Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Saint John, CY - New Brunswick

Map of Saint John, CY (shaded in green), New Brunswick

Map of Saint John, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Saint John, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Saint John, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
1
Nat. rank
78

In 2011, Saint John (City) had a population of 70,063, representing a percentage change of 3.0% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 315.82 square kilometres with a population density of 221.8 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 71,377.18 square kilometres with a population density of 10.5 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Saint John (City) had 30,757 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 4.9%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Saint John (City) is part of the census metropolitan area of Saint John.

Population and dwelling counts

Saint John (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Saint John (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Simonds, N.B. P 3,828 3,759 1.8
Musquash, N.B. P 1,200 1,235 -2.8
Westfield, N.B. P 2,108 2,053 2.7
Kingston, N.B. P 2,952 2,888 2.2
Grand Bay-Westfield, N.B. TV 5,117 4,981 2.7
Rothesay, N.B. TV 11,947 11,637 2.7

New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Dieppe C 23,310 18,565 25.6
Quispamsis TV 17,886 15,239 17.4
Lincoln P 6,458 5,764 12.0
Fredericton CY 56,224 50,535 11.3
Kingsclear P 7,391 6,689 10.5

New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 New Brunswick – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Shippagan P 5,032 5,370 -6.3
Edmundston C 16,032 16,643 -3.7
Alnwick P 5,922 6,152 -3.7
Beaubassin East / Beaubassin-est RCR 6,200 6,429 -3.6
Bathurst CY 12,275 12,714 -3.5

Age and sex

Saint John, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Saint John, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 14.8% 15.9% 13.8%
15 to 64 68.3% 69.6% 67.2%
65 and over 16.9% 14.4% 19.0%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Saint John, CY was 16.9%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.3% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 14.8%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Saint John, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Saint John, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 70,065 68,045 2,020 3.0
0 to 14 10,370 10,560 -190 -1.8
15 to 64 47,880 46,345 1,535 3.3
65 and over 11,815 11,140 675 6.1
Males
Total 32,965 31,750 1,215 3.8
0 to 14 5,250 5,410 -160 -3.0
15 to 64 22,960 22,045 915 4.2
65 and over 4,750 4,300 450 10.5
Females
Total 37,105 36,290 815 2.2
0 to 14 5,120 5,155 -35 -0.7
15 to 64 24,920 24,300 620 2.6
65 and over 7,065 6,840 225 3.3

Saint John, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Saint John, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 70,065 32,965 37,105
0 to 4 years 3,645 1,890 1,755
5 to 9 years 3,215 1,580 1,630
10 to 14 years 3,510 1,780 1,735
15 to 19 years 4,290 2,180 2,115
20 to 24 years 4,955 2,495 2,460
25 to 29 years 4,665 2,215 2,450
30 to 34 years 4,325 2,030 2,295
35 to 39 years 4,345 2,080 2,270
40 to 44 years 4,420 2,025 2,390
45 to 49 years 5,615 2,720 2,895
50 to 54 years 5,740 2,670 3,075
55 to 59 years 5,030 2,420 2,610
60 to 64 years 4,485 2,130 2,355
65 to 69 years 3,345 1,560 1,785
70 to 74 years 2,510 1,125 1,390
75 to 79 years 2,160 880 1,280
80 to 84 years 1,840 655 1,190
85 years and over 1,955 530 1,430
Median age 42.3 40.5 43.9

Saint John, CY – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Saint John, CY was 42.3 years. In comparison, the median age of New Brunswick was 43.7 years.

Table 7 Canada, New Brunswick and Saint John, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
New Brunswick 41.5 43.7
Saint John, CY 41.3 42.3

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Saint John was 19,570, which represents a change of 2.4% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Saint John, 60.7% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 14.9% were common-law-couples and 24.3% were lone-parent families.

Saint John – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, New Brunswick, CSD of Saint John, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
New Brunswick 224,590 152,455 67.9 35,945 16.0 36,190 16.1 3.1
Saint John, CY 19,570 11,885 60.7 2,915 14.9 4,765 24.3 2.4
Simonds, P 1,215 905 74.5 155 12.8 155 12.8 3.0
Musquash, P 390 300 76.9 45 11.5 45 11.5 -1.3
Westfield, P 675 475 70.4 105 15.6 90 13.3 11.6
Kingston, P 925 715 77.3 105 11.4 105 11.4 1.6
Grand Bay-Westfield, TV 1,625 1,255 77.2 145 8.9 215 13.2 6.6
Rothesay, TV 3,635 2,820 77.6 310 8.5 510 14.0 5.4

Saint John – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Saint John, 40.3% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 4,860
Married couples without children * 7,030
Common-law-couples with children * 1,105
Common-law-couples without children * 1,810

Saint John – Marital status

In Saint John, 50.7% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (40.9%) or living with a common-law partner (9.8%).

The remaining 49.3% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, New Brunswick, Saint John, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Saint John, CY New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 59,695 100.0 637,595 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 30,245 50.7 382,310 60.0 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 24,395 40.9 310,310 48.7 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 5,845 9.8 72,000 11.3 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 29,455 49.3 255,285 40.0 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 18,160 30.4 159,760 25.1 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 2,395 4.0 21,035 3.3 698,245 2.5
Divorced 4,335 7.3 32,930 5.2 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 4,565 7.6 41,565 6.5 1,584,525 5.7

Saint John – Types of private households

There were 30,760 private households3 in Saint John in 2011, a change of 4.9% from 2006. Of these, 18.9% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -1.0% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, New Brunswick, Saint John, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Saint John, CY New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 30,760 100.0 314,010 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
5,810 18.9 74,710 23.8 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
8,480 27.6 108,040 34.4 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 4,410 14.3 32,940 10.5 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 9,960 32.4 81,705 26.0 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 430 1.4 4,415 1.4 268,060 2.0
Other households9 1,665 5.4 12,200 3.9 543,340 4.1

Saint John – Structural type of dwelling

In Saint John, 41.0% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 5.9% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, New Brunswick, Saint John, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Saint John, CY New Brunswick Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 30,755 100.0 314,005 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 12,620 41.0 220,175 70.1 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 960 3.1 10,815 3.4 646,240 4.9
Row house 1,910 6.2 7,830 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,825 5.9 3,990 1.3 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 9,125 29.7 42,040 13.4 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 3,425 11.1 14,110 4.5 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 130 0.4 1,050 0.3 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 770 2.5 14,000 4.5 183,510 1.4

Language

Saint John, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Saint John, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Saint John, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Saint John, 90.6% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 4.8% reported French only, and 3.9% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 64.9% for English only, 31.6% for French only and 2.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 95.0% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 1.7% spoke only French and 2.4% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 69.2% for only English, 28.4% for only French and 1.3% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Saint John, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 68,810 100.0 68,815 100.0
English 62,335 90.6 65,360 95.0
French 3,280 4.8 1,160 1.7
Non-official language 2,695 3.9 1,685 2.4
Multiple responses 505 0.7 610 0.9
Table 13 Saint John, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.8 0.1
French 58.7 35.9 22.7
Non-official language 84.3 65.4 18.9

Saint John, CY – Non-official languages

In Saint John, the three most common mother tongues were Chinese, n.o.s. (0.6%), Arabic (0.6%) and Korean (0.4%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Mi'kmaq (0.3%), German (0.3%) and Korean (0.3%).

Table 14 Saint John, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Chinese, n.o.s. 400 13.8 0.6
Arabic 380 13.1 0.6
Korean 255 8.8 0.4
Spanish 240 8.3 0.3
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 150 5.2 0.2

Saint John, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Saint John, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 12.9 9.2 87.2 7.8
0 to 19 15.9 14.6 87.7 12.8
20 to 44 16.5 13.8 93.6 6.9
45 to 64 8.8 3.9 85.9 6.5
65 and over 9.5 2.4 82.9 8.2
Table 16 Saint John, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 68,810 100.0
English only 59,410 86.3
French only 80 0.1
English and French 9,095 13.2
Neither English nor French 225 0.3

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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