Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census metropolitan area of Toronto, Ontario

Map of Toronto, CMA (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Toronto, Ontario

Interactive version of map

Prov. rank

1

Nat. rank

1

In 2011, the population of Toronto census metropolitan area (CMA) was 5,583,064, representing a percentage change of 9.2% from 2006. This compares to the national growth of 5.9% and to the average growth among all CMAs of 7.4%.

In Toronto, the land area is 5,905.71 square kilometres with a population density of 945.4 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre. The land area of all CMAs is 92,648.98 square kilometres with 249.58 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 1,989,705 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Toronto in 2011. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 10.5%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Census subdivisions in the Toronto CMA

Table 1 Toronto CMA – Census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Toronto C 2,615,060 2,503,281 4.5
Mississauga CY 713,443 668,599 A 6.7
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Markham T 301,709 261,573 15.3
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7
Richmond Hill T 185,541 162,704 14.0
Oakville T 182,520 165,613 10.2
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Pickering CY 88,721 87,838 1.0
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Newmarket T 79,978 74,295 7.6
Caledon T 59,460 57,050 4.2
Halton Hills T 59,008 55,289 6.7
Aurora T 53,203 47,629 11.7
Georgina T 43,517 42,346 2.8
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
New Tecumseth T 30,234 27,701 9.1
Bradford West Gwillimbury T 28,077 24,039 16.8
Orangeville T 27,975 26,925 3.9
East Gwillimbury T 22,473 21,069 6.7
Uxbridge TP 20,623 19,169 7.6
King TP 19,899 19,487 2.1
Mono T 7,546 7,071 6.7
Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation IRI 275 353 -22.1

Census metropolitan areas (CMAs) or census agglomerations (CAs) in Ontario

Table 2 Ontario – Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Toronto CMA 5,583,064 5,113,149 9.2 1 1
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA 1,236,324 1,133,633 A 9.1 4 ···
Ottawa - Gatineau (partie du Québec / Quebec part)   314,501 286,831 A 9.6 ··· 3
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   921,823 846,802 8.9 ··· 2
Hamilton CMA 721,053 692,911 4.1 9 3
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA 477,160 451,235 5.7 10 4
London CMA 474,786 457,720 3.7 11 5
St. Catharines - Niagara CMA 392,184 390,317 0.5 12 6
Oshawa CMA 356,177 330,594 7.7 14 7
Windsor CMA 319,246 323,342 -1.3 16 8
Barrie CMA 187,013 177,061 5.6 21 9
Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury CMA 160,770 158,258 1.6 24 10
Kingston CMA 159,561 152,358 4.7 25 11
Guelph CMA 141,097 133,698 A 5.5 28 12
Brantford CMA 135,501 124,607 8.7 30 13
Thunder Bay CMA 121,596 122,907 -1.1 32 14
Peterborough CMA 118,975 116,570 2.1 33 15
Chatham-Kent CA 104,075 108,589 -4.2 35 16
Belleville CA 92,540 91,518 1.1 40 17
Sarnia CA 89,555 88,793 0.9 44 18
Sault Ste. Marie  CA 79,800 80,098 -0.4 47 19
Kawartha Lakes CA 73,214 74,561 -1.8 49 20
North Bay CA 64,043 63,424 1.0 53 21
Norfolk CA 63,175 62,563 1.0 54 22
Cornwall CA 58,957 58,485 0.8 55 23
Leamington CA 49,765 49,741 0.0 63 24
Timmins CA 43,165 42,997 0.4 69 25
Orillia CA 40,731 40,532 0.5 73 26
Brockville CA 39,024 39,668 -1.6 75 27
Woodstock CA 37,754 35,822 A 5.4 76 28
Midland CA 35,419 35,432 A 0.0 79 29
Owen Sound CA 32,092 32,259 -0.5 85 30
Stratford CA 30,886 30,516 A 1.2 86 31
Centre Wellington CA 26,693 26,049 2.5 95 32
Pembroke CA 24,017 23,195 3.5 102 33
Collingwood CA 19,241 17,290 11.3 106 34
Cobourg CA 18,519 18,210 1.7 109 35
Port Hope CA 16,214 16,390 -1.1 121 36
Petawawa CA 15,988 14,651 9.1 123 37
Kenora CA 15,348 15,177 1.1 125 38
Tillsonburg CA 15,301 14,822 3.2 126 39
Temiskaming Shores CA 13,566 13,654 A -0.6 129 40
Ingersoll CA 12,146 11,760 3.3 142 41
Hawkesbury CA 12,128 12,267 -1.1 143 ···
Hawkesbury (partie du Québec / Quebec part)   1,577 1,398 12.8 ··· 31
Hawkesbury (Ontario part / partie de l'Ontario)   10,551 10,869 -2.9 ··· 43
Elliot Lake CA 11,348 11,549 -1.7 146 42

Age and sex

Toronto – Age distribution

Table 3 Toronto – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 17.5% 18.5% 16.5%
15 to 64 69.9% 70.0% 69.7%
65 and over 12.7% 11.5% 13.8%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Toronto was 12.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 69.9% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 17.5%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Toronto – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Toronto – Population by broad age groups and sex, and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 5,583,065 5,113,150 469,915 9.2
0 to 14 975,330 949,940 25,390 2.7
15 to 64 3,901,070 3,556,180 344,890 9.7
65 and over 706,660 607,025 99,635 16.4
Males
Total 2,708,955 2,486,255 222,700 9.0
0 to 14 500,770 488,330 12,440 2.5
15 to 64 1,897,350 1,735,020 162,330 9.4
65 and over 310,835 262,905 47,930 18.2
Females
Total 2,874,110 2,626,900 247,210 9.4
0 to 14 474,565 461,610 12,955 2.8
15 to 64 2,003,720 1,821,160 182,560 10.0
65 and over 395,825 344,125 51,700 15.0

Toronto – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Toronto – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 5,583,065 2,708,955 2,874,110
0 to 4 years 318,905 163,630 155,270
5 to 9 years 319,650 163,895 155,755
10 to 14 years 336,780 173,240 163,540
15 to 19 years 371,720 191,680 180,040
20 to 24 years 380,370 191,985 188,390
25 to 29 years 389,230 188,235 200,995
30 to 34 years 386,120 181,115 205,000
35 to 39 years 403,930 191,340 212,590
40 to 44 years 436,250 209,390 226,855
45 to 49 years 465,350 227,585 237,765
50 to 54 years 422,305 206,100 216,205
55 to 59 years 348,200 167,520 180,680
60 to 64 years 297,595 142,385 155,205
65 to 69 years 210,610 99,840 110,770
70 to 74 years 167,810 76,990 90,825
75 to 79 years 135,355 60,670 74,685
80 to 84 years 102,185 42,575 59,605
85 to 89 years 61,275 22,010 39,265
90 to 94 years 22,765 7,135 15,630
95 to 99 years 5,835 1,470 4,365
100 years and over 830 150 680
Median age 38.6 37.7 39.4

Toronto – Median age1 of the population

The median age in Toronto was 38.6 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 6 Canada, Ontario and Toronto – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Toronto 37.5 38.6

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Toronto was 1,529,235, which represents a change of 8.8% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Toronto, 74.0% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 8.2% were common-law-couples and 17.8% were lone-parent families.

Toronto – Family structure

Table 7 Canada, Ontario, Toronto – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Toronto 1,529,235 1,132,225 74.0 124,690 8.2 272,325 17.8 8.8

Toronto – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census metropolitan area of Toronto, 54.7% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the census metropolitan area of Toronto, 92.2% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 7.8% were stepfamilies, in which there was at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under were stepfamilies.

Toronto – Marital status

In Toronto, 56.3% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (50.9%) or living with a common-law partner (5.4%).

The remaining 43.7% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, Toronto – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Toronto Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 4,607,735 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 2,594,105 56.3 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 2,344,355 50.9 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 249,755 5.4 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 2,013,620 43.7 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 1,407,145 30.5 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 128,050 2.8 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 244,305 5.3 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 234,115 5.1 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Toronto – Types of private households

There were 1,989,705 private households3 in Toronto in 2011, a change of 10.5% from 2006. Of these, 31.6% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 3.8% compared with five years earlier.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Toronto – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Toronto Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Private households 1,989,705 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
629,640 31.6 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
492,695 24.8 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 232,070 11.7 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 470,610 23.7 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households8 83,825 4.2 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 80,855 4.1 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Toronto – Structural type of dwelling

In Toronto, 41.3% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 27.4% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Toronto – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Toronto Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 1,989,705 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 820,895 41.3 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 153,105 7.7 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 176,630 8.9 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 545,840 27.4 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 208,045 10.5 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 81,695 4.1 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 2,780 0.1 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 715 0.0 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Toronto – Mother tongue

Chart J: Toronto - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Toronto - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Toronto, 53.8% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.1% reported French only, and 41.8% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 67.0% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.5% spoke only French and 25.3% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for English only, 2.2% for French only and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Toronto – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 5,541,880 100.0 5,541,880 100.0
English 2,980,215 53.8 3,714,190 67.0
French 63,160 1.1 28,260 0.5
Non-official language 2,314,530 41.8 1,399,475 25.3
Multiple responses 183,975 3.3 399,950 7.2
Table 12 Toronto – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 98.9 97.5 1.3
French 62.1 38.3 23.7
Non-official language 84.8 65.4 19.4

Toronto – Non-official languages

In Toronto, the three most common mother tongues were Italian (3.2%), Cantonese (3.2%) and Panjabi (Punjabi) (3.0%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 13 Toronto – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Italian 178,750 7.2 3.2
Cantonese 177,735 7.1 3.2
Panjabi (Punjabi) 164,855 6.6 3.0
Chinese, n.o.s. 162,890 6.6 2.9
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140,005 5.6 2.5
Spanish 127,825 5.1 2.3
Urdu 124,110 5.0 2.2
Tamil 114,725 4.6 2.1
Portuguese 110,905 4.5 2.0
Mandarin 102,425 4.1 1.8

Toronto – Bilingualism

Table 14 Toronto – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 7.4 7.6 89.6 4.9
0 to 19 8.9 8.1 82.5 8.7
20 to 44 8.4 9.3 92.9 5.0
45 to 64 6.2 6.2 91.1 3.8
65 and over 4.5 4.2 85.3 2.7
Table 15 Toronto – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 5,541,880 100.0
English only 4,872,010 87.9
French only 5,000 0.1
English and French 424,265 7.7
Neither English nor French 240,600 4.3

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.

Notes:

  1. Median age: Age 'x' that divides a population in two groups of the same population size, one group being older than age 'x' and the other group being younger than age 'x'.
  2. Census family: Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family.
  3. Household, private: Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.
  4. Household type: Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living in common-law with or without children or a lone parent living with one or more children.
  5. Couple-family households with children: Refers to couple households with at least one child aged 24 and under.
  6. Couple-family households without children: Refers to couple households without children aged 24 and under. Includes couple households with all children aged 25 and over.
  7. Lone-parent-family households: Refers to all lone-parent family households regardless of age of children.
  8. Multiple-family households: Refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling.
  9. Other households: Refers to two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.
  10. Other single-attached house: A single dwelling that is attached to another building and that does not fall into any of the other categories, such as a single dwelling attached to a non-residential structure (e.g., a store or a church) or occasionally to another residential structure (e.g., an apartment building).
  11. Movable dwelling includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.
  12. Mother-tongue retention: Retention refers to the situation where people speak their mother tongue at home. Retention is defined as 'complete' when the mother tongue is the language spoken most often and 'partial' when it is spoken on a regular basis but not most often. The (complete or partial) retention rate refers to the proportion of the population with a given mother tongue that speaks that language at home most often or on a regular basis. The retention rate provides an indication of a group's linguistic vitality, particularly the importance of transmitting languages between generations.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

Related data: