Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census metropolitan area of Winnipeg, Manitoba 1

Map of Winnipeg, CMA (shaded in green), Manitoba

Map of Winnipeg, Manitoba

Interactive version of map

Prov. rank

1

Nat. rank

8

In 2011, the population of Winnipeg census metropolitan area (CMA) was 730,018, representing a percentage change of 5.1% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CMAs of 7.4%.

In Winnipeg, the land area is 5,303.09 square kilometres with a population density of 137.7 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CMAs is 92,648.98 square kilometres with 249.58 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 291,316 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Winnipeg in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 3.4%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Winnipeg CMA

Table 1 Winnipeg CMA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Winnipeg CY 663,617 633,451 4.8
Springfield RM 14,069 12,990 8.3
St. Clements RM 10,505 9,706 8.2
Taché RM 10,284 9,083 13.2
East St. Paul RM 9,046 8,733 3.6
Macdonald RM 6,280 5,653 11.1
Ritchot RM 5,478 5,051 8.5
West St. Paul RM 4,932 4,357 13.2
Headingley RM 3,215 2,726 17.9
Rosser RM 1,352 1,364 -0.9
St. François Xavier RM 1,240 1,087 14.1
Brokenhead 4  IRI 467

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Manitoba

Table 2 Manitoba – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Winnipeg  CMA 730,018 694,668 5.1 8 1
Brandon CA 53,229 48,256 10.3 61 2
Steinbach CA 13,524 11,066 A 22.2 130 3
Portage la Prairie CA 12,996 12,728 A 2.1 132 4
Thompson CA 12,839 13,446 A -4.5 135 5

Age and sex

Winnipeg – Age distribution

Table 3 Winnipeg – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 17.1% 18.0% 16.3%
15 to 64 68.8% 69.8% 67.8%
65 and over 14.1% 12.2% 15.9%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Winnipeg was 14.1%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.8% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 17.1%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Winnipeg – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Winnipeg – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 730,015 694,665 35,350 5.1
0 to 14 124,840 123,500 1,340 1.1
15 to 64 502,315 475,235 27,080 5.7
65 and over 102,855 95,930 6,925 7.2
Males
Total 355,955 337,465 18,490 5.5
0 to 14 63,980 63,365 615 1.0
15 to 64 248,545 234,520 14,025 6.0
65 and over 43,425 39,580 3,845 9.7
Females
Total 374,070 357,200 16,870 4.7
0 to 14 60,865 60,135 730 1.2
15 to 64 253,775 240,720 13,055 5.4
65 and over 59,430 56,350 3,080 5.5

Winnipeg – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Winnipeg – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 730,015 355,955 374,070
0 to 4 years 40,550 20,485 20,065
5 to 9 years 40,265 20,700 19,565
10 to 14 years 44,030 22,795 21,235
15 to 19 years 49,600 25,260 24,340
20 to 24 years 52,445 26,360 26,085
25 to 29 years 50,350 24,935 25,415
30 to 34 years 48,265 23,655 24,610
35 to 39 years 47,755 23,610 24,145
40 to 44 years 49,220 24,265 24,955
45 to 49 years 56,930 28,215 28,715
50 to 54 years 56,005 27,790 28,215
55 to 59 years 49,520 24,115 25,400
60 to 64 years 42,230 20,340 21,890
65 to 69 years 29,815 14,195 15,620
70 to 74 years 22,275 10,160 12,120
75 to 79 years 19,065 8,285 10,785
80 to 84 years 15,590 6,025 9,565
85 to 89 years 10,400 3,360 7,035
90 to 94 years 4,300 1,140 3,165
95 to 99 years 1,240 245 1,000
100 years and over 165 20 150
Median age 39.2 37.9 40.3

Winnipeg – Median age2 of the population

The median age in Winnipeg was 39.2 years. In comparison, the median age of Manitoba was 38.4 years.

Table 6 Canada, Manitoba and Winnipeg – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Manitoba 38.1 38.4
Winnipeg 38.8 39.2

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Winnipeg was 198,070, which represents a change of 4.4% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Winnipeg, 70.2% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 11.7% were common-law-couples and 18.0% were lone-parent families.

Winnipeg – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Manitoba, Winnipeg – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Manitoba  327,875 232,635 71.0 39,060 11.9 56,185 17.1 4.8
Winnipeg  198,070 139,125 70.2 23,260 11.7 35,685 18.0 4.4

Winnipeg – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census metropolitan area of Winnipeg, 48.9% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census metropolitan area of Winnipeg, 88.5% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 11.5% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Winnipeg – Marital status

In Winnipeg, 54.9% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (47.2%) or living with a common-law partner (7.7%).

The remaining 45.1% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Manitoba, Winnipeg – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Winnipeg Manitoba Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 605,175 100.0 977,110 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 332,515 54.9 558,505 57.2 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 285,805 47.2 480,135 49.1 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 46,715 7.7 78,370 8.0 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 272,660 45.1 418,600 42.8 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 183,915 30.4 282,460 28.9 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 15,525 2.6 23,620 2.4 698,245 2.5
Divorced 36,885 6.1 52,215 5.3 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 36,325 6.0 60,300 6.2 1,584,525 5.7

Winnipeg – Types of private households

There were 291,315 private households4 in Winnipeg in 2011, a change of 3.4% from 2006. Of these, 26.1% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 1.9% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Manitoba, Winnipeg – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Winnipeg Manitoba Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 291,315 100.0 466,140 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
75,960 26.1 125,025 26.8 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
78,845 27.1 134,525 28.9 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 31,900 11.0 48,255 10.4 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 86,690 29.8 131,480 28.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 5,510 1.9 9,665 2.1 268,060 2.0
Other households10 12,410 4.3 17,190 3.7 543,340 4.1

Winnipeg – Structural type of dwelling

In Winnipeg, 62.9% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 12.2% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Manitoba, Winnipeg – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Winnipeg Manitoba Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 291,315 100.0 466,140 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 183,245 62.9 322,800 69.2 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 10,405 3.6 14,445 3.1 646,240 4.9
Row house 8,915 3.1 14,435 3.1 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 35,460 12.2 37,665 8.1 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 46,755 16.0 61,410 13.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 4,710 1.6 6,105 1.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 330 0.1 730 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 1,495 0.5 8,550 1.8 183,510 1.4

Language

Winnipeg – Mother tongue

Chart J: Winnipeg - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Winnipeg - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Winnipeg, 72.2% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 3.8% reported French only, and 21.4% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 72.9% for English only, 3.5% for French only and 21.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 83.7% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 1.6% spoke only French and 10.0% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 84.4% for English only, 1.5% for French only and 10.5% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Winnipeg – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 721,120 100.0 721,115 100.0
English 520,785 72.2 603,730 83.7
French 27,680 3.8 11,535 1.6
Non-official language 154,350 21.4 72,465 10.0
Multiple responses 18,300 2.5 33,395 4.6
Table 12 Winnipeg – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.6 99.1 0.5
French 62.7 39.9 22.8
Non-official language 75.5 55.5 19.9

Winnipeg – Non-official languages

In Winnipeg, the three most common mother tongues were Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (5.3%), German (3.0%) and Ukrainian (1.6%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were German (5.8%), Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (3.4%) and Cree, n.o.s. (1.7%).

Table 13 Winnipeg – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 38,560 22.7 5.3
German 21,295 12.5 3.0
Ukrainian 11,340 6.7 1.6
Panjabi (Punjabi) 10,150 6.0 1.4
Polish 6,845 4.0 0.9
Spanish 6,715 4.0 0.9
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,645 3.9 0.9
Portuguese 6,160 3.6 0.9
Russian 4,390 2.6 0.6
Italian 4,255 2.5 0.6

Winnipeg – Bilingualism

Table 14 Winnipeg – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 10.3 8.1 90.1 3.4
0 to 19 12.4 11.7 83.5 5.2
20 to 44 11.6 10.5 93.4 3.9
45 to 64 7.8 3.8 90.2 2.8
65 and over 8.5 2.9 89.8 2.0
Table 15 Winnipeg – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 721,115 100.0
English only 635,575 88.1
French only 1,050 0.1
English and French 75,715 10.5
Neither English nor French 8,775 1.2

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.

Notes:

  1. Winnipeg (Manitoba) – This census metropolitan area has the following data quality indicators (commonly referred to as data quality flags):
     

    Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

  2. Median age: Age 'x' that divides a population in two groups of the same population size, one group being older than age 'x' and the other group being younger than age 'x'.
  3. Census family: Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family.
  4. Household, private: Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.
  5. Household type: Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living in common-law with or without children or a lone parent living with one or more children.
  6. Couple-family households with children: Refers to couple households with at least one child aged 24 and under.
  7. Couple-family households without children: Refers to couple households without children aged 24 and under. Includes couple households with all children aged 25 and over.
  8. Lone-parent-family households: Refers to all lone-parent family households regardless of age of children.
  9. Multiple-family households: Refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling.
  10. Other households: Refers to two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.
  11. Other single-attached house: A single dwelling that is attached to another building and that does not fall into any of the other categories, such as a single dwelling attached to a non-residential structure (e.g., a store or a church) or occasionally to another residential structure (e.g., an apartment building).
  12. Movable dwelling includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.
  13. Mother-tongue retention: Retention refers to the situation where people speak their mother tongue at home. Retention is defined as 'complete' when the mother tongue is the language spoken most often and 'partial' when it is spoken on a regular basis but not most often. The (complete or partial) retention rate refers to the proportion of the population with a given mother tongue that speaks that language at home most often or on a regular basis. The retention rate provides an indication of a group's linguistic vitality, particularly the importance of transmitting languages between generations.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

Related data: