Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census metropolitan area of London, Ontario

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: London, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: London, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
5
Nat. rank
11

In 2011, the population of London census metropolitan area (CMA) was 474,786, representing a percentage change of 3.7% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CMAs of 7.4%.

In London, the land area is 2,665.62 square kilometres with a population density of 178.1 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CMAs is 92,648.98 square kilometres with 249.58 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 195,056 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in London in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 5.5%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the London CMA

Table 1 London CMA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
London CY 366,151 352,395 3.9
St. Thomas CY 37,905 36,110 5.0
Strathroy-Caradoc TP 20,978 19,959 A 5.1
Middlesex Centre TP 16,487 15,589 5.8
Thames Centre MU 13,000 13,085 -0.6
Central Elgin MU 12,743 12,723 0.2
Southwold TP 4,494 4,724 -4.9
Adelaide-Metcalfe TP 3,028 3,135 A -3.4

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Ontario

Table 2 Ontario – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Toronto CMA 5,583,064 5,113,149 9.2 1 1
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA 1,236,324 1,133,633 A 9.1 4 ···
Ottawa - Gatineau (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   314,501 286,831 A 9.6 ··· 3
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   921,823 846,802 8.9 ··· 2
Hamilton CMA 721,053 692,911 4.1 9 3
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA 477,160 451,235 5.7 10 4
London CMA 474,786 457,720 3.7 11 5
St. Catharines - Niagara CMA 392,184 390,317 0.5 12 6
Oshawa CMA 356,177 330,594 7.7 14 7
Windsor CMA 319,246 323,342 -1.3 16 8
Barrie CMA 187,013 177,061 5.6 21 9
Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury CMA 160,770 158,258 1.6 24 10
Kingston CMA 159,561 152,358 4.7 25 11
Guelph CMA 141,097 133,698 A 5.5 28 12
Brantford CMA 135,501 124,607 8.7 30 13
Thunder Bay CMA 121,596 122,907 -1.1 32 14
Peterborough CMA 118,975 116,570 2.1 33 15
Chatham-Kent CA 104,075 108,589 -4.2 35 16
Belleville CA 92,540 91,518 1.1 40 17
Sarnia CA 89,555 88,793 0.9 44 18
Sault Ste. Marie  CA 79,800 80,098 -0.4 47 19
Kawartha Lakes CA 73,214 74,561 -1.8 49 20
North Bay CA 64,043 63,424 1.0 53 21
Norfolk CA 63,175 62,563 1.0 54 22
Cornwall CA 58,957 58,485 0.8 55 23
Leamington CA 49,765 49,741 0.0 63 24
Timmins CA 43,165 42,997 0.4 69 25
Orillia CA 40,731 40,532 0.5 73 26
Brockville CA 39,024 39,668 -1.6 75 27
Woodstock CA 37,754 35,822 A 5.4 76 28
Midland CA 35,419 35,432 A 0.0 79 29
Owen Sound CA 32,092 32,259 -0.5 85 30
Stratford CA 30,886 30,516 A 1.2 86 31
Centre Wellington CA 26,693 26,049 2.5 95 32
Pembroke CA 24,017 23,195 3.5 102 33
Collingwood CA 19,241 17,290 11.3 106 34
Cobourg CA 18,519 18,210 1.7 109 35
Port Hope CA 16,214 16,390 -1.1 121 36
Petawawa CA 15,988 14,651 9.1 123 37
Kenora CA 15,348 15,177 1.1 125 38
Tillsonburg CA 15,301 14,822 3.2 126 39
Temiskaming Shores CA 13,566 13,654 A -0.6 129 40
Ingersoll CA 12,146 11,760 3.3 142 41
Hawkesbury CA 12,128 12,267 -1.1 143 ···
Hawkesbury (partie du Qubec / Quebec part)   1,577 1,398 12.8 ··· 31
Hawkesbury (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   10,551 10,869 -2.9 ··· 43
Elliot Lake CA 11,348 11,549 -1.7 146 42

Age and sex

London – Age distribution

Table 3 London – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.6% 17.6% 15.7%
15 to 64 68.4% 69.0% 67.8%
65 and over 15.0% 13.4% 16.4%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in London was 15.0%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.4% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.6%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

London – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 London – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 474,790 457,720 17,070 3.7
0 to 14 78,920 81,130 -2,210 -2.7
15 to 64 324,760 313,510 11,250 3.6
65 and over 71,100 63,080 8,020 12.7
Males
Total 229,950 221,795 8,155 3.7
0 to 14 40,395 41,730 -1,335 -3.2
15 to 64 158,695 153,370 5,325 3.5
65 and over 30,855 26,700 4,155 15.6
Females
Total 244,840 235,925 8,915 3.8
0 to 14 38,530 39,395 -865 -2.2
15 to 64 166,070 160,140 5,930 3.7
65 and over 40,240 36,385 3,855 10.6

London – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 London – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 474,790 229,950 244,840
0 to 4 years 26,150 13,440 12,710
5 to 9 years 25,485 13,000 12,485
10 to 14 years 27,285 13,950 13,335
15 to 19 years 32,530 16,665 15,865
20 to 24 years 34,760 17,225 17,535
25 to 29 years 32,130 15,675 16,455
30 to 34 years 29,510 14,475 15,030
35 to 39 years 29,420 14,435 14,990
40 to 44 years 31,815 15,565 16,250
45 to 49 years 37,495 18,185 19,315
50 to 54 years 36,690 17,615 19,075
55 to 59 years 31,975 15,285 16,685
60 to 64 years 28,440 13,570 14,875
65 to 69 years 21,140 10,035 11,110
70 to 74 years 16,150 7,490 8,660
75 to 79 years 13,195 5,755 7,435
80 to 84 years 10,400 4,270 6,130
85 to 89 years 6,880 2,385 4,495
90 to 94 years 2,615 775 1,840
95 to 99 years 615 130 490
100 years and over 100 20 80
Median age 40.0 38.7 41.3

London – Median age1 of the population

The median age in London was 40 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 6 Canada, Ontario and London – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
London 38.6 40.0

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in London was 132,285, which represents a change of 3.5% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In London, 70.2% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 12.7% were common-law-couples and 17.2% were lone-parent families.

London – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Ontario, London – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
London 132,285 92,810 70.2 16,775 12.7 22,700 17.2 3.5

London – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census metropolitan area of London, 46.9% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census metropolitan area of London, 87.1% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 12.9% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

London – Marital status

In London, 56.4% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (47.9%) or living with a common-law partner (8.5%).

The remaining 43.6% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, London – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status London Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 395,865 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 223,295 56.4 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 189,710 47.9 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 33,580 8.5 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 172,570 43.6 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 111,690 28.2 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 13,375 3.4 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 24,550 6.2 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 22,960 5.8 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

London – Types of private households

There were 195,060 private households3 in London in 2011, a change of 5.5% from 2006. Of these, 25.8% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -3.7% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, London – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 London Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 195,060 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
50,290 25.8 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
56,150 28.8 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 21,085 10.8 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 56,475 29.0 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households8 2,345 1.2 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 8,715 4.5 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

London – Structural type of dwelling

In London, 56.8% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 16.2% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, London – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling London Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 195,055 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 110,820 56.8 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 7,645 3.9 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 20,150 10.3 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 31,670 16.2 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 19,375 9.9 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 4,685 2.4 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 250 0.1 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 470 0.2 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

London – Mother tongue

Chart J: London - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: London - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In London, 80.7% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.2% reported French only, and 16.7% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 89.0% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.4% spoke only French and 8.0% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for English only, 2.2% for French only and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 London – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 469,010 100.0 469,010 100.0
English 378,330 80.7 417,235 89.0
French 5,815 1.2 1,660 0.4
Non-official language 78,295 16.7 37,480 8.0
Multiple responses 6,570 1.4 12,640 2.7
Table 12 London – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.7 99.4 0.3
French 50.7 25.3 25.4
Non-official language 77.9 54.5 23.4

London – Non-official languages

In London, the three most common mother tongues were Spanish (2.0%), Arabic (1.9%) and Polish (1.4%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 13 London – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Spanish 9,585 11.4 2.0
Arabic 8,690 10.4 1.9
Polish 6,520 7.8 1.4
Portuguese 6,465 7.7 1.4
Dutch 4,560 5.4 1.0
German 4,540 5.4 1.0
Italian 3,795 4.5 0.8
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,065 3.7 0.7
Korean 2,640 3.1 0.6
Greek 2,060 2.5 0.4

London – Bilingualism

Table 14 London – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 6.4 5.3 87.5 5.8
0 to 19 8.1 7.1 88.0 11.2
20 to 44 7.4 6.5 90.2 6.2
45 to 64 5.0 3.5 87.8 4.3
65 and over 4.1 2.6 81.7 3.1
Table 15 London – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 469,010 100.0
English only 432,600 92.2
French only 240 0.1
English and French 31,095 6.6
Neither English nor French 5,065 1.1

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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