Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Fredericton, New Brunswick 1

Map of Fredericton, CA (shaded in green), New Brunswick

Map of Fredericton

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Fredericton, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Fredericton, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
3
Nat. rank
39

In 2011, the population of Fredericton census agglomeration (CA) was 94,268, representing a percentage change of 9.3% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Fredericton, the land area is 4,886.40 square kilometres with a population density of 19.3 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 39,014 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Fredericton in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 11.2%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Fredericton CA

Table 1 Fredericton CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Fredericton CY 56,224 50,535 11.3
Kingsclear P 7,391 6,689 10.5
Lincoln P 6,458 5,764 12.0
Douglas P 6,081 5,774 5.3
Saint Marys P 4,733 4,224 12.1
New Maryland VL 4,232 4,248 -0.4
Bright P 3,068 3,159 -2.9
New Maryland P 2,466 2,348 5.0
Maugerville P 1,776 1,715 3.6
Devon 30 IRI 864 767 12.6
Kingsclear 6 IRI 490 465 5.4
Gladstone P 485 538 -9.9

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in New Brunswick

Table 2 New Brunswick – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Moncton CMA 138,644 126,424 9.7 29 1
Saint John CMA 127,761 122,389 4.4 31 2
Fredericton CA 94,268 86,226 A 9.3 39 3
Bathurst CA 33,484 34,106 A -1.8 82 4
Miramichi CA 28,115 28,773 A -2.3 90 5
Edmundston CA 21,903 22,471 A -2.5 105 6
Campbellton CA 17,842 17,878 A -0.2 113 ···
Campbellton (New Brunswick part / partie du Nouveau-Brunswick)   14,520 14,816 A -2.0 ··· 7
Campbellton (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   3,322 3,062 8.5 ··· 30

Age and sex

Fredericton – Age distribution

Table 3 Fredericton – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.4% 17.2% 15.8%
15 to 64 69.9% 70.3% 69.4%
65 and over 13.7% 12.5% 14.8%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Fredericton was 13.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 69.9% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.4%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Fredericton – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Fredericton – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 94,270 86,225 8,045 9.3
0 to 14 15,505 14,590 915 6.3
15 to 64 65,855 60,885 4,970 8.2
65 and over 12,910 10,755 2,155 20.0
Males
Total 45,705 41,695 4,010 9.6
0 to 14 7,840 7,415 425 5.7
15 to 64 32,140 29,635 2,505 8.5
65 and over 5,720 4,645 1,075 23.1
Females
Total 48,565 44,535 4,030 9.0
0 to 14 7,660 7,180 480 6.7
15 to 64 33,710 31,245 2,465 7.9
65 and over 7,195 6,110 1,085 17.8

Fredericton – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Fredericton – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 94,270 45,705 48,565
0 to 4 years 5,130 2,575 2,555
5 to 9 years 5,080 2,530 2,555
10 to 14 years 5,290 2,740 2,550
15 to 19 years 5,845 2,940 2,905
20 to 24 years 7,360 3,650 3,710
25 to 29 years 6,640 3,270 3,375
30 to 34 years 6,355 3,075 3,280
35 to 39 years 6,425 3,130 3,290
40 to 44 years 6,510 3,165 3,350
45 to 49 years 7,400 3,590 3,810
50 to 54 years 7,030 3,405 3,620
55 to 59 years 6,405 3,015 3,390
60 to 64 years 5,900 2,910 2,985
65 to 69 years 4,185 2,020 2,165
70 to 74 years 3,145 1,500 1,645
75 to 79 years 2,275 990 1,290
80 to 84 years 1,625 675 950
85 to 89 years 1,130 395 735
90 to 94 years 420 125 300
95 to 99 years 110 25 90
100 years and over 20 5 20
Median age 39.3 38.4 40.1

Fredericton – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Fredericton was 39.3 years. In comparison, the median age of New Brunswick was 43.7 years.

Table 6 Canada, New Brunswick and Fredericton – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
New Brunswick 41.5 43.7
Fredericton 38.4 39.3

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Fredericton was 27,365, which represents a change of 10.0% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Fredericton, 71.1% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 14.1% were common-law-couples and 14.8% were lone-parent families.

Fredericton – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, New Brunswick, Fredericton – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
New Brunswick 224,590 152,455 67.9 35,945 16.0 36,190 16.1 3.1
Fredericton 27,365 19,455 71.1 3,870 14.1 4,040 14.8 10.0

Fredericton – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Fredericton, 43.9% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Fredericton, 86.5% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 13.5% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Fredericton – Marital status

In Fredericton, 60.0% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (50.2%) or living with a common-law partner (9.8%).

The remaining 40.0% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, New Brunswick, Fredericton – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Fredericton New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 78,770 100.0 637,595 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 47,300 60.0 382,310 60.0 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 39,545 50.2 310,310 48.7 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 7,750 9.8 72,000 11.3 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 31,470 40.0 255,285 40.0 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 21,060 26.7 159,760 25.1 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 2,220 2.8 21,035 3.3 698,245 2.5
Divorced 4,200 5.3 32,930 5.2 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 3,990 5.1 41,565 6.5 1,584,525 5.7

Fredericton – Types of private households

There were 39,015 private households4 in Fredericton in 2011, a change of 11.2% from 2006. Of these, 25.7% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 0.8% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, New Brunswick, Fredericton – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Fredericton New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 39,015 100.0 314,010 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
10,035 25.7 74,710 23.8 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
12,710 32.6 108,040 34.4 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 3,725 9.5 32,940 10.5 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 9,840 25.2 81,705 26.0 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 440 1.1 4,415 1.4 268,060 2.0
Other households10 2,260 5.8 12,200 3.9 543,340 4.1

Fredericton – Structural type of dwelling

In Fredericton, 59.9% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.9% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, New Brunswick, Fredericton – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Fredericton New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 39,015 100.0 314,005 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 23,380 59.9 220,175 70.1 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 815 2.1 10,815 3.4 646,240 4.9
Row house 835 2.1 7,830 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 350 0.9 3,990 1.3 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 7,730 19.8 42,040 13.4 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 2,650 6.8 14,110 4.5 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 105 0.3 1,050 0.3 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 3,155 8.1 14,000 4.5 183,510 1.4

Language

Fredericton – Mother tongue

Chart J: Fredericton - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Fredericton - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Fredericton, 86.7% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 7.0% reported French only, and 5.1% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 64.9% for English only, 31.6% for French only and 2.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 92.0% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 4.1% spoke only French and 2.7% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 69.2% for English only, 28.4% for French only and 1.3% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Fredericton – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 93,515 100.0 93,520 100.0
English 81,070 86.7 86,025 92.0
French 6,580 7.0 3,800 4.1
Non-official language 4,770 5.1 2,520 2.7
Multiple responses 1,105 1.2 1,165 1.2
Table 12 Fredericton – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.6 0.3
French 77.5 55.8 21.7
Non-official language 81.1 56.9 24.2

Fredericton – Non-official languages

In Fredericton, the three most common mother tongues were Korean (0.6%), Arabic (0.5%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (0.5%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Mi'kmaq (0.3%), German (0.3%) and Korean (0.3%).

Table 13 Fredericton – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Korean 580 11.2 0.6
Arabic 490 9.4 0.5
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 9.3 0.5
German 385 7.4 0.4
Spanish 300 5.8 0.3

Fredericton – Bilingualism

Table 14 Fredericton – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 20.9 15.5 92.8 12.9
0 to 19 25.2 22.2 81.1 19.0
20 to 44 26.4 21.5 97.3 10.6
45 to 64 16.0 8.1 94.6 13.2
65 and over 9.5 4.2 90.8 11.0
Table 15 Fredericton – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 93,520 100.0
English only 72,895 77.9
French only 330 0.4
English and French 20,020 21.4
Neither English nor French 270 0.3

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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