Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census metropolitan area of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

Map of St. John's, CMA (shaded in green), Newfoundland and Labrador

Map of St. John's

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: St. John's, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: St. John's, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
1
Nat. rank
20

In 2011, the population of St. John's census metropolitan area (CMA) was 196,966, representing a percentage change of 8.8% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CMAs of 7.4%.

In St. John's, the land area is 804.65 square kilometres with a population density of 244.8 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CMAs is 92,648.98 square kilometres with 249.58 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 78,960 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in St. John's in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 11.7%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the St. John's CMA

Table 1 St. John's CMA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
St. John's CY 106,172 100,646 5.5
Conception Bay South T 24,848 21,966 13.1
Mount Pearl CY 24,284 24,671 -1.6
Paradise T 17,695 12,584 40.6
Torbay T 7,397 6,281 17.8
Portugal Cove-St. Philip's T 7,366 6,575 12.0
Logy Bay-Middle Cove-Outer Cove T 2,098 1,978 6.1
Pouch Cove T 1,866 1,756 6.3
Flatrock T 1,457 1,214 20.0
Bay Bulls T 1,283 1,078 19.0
Witless Bay T 1,179 1,070 10.2
Petty Harbour-Maddox Cove T 924 915 1.0
Bauline T 397 379 4.7

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Newfoundland and Labrador

Table 2 Newfoundland and Labrador – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
St. John's CMA 196,966 181,113 8.8 20 1
Corner Brook CA 27,202 27,194 A 0.0 94 2
Grand Falls-Windsor CA 13,725 13,558 1.2 128 3
Bay Roberts CA 10,871 10,507 3.5 147 4

Age and sex

St. John's – Age distribution

Table 3 St. John's – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 15.9% 16.9% 14.9%
15 to 64 71.4% 71.8% 71.0%
65 and over 12.7% 11.3% 14.0%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in St. John's was 12.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 71.4% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 15.9%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

St. John's – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 St. John's – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 196,965 181,110 15,855 8.8
0 to 14 31,250 29,280 1,970 6.7
15 to 64 140,660 131,070 9,590 7.3
65 and over 25,055 20,760 4,295 20.7
Males
Total 94,735 86,650 8,085 9.3
0 to 14 16,000 15,005 995 6.6
15 to 64 68,025 62,975 5,050 8.0
65 and over 10,705 8,670 2,035 23.5
Females
Total 102,235 94,465 7,770 8.2
0 to 14 15,250 14,275 975 6.8
15 to 64 72,635 68,100 4,535 6.7
65 and over 14,345 12,095 2,250 18.6

St. John's – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 St. John's – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 196,965 94,735 102,235
0 to 4 years 10,725 5,440 5,285
5 to 9 years 10,230 5,280 4,945
10 to 14 years 10,295 5,280 5,015
15 to 19 years 11,325 5,665 5,660
20 to 24 years 15,210 7,535 7,670
25 to 29 years 14,605 7,100 7,505
30 to 34 years 13,850 6,625 7,220
35 to 39 years 14,070 6,790 7,275
40 to 44 years 14,650 7,015 7,640
45 to 49 years 15,835 7,520 8,315
50 to 54 years 15,130 7,300 7,835
55 to 59 years 14,015 6,720 7,295
60 to 64 years 11,965 5,750 6,215
65 to 69 years 8,750 4,155 4,595
70 to 74 years 5,970 2,785 3,185
75 to 79 years 4,290 1,795 2,490
80 to 84 years 3,125 1,125 1,995
85 to 89 years 1,920 630 1,285
90 to 94 years 795 185 605
95 to 99 years 200 30 170
100 years and over 20 5 15
Median age 39.4 38.3 40.3

St. John's – Median age1 of the population

The median age in St. John's was 39.4 years. In comparison, the median age of Newfoundland and Labrador was 44 years.

Table 6 Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador and St. John's – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Newfoundland and Labrador 41.7 44.0
St. John's 38.4 39.4

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in St. John's was 56,995, which represents a change of 8.5% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In St. John's, 68.2% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 14.3% were common-law-couples and 17.6% were lone-parent families.

St. John's – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Newfoundland and Labrador 159,385 114,335 71.7 20,630 12.9 24,420 15.3 2.3
St. John's 56,995 38,845 68.2 8,145 14.3 10,010 17.6 8.5

St. John's – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census metropolitan area of St. John's, 46.6% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census metropolitan area of St. John's, 88.9% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 11.1% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

St. John's – Marital status

In St. John's, 57.4% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (47.6%) or living with a common-law partner (9.8%).

The remaining 42.6% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 165,715 100.0 437,905 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 95,180 57.4 273,040 62.4 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 78,880 47.6 231,745 52.9 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 16,300 9.8 41,295 9.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 70,535 42.6 164,870 37.6 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 48,875 29.5 107,375 24.5 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 3,770 2.3 8,700 2.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 9,005 5.4 19,855 4.5 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 8,885 5.4 28,930 6.6 1,584,525 5.7

St. John's – Types of private households

There were 78,960 private households3 in St. John's in 2011, a change of 11.7% from 2006. Of these, 27.1% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 0.8% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 78,960 100.0 208,840 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
21,390 27.1 54,010 25.9 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
23,935 30.3 75,980 36.4 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 9,165 11.6 21,745 10.4 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 18,865 23.9 46,325 22.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households8 1,250 1.6 3,780 1.8 268,060 2.0
Other households9 4,365 5.5 6,995 3.3 543,340 4.1

St. John's – Structural type of dwelling

In St. John's, 56.8% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.7% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 78,960 100.0 208,845 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 44,830 56.8 155,295 74.4 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 4,030 5.1 8,330 4.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 6,230 7.9 10,050 4.8 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 520 0.7 705 0.3 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 6,400 8.1 11,375 5.4 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 16,665 21.1 21,305 10.2 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 175 0.2 415 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 115 0.1 1,365 0.7 183,510 1.4

Language

St. John's – Mother tongue

Chart J: St. John's - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: St. John's - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In St. John's, 96.9% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 0.4% reported French only, and 2.3% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 97.6% for English only, 0.5% for French only and 1.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 98.2% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.2% spoke only French and 1.2% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 98.5% for English only, 0.2% for French only and 1.0% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 St. John's – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 194,940 100.0 194,935 100.0
English 188,965 96.9 191,490 98.2
French 810 0.4 350 0.2
Non-official language 4,520 2.3 2,265 1.2
Multiple responses 635 0.3 830 0.4
Table 12 St. John's – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.9 0.1
French 56.0 30.7 25.2
Non-official language 78.7 54.1 24.6

St. John's – Non-official languages

In St. John's, the three most common mother tongues were Chinese, n.o.s. (0.4%), Arabic (0.2%) and Spanish (0.2%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Innu/Montagnais (0.4%), Chinese, n.o.s. (0.2%) and Inuktitut (0.1%).

Table 13 St. John's – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Chinese, n.o.s. 745 15.1 0.4
Arabic 425 8.6 0.2
Spanish 370 7.5 0.2
German 210 4.3 0.1
Bengali 200 4.1 0.1
Russian 185 3.8 0.1
Mandarin 170 3.5 0.1
Urdu 165 3.4 0.1
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 2.6 0.1
Cantonese 120 2.4 0.1

St. John's – Bilingualism

Table 14 St. John's – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 7.2 6.9 82.2 7.3
0 to 19 13.5 13.4 78.9 8.2
20 to 44 8.5 8.2 89.2 6.7
45 to 64 3.3 2.8 84.2 7.2
65 and over 1.7 1.3 61.9 9.4
Table 15 St. John's – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 194,935 100.0
English only 180,240 92.5
French only 40 0.0
English and French 14,345 7.4
Neither English nor French 305 0.2

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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