Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census agglomeration of Wood Buffalo, Alberta

Map of Wood Buffalo, CA (shaded in green), Alberta

Map of Wood Buffalo

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Wood Buffalo, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Wood Buffalo, CA - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
6
Nat. rank
51

In 2011, the population of Wood Buffalo census agglomeration (CA) was 66,896, representing a percentage change of 27.1% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CAs of 4.2%.

In Wood Buffalo, the land area is 63,782.95 square kilometres with a population density of 1.0 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CAs is 232,264.62 square kilometres with 18.56 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 23,544 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Wood Buffalo in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 28.0%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Wood Buffalo CA

Table 1 Wood Buffalo CA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Wood Buffalo SM 65,565 51,496 E 27.3
Fort Mackay S- 562 521 7.9
Janvier 194 IRI 295 271 8.9
Gregoire Lake 176 IRI 274 81 238.3
Dog Head 218 IRI 111 91 22.0
Allison Bay 219 IRI 84 62 35.5
Chipewyan 201A IRI 5 0  ···
Charles Lake 225 IRI 0 0  ···
Gregoire Lake 176A IRI 0 121 -100.0
Fort McKay 174 IRI 0 0  ···
Thabacha Nre 196A IRI 0 0  ···
Old Fort 217 IRI 0 0  ···
Namur River 174A IRI 0 0  ···
Namur Lake 174B IRI 0 0  ···

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Alberta

Table 2 Alberta – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Calgary CMA 1,214,839 1,079,310 12.6 5 1
Edmonton CMA 1,159,869 1,034,945 12.1 6 2
Lethbridge CA 105,999 95,196 11.3 34 3
Red Deer CA 90,564 83,154 A 8.9 43 4
Medicine Hat CA 72,807 68,822 5.8 50 5
Wood Buffalo CA 66,896 52,643 27.1 51 6
Grande Prairie CA 55,032 47,107 A 16.8 59 7
Lloydminster CA 30,798 27,023 14.0 87 ···
Lloydminster (Saskatchewan part / partie de la Saskatchewan)   12,766 11,113 14.9 ··· 9
Lloydminster (Alberta part / partie de l'Alberta)   18,032 15,910 13.3 ··· 10
Okotoks CA 24,511 17,150 A 42.9 101 8
Brooks CA 23,430 22,452 4.4 103 9
Camrose CA 17,286 15,630 A 10.6 117 11
Cold Lake CA 13,839 11,991 15.4 127 12
High River CA 12,920 10,716 A 20.6 134 13
Sylvan Lake CA 12,762 10,703 A 19.2 136 14
Wetaskiwin CA 12,525 11,689 A 7.2 138 15
Strathmore CA 12,305 10,280 A 19.7 140 16
Canmore CA 12,288 12,039 2.1 141 17
Lacombe CA 11,707 10,752 A 8.9 144 18

Age and sex

Wood Buffalo – Age distribution

Table 3 Wood Buffalo – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 18.8% 18.0% 19.8%
15 to 64 79.3% 80.3% 78.2%
65 and over 1.9% 1.8% 2.0%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Wood Buffalo was 1.9%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 79.3% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 18.8%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Wood Buffalo – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Wood Buffalo – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 66,895 52,645 14,250 27.1
0 to 14 12,565 10,635 1,930 18.1
15 to 64 53,070 40,980 12,090 29.5
65 and over 1,260 1,030 230 22.3
Males
Total 36,420 28,220 8,200 29.1
0 to 14 6,540 5,450 1,090 20.0
15 to 64 29,235 22,270 6,965 31.3
65 and over 640 500 140 28.0
Females
Total 30,480 24,425 6,055 24.8
0 to 14 6,025 5,185 840 16.2
15 to 64 23,840 18,710 5,130 27.4
65 and over 615 530 85 16.0

Wood Buffalo – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Wood Buffalo – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 66,895 36,420 30,480
0 to 4 years 5,265 2,705 2,555
5 to 9 years 3,760 1,985 1,780
10 to 14 years 3,540 1,850 1,690
15 to 19 years 4,020 2,100 1,920
20 to 24 years 6,185 3,235 2,945
25 to 29 years 8,105 4,360 3,745
30 to 34 years 6,920 3,700 3,220
35 to 39 years 5,740 3,290 2,455
40 to 44 years 5,495 3,020 2,475
45 to 49 years 5,660 3,130 2,525
50 to 54 years 5,610 3,155 2,455
55 to 59 years 3,625 2,220 1,400
60 to 64 years 1,710 1,020 690
65 to 69 years 660 375 280
70 to 74 years 285 145 140
75 to 79 years 180 70 110
80 to 84 years 80 30 50
85 to 89 years 35 10 25
90 to 94 years 15 5 10
95 to 99 years 5 0 5
100 years and over 0 0 0
Median age 31.7 32.5 30.8

Wood Buffalo – Median age1 of the population

The median age in Wood Buffalo was 31.7 years. In comparison, the median age of Alberta was 36.5 years.

Table 6 Canada, Alberta and Wood Buffalo – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Alberta 36.0 36.5
Wood Buffalo 31.6 31.7

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Wood Buffalo was 18,075, which represents a change of 24.8% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Wood Buffalo, 65.5% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 23.0% were common-law-couples and 11.6% were lone-parent families.

Wood Buffalo – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Alberta, Wood Buffalo – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Alberta  999,525 719,355 72.0 135,660 13.6 144,510 14.5 10.5
Wood Buffalo 18,075 11,835 65.5 4,150 23.0 2,090 11.6 24.8

Wood Buffalo – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census agglomeration of Wood Buffalo, 52.9% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census agglomeration of Wood Buffalo, 85.6% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 14.4% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Wood Buffalo – Marital status

In Wood Buffalo, 62.0% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (46.7%) or living with a common-law partner (15.4%).

The remaining 38.0% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Alberta, Wood Buffalo – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Wood Buffalo Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 54,335 100.0 2,960,470 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 33,695 62.0 1,756,860 59.3 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 25,355 46.7 1,484,705 50.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 8,345 15.4 272,155 9.2 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 20,635 38.0 1,203,615 40.7 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 16,350 30.1 823,935 27.8 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 1,295 2.4 70,855 2.4 698,245 2.5
Divorced 2,385 4.4 177,375 6.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 605 1.1 131,440 4.4 1,584,525 5.7

Wood Buffalo – Types of private households

There were 23,540 private households3 in Wood Buffalo in 2011, a change of 28.0% from 2006. Of these, 33.9% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 15.6% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Alberta, Wood Buffalo – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Wood Buffalo Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 23,540 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
7,980 33.9 407,145 29.3 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
6,665 28.3 406,380 29.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 1,750 7.4 128,330 9.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 4,125 17.5 342,735 24.7 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households8 820 3.5 27,900 2.0 268,060 2.0
Other households9 2,200 9.3 77,785 5.6 543,340 4.1

Wood Buffalo – Structural type of dwelling

In Wood Buffalo, 48.9% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 2.4% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Alberta, Wood Buffalo – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Wood Buffalo Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 23,545 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 11,520 48.9 883,260 63.5 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,370 5.8 71,850 5.2 646,240 4.9
Row house 2,295 9.7 97,865 7.0 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 555 2.4 58,205 4.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,640 19.7 197,945 14.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 330 1.4 33,505 2.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 10 0.0 1,060 0.1 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 2,825 12.0 46,590 3.4 183,510 1.4

Language

Wood Buffalo – Mother tongue

Chart J: Wood Buffalo - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Wood Buffalo - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Wood Buffalo, 79.4% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.7% reported French only, and 16.0% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 77.0% for English only, 1.9% for French only and 19.4% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 86.9% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 1.3% spoke only French and 8.9% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 85.7% for English only, 0.7% for French only and 10.5% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Wood Buffalo – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 66,850 100.0 66,845 100.0
English 53,050 79.4 58,120 86.9
French 1,795 2.7 880 1.3
Non-official language 10,690 16.0 5,920 8.9
Multiple responses 1,320 2.0 1,920 2.9
Table 12 Wood Buffalo – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.6 99.1 0.5
French 67.4 45.4 22.0
Non-official language 82.4 59.0 23.4

Wood Buffalo – Non-official languages

In Wood Buffalo, the three most common mother tongues were Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (2.4%), Urdu (1.4%) and Gujarati (1.4%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were German (2.3%), Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (1.9%) and Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.5%).

Table 13 Wood Buffalo – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,595 13.5 2.4
Urdu 945 8.0 1.4
Gujarati 935 7.9 1.4
Spanish 920 7.8 1.4
Arabic 890 7.5 1.3

Wood Buffalo – Bilingualism

Table 14 Wood Buffalo – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 6.8 4.4 90.5 4.7
0 to 19 6.0 5.0 85.4 5.0
20 to 44 7.3 4.9 92.3 5.1
45 to 64 6.8 2.9 90.6 3.9
65 and over 5.8 3.2 80.0 2.7
Table 15 Wood Buffalo – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 66,845 100.0
English only 61,650 92.2
French only 105 0.2
English and French 4,715 7.1
Neither English nor French 385 0.6

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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