Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census metropolitan area of Saint John, New Brunswick

Map of Saint John, CMA (shaded in green), New Brunswick

Map of Saint John

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Saint John, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Saint John, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
2
Nat. rank
31

In 2011, the population of Saint John census metropolitan area (CMA) was 127,761, representing a percentage change of 4.4% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CMAs of 7.4%.

In Saint John, the land area is 3,362.95 square kilometres with a population density of 38.0 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CMAs is 92,648.98 square kilometres with 249.58 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 52,281 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Saint John in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 6.5%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Saint John CMA

Table 1 Saint John CMA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Saint John CY 70,063 68,043 3.0
Quispamsis TV 17,886 15,239 17.4
Rothesay TV 11,947 11,637 2.7
Grand Bay-Westfield TV 5,117 4,981 2.7
Hampton T 4,292 4,004 7.2
Simonds P 3,828 3,759 1.8
Kingston P 2,952 2,888 2.2
Hampton P 2,734 2,724 0.4
Westfield P 2,108 2,053 2.7
Upham P 1,306 1,267 3.1
Musquash P 1,200 1,235 -2.8
Saint Martins P 1,145 1,198 -4.4
Greenwich P 1,047 1,043 0.4
Lepreau P 752 824 -8.7
Petersville P 723 758 -4.6
Rothesay P 347 350 -0.9
St. Martins VL 314 386 -18.7

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in New Brunswick

Table 2 New Brunswick – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Moncton CMA 138,644 126,424 9.7 29 1
Saint John CMA 127,761 122,389 4.4 31 2
Fredericton CA 94,268 86,226 A 9.3 39 3
Bathurst CA 33,484 34,106 A -1.8 82 4
Miramichi CA 28,115 28,773 A -2.3 90 5
Edmundston CA 21,903 22,471 A -2.5 105 6
Campbellton CA 17,842 17,878 A -0.2 113 ···
Campbellton (New Brunswick part / partie du Nouveau-Brunswick)   14,520 14,816 A -2.0 ··· 7
Campbellton (partie du Québec / Quebec part)   3,322 3,062 8.5 ··· 30

Age and sex

Saint John – Age distribution

Table 3 Saint John – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.4% 17.4% 15.5%
15 to 64 68.5% 69.0% 67.9%
65 and over 15.1% 13.6% 16.6%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Saint John was 15.1%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.5% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.4%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Saint John – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Saint John – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 127,765 122,390 5,375 4.4
0 to 14 20,955 21,300 -345 -1.6
15 to 64 87,485 84,025 3,460 4.1
65 and over 19,325 17,065 2,260 13.2
Males
Total 61,485 58,660 2,825 4.8
0 to 14 10,675 11,025 -350 -3.2
15 to 64 42,455 40,550 1,905 4.7
65 and over 8,345 7,085 1,260 17.8
Females
Total 66,280 63,730 2,550 4.0
0 to 14 10,280 10,275 5 0.0
15 to 64 45,030 43,480 1,550 3.6
65 and over 10,975 9,980 995 10.0

Saint John – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Saint John – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 127,765 61,485 66,280
0 to 4 years 6,740 3,460 3,280
5 to 9 years 6,775 3,400 3,370
10 to 14 years 7,440 3,815 3,625
15 to 19 years 8,565 4,475 4,090
20 to 24 years 7,950 4,075 3,875
25 to 29 years 7,190 3,435 3,755
30 to 34 years 7,550 3,525 4,030
35 to 39 years 8,365 3,980 4,385
40 to 44 years 8,620 4,070 4,550
45 to 49 years 10,625 5,125 5,505
50 to 54 years 10,590 5,030 5,555
55 to 59 years 9,565 4,675 4,890
60 to 64 years 8,460 4,070 4,385
65 to 69 years 6,135 2,970 3,165
70 to 74 years 4,380 2,125 2,255
75 to 79 years 3,410 1,450 1,960
80 to 84 years 2,695 1,015 1,685
85 to 89 years 1,660 545 1,110
90 to 94 years 815 205 605
95 to 99 years 200 35 165
100 years and over 30 5 25
Median age 41.9 40.7 43.0

Saint John – Median age1 of the population

The median age in Saint John was 41.9 years. In comparison, the median age of New Brunswick was 43.7 years.

Table 6 Canada, New Brunswick and Saint John – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
New Brunswick 41.5 43.7
Saint John 40.5 41.9

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Saint John was 37,340, which represents a change of 5.0% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Saint John, 68.8% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 12.5% were common-law-couples and 18.7% were lone-parent families.

Saint John – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, New Brunswick, Saint John – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
New Brunswick 224,590 152,455 67.9 35,945 16.0 36,190 16.1 3.1
Saint John 37,340 25,695 68.8 4,680 12.5 6,965 18.7 5.0

Saint John – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census metropolitan area of Saint John, 44.2% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census metropolitan area of Saint John, 84.7% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 15.4% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Saint John – Marital status

In Saint John, 57.8% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (49.0%) or living with a common-law partner (8.8%).

The remaining 42.2% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, New Brunswick, Saint John – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Saint John New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 106,805 100.0 637,595 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 61,690 57.8 382,310 60.0 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 52,310 49.0 310,310 48.7 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 9,375 8.8 72,000 11.3 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 45,120 42.2 255,285 40.0 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 28,435 26.6 159,760 25.1 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 3,525 3.3 21,035 3.3 698,245 2.5
Divorced 6,340 5.9 32,930 5.2 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 6,815 6.4 41,565 6.5 1,584,525 5.7

Saint John – Types of private households

There were 52,280 private households3 in Saint John in 2011, a change of 6.4% from 2006. Of these, 25.0% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -1.6% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, New Brunswick, Saint John – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Saint John New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 52,280 100.0 314,010 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
13,090 25.0 74,710 23.8 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
16,265 31.1 108,040 34.4 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 6,355 12.2 32,940 10.5 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 13,705 26.2 81,705 26.0 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households8 810 1.5 4,415 1.4 268,060 2.0
Other households9 2,060 3.9 12,200 3.9 543,340 4.1

Saint John – Structural type of dwelling

In Saint John, 59.6% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 3.5% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, New Brunswick, Saint John – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Saint John New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 52,280 100.0 314,005 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 31,155 59.6 220,175 70.1 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,165 2.2 10,815 3.4 646,240 4.9
Row house 2,235 4.3 7,830 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,845 3.5 3,990 1.3 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,075 19.3 42,040 13.4 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 4,020 7.7 14,110 4.5 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 155 0.3 1,050 0.3 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 1,635 3.1 14,000 4.5 183,510 1.4

Language

Saint John – Mother tongue

Chart J: Saint John - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Saint John - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Saint John, 91.9% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 4.4% reported French only, and 3.1% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 64.9% for English only, 31.6% for French only and 2.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 95.9% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 1.6% spoke only French and 1.8% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 69.2% for English only, 28.4% for French only and 1.3% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Saint John – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 126,280 100.0 126,280 100.0
English 116,040 91.9 121,075 95.9
French 5,515 4.4 2,035 1.6
Non-official language 3,865 3.1 2,260 1.8
Multiple responses 860 0.7 900 0.7
Table 12 Saint John – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.8 0.1
French 60.0 36.7 23.3
Non-official language 81.3 61.4 19.9

Saint John – Non-official languages

In Saint John, the three most common mother tongues were Korean (0.5%), Chinese, n.o.s. (0.4%) and Arabic (0.3%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Mi'kmaq (0.3%), German (0.3%) and Korean (0.3%).

Table 13 Saint John – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Korean 610 14.7 0.5
Chinese, n.o.s. 445 10.7 0.4
Arabic 415 10.0 0.3
Spanish 335 8.1 0.3
German 225 5.4 0.2
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 170 4.1 0.1
Dutch 160 3.9 0.1
Persian (Farsi) 140 3.4 0.1
Mandarin 125 3.0 0.1
Italian 115 2.8 0.1

Saint John – Bilingualism

Table 14 Saint John – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 14.5 11.2 88.6 9.2
0 to 19 20.3 19.2 84.7 13.0
20 to 44 18.3 15.7 94.6 7.6
45 to 64 9.0 4.2 88.0 9.0
65 and over 8.7 2.7 83.6 9.3
Table 15 Saint John – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 126,280 100.0
English only 107,145 84.8
French only 160 0.1
English and French 18,695 14.8
Neither English nor French 280 0.2

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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