Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census metropolitan area of Montral, Quebec 1

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Montral, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Montral, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
1
Nat. rank
2

In 2011, the population of Montral census metropolitan area (CMA) was 3,824,221, representing a percentage change of 5.2% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CMAs of 7.4%.

In Montral, the land area is 4,258.31 square kilometres with a population density of 898.1 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CMAs is 92,648.98 square kilometres with 249.58 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 1,613,260 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Montral in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 5.7%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Montral CMA

Table 1 Montral CMA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Montral V 1,649,519 1,620,693 1.8
Laval V 401,553 368,709 8.9
Longueuil V 231,409 229,330 0.9
Terrebonne V 106,322 94,703 12.3
Repentigny V 82,000 76,237 7.6
Brossard V 79,273 71,154 11.4
Saint-Jrme V 68,456 63,729 7.4
Blainville V 53,510 46,493 15.1
Dollard-Des Ormeaux V 49,637 48,930 1.4
Chteauguay V 45,904 42,786 7.3
Saint-Eustache V 44,154 42,077 A 4.9
Mascouche V 42,491 33,764 25.8
Mirabel V 41,957 34,626 21.2
Boucherville V 40,753 39,062 4.3
Vaudreuil-Dorion V 33,305 25,789 29.1
Cte-Saint-Luc V 32,321 31,395 2.9
Pointe-Claire V 30,790 30,161 2.1
Sainte-Julie V 30,104 29,079 3.5
Boisbriand V 26,816 26,468 A 1.3
Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville V 26,107 24,388 7.0
Sainte-Thrse V 26,025 25,224 3.2
Chambly V 25,571 22,608 13.1
Saint-Constant V 24,980 23,957 4.3
La Prairie V 23,357 21,763 7.3
Saint-Lambert V 21,555 21,599 -0.2
Kirkland V 21,253 20,491 3.7
Varennes V 20,994 20,950 0.2
Beloeil V 20,783 18,927 9.8
L'Assomption V 20,065 16,723 A 20.0
Westmount V 19,931 20,494 -2.7
Candiac V 19,876 15,947 24.6
Beaconsfield V 19,505 19,194 1.6
Mont-Royal V 19,503 18,933 3.0
Saint-Lazare V 19,295 17,016 13.4
Dorval V 18,208 18,088 0.7
Mont-Saint-Hilaire V 18,200 15,720 15.8
Deux-Montagnes V 17,552 17,402 0.9
Sainte-Catherine V 16,762 16,211 3.4
Saint-Basile-le-Grand V 16,736 15,605 7.2
Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac V 15,689 11,311 38.7
Sainte-Anne-des-Plaines V 14,535 13,001 11.8
Pincourt V 14,305 11,197 27.8
Rosemre V 14,294 14,173 0.9
Lavaltrie V 13,267 12,120 9.5
Saint-Colomban V 13,080 10,136 29.0
Beauharnois V 12,011 11,918 0.8
Mercier V 11,584 10,121 14.5
Saint-Amable M 10,870 8,398 29.4
Notre-Dame-de-l'le-Perrot V 10,620 9,885 7.4
L'le-Perrot V 10,503 9,927 5.8
Bois-des-Filion V 9,485 8,383 13.1
Lorraine V 9,479 9,613 -1.4
Otterburn Park V 8,450 8,464 -0.2
Carignan V 7,966 7,426 7.3
Delson V 7,462 7,322 1.9
Hampstead V 7,153 6,996 2.2
Coteau-du-Lac V 6,842 6,346 7.8
Saint-Zotique M 6,773 5,251 29.0
Pointe-Calumet M 6,396 6,574 -2.7
Saint-Joseph-du-Lac M 6,195 4,958 24.9
Les Cdres M 6,079 5,732 6.1
Charlemagne V 5,853 5,594 4.6
Verchres M 5,692 5,243 8.6
McMasterville M 5,615 5,234 7.3
Saint-Philippe M 5,495 5,121 7.3
Richelieu V 5,467 5,208 5.0
L'piphanie V 5,353 4,606 16.2
Hudson V 5,135 5,088 0.9
Montral-Ouest V 5,085 5,184 -1.9
Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue V 5,073 5,197 -2.4
Saint-Mathias-sur-Richelieu M 4,618 4,506 2.5
Les Coteaux M 4,568 3,764 21.4
Oka M 3,969 3,300 20.3
Baie-D'Urf V 3,850 3,902 -1.3
Montral-Est V 3,728 3,822 -2.5
L'piphanie PE 3,296 3,129 5.3
Saint-Sulpice PE 3,273 3,332 -1.8
Saint-Mathieu-de-Beloeil M 2,624 2,288 14.7
Saint-Isidore PE 2,581 2,489 3.7
Lry V 2,307 2,385 -3.3
Terrasse-Vaudreuil M 1,971 1,985 -0.7
Saint-Mathieu M 1,879 1,894 -0.8
Gore CT 1,775 1,540 15.3
Saint-Placide M 1,715 1,642 4.4
Vaudreuil-sur-le-Lac VL 1,359 1,290 5.3
Pointe-des-Cascades VL 1,340 1,046 28.1
Senneville VL 920 962 -4.4
L'le-Cadieux V 105 128 -18.0
L'le-Dorval V 5 0  ···
Kanesatake  S-
Kahnawake  IRI

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Quebec

Table 2 Quebec – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Montral  CMA 3,824,221 3,635,556 A 5.2 2 1
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA 1,236,324 1,133,633 A 9.1 4 ···
Ottawa - Gatineau (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   314,501 286,831 A 9.6 ··· 3
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   921,823 846,802 8.9 ··· 2
Qubec  CMA 765,706 719,153 A 6.5 7 2
Sherbrooke CMA 201,890 191,410 A 5.5 19 4
Saguenay CMA 157,790 156,305 A 1.0 26 5
Trois-Rivires CMA 151,773 144,713 A 4.9 27 6
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu CA 92,394 87,492 5.6 41 7
Drummondville CA 88,480 82,949 A 6.7 45 8
Granby CA 77,077 71,176 A 8.3 48 9
Saint-Hyacinthe CA 56,794 54,976 A 3.3 57 10
Shawinigan CA 55,009 56,408 A -2.5 60 11
Rimouski CA 50,912 48,918 A 4.1 62 12
Sorel-Tracy CA 47,772 46,595 A 2.5 64 13
Joliette CA 46,932 43,306 A 8.4 65 14
Victoriaville CA 46,354 43,195 A 7.3 66 15
Rouyn-Noranda CA 41,798 40,650 A 2.8 72 16
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield CA 40,077 39,672 1.0 74 17
Saint-Georges CA 34,642 32,902 A 5.3 80 18
Val-d'Or CA 33,265 32,288 3.0 83 19
Alma CA 33,018 31,864 A 3.6 84 20
Baie-Comeau CA 28,789 29,674 A -3.0 88 21
Sept-les CA 28,487 27,827 2.4 89 22
Thetford Mines CA 27,968 28,110 A -0.5 91 23
Rivire-du-Loup CA 27,734 26,423 A 5.0 93 24
Matane CA 18,368 18,709 A -1.8 111 25
Campbellton CA 17,842 17,878 A -0.2 113 ···
Campbellton (New Brunswick part / partie du Nouveau-Brunswick)   14,520 14,816 A -2.0 ··· 7
Campbellton (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   3,322 3,062 8.5 ··· 30
Amos CA 17,090 17,176 A -0.5 118 26
Dolbeau-Mistassini CA 16,019 16,257 A -1.5 122 27
Lachute CA 12,551 11,832 6.1 137 28
Cowansville CA 12,489 12,182 A 2.5 139 29
Hawkesbury CA 12,128 12,267 -1.1 143 ···
Hawkesbury (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   1,577 1,398 12.8 ··· 31
Hawkesbury (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   10,551 10,869 -2.9 ··· 43

Age and sex

Montral – Age distribution

Table 3 Montral – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.5% 17.3% 15.8%
15 to 64 68.8% 70.0% 67.8%
65 and over 14.6% 12.7% 16.5%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Montral was 14.6%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.8% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.5%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Montral – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Montral – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 3,824,220 3,635,570 188,650 5.2
0 to 14 632,170 621,690 10,480 1.7
15 to 64 2,632,215 2,518,200 114,015 4.5
65 and over 559,840 495,680 64,160 12.9
Males
Total 1,861,525 1,763,260 98,265 5.6
0 to 14 322,250 317,140 5,110 1.6
15 to 64 1,302,310 1,241,445 60,865 4.9
65 and over 236,965 204,675 32,290 15.8
Females
Total 1,962,700 1,872,310 90,390 4.8
0 to 14 309,915 304,555 5,360 1.8
15 to 64 1,329,905 1,276,750 53,155 4.2
65 and over 322,875 291,005 31,870 11.0

Montral – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Montral – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 3,824,220 1,861,525 1,962,700
0 to 4 years 222,220 113,525 108,700
5 to 9 years 201,655 102,260 99,390
10 to 14 years 208,295 106,470 101,825
15 to 19 years 242,600 122,930 119,670
20 to 24 years 250,895 125,260 125,630
25 to 29 years 256,520 126,525 129,990
30 to 34 years 276,950 136,060 140,885
35 to 39 years 266,295 132,350 133,940
40 to 44 years 273,535 137,005 136,530
45 to 49 years 302,165 151,415 150,745
50 to 54 years 295,365 145,825 149,540
55 to 59 years 250,495 121,475 129,020
60 to 64 years 217,400 103,455 113,950
65 to 69 years 170,995 79,885 91,115
70 to 74 years 129,765 58,375 71,385
75 to 79 years 106,620 45,895 60,725
80 to 84 years 81,755 31,810 49,940
85 to 89 years 47,355 15,350 32,005
90 to 94 years 18,180 4,615 13,570
95 to 99 years 4,525 925 3,605
100 years and over 650 110 540
Median age 39.7 38.7 40.8

Montral – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Montral was 39.7 years. In comparison, the median age of Quebec was 41.9 years.

Table 6 Canada, Quebec and Montral – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Quebec 41.0 41.9
Montral 39.3 39.7

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Montral was 1,034,500, which represents a change of 4.0% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Montral, 54.9% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 26.7% were common-law-couples and 18.3% were lone-parent families.

Montral – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Quebec, Montral – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Quebec  2,203,625 1,143,370 51.9 694,750 31.5 365,515 16.6 3.9
Montral  1,034,500 568,255 54.9 276,705 26.7 189,540 18.3 4.0

Montral – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census metropolitan area of Montral, 49.0% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census metropolitan area of Montral, 85.8% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 14.2% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Montral – Marital status

In Montral, 54.1% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (36.8%) or living with a common-law partner (17.4%).

The remaining 45.9% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Quebec, Montral – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Montral Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 3,192,055 100.0 6,644,380 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 1,728,490 54.1 3,745,315 56.4 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 1,174,405 36.8 2,353,775 35.4 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 554,090 17.4 1,391,545 20.9 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 1,463,565 45.9 2,899,060 43.6 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 1,002,695 31.4 1,942,090 29.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 57,625 1.8 105,190 1.6 698,245 2.5
Divorced 228,250 7.2 463,830 7.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 174,995 5.5 387,950 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Montral – Types of private households

There were 1,613,260 private households4 in Montral in 2011, a change of 5.7% from 2006. Of these, 25.1% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 2.2% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Quebec, Montral – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Montral Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 1,613,260 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
405,570 25.1 811,120 23.9 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
416,265 25.8 988,410 29.1 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 178,605 11.1 346,305 10.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 525,435 32.6 1,094,410 32.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 16,735 1.0 28,420 0.8 268,060 2.0
Other households10 70,655 4.4 126,680 3.7 543,340 4.1

Montral – Structural type of dwelling

In Montral, 32.6% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 8.4% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Quebec, Montral – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Montral Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 1,613,260 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 525,830 32.6 1,560,405 46.0 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 80,320 5.0 171,435 5.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 52,290 3.2 86,040 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 135,900 8.4 171,110 5.0 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 665,305 41.2 1,103,845 32.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 144,340 8.9 263,860 7.8 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 5,785 0.4 15,650 0.5 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 3,485 0.2 23,000 0.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Montral – Mother tongue

Chart J: Montral - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Montral - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Montral, 11.6% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 63.3% reported French only, and 22.0% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 7.7% for English only, 78.1% for French only and 12.3% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 16.0% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 66.1% spoke only French and 12.5% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 9.8% for English only, 80.0% for French only and 7.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Montral – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 3,785,915 100.0 3,785,915 100.0
English 439,845 11.6 606,910 16.0
French 2,395,530 63.3 2,502,410 66.1
Non-official language 832,245 22.0 472,485 12.5
Multiple responses 118,290 3.1 204,115 5.4
Table 12 Montral – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 94.5 88.5 6.0
French 98.6 96.6 2.0
Non-official language 84.0 62.4 21.6

Montral – Non-official languages

In Montral, the three most common mother tongues were Arabic (3.9%), Spanish (3.1%) and Italian (3.1%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Arabic (2.1%), Spanish (1.8%) and Italian (1.6%).

Table 13 Montral – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Arabic 149,135 16.4 3.9
Spanish 118,305 13.0 3.1
Italian 117,530 12.9 3.1
Creoles 56,620 6.2 1.5
Greek 41,690 4.6 1.1
Chinese, n.o.s. 40,540 4.5 1.1
Portuguese 31,185 3.4 0.8
Romanian 29,885 3.3 0.8
Vietnamese 25,970 2.9 0.7
Russian 23,505 2.6 0.6

Montral – Bilingualism

Table 14 Montral – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 53.4 69.3 50.9 52.0
0 to 19 36.3 67.8 27.0 45.8
20 to 44 67.6 78.8 68.0 61.7
45 to 64 55.9 69.8 54.8 52.4
65 and over 40.8 47.7 42.8 31.4
Table 15 Montral – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 3,785,915 100.0
English only 280,785 7.4
French only 1,401,455 37.0
English and French 2,039,035 53.9
Neither English nor French 64,635 1.7

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

Related data:

Date modified: