Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census metropolitan area of Edmonton, Alberta

Map of Edmonton, CMA (shaded in green), Alberta

Map of Edmonton

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Edmonton, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Edmonton, CMA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
2
Nat. rank
6

In 2011, the population of Edmonton census metropolitan area (CMA) was 1,159,869, representing a percentage change of 12.1% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CMAs of 7.4%.

In Edmonton, the land area is 9,426.73 square kilometres with a population density of 123.0 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CMAs is 92,648.98 square kilometres with 249.58 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 450,786 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Edmonton in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 11.2%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Edmonton CMA

Table 1 Edmonton CMA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Edmonton CY 812,201 730,372 11.2
Strathcona County SM 92,490 82,511 12.1
St. Albert CY 61,466 57,764 A 6.4
Parkland County MD 30,568 29,220 A 4.6
Spruce Grove CY 26,171 19,541 A 33.9
Leduc CY 24,279 16,967 43.1
Sturgeon County MD 19,578 18,566 A 5.5
Fort Saskatchewan CY 19,051 14,957 27.4
Stony Plain T 15,051 12,363 21.7
Leduc County MD 13,541 13,135 A 3.1
Beaumont T 13,284 8,961 48.2
Morinville T 8,569 6,775 26.5
Devon T 6,510 6,261 A 4.0
Gibbons T 3,030 2,642 14.7
Calmar T 1,970 1,959 0.6
Redwater T 1,915 2,202 A -13.0
Bon Accord T 1,488 1,534 -3.0
Legal T 1,225 1,192 2.8
Bruderheim T 1,155 1,215 -4.9
Wabamun 133A IRI 1,069 1,088 -1.7
Alexander 134 IRI 1,027 962 6.8
Stony Plain 135 IRI 987 1,418 -30.4
Thorsby VL 797 945 -15.7
Warburg VL 789 621 27.1
Wabamun VL 661 601 10.0
Spring Lake VL 533 501 6.4
Seba Beach SV 143 203 -29.6
Golden Days SV 141 207 -31.9
Sundance Beach SV 82 102 -19.6
Lakeview SV 26 36 -27.8
Itaska Beach SV 20 35 -42.9
Wabamun 133B IRI 17 20 -15.0
Point Alison SV 15 15 0.0
Betula Beach SV 10 15 -33.3
Kapasiwin SV 10 39 E -74.4

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Alberta

Table 2 Alberta – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Calgary CMA 1,214,839 1,079,310 12.6 5 1
Edmonton CMA 1,159,869 1,034,945 12.1 6 2
Lethbridge CA 105,999 95,196 11.3 34 3
Red Deer CA 90,564 83,154 A 8.9 43 4
Medicine Hat CA 72,807 68,822 5.8 50 5
Wood Buffalo CA 66,896 52,643 27.1 51 6
Grande Prairie CA 55,032 47,107 A 16.8 59 7
Lloydminster CA 30,798 27,023 14.0 87 ···
Lloydminster (Saskatchewan part / partie de la Saskatchewan)   12,766 11,113 14.9 ··· 9
Lloydminster (Alberta part / partie de l'Alberta)   18,032 15,910 13.3 ··· 10
Okotoks CA 24,511 17,150 A 42.9 101 8
Brooks CA 23,430 22,452 4.4 103 9
Camrose CA 17,286 15,630 A 10.6 117 11
Cold Lake CA 13,839 11,991 15.4 127 12
High River CA 12,920 10,716 A 20.6 134 13
Sylvan Lake CA 12,762 10,703 A 19.2 136 14
Wetaskiwin CA 12,525 11,689 A 7.2 138 15
Strathmore CA 12,305 10,280 A 19.7 140 16
Canmore CA 12,288 12,039 2.1 141 17
Lacombe CA 11,707 10,752 A 8.9 144 18

Age and sex

Edmonton – Age distribution

Table 3 Edmonton – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 17.7% 18.1% 17.2%
15 to 64 70.9% 71.7% 70.2%
65 and over 11.4% 10.1% 12.7%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Edmonton was 11.4%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 70.9% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 17.7%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Edmonton – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Edmonton – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 1,159,870 1,034,945 124,925 12.1
0 to 14 204,915 187,295 17,620 9.4
15 to 64 822,710 732,830 89,880 12.3
65 and over 132,245 114,825 17,420 15.2
Males
Total 578,975 514,030 64,945 12.6
0 to 14 105,060 96,015 9,045 9.4
15 to 64 415,185 367,595 47,590 12.9
65 and over 58,735 50,420 8,315 16.5
Females
Total 580,895 520,915 59,980 11.5
0 to 14 99,860 91,275 8,585 9.4
15 to 64 407,525 365,230 42,295 11.6
65 and over 73,510 64,405 9,105 14.1

Edmonton – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Edmonton – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 1,159,870 578,975 580,895
0 to 4 years 73,640 37,625 36,020
5 to 9 years 65,070 33,355 31,710
10 to 14 years 66,200 34,080 32,125
15 to 19 years 74,250 37,730 36,520
20 to 24 years 90,005 45,795 44,210
25 to 29 years 97,125 49,560 47,560
30 to 34 years 88,235 44,850 43,385
35 to 39 years 81,150 40,985 40,165
40 to 44 years 81,150 40,900 40,245
45 to 49 years 88,690 44,225 44,465
50 to 54 years 88,315 44,435 43,880
55 to 59 years 74,895 37,545 37,355
60 to 64 years 58,895 29,165 29,730
65 to 69 years 40,280 19,590 20,685
70 to 74 years 30,710 14,375 16,330
75 to 79 years 24,865 11,135 13,735
80 to 84 years 19,205 8,050 11,150
85 to 89 years 11,370 4,025 7,340
90 to 94 years 4,485 1,255 3,230
95 to 99 years 1,140 275 870
100 years and over 190 25 165
Median age 36.5 35.8 37.3

Edmonton – Median age1 of the population

The median age in Edmonton was 36.5 years. In comparison, the median age of Alberta was 36.5 years.

Table 6 Canada, Alberta and Edmonton – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Alberta 36.0 36.5
Edmonton 36.4 36.5

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Edmonton was 316,575, which represents a change of 11.3% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Edmonton, 71.0% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 13.1% were common-law-couples and 15.9% were lone-parent families.

Edmonton – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Alberta, Edmonton – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Alberta  999,525 719,355 72.0 135,660 13.6 144,510 14.5 10.5
Edmonton 316,575 224,885 71.0 41,340 13.1 50,350 15.9 11.3

Edmonton – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census metropolitan area of Edmonton, 49.4% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census metropolitan area of Edmonton, 88.4% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 11.6% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Edmonton – Marital status

In Edmonton, 57.1% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (48.5%) or living with a common-law partner (8.7%).

The remaining 42.9% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Alberta, Edmonton – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Edmonton Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 954,960 100.0 2,960,470 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 545,660 57.1 1,756,860 59.3 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 462,840 48.5 1,484,705 50.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 82,820 8.7 272,155 9.2 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 409,300 42.9 1,203,615 40.7 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 282,265 29.6 823,935 27.8 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 23,670 2.5 70,855 2.4 698,245 2.5
Divorced 59,730 6.3 177,375 6.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 43,635 4.6 131,440 4.4 1,584,525 5.7

Edmonton – Types of private households

There were 450,785 private households3 in Edmonton in 2011, a change of 11.2% from 2006. Of these, 28.0% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 8.0% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Alberta, Edmonton – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Edmonton Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 450,785 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
126,365 28.0 407,145 29.3 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
126,430 28.0 406,380 29.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 45,185 10.0 128,330 9.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 116,915 25.9 342,735 24.7 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households8 9,030 2.0 27,900 2.0 268,060 2.0
Other households9 26,855 6.0 77,785 5.6 543,340 4.1

Edmonton – Structural type of dwelling

In Edmonton, 58.6% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 5.8% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Alberta, Edmonton – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Edmonton Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 450,785 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 264,290 58.6 883,260 63.5 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 22,655 5.0 71,850 5.2 646,240 4.9
Row house 36,885 8.2 97,865 7.0 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 26,250 5.8 58,205 4.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 84,295 18.7 197,945 14.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 8,910 2.0 33,505 2.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 235 0.1 1,060 0.1 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 7,260 1.6 46,590 3.4 183,510 1.4

Language

Edmonton – Mother tongue

Chart J: Edmonton - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Edmonton - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Edmonton, 74.5% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.2% reported French only, and 21.3% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 77.0% for English only, 1.9% for French only and 19.4% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 84.4% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.8% spoke only French and 11.1% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 85.7% for English only, 0.7% for French only and 10.5% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Edmonton – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 1,146,600 100.0 1,146,600 100.0
English 854,215 74.5 967,740 84.4
French 24,875 2.2 9,055 0.8
Non-official language 244,540 21.3 127,430 11.1
Multiple responses 22,960 2.0 42,375 3.7
Table 12 Edmonton – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.5 99.0 0.5
French 55.4 33.5 21.8
Non-official language 78.2 57.0 21.2

Edmonton – Non-official languages

In Edmonton, the three most common mother tongues were Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (2.2%), Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.8%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (1.8%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were German (2.3%), Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (1.9%) and Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.5%).

Table 13 Edmonton – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25,555 9.7 2.2
Panjabi (Punjabi) 20,725 7.8 1.8
Chinese, n.o.s. 20,165 7.6 1.8
German 17,565 6.6 1.5
Spanish 15,215 5.8 1.3
Ukrainian 14,595 5.5 1.3
Cantonese 14,270 5.4 1.2
Arabic 13,420 5.1 1.2
Polish 9,800 3.7 0.9
Vietnamese 8,400 3.2 0.7

Edmonton – Bilingualism

Table 14 Edmonton – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 7.1 5.6 86.0 4.2
0 to 19 7.8 7.1 80.1 6.4
20 to 44 8.1 7.0 89.9 4.8
45 to 64 5.7 3.3 85.8 3.5
65 and over 5.3 2.3 83.4 1.9
Table 15 Edmonton – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 1,146,600 100.0
English only 1,045,145 91.2
French only 1,310 0.1
English and French 83,640 7.3
Neither English nor French 16,500 1.4

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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