the one held in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006) if the person was employed, or the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005, if the person was not employed during the reference week. Persons with two or more jobs in the reference week were asked to provide information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

    Labour force
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to persons who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

    Labour force = Employed + Unemployed
  52. CLASS OF WORKER - NOT APPLICABLE
    Unemployed persons 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2005.
  53. ALL CLASSES OF WORKER
    Refers to the experienced labour force population: includes persons who were employed and persons who were unemployed who worked for pay or in self-employment since January 1, 2005.
  54. TOTAL LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER BY OCCUPATION - NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL CLASSIFICATION FOR STATISTICS 2006
    Occupation (based on the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 [NOC-S 2006])
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Kind of work done by persons aged 15 and over. Occupation is based on the type of job the person holds and the description of his or her duties. The 2006 Census data on occupation are classified according to the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 (NOC-S 2006). For comparisons with data from the 1991 and 1996 censuses, the variable Occupation (historical) should be used.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the kind of work persons were doing during the reference week, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.
    The 2006 Census occupation data are classified according to the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 (NOC-S 2006). This classification is composed of four levels of aggregation. There are 10 broad occupational categories containing 47 major groups that are further subdivided into 140 minor groups. At the most detailed level, there are 520 occupation unit groups. Occupation unit groups are formed on the basis of the education, training, or skill level required to enter the job, as well as the kind of work performed, as determined by the tasks, duties and responsibilities of the occupation.
    For information on the NOC-S 2006, see the National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006, Catalogue no. 12-583-XIE.

    Labour force
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to persons who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

    Labour force = Employed + Unemployed
  55. OCCUPATION - NOT APPLICABLE
    Unemployed persons 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2005.
  56. ALL OCCUPATIONS
    Refers to the experienced labour force population: includes persons who were employed and persons who were unemployed who worked for pay or in self-employment since January 1, 2005.
  57. TOTAL LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER BY INDUSTRY - NORTH AMERICAN INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM 2002
    Industry (based on the North American Industry Classification System [NAICS] 2002)
    Part A - Plain language definition
    General nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2006 Census data on industry (based on the NAICS 2002) can be compared with data from Canada's NAFTA partners (United States and Mexico).
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. If the person did not have a job during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to enumeration (May 16, 2006), the data relate to the job of longest duration since January 1, 2005. Persons with two or more jobs were required to report the information for the job at which they worked the most hours.

    The 2006 Census industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2002. The NAICS provides enhanced industry comparability among the three North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) trading partners (Canada, United States and Mexico). This classification consists of a systematic and comprehensive arrangement of industries structured into 20 sectors, 103 subsectors and 328 industry groups. The criteria used to create these categories are similarity of input structures, labour skills or production processes used by the establishment. For further information on the classification, see North American Industry Classification System, Canada, 2002, Catalogue no. 12-501-XPE.

    Labour force
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to persons who were either employed or unemployed during the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

    Labour force = Employed + Unemployed
  58. INDUSTRY - NOT APPLICABLE
    Unemployed persons 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2005.
  59. ALL INDUSTRIES
    Refers to the experienced labour force population: includes persons who were employed and persons who were unemployed who worked for pay or in self-employment since January 1, 2005.
  60. TOTAL EMPLOYED LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER BY PLACE OF WORK STATUS
    Place of work status
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Classification of people aged 15 or over who worked at some point between January 1, 2005 and May 16, 2006 (Census Day), according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address, or worked at a specific address.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the place of work of non-institutional residents 15 years of age and over who worked at some time since January 1, 2005. The variable usually relates to the individual's job held in the week prior to enumeration. However, if the person did not work during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 2005, the information relates to the job held longest during that period.
  61. TOTAL EMPLOYED LABOUR FORCE 15 YEARS AND OVER WITH USUAL PLACE OF WORK OR NO FIXED WORKPLACE ADDRESS BY MODE OF TRANSPORTATION
    Mode of transportation
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Main means a person uses to travel between home and place of work (by car, on foot, on public transit, or by some other means).
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the mode of transportation to work of non-institutional residents 15 years of age and over who worked at some time since January 1, 2005. Persons who indicate in the place of work question that they either had no fixed workplace address, or specified a usual workplace address, are asked to identify the mode of transportation they usually use to commute from home to work. The variable usually relates to the individual's job in the week prior to enumeration. However, if the person did not work during that week but had worked at some time since January 1, 2005, the information relates to the job held longest during that period.
  62. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER WHO WORKED SINCE JANUARY 1, 2005 BY LANGUAGE USED MOST OFTEN AT WORK
    Refers to the language used most often at work by the individual at the time of the census. Data on other languages used at work on a regular basis are also collected.
  63. CHINESE, N.O.S.
    The 2006 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' includes responses of 'Chinese' as well as all Chinese languages other than Cantonese, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Chaochow (Teochow), Fukien, Hakka and Shanghainese. Data for the 'Chinese, n.o.s.' category in 2001 and 2006 are not directly comparable. The 2001 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' is equivalent to the sum of the 2006 categories 'Chinese, n.o.s.' and 'Chaochow (Teochow),' 'Fukien,' 'Shanghainese' and 'Taiwanese.'
  64. OTHER LANGUAGES
    This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix G in the 2006 Census Dictionary.
  65. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER WHO WORKED SINCE JANUARY 1, 2005 BY LANGUAGE USED ON A REGULAR BASIS AT WORK
    Refers to the language used at work on a regular basis by the individual at the time of the census. Data on language used most often at work are also collected.
  66. CHINESE, N.O.S.
    The 2006 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' includes responses of 'Chinese' as well as all Chinese languages other than Cantonese, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Chaochow (Teochow), Fukien, Hakka and Shanghainese. Data for the 'Chinese, n.o.s.' category in 2001 and 2006 are not directly comparable. The 2001 category 'Chinese, n.o.s.' is equivalent to the sum of the 2006 categories 'Chinese, n.o.s.' and 'Chaochow (Teochow),' 'Fukien,' 'Shanghainese' and 'Taiwanese.'
  67. OTHER LANGUAGES
    This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix G in the 2006 Census Dictionary.
  68. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY HOURS SPENT DOING UNPAID HOUSEWORK
    Hours spent doing unpaid housework
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Number of hours that the person spent doing housework, maintaining the house or doing yard work without getting paid for doing so. For example, this includes time spent preparing meals, mowing the lawn, or cleaning the house, for oneself or for relatives, friends or neighbours. The time spent on this activity is divided into blocks of hours (None, Less than 5 hours, 5 to 14 hours, 15 to 29 hours, 30 to 59 hours, and 60 hours or more). Only hours spent on the activity during the week before Census Day (May 7 to 13, 2006) are counted.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the number of hours persons spent doing unpaid housework, yard work or home maintenance in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006). It includes hours spent doing unpaid housework for members of one's own household, for other family members outside the household, and for friends or neighbours.

    Unpaid housework does not include volunteer work for a non-profit organization, a religious organization, a charity or community group, or work without pay in the operation of a family farm, business or professional practice.
  69. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY HOURS SPENT LOOKING AFTER CHILDREN, WITHOUT PAY
    Hours spent looking after children, without pay
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Number of hours that the person spent looking after children without getting paid for doing so. For example, this includes time spent taking care of one's own children or looking after the children of relatives, friends or neighbours. The time spent on this activity is divided into blocks of hours (none, less than 5 hours, 5 to 14 hours, 15 to 29 hours, 30 to 59 hours, and 60 hours or more). Only hours spent on the activity during the week before Census Day (May 7 to 13, 2006) are counted.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the number of hours persons spent looking after children without pay. It includes hours spent providing unpaid child care for members of one's own household, for other family members outside the household, for friends or neighbours in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

    Unpaid child care does not include volunteer work for a non-profit organization, a religious organization, a charity or community group, or work without pay in the operation of a family farm, business or professional practice.
  70. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY HOURS SPENT PROVIDING UNPAID CARE OR ASSISTANCE TO SENIORS
    Hours spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Number of hours that the person spent providing care or assistance to elderly people without getting paid for doing so. This includes time spent giving personal care to an elderly relative, helping elderly neighbours with their shopping, and so on. The time spent on this activity is divided into blocks of hours (None, Less than 5 hours, 5 to 9 hours, 10 to 19 hours, and 20 hours or more). Only hours spent on the activity during the week before Census Day (May 7 to 13, 2006) are counted.
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to the number of hours persons spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors of one's own household, to other senior family members outside the household, and to friends or neighbours in the week (Sunday to Saturday) prior to Census Day (May 16, 2006).

    Unpaid care or assistance to seniors does not include volunteer work for a non-profit organization, religious organization, charity or community group, or work without pay in the operation of a family farm, business or professional practice.
  71. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER BY HIGHEST CERTIFICATE, DIPLOMA OR DEGREE
    'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class'. For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom.

    Census questions relating to education changed substantially between 2001 and 2006, principally to reflect developments in Canada's education system. These changes improved the quality of data and provided more precise information on the level of educational attainment as well as fields of study.

    However, users should be aware that changes to the education portion of the 2006 Census questionnaire have affected the comparability of some 2006 Census data with data from previous censuses. More information on the historical comparability of specific categories of 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
  72. HIGH SCHOOL CERTIFICATE OR EQUIVALENT
    'High school certificate or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. Excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree. Examples of postsecondary institutions include community colleges, institutes of technology, CEGEPs, private trade schools, private business colleges, schools of nursing and universities.
  73. COLLEGE, CEGEP OR OTHER NON-UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE OR DIPLOMA
    'College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' replaces the category 'Other non university certificate or diploma' in previous censuses. This category includes accreditation by non degree-granting institutions such as community colleges, CEGEPs, private business colleges and technical institutes.
  74. UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE OR DIPLOMA BELOW BACHELOR LEVEL
    The overall quality of the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable from the 2006 Census is acceptable. However, users of the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor level' category should know that an unexpected growth in this category was noted compared to the 2001 Census.

    In fact, in the 2001 Census, 2.5% of respondents aged 15 years or over declared such a diploma, compared to 4.4% in 2006, representing 89% growth. This phenomenon was not found in other sources like the Labour Force Survey.

    We recommend users interpret the 2006 Census results for this category with caution.

    For more information on factors that may explain such variances in census data, such as response errors and processing errors, please refer to the 2006 Census Dictionary, Appendix B: Data quality, sampling and weighting, confidentiality and random rounding.

    More information is available in the Education Reference Guide, 2006 Census, catalogue number 97-560-GWE2006003.
  75. UNIVERSITY CERTIFICATE, DIPLOMA OR DEGREE AT BACHELOR'S LEVEL OR ABOVE
    Questions pertaining to university degrees attained in 2006 (for example bachelor's degrees or master's degrees) were similar to those asked in 2001. Data for the university categories (bachelor's degree through to earned doctorate) are comparable over time.
  76. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER WITH POSTSECONDARY QUALIFICATIONS BY MAJOR FIELD OF STUDY - CLASSIFICATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMS, 2000
    'Field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level.
  77. OTHER FIELDS OF STUDY
    Includes Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.
  78. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER WITH POSTSECONDARY QUALIFICATION BY LOCATION OF STUDY
    'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country where the highest certificate, diploma, or degree above high school level was completed.
  79. TOTAL POPULATION BY ABORIGINAL AND NON-ABORIGINAL ANCESTRY
    Aboriginal ancestry
    Part A - Plain language definition
    Not applicable
    Part B - Detailed definition
    Refers to those persons who reported at least one Aboriginal ancestry (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit) to the ethnic origin question. 'Ethnic origin' refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors.
    'Aboriginal ancestry' was referred to as 'Aboriginal origin' prior to the 2006 Census. The content of the variable remains unchanged in 2006 compared with previous censuses.
  80. TOTAL ABORIGINAL ANCESTRY POPULATION
    Refers to those persons who reported at least one Aboriginal ancestry (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit) to the ethnic origin question. 'Ethnic origin' refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of a person's ancestors. Additional information on ethnic origin can be obtained from the 2006 Census Dictionary. 'Aboriginal ancestry' was referred to as 'Aboriginal origin' prior to the 2006 Census. The content of the variable remains unchanged in 2006 compared with the previous censuses.
  81. OTHER ABORIGINAL MULTIPLE ANCESTRIES
    Includes those who reported multiple Aboriginal ancestries or multiple Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestries to the ethnic origin question.
  82. TOTAL VISIBLE MINORITY POPULATION
    The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'
  83. SOUTH ASIAN
    For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.
  84. SOUTHEAST ASIAN
    For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.
  85. WEST ASIAN
    For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.
  86. VISIBLE MINORITY, N.I.E.
    The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Kurd,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.
  87. MULTIPLE VISIBLE MINORITY
    Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'
  88. NOT A VISIBLE MINORITY
    Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.
  89. TOTAL POPULATION BY ETHNIC ORIGIN (SINGLE AND MULTIPLE RESPONSES)
    The count for 'Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses)' represents the total population of Canada, excluding institutional residents. It also represents the sum of persons who reported single ethnic origins and multiple ethnic origins in the census.

    The count for 'Total population - Single responses' represents the total number of persons who reported only one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of single responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

    The count for 'Total population - Multiple responses' represents the total number of persons who reported more than one ethnic origin in the census. This total is less than the sum of multiple responses of each group because respondents reporting more than one ethnic origin are counted in the multiple responses categories for each of the groups they reported. For example: a respondent reporting Scottish and English origins is counted once under the 'Total Population - Multiple responses' category. However, the same respondent is counted once in the 'Scottish - Multiple responses' category and counted once in the 'English - Multiple responses' category.
  90. TOTAL POPULATION - SINGLE RESPONSES
    The count for 'Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses)' represents the total population of Canada, excluding institutional residents. It also represents the sum of persons who reported single ethnic origins and multiple ethnic origins in the census.

    The count for 'Total population - Single responses' represents the total number of persons who reported only one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of single responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

    The count for 'Total population - Multiple responses' represents the total number of persons who reported more than one ethnic origin in the census. This total is less than the sum of multiple responses of each group because respondents reporting more than one ethnic origin are counted in the multiple responses categories for each of the groups they reported. For example: a respondent reporting Scottish and English origins is counted once under the 'Total Population - Multiple responses' category. However, the same respondent is counted once in the 'Scottish - Multiple responses' category and counted once in the 'English - Multiple responses' category.
  91. TOTAL POPULATION - MULTIPLE RESPONSES
    The count for 'Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses)' represents the total population of Canada, excluding institutional residents. It also represents the sum of persons who reported single ethnic origins and multiple ethnic origins in the census.

    The count for 'Total population - Single responses' represents the total number of persons who reported only one ethnic origin in the census. This total is greater than the sum of single responses in this table because not all ethnic origins are shown in this profile.

    The count for 'Total population - Multiple responses' represents the total number of persons who reported more than one ethnic origin in the census. This total is less than the sum of multiple responses of each group because respondents reporting more than one ethnic origin are counted in the multiple responses categories for each of the groups they reported. For example: a respondent reporting Scottish and English origins is counted once under the 'Total Population - Multiple responses' category. However, the same respondent is counted once in the 'Scottish - Multiple responses' category and counted once in the 'English - Multiple responses' category.
  92. BRITISH ISLES, N.I.E. - TOTAL RESPONSES
    The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'
  93. BRITISH ISLES, N.I.E. - SINGLE RESPONSES
    The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'
  94. BRITISH ISLES, N.I.E. - MULTIPLE RESPONSES
    The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.'
  95. TOTAL INCOME IN 2005 OF POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER
    'Total income' refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

    - wages and salaries (total)
    - net farm income
    - net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
    - child benefits
    - Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
    - benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
    - benefits from Employment Insurance
    - other income from government sources
    - dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
    - retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
    - other money income.

    'After-tax income' refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2005.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excluded gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be less than approximately two and one half standard errors.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors of average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (families [census/economic]), persons 15 years of age and over not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.
  96. UNDER $1,000
    Including loss.
  97. MEDIAN INCOME $
    For persons with income.
  98. AVERAGE INCOME $
    For persons with income.
  99. STANDARD ERROR OF AVERAGE INCOME $
    For persons with income.
  100. TOTAL AFTER-TAX INCOME IN 2005 OF POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER
    'Total income' refers to the total money income received from the following sources during calendar year 2005 by persons 15 years of age and over:

    - wages and salaries (total)
    - net farm income
    - net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice
    - child benefits
    - Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement
    - benefits from Canada or Quebec Pension Plan
    - benefits from Employment Insurance
    - other income from government sources
    - dividends, interest on bonds, deposits and savings certificates, and other investment income
    - retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from RRSPs and RRIFs
    - other money income.

    'After-tax income' refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2005.

    Receipts not counted as income - The income concept excluded gambling gains and losses, lottery prizes, money inherited during the year in a lump sum, capital gains or losses, receipts from the sale of property, income tax refunds, loan payments received, lump sum settlements of insurance policies, rebates received on property taxes, refunds of pension contributions, as well as all income 'in kind,' such as free meals and living accommodations, or agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm.

    Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be less than approximately two and one half standard errors.

    Average and median incomes and standard errors of average income of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least 15 years of age and who have an income (positive or negative). For all other universes (families [census/economic]), persons 15 years of age and over not in families or private households), these statistics will be calculated over all units, whether or not they reported any income.

    These statistics can be derived for after-tax income, earnings, wages and salaries, or any other particular source of income in the same manner.
  101. UNDER $1,000
    Including loss.
  102. MEDIAN AFTER-TAX INCOME $
    For persons with after-tax income.
  103. AVERAGE AFTER-TAX INCOME $
    For persons with after-tax income.
  104. STANDARD ERROR OF AVERAGE AFTER-TAX INCOME $
    For persons with after-tax income.
  105. TOTAL POPULATION 15 YEARS AND OVER WITH EMPLOYMENT INCOME
    Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2005 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income.

    Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2005. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

    Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2005 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2005, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the Net Income Stabilization Account (NISA). The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded.

    Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2005 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

    Average employment income of individuals - Average employment income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals 15 years of age and over who reported income for 2005. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) by the number of individuals with income in that group.

    Median employment income of individuals - The median employment income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males 45 to 54 years of age) with income in that group.

    Standard error of average employment income - Refers to the estimated standard error of average employment income for an income size distribution. If interpreted as shown below, it serves as a rough indicator of the precision of the corresponding estimate of average income. For about 68% of the samples which could be selected from the sample frame, the difference between the sample estimate of average income and the corresponding figure based on complete enumeration would be less than one standard error. For about 95% of the possible samples, the difference would be less than two standard errors and, in about 99% of the samples, the difference would be less than approximately two and one half standard errors.

    The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings or any other source of income and after-tax income of persons 15 years of age and over not in families and households.
    Work activity - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in the reference year at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (1 to 29 hours per week). Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks. The term 'Full-year full-time workers' refers to persons 15 years of age and over who worked 49 to 52 weeks (mostly full time) in the reference year for pay or in self-employment.
    Includes persons who did not work in 2005 but reported employment income.
  106. WORKED FULL YEAR, FULL TIME
    Worked 49 to 52 weeks in 2005, mostly full time.
  107. WORKED PART YEAR OR PART TIME
    Worked less than 49 weeks or worked mostly part time in 2005.
Warning Data quality note(s)
  • Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.
Total population by age groups 2 31,241,030 18,122,780 6,860,990 109,415
0 to 4 years 1,690,400 1,086,470 320,440 10,460
5 to 9 years 1,808,275 1,192,420 348,880 8,800
10 to 14 years 2,078,135 1,352,515 428,245 9,355
15 to 19 years 2,135,920 1,376,155 428,520 8,595
20 to 24 years 2,071,895 1,280,560 420,960 8,305
25 to 29 years 1,975,775 1,144,995 440,990 7,240
30 to 34 years 2,011,300 1,149,950 405,375 6,960
35 to 39 years 2,197,715 1,229,850 434,830 6,820
40 to 44 years 2,596,390 1,455,865 572,185 7,015
45 to 49 years 2,606,755 1,460,665 617,790 6,375
50 to 54 years 2,344,660 1,307,720 571,140 5,930
55 to 59 years 2,072,055 1,149,285 507,605 5,670
60 to 64 years 1,577,475 844,075 416,285 4,510
65 to 69 years 1,220,380 619,855 297,965 3,660
70 to 74 years 1,035,265 511,295 250,085 3,595
75 to 79 years 849,310 431,010 195,245 3,070
80 to 84 years 581,540 306,485 128,240 1,930
85 years and over 387,800 223,600 76,210 1,115
Median age 3 39.2 36.9 41.9 31.4
Total population 15 years and over by legal marital status 4 25,664,220 14,491,380 5,763,430 80,800
Never legally married (single) 8,963,165 5,134,090 2,499,970 36,525
Legally married (and not separated) 5 12,415,715 6,963,860 2,149,945 28,100
Separated, but still legally married 766,035 490,370 133,195 2,855
Divorced 2,067,205 1,148,960 628,685 8,320
Widowed 1,452,105 754,100 351,640 5,000
Total population 15 years and over by common-law status 6 25,664,225 14,491,380 5,763,430 80,800
Not in a common-law relationship 22,904,810 13,179,595 4,543,550 70,230
In a common-law relationship 2,759,415 1,311,790 1,219,885 10,570
Total population by knowledge of official languages 7 31,241,030 18,122,780 6,860,990 109,420
English only 21,129,945 16,412,805 37,030 11,735
French only 4,141,850 3,590 3,908,435 2,340
English and French 5,448,850 1,698,200 2,913,960 95,205
Neither English nor French 520,385 8,195 1,565 140
Total population by first official language spoken 8 31,241,030 18,122,780 6,860,990 109,420
English 23,197,090 18,119,190 37,030 55,080
French 7,204,390 3,585 6,823,960 25,865
English and French 331,930 0 0 28,470
Neither English nor French 507,625 0 0 0
Official language minority - (number) 9 7,370,355 3,590 6,823,960 40,100
Official language minority - (percentage) 10 23.6 0.0 99.5 36.6
Total population by language spoken most often at home 11 31,241,030 18,122,785 6,860,990 109,415
Single responses 30,665,025 18,000,170 6,794,610 80,680
English 20,584,770 17,805,145 438,505 52,905
French 6,608,125 72,110 6,333,565 24,940
Non-official languages 3,472,130 122,910 22,540 2,835
Algonquin 385 20 0 0
Atikamekw 4,750 0 60 0
Blackfoot 1,575 240 0 0
Carrier 605 125 0 0
Chilcotin 430 0 0 0
Chipewyan 120 10 0 0
Cree 47,190 1,830 120 0
Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 3,780 100 0 10
Dene 7,490 320 10 0
Dogrib 1,110 80 0 0
Gitksan 320 25 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 70 10 0 0
Inuktitut, n.i.e. 25,285 355 60 0
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 25 0 0 0
Malecite 135 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 3,985 135 10 10
Mohawk 20 10 0 0
Montagnais-Naskapi 9,725 50 235 0
Nisga'a 180 40 0 0
North Slave (Hare) 650 30 0 0
Ojibway 11,115 700 20 0
Oji-Cree 8,480 125 10 0
Shuswap 255 65 0 0
South Slave 605 50 0 0
Tlingit 0 10 0 0
Italian 170,330 4,055 1,240 195
Portuguese 103,875 3,260 520 50
Romanian 51,060 745 835 140
Spanish 209,955 6,665 3,245 230
Danish 1,340 35 10 0
Dutch 14,235 360 0 10
Flemish 425 30 30 0
Frisian 245 0 0 0
German 128,345 2,120 245 15
Norwegian 460 15 0 0
Swedish 1,110 145 10 0
Yiddish 5,705 260 60 0
Bosnian 8,385 175 20 10
Bulgarian 11,810 155 75 0
Croatian 22,160 460 50 0
Czech 6,985 140 55 0
Macedonian 8,705 195 10 10
Polish 101,570 1,905 215 45
Russian 93,805 2,025 545 55
Serbian 34,775 550 105 0
Serbo-Croatian 6,545 70 35 0
Slovak 5,805 95 0 0
Slovenian 2,710 65 0 0
Ukrainian 28,060 550 55 10
Latvian 2,010 20 0 0
Lithuanian 2,585 50 10 0
Estonian 2,155 35 0 0
Finnish 4,190 20 0 0
Hungarian 21,900 265 45 10
Greek 55,095 1,760 240 110
Armenian 21,485 240 280 145
Turkish 15,880 415 200 10
Amharic 8,230 305 15 0
Arabic 144,745 5,635 5,050 605
Hebrew 8,650 255 200 30
Maltese 1,150 140 0 0
Somali 17,045 810 40 15
Tigrigna 3,545 230 10 0
Bengali 33,565 1,775 70 40
Gujarati 52,715 2,555 65 10
Hindi 42,870 2,905 15 20
Kurdish 4,950 180 10 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 278,500 8,990 170 25
Pashto 6,705 105 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 97,220 2,620 215 120
Sindhi 5,045 430 35 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,780 185 0 10
Urdu 102,805 4,310 25 30
Malayalam 5,690 360 0 0
Tamil 92,680 5,910 240 65
Telugu 3,865 285 0 0
Japanese 19,540 840 75 10
Korean 101,500 2,935 40 45
Cantonese 300,595 8,780 200 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 12 341,480 8,580 655 80
Mandarin 143,385 2,285 100 30
Taiwanese 4,580 70 0 0
Lao 8,555 680 220 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,430 295 355 45
Vietnamese 111,440 6,845 2,040 215
Bisayan languages 4,610 515 20 0
Ilocano 5,925 490 0 0
Malay 3,680 110 10 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 119,340 12,590 50 50
Akan (Twi) 7,335 1,100 45 10
Swahili 2,925 150 100 20
Creoles 21,610 780 2,330 200
Other languages 13 77,440 6,690 1,515 45
Multiple responses 576,005 122,610 66,375 28,740
English and French 94,060 17,635 43,885 23,905
English and non-official language 406,455 103,045 1,650 1,600
French and non-official language 58,890 340 18,030 620
English, French and non-official language 16,600 1,585 2,820 2,615
Total population by language spoken on a regular basis at home 14 31,241,030 18,122,785 6,860,990 109,415
None 27,339,185 17,495,970 6,143,655 73,480
Single responses 3,801,875 614,735 705,140 34,060
English 1,780,925 103,750 452,850 12,365
French 616,240 246,635 204,960 19,100
Non-official languages 1,404,715 264,350 47,330 2,595
Algonquin 775 60 115 10
Atikamekw 250 0 85 0
Blackfoot 1,220 530 0 0
Carrier 440 215 0 0
Chilcotin 225 65 0 0
Chipewyan 165 55 10 0
Cree 20,720 6,845 110 25
Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 1,105 350 0 0
Dene 1,530 305 10 0
Dogrib 820 275 0 0
Gitksan 355 85 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 210 75 0 0
Inuktitut, n.i.e. 6,235 1,765 50 10
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 130 50 0 0
Malecite 215 60 10 0
Mi'kmaq 2,330 780 10 0
Mohawk 110 60 0 0
Montagnais-Naskapi 845 50 260 0
Nisga'a 295 155 0 0
North Slave (Hare) 305 75 0 0
Ojibway 9,150 3,345 30 15
Oji-Cree 2,405 365 0 0
Shuswap 520 335 0 0
South Slave 710 195 10 0
Tlingit 45 15 0 0
Italian 130,075 27,005 2,625 425
Portuguese 63,245 12,645 1,625 80
Romanian 14,035 1,045 380 10
Spanish 99,260 22,320 9,570 370
Danish 3,655 405 10 0
Dutch 26,360 2,660 75 30
Flemish 670 55 25 0
Frisian 380 30 0 0
German 90,470 10,870 965 100
Norwegian 1,120 230 35 0
Swedish 2,260 555 50 0
Yiddish 2,705 630 0 20
Bosnian 3,040 360 75 0
Bulgarian 2,425 250 40 10
Croatian 16,550 2,230 100 0
Czech 5,785 545 20 0
Macedonian 5,045 890 10 0
Polish 44,150 5,335 415 25
Russian 22,565 2,115 280 25
Serbian 9,940 1,120 55 0
Serbo-Croatian 2,690 165 50 0
Slovak 3,870 420 40 0
Slovenian 3,180 315 0 10
Ukrainian 26,430 4,260 50 10
Latvian 1,510 165 0 10
Lithuanian 1,675 165 15 0
Estonian 2,190 275 0 0
Finnish 4,840 525 35 15
Hungarian 16,060 1,605 85 15
Greek 41,930 10,530 380 120
Armenian 4,775 570 215 25
Turkish 5,505 735 125 10
Amharic 3,575 515 15 0
Arabic 79,615 12,040 9,095 485
Hebrew 9,490 2,070 430 15
Maltese 1,900 470 0 0
Somali 6,405 1,565 140 50
Tigrigna 2,150 310 10 0
Bengali 7,455 1,610 75 10
Gujarati 19,845 5,335 50 40
Hindi 35,865 8,665 35 0
Kurdish 1,525 265 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 61,710 14,560 20 15
Pashto 1,215 125 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 20,695 2,780 165 60
Sindhi 3,460 805 20 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,715 850 0 25
Urdu 31,310 6,870 30 10
Malayalam 3,820 855 0 0
Tamil 17,300 4,895 20 25
Telugu 1,570 250 0 0
Japanese 13,155 3,755 320 0
Korean 14,770 2,610 40 25
Cantonese 58,110 10,770 155 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 60,945 10,305 290 20
Mandarin 24,225 2,845 105 25
Taiwanese 3,620 85 0 0
Lao 3,205 495 185 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,420 570 275 10
Vietnamese 24,715 3,895 840 35
Bisayan languages 1,935 280 20 0
Ilocano 2,925 450 0 0
Malay 2,945 595 10 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 72,945 16,370 45 30
Akan (Twi) 4,045 1,200 15 15
Swahili 3,705 710 355 0
Creoles 28,865 1,795 11,700 165
Other languages 16 58,075 15,630 4,815 90
Multiple responses 99,975 12,080 12,195 1,880
English and French 29,175 900 1,625 560
English and non-official language 30,210 1,220 7,550 470
French and non-official language 39,885 9,930 2,960 845
English, French and non-official language 700 25 60 0
Algonquin - Various non-official languages spoken 17 2,680 445 345 20
Atikamekw 5,645 30 350 0
Blackfoot 4,920 1,910 15 0
Carrier 2,495 1,075 0 0
Chilcotin 1,400 405 0 0
Chipewyan 765 225 20 0
Cree 99,950 23,520 660 180
Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 6,495 1,090 30 10
Dene 11,130 1,450 20 0
Dogrib 2,645 625 10 0
Gitksan 1,570 435 0 0
Inuinnaqtun 580 215 0 0
Inuktitut, n.i.e. 35,690 3,610 360 35
Kutchin-Gwich'in (Loucheux) 570 240 10 0
Malecite 790 275 20 0
Mi'kmaq 8,745 1,960 50 10
Mohawk 615 330 35 0
Montagnais-Naskapi 11,815 125 875 10
Nisga'a 1,090 475 0 0
North Slave (Hare) 1,235 205 10 0
Ojibway 32,460 9,530 210 25
Oji-Cree 12,605 1,055 0 0
Shuswap 1,650 825 10 0
South Slave 2,315 620 15 0
Tlingit 180 100 0 0
Italian 660,945 143,885 36,425 3,145
Portuguese 274,670 42,845 9,210 650
Romanian 89,175 4,000 1,995 245
Spanish 758,285 177,260 165,310 5,635
Danish 21,930 3,660 260 10
Dutch 152,735 27,200 1,960 215
Flemish 6,705 1,130 810 25
Frisian 3,280 345 10 0
German 622,650 124,665 21,820 1,395
Norwegian 10,590 3,085 285 0
Swedish 14,955 3,990 460 30
Yiddish 27,605 11,460 245 95
Bosnian 15,160 1,010 120 20
Bulgarian 18,575 900 270 25
Croatian 72,690 8,600 430 45
Czech 29,735 2,785 325 55
Macedonian 24,820 3,695 50 15
Polish 242,885 22,525 2,085 390
Russian 191,520 13,415 2,830 320
Serbian 62,780 4,010 355 40
Serbo-Croatian 14,470 730 250 15
Slovak 21,740 2,150 120 30
Slovenian 15,030 1,890 95 15
Ukrainian 174,165 35,560 705 175
Latvian 8,030 705 30 15
Lithuanian 9,320 1,035 50 0
Estonian 8,860 795 15 0
Finnish 23,380 3,120 90 10
Hungarian 84,280 8,845 735 105
Greek 157,385 29,720 3,145 800
Armenian 35,260 2,110 1,295 335
Turkish 36,935 2,650 870 60
Amharic 19,885 2,040 95 25
Arabic 365,090 37,220 38,780 3,250
Hebrew 67,390 24,710 4,685 325
Maltese 8,635 2,720 45 0
Somali 32,045 4,615 520 120
Tigrigna 8,430 940 10 10
Bengali 52,430 6,610 210 125
Gujarati 105,395 17,915 380 135
Hindi 299,605 52,740 615 350
Kurdish 9,185 645 25 10
Panjabi (Punjabi) 456,085 51,825 330 210
Pashto 11,680 620 10 0
Persian (Farsi) 154,385 10,370 1,050 315
Sindhi 14,015 3,380 80 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 19,830 4,645 40 50
Urdu 208,125 29,520 480 285
Malayalam 14,100 2,845 10 0
Tamil 138,675 20,710 405 230
Telugu 8,345 1,440 0 0
Japanese 71,700 20,565 2,020 185
Korean 133,805 9,495 235 145
Cantonese 434,720 36,655 770 210
Chinese, n.o.s. 18 472,080 35,790 2,400 440
Mandarin 281,840 16,175 1,100 170
Taiwanese 14,060 480 10 0
Lao 18,390 2,465 1,110 75
Khmer (Cambodian) 23,350 1,855 1,320 90
Vietnamese 184,050 16,785 4,560 595
Bisayan languages 11,280 2,155 50 0
Ilocano 14,130 2,355 0 10
Malay 19,410 5,150 240 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 324,120 69,080 365 375
Akan (Twi) 17,595 4,660 110 85
Swahili 27,795 6,715 3,000 150
Creoles 97,815 6,885 37,730 1,265
Other languages 19 290,785 86,560 24,090 825
Total population by mobility status 1 year ago 20 30,897,210 17,910,510 6,796,500 107,020
Non-movers 26,534,115 15,357,980 5,976,835 90,100
Movers 4,363,095 2,552,530 819,670 16,915
Non-migrants 2,554,260 1,522,545 469,855 9,925
Migrants 1,808,835 1,029,990 349,810 6,990
Internal migrants 1,511,305 943,995 330,660 6,210
Intraprovincial migrants 1,221,560 730,570 301,790 4,830
Interprovincial migrants 289,745 213,425 28,865 1,380
External migrants 297,530 85,995 19,155 785
Total population by mobility status 5 years ago 21 29,544,480 17,032,235 6,539,085 98,925
Non-movers 17,457,170 10,188,640 4,113,215 56,640
Movers 12,087,315 6,843,590 2,425,875 42,285
Non-migrants 6,507,905 3,832,230 1,334,410 22,895
Migrants 5,579,410 3,011,365 1,091,465 19,390
Internal migrants 4,419,370 2,750,115 1,029,595 16,625
Intraprovincial migrants 3,566,790 2,104,440 940,330 12,515
Interprovincial migrants 852,580 645,675 89,265 4,115
External migrants 1,160,040 261,250 61,870 2,765
Total population by citizenship 22 31,241,030 18,122,780 6,860,990 109,415
Canadian citizens 29,480,165 17,695,820 6,784,630 106,175
Canadian citizens under age 18 6,604,285 4,414,655 1,350,415 32,850
Canadian citizens age 18 and over 22,875,875 13,281,165 5,434,215 73,320
Not Canadian citizens 23 1,760,865 426,965 76,360 3,245
Total population by immigrant status and place of birth 24 31,241,030 18,122,785 6,860,990 109,415
Non-immigrants 25 24,788,720 16,444,265 6,624,025 98,450
Born in province of residence 20,933,110 13,251,890 6,187,460 77,030
Born outside province of residence 3,855,605 3,192,380 436,565 21,420
Immigrants 26 6,186,950 1,610,125 220,515 10,365
United States of America 250,535 218,430 11,880 1,080
Central America 130,455 7,560 2,165 75
Caribbean and Bermuda 317,765 234,470 24,390 550
South America 250,710 94,625 3,175 200
Europe 2,278,350 685,910 97,850 2,600
Western Europe 424,640 42,890 87,360 935
Eastern Europe 511,095 21,305 4,255 480
Southern Europe 698,085 32,030 5,075 755
Italy 296,850 13,620 2,435 410
Other Southern Europe 401,235 18,410 2,640 340
Northern Europe 644,525 589,685 1,165 435
United Kingdom 579,625 563,060 940 405
Other Northern Europe 64,905 26,625 225 25
Africa 374,565 84,240 55,540 2,520
Western Africa 48,640 15,270 5,275 120
Eastern Africa 129,925 30,890 7,730 1,080
Northern Africa 134,505 6,135 31,425 1,005
Central Africa 22,405 850 11,010 255
Southern Africa 39,085 31,085 95 55
Asia and the Middle East 2,525,160 252,280 24,295 3,240
West Central Asia and the Middle East 370,515 31,730 10,725 1,620
Eastern Asia 874,365 36,100 7,405 420
China, People's Republic of 466,940 14,025 5,925 205
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region 215,430 12,935 170 70
Other Eastern Asia 191,995 9,145 1,310 150
Southeast Asia 560,995 89,265 5,375 805
Philippines 303,195 62,405 310 275
Other Southeast Asia 257,800 26,865 5,065 530
Southern Asia 719,280 95,175 795 395
India 443,690 60,965 380 145
Other Southern Asia 275,590 34,215 415 255
Oceania and other 27 59,405 32,620 1,210 90
Non-permanent residents 28 265,355 68,390 16,450 600
Total recent immigrants by selected places of birth 29 1,109,980 172,200 50,305 2,150
United States of America 38,775 31,045 1,295 170
Central America 23,280 1,180 315 0
Caribbean and Bermuda 34,985 18,350 4,545 45
South America 61,330 8,685 780 80
Europe 178,525 30,990 19,735 395
Western Europe 32,425 1,745 17,825 160
Eastern Europe 92,565 2,810 1,335 140
Southern Europe 25,585 1,255 355 55
Italy 2,275 150 30 35
Other Southern Europe 23,315 1,105 325 25
Northern Europe 27,940 25,175 220 40
United Kingdom 25,660 24,270 170 35
Other Northern Europe 2,285 905 55 0
Africa 117,210 17,750 17,960 855
Western Africa 19,930 6,650 3,045 45
Eastern Africa 30,810 5,315 2,600 420
Northern Africa 48,845 1,265 6,765 265
Central Africa 10,830 285 5,530 105
Southern Africa 6,800 4,230 20 0
Asia and the Middle East 647,220 58,720 5,480 590
West Central Asia and the Middle East 106,870 8,085 1,805 275
Eastern Asia 215,285 7,460 2,880 105
China, People's Republic of 155,105 4,865 2,490 95
Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region 7,435 695 0 0
Other Eastern Asia 52,745 1,905 380 10
Southeast Asia 100,225 17,890 635 135
Philippines 77,880 14,840 90 95
Other Southeast Asia 22,345 3,045 545 35
Southern Asia 224,845 25,285 155 85
India 129,140 17,000 70 25
Other Southern Asia 95,705 8,285 90 50
Oceania and other 30 8,655 5,485 190 20
Total immigrant population by period of immigration 31 6,186,950 1,610,130 220,515 10,360
Before 1961 791,225 277,450 19,300 1,010
1961 to 1970 710,280 287,455 28,120 1,075
1971 to 1980 903,705 341,655 34,500 1,525
1981 to 1990 1,003,210 240,875 32,475 1,735
1991 to 2000 1,668,550 290,500 55,820 2,860
1991 to 1995 823,925 151,720 25,260 1,600
1996 to 2000 844,625 138,775 30,560 1,265
2001 to 2006 32 1,109,985 172,200 50,305 2,150
Total population 15 years and older by generation status 33 25,664,225 14,491,380 5,763,425 80,795
1st generation 34 6,124,560 1,618,340 215,245 9,620
2nd generation 35 4,006,420 3,087,065 193,730 14,405
3rd generation or more 36 15,533,245 9,785,970 5,354,450 56,775
Total population by Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal identity population 37 31,241,030 18,122,780 6,860,990 109,415
Total Aboriginal identity population 38 1,172,785 862,545 97,575 5,110
North American Indian single response 39 698,025 496,190 35,090 1,760
Métis single response 389,780 321,080 56,590 2,975
Inuit single response 50,480 17,430 880 55
Multiple Aboriginal identity responses 7,740 6,240 1,110 175
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere 40 26,765 21,610 3,915 150
Non-Aboriginal identity population 30,068,240 17,260,235 6,763,415 104,305
Total population by Registered Indian status 41 31,241,030 18,122,785 6,860,990 109,420
Registered Indian 42 623,780 432,575 25,190 1,250
Not a Registered Indian 30,617,250 17,690,205 6,835,800 108,165
Total population 15 years and over by labour force activity 43 25,664,220 14,491,380 5,763,425 80,800
In the labour force 44 17,146,135 10,044,015 3,768,170 50,780
Employed 45 16,021,180 9,405,655 3,531,475 46,370
Unemployed 46 1,124,955 638,360 236,695 4,410
Not in the labour force 47 8,518,090 4,447,365 1,995,260 30,020
Participation rate 48 66.8 69.3 65.4 62.8
Employment rate 49 62.4 64.9 61.3 57.4
Unemployment rate 50 6.6 6.4 6.3 8.7
Total labour force 15 years and over by class of worker 51 17,146,135 10,044,010 3,768,170 50,780
Class of worker - Not applicable 52 284,955 133,710 60,895 1,385
All classes of worker 53 16,861,180 9,910,305 3,707,275 49,395
Paid workers 15,535,410 9,127,960 3,451,370 45,715
Employees 14,816,205 8,741,270 3,305,755 44,190
Self-employed (incorporated) 719,205 386,690 145,615 1,525
Without paid help 291,395 152,950 62,290 740
With paid help 427,815 233,735 83,325 790
Self-employed (unincorporated) 1,274,505 753,680 247,285 3,520
Without paid help 900,620 546,030 183,295 2,555
With paid help 373,885 207,650 63,985 965
Unpaid family workers 51,265 28,670 8,620 160
Total labour force 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification for Statistics 2006 54 17,146,135 10,044,015 3,768,170 50,780
Occupation - Not applicable 55 284,955 133,710 60,895 1,385
All occupations 56 16,861,185 9,910,300 3,707,280 49,400
A Management occupations 1,631,730 1,001,095 321,135 4,405
A0 Senior management occupations 218,645 118,810 63,285 705
A1 Specialist managers 423,015 271,750 75,190 1,225
A2 Managers in retail trade, food and accommodation services 475,975 278,690 90,395 1,350
A3 Other managers, n.e.c. 514,100 331,845 92,265 1,125
B Business, finance and administrative occupations 3,025,425 1,807,385 674,535 10,015
B0 Professional occupations in business and finance 427,600 240,300 92,700 990
B1 Finance and insurance administration occupations 201,835 136,515 28,040 520
B2 Secretaries 308,565 151,305 113,365 1,150
B3 Administrative and regulatory occupations 354,345 227,335 69,085 1,260
B4 Clerical supervisors 93,065 59,575 18,625 310
B5 Clerical occupations 1,640,025 992,360 352,730 5,785
C Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 1,108,045 592,320 227,240 3,250
C0 Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences 603,075 302,085 113,840 1,575
C1 Technical occupations related to natural and applied sciences 504,970 290,235 113,395 1,680
D Health occupations 950,360 552,505 227,840 2,350
D0 Professional occupations in health 192,160 106,120 43,360 415
D1 Nurse supervisors and registered nurses 279,725 175,910 65,080 655
D2 Technical and related occupations in health 219,385 129,625 53,995 530
D3 Assisting occupations in support of health services 259,095 140,845 65,405 745
E Occupations in social science, education, government service and religion 1,414,325 841,585 344,075 4,490
E0 Judges, lawyers, psychologists, social workers, ministers of religion, and policy and program officers 373,635 234,195 84,255 1,185
E1 Teachers and professors 667,990 397,605 161,420 2,110
E2 Paralegals, social services workers and occupations in education and religion, n.e.c. 372,705 209,785 98,400 1,195
F Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 502,195 314,320 114,400 1,795
F0 Professional occupations in art and culture 218,910 134,010 52,440 850
F1 Technical occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 283,285 180,310 61,965 945
G Sales and service occupations 4,037,720 2,365,985 864,330 12,970
G0 Sales and service supervisors 131,780 85,605 21,895 470
G1 Wholesale, technical, insurance, real estate sales specialists, and retail, wholesale and grain buyers 353,120 214,815 74,260 1,140
G2 Retail salespersons and sales clerks 729,845 447,100 153,765 2,500
G3 Cashiers 324,855 185,305 76,155 1,220
G4 Chefs and cooks 246,935 123,745 53,550 750
G5 Occupations in food and beverage service 268,710 162,720 63,075 1,030
G6 Occupations in protective services 277,175 170,455 71,365 955
G7 Occupations in travel and accommodation, including attendants in recreation and sport 143,595 86,215 25,965 605
G8 Child care and home support workers 259,675 157,645 42,685 650
G9 Sales and service occupations, n.e.c. 1,302,035 732,375 281,610 3,645
H Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,550,295 1,525,255 586,275 6,710
H0 Contractors and supervisors in trades and transportation 125,245 79,985 26,410 200
H1 Construction trades 436,455 261,360 94,790 1,130
H2 Stationary engineers, power station operators and electrical trades and telecommunications occupations 179,255 114,030 40,945 380
H3 Machinists, metal forming, shaping and erecting occupations 221,830 126,940 52,025 405
H4 Mechanics 377,035 223,835 97,655 1,000
H5 Other trades, n.e.c. 130,625 68,625 33,775 400
H6 Heavy equipment and crane operators, including drillers 116,360 77,780 28,215 325
H7 Transportation equipment operators and related workers, excluding labourers 561,360 322,790 129,610 1,680
H8 Trades helpers, construction and transportation labourers and related occupations 402,130 249,920 82,855 1,175
I Occupations unique to primary industry 648,310 440,885 111,675 1,230
I0 Occupations unique to agriculture, excluding labourers 360,635 231,765 62,320 540
I1 Occupations unique to forestry operations, mining, oil and gas extraction and fishing, excluding labourers 130,785 93,065 28,585 285
I2 Primary production labourers 156,890 116,055 20,765 405
J Occupations unique to processing, manufacturing and utilities 992,765 468,970 235,780 2,180
J0 Supervisors in manufacturing 76,725 37,890 24,115 210
J1 Machine operators in manufacturing 387,875 180,475 90,440 740
J2 Assemblers in manufacturing 261,520 130,905 47,550 535
J3 Labourers in processing, manufacturing and utilities 266,645 119,700 73,675 695
Total labour force 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System 2002 57 17,146,135 10,044,010 3,768,170 50,780
Industry - Not applicable 58 284,955 133,710 60,895 1,380
All industries 59 16,861,185 9,910,305 3,707,280 49,400
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 523,655 328,080 106,885 805
21 Mining and oil and gas extraction 238,815 191,700 25,490 465
22 Utilities 132,945 84,030 33,380 205
23 Construction 1,069,095 667,950 218,630 2,710
31-33 Manufacturing 2,005,980 997,550 513,275 5,055
41 Wholesale trade 739,305 438,500 145,530 2,155
44-45 Retail trade 1,917,175 1,136,820 440,570 6,115
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 820,195 489,280 169,250 2,585
51 Information and cultural industries 417,325 254,315 88,385 1,640
52 Finance and insurance 689,210 396,535 142,135 1,890
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 303,515 186,265 50,230 1,020
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,122,445 660,285 212,060 3,410
55 Management of companies and enterprises 20,535 12,945 3,155 80
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 722,695 436,550 124,310 2,540
61 Educational services 1,150,535 695,370 266,425 3,290
62 Health care and social assistance 1,716,260 998,880 424,385 4,565
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 346,315 232,290 71,090 1,140
72 Accommodation and food services 1,126,695 649,205 212,550 3,675
81 Other services (except public administration) 819,880 465,325 184,515 2,430
91 Public administration 978,615 588,420 275,030 3,615
Total employed labour force 15 years and over by place of work status 60 16,021,175 9,405,655 3,531,475 46,370
Usual place of work 13,069,895 7,598,600 2,991,210 38,160
In census subdivision of residence 7,814,510 4,620,660 1,654,845 22,630
In different census subdivision 5,255,385 2,977,940 1,336,365 15,530
In same census division 2,687,845 1,800,090 448,560 6,890
At home 1,230,350 752,215 235,040 3,125
Outside Canada 76,570 41,655 9,400 280
No fixed workplace address 1,644,360 1,013,180 295,825 4,800
Total employed labour force 15 years and over with usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportation 61 14,714,255 8,611,785 3,287,035 42,965
Car, truck, van, as driver 10,644,325 6,325,735 2,481,525 27,670
Car, truck, van, as passenger 1,133,145 707,490 188,420 3,505
Public transit 1,622,725 776,950 320,245 7,135
Walked 939,290 563,225 218,270 3,090
Bicycle 195,515 124,520 47,780 805
Motorcycle 20,085 13,295 4,940 90
Taxicab 32,240 21,090 5,470 165
Other method 126,925 79,480 20,390 510
Total population 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2005 by language used most often at work 62 18,418,100 10,849,015 4,015,735 54,825
Single responses 18,062,905 10,792,415 3,876,005 41,845
English 14,064,105 10,684,800 494,055 29,220
French 3,724,970 99,835 3,380,225 12,520
Non-official languages 273,830 7,780 1,725 100
Chinese, n.o.s. 63 51,055 715 60 15
Cantonese 39,245 500 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 25,385 380 10 0
German 24,770 585 160 0
Mandarin 15,630 140 20 0
Portuguese 9,385 240 70 0
Spanish 14,775 890 520 25
Vietnamese 7,690 265 75 0
Korean 10,455 240 0 0
Italian 4,740 320 110 0
Other languages 64 70,700 3,515 705 60
Multiple responses 355,195 56,600 139,735 12,980
English and French 252,295 44,120 136,275 12,300
English and non-official language 86,820 11,355 570 90
French and non-official language 5,055 105 1,010 55
English, French and non-official language 11,020 1,015 1,885 535
Total population 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2005 by language used on a regular basis at work 65 18,418,105 10,849,015 4,015,740 54,825
None 15,997,305 10,405,040 2,798,365 37,900
Single responses 2,372,300 435,685 1,207,955 16,555
English 1,213,580 77,265 914,775 7,195
French 700,785 297,735 284,340 8,700
Non-official languages 457,935 60,680 8,840 660
Chinese, n.o.s. 66 50,110 2,565 150 0
Cantonese 31,370 1,890 20 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 35,920 2,440 10 10
German 24,280 3,800 315 40
Mandarin 18,005 960 55 0
Portuguese 20,495 2,360 200 15
Spanish 43,955 8,245 3,760 190
Vietnamese 11,190 530 100 10
Korean 10,405 755 30 10
Italian 31,895 6,330 920 115
Other languages 67 180,310 30,800 3,280 245
Multiple responses 48,495 8,290 9,420 370
English and French 2,285 150 205 0
English and non-official language 18,195 620 6,745 110
French and non-official language 27,835 7,515 2,440 240
English, French and non-official language 185 0 30 15
Total population 15 years and over by hours spent doing unpaid housework 68 25,664,225 14,491,375 5,763,425 80,800
No hours of unpaid housework 2,485,830 1,335,875 543,840 10,625
Less than 5 hours of unpaid housework 6,213,880 3,473,965 1,516,830 20,710
5 to 14 hours of unpaid housework 8,277,965 4,714,465 1,908,730 24,095
15 to 29 hours of unpaid housework 5,119,440 2,911,375 1,131,095 14,325
30 to 59 hours of unpaid housework 2,571,630 1,463,740 515,895 7,540
60 hours or more of unpaid housework 995,475 591,965 147,035 3,495
Total population 15 years and over by hours spent looking after children, without pay 69 25,664,225 14,491,380 5,763,430 80,795
No hours of unpaid child care 16,038,565 9,263,425 3,624,990 54,145
Less than 5 hours of unpaid child care 2,445,290 1,234,540 643,905 6,645
5 to 14 hours of unpaid child care 2,429,580 1,246,705 557,570 6,290
15 to 29 hours of unpaid child care 1,722,965 906,690 389,675 4,680
30 to 59 hours of unpaid child care 1,318,650 736,895 280,620 3,670
60 hours or more of unpaid child care 1,709,170 1,103,130 266,670 5,370
Total population 15 years and over by hours spent providing unpaid care or assistance to seniors 70 25,664,225 14,491,380 5,763,430 80,800
No hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors 20,939,900 11,890,490 4,673,380 65,975
Less than 5 hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors 2,924,520 1,599,865 748,605 8,635
5 to 9 hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors 1,019,890 574,585 205,150 3,285
10 to 19 hours of unpaid care or assistance to seniors 383,205 211,240 69,140 1,270
20 hours or more of unpaid care or assistance to seniors 396,715 215,200 67,165 1,630
Total population 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degree 71 25,664,220 14,491,380 5,763,425 80,800
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,098,325 3,229,005 1,479,425 18,880
Certificate, diploma or degree 19,565,895 11,262,375 4,284,000 61,915
High school certificate or equivalent 72 6,553,420 4,071,985 1,285,780 20,400
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 2,785,420 1,414,895 915,535 9,420
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 73 4,435,135 2,741,635 956,950 14,505
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 74 1,136,150 551,710 266,580 4,600
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor's level or above 75 4,655,770 2,482,150 859,155 12,985
Bachelor's degree 2,981,465 1,634,210 564,805 7,975
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 493,540 273,345 82,350 1,710
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 136,845 65,410 23,190 225
Master's degree 866,975 423,925 159,415 2,530
Earned doctorate 176,945 85,265 29,395 550
Total population 15 years and over with postsecondary qualifications by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs, 2000 76 13,012,475 7,190,390 2,998,220 41,520
Education 994,660 576,205 256,705 2,675
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 481,190 269,145 115,430 2,100
Humanities 717,125 380,215 168,600 3,065
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,275,105 749,315 248,540 4,655
Business, management and public administration 2,801,720 1,524,535 679,520 9,180
Physical and life sciences and technologies 451,960 227,290 87,645 1,480
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 568,755 274,495 117,310 2,075
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,922,080 1,530,750 678,085 7,890
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 291,510 168,110 72,545 605
Health, parks, recreation and fitness 1,728,890 1,052,450 352,930 4,780
Personal, protective and transportation services 777,370 437,175 219,735 3,015
Other fields of study 77 2,100 710 1,170 0
Total population 15 years and over with postsecondary qualification by location of study 78 13,012,470 7,190,390 2,998,220 41,520
Inside Canada 10,948,475 6,601,760 2,902,810 37,800
Newfoundland and Labrador 215,440 211,185 960 170
Prince Edward Island 50,760 47,195 2,415 150
Nova Scotia 400,260 371,280 15,180 1,095
New Brunswick 274,255 180,455 85,575 1,685
Quebec 3,054,910 296,315 2,499,920 17,415
Ontario 3,972,225 3,038,965 230,780 12,250
Manitoba 414,365 327,820 20,055 890
Saskatchewan 378,560 332,880 9,330 545
Alberta 1,029,270 872,300 22,285 1,700
British Columbia 1,144,600 914,250 15,750 1,860
Yukon Territory 4,515 3,725 305 15
Northwest Territories 6,045 4,230 210 10
Nunavut 3,265 1,165 40 15
Outside Canada 2,064,000 588,630 95,410 3,715
Total population by Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestry 79 31,241,030 18,122,785 6,860,990 109,415
Total Aboriginal ancestry population 80 1,678,235 1,185,855 268,960 9,330
North American Indian single ancestry 512,150 310,020 43,400 795
North American Indian and non-Aboriginal ancestries 693,355 517,630 155,545 5,535
Métis single ancestry 77,295 59,745 14,040 435
Métis and non-Aboriginal ancestries 285,750 234,065 47,650 2,070
Inuit single ancestry 40,975 11,175 580 30
Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 18,610 14,175 1,405 100
Other Aboriginal multiple ancestries 81 50,090 39,045 6,340 375
Non-Aboriginal ancestry population 29,562,795 16,936,930 6,592,035 100,085
Total population by visible minority groups 31,241,030 18,122,785 6,860,990 109,420
Total visible minority population 82 5,068,095 1,552,810 180,095 13,950
Chinese 1,216,565 199,145 13,970 1,650
South Asian 83 1,262,865 373,960 5,635 2,335
Black 783,795 497,660 104,795 4,345
Filipino 410,700 154,440 1,020 930
Latin American 304,245 33,485 8,855 505
Southeast Asian 84 239,940 44,845 10,895 1,015
Arab 265,550 38,700 27,525 1,775
West Asian 85 156,700 14,640 1,145 235
Korean 141,890 17,110 1,075 145
Japanese 81,300 42,135 770 85
Visible minority, n.i.e. 86 71,425 56,910 940 225
Multiple visible minority 87 133,120 79,775 3,480 715
Not a visible minority 88 26,172,940 16,569,970 6,680,895 95,465
Total population by ethnic origin (single and multiple responses) 89 31,241,030 18,122,785 6,860,990 109,415
Total population - Single responses 90 18,319,580 7,908,245 4,986,835 47,950
Total population - Multiple responses 91 12,921,450 10,214,540 1,874,155 61,470
Canadian - Total responses 10,066,290 5,116,350 4,776,490 45,440
Canadian - Single responses 5,748,720 2,294,555 3,386,775 18,320
Canadian - Multiple responses 4,317,570 2,821,795 1,389,715 27,120
English - Total responses 6,570,015 6,355,645 136,340 20,355
English - Single responses 1,367,125 1,345,060 11,730 995
English - Multiple responses 5,202,890 5,010,585 124,615 19,360
French - Total responses 4,941,210 2,244,180 2,584,640 50,595
French - Single responses 1,230,540 148,345 1,067,360 8,770
French - Multiple responses 3,710,675 2,095,835 1,517,280 41,825
Scottish - Total responses 4,719,850 4,548,000 126,795 12,560
Scottish - Single responses 568,510 545,135 19,195 570
Scottish - Multiple responses 4,151,340 4,002,870 107,600 11,985
Irish - Total responses 4,354,155 3,984,540 324,510 17,255
Irish - Single responses 491,030 423,335 63,625 1,335
Irish - Multiple responses 3,863,125 3,561,205 260,880 15,920
German - Total responses 3,179,425 2,657,035 91,910 6,125
German - Single responses 670,640 380,480 12,785 380
German - Multiple responses 2,508,785 2,276,555 79,120 5,745
Italian - Total responses 1,445,335 826,730 119,650 6,375
Italian - Single responses 741,045 275,290 29,160 1,750
Italian - Multiple responses 704,285 551,435 90,490 4,620
Chinese - Total responses 1,346,515 267,080 16,025 1,880
Chinese - Single responses 1,135,365 146,010 10,250 900
Chinese - Multiple responses 211,145 121,070 5,775 975
North American Indian - Total responses 1,253,615 864,885 205,160 6,670
North American Indian - Single responses 512,150 310,020 43,395 790
North American Indian - Multiple responses 741,465 554,865 161,770 5,880
Ukrainian - Total responses 1,209,090 1,011,935 11,070 2,130
Ukrainian - Single responses 300,595 183,455 1,835 235
Ukrainian - Multiple responses 908,495 828,480 9,240 1,900
Dutch (Netherlands) - Total responses 1,035,960 860,670 12,575 2,070
Dutch (Netherlands) - Single responses 303,400 183,880 2,145 220
Dutch (Netherlands) - Multiple responses 732,560 676,790 10,430 1,845
Polish - Total responses 984,565 703,495 20,505 2,165
Polish - Single responses 269,380 81,235 3,535 290
Polish - Multiple responses 715,190 622,255 16,970 1,875
East Indian - Total responses 962,665 350,790 6,305 1,880
East Indian - Single responses 780,175 234,665 2,650 980
East Indian - Multiple responses 182,495 116,125 3,660 905
Russian - Total responses 500,600 344,915 7,400 920
Russian - Single responses 98,245 31,215 1,285 105
Russian - Multiple responses 402,360 313,695 6,115 810
Welsh - Total responses 440,965 433,885 2,395 885
Welsh - Single responses 27,110 25,835 100 20
Welsh - Multiple responses 413,850 408,055 2,300 865
Filipino - Total responses 436,190 175,300 1,255 1,055
Filipino - Single responses 321,390 107,755 485 525
Filipino - Multiple responses 114,800 67,545 770 530
Norwegian - Total responses 432,515 417,905 3,755 480
Norwegian - Single responses 44,785 38,080 685 25
Norwegian - Multiple responses 387,730 379,825 3,070 460
Portuguese - Total responses 410,850 177,960 17,405 1,050
Portuguese - Single responses 262,230 62,875 6,145 335
Portuguese - Multiple responses 148,625 115,085 11,260 715
Métis - Total responses 409,070 329,895 67,840 2,835
Métis - Single responses 77,295 59,745 14,040 435
Métis - Multiple responses 331,770 270,150 53,810 2,405
British Isles, n.i.e. - Total responses 92 403,915 389,210 7,575 1,930
British Isles, n.i.e. - Single responses 93 94,145 91,960 1,135 205
British Isles, n.i.e. - Multiple responses 94 309,770 297,250 6,445 1,720
Swedish - Total responses 334,770 316,695 2,815 540
Swedish - Single responses 28,440 22,480 300 15
Swedish - Multiple responses 306,325 294,210 2,510 525
Total income in 2005 of population 15 years and over 95 25,664,220 14,491,380 5,763,425 80,800
Without income 1,241,060 661,050 262,385 4,890
With income 24,423,160 13,830,330 5,501,045 75,910
Under $1,000 96 963,270 533,875 156,630 3,575
$1,000 to $2,999 819,530 476,670 143,755 2,670
$3,000 to $4,999 792,565 453,555 149,245 2,635
$5,000 to $6,999 896,425 485,245 198,675 3,370
$7,000 to $9,999 1,514,745 793,370 384,125 5,855
$10,000 to $11,999 1,037,220 560,405 213,580 3,720
$12,000 to $14,999 1,581,200 797,690 376,840 5,465
$15,000 to $19,999 2,430,720 1,263,505 596,240 8,585
$20,000 to $24,999 1,935,755 1,033,325 464,400 6,110
$25,000 to $29,999 1,745,745 944,245 440,160 5,850
$30,000 to $34,999 1,716,180 948,035 433,740 5,205
$35,000 to $39,999 1,473,270 843,815 359,635 4,225
$40,000 to $44,999 1,255,425 730,015 304,165 3,735
$45,000 to $49,999 1,038,085 617,945 246,935 2,700
$50,000 to $59,999 1,587,760 970,440 358,905 4,120
$60,000 and over 3,635,265 2,378,200 674,005 8,085
Median income $ 97 25,615 27,665 25,723 21,519
Average income $ 98 35,498 38,277 32,907 29,502
Standard error of average income $ 99 30 45 40 263
Total after-tax income in 2005 of population 15 years and over 100 25,664,225 14,491,380 5,763,430 80,795
Without after-tax income 1,245,615 663,760 262,580 4,910
With after-tax income 24,418,615 13,827,620 5,500,845 75,885
Under $1,000 101 982,725 546,790 159,815 3,595
$1,000 to $2,999 821,975 478,085 144,150 2,695
$3,000 to $4,999 796,915 456,000 150,065 2,640
$5,000 to $6,999 900,515 487,695 199,680 3,395
$7,000 to $9,999 1,543,920 812,540 388,770 5,940
$10,000 to $11,999 1,082,805 588,185 222,355 3,915
$12,000 to $14,999 1,707,930 872,565 403,940 5,870
$15,000 to $19,999 2,795,170 1,467,400 686,750 9,785
$20,000 to $24,999 2,331,585 1,248,995 577,600 7,535
$25,000 to $29,999 2,232,550 1,207,340 586,430 7,265
$30,000 to $34,999 1,997,635 1,131,475 497,070 5,855
$35,000 to $39,999 1,626,095 948,565 395,315 4,475
$40,000 to $44,999 1,267,310 760,430 293,830 3,340
$45,000 to $49,999 991,340 605,655 225,385 2,430
$50,000 and over 3,340,145 2,215,915 569,680 7,145
Median after-tax income $ 102 23,307 24,812 23,407 20,081
Average after-tax income $ 103 29,214 31,204 27,255 24,814
Standard error of average after-tax income $ 104 20 30 26 178
Total population 15 years and over with employment income 105 18,201,260 10,748,345 3,997,430 53,215
Median employment income in 2005 $ 26,850 27,956 26,799 22,999
Average employment income in 2005 $ 36,301 38,291 33,466 30,545
Standard error of average employment income $ 34 49 46 335
Worked full year, full time 106 9,275,765 5,547,880 2,051,635 25,345
Median employment income in 2005 $ 41,401 43,590 39,100 37,716
Average employment income in 2005 $ 51,221 54,339 45,880 44,315
Standard error of average employment income $ 52 75 65 544
Worked part year or part time 107 7,766,075 4,555,800 1,709,320 24,095
Median employment income in 2005 $ 13,072 12,475 14,148 11,533
Average employment income in 2005 $ 22,398 22,670 22,184 19,379
Standard error of average employment income $ 41 61 59 389
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population, Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-555-XCB2006058 (Canada, Code01)