Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Gatineau, V - Quebec

Map of Gatineau, V (shaded in green), Quebec

Map of Gatineau, V

Interactive version of map

Prov. rank

4

Nat. rank

18

In 2011, Gatineau (Ville) had a population of 265,349, representing a percentage change of 9.6% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 342.98 square kilometres with a population density of 773.7 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 1,356,547.02 square kilometres with a population density of 5.8 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Gatineau (Ville) had 112,758 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 12.5%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Gatineau (Ville) is part of the census metropolitan area of Ottawa - Gatineau.

Population and dwelling counts

Gatineau (Ville) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Gatineau (Ville) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Lochaber-Partie-Ouest, Que. CT 646 514 25.7
L'Ange-Gardien, Que. 5,051 4,348 16.2
Val-des-Monts, Que. 10,420 9,539 9.2
Cantley, Que. 9,888 7,926 24.8
Chelsea, Que. 6,977 6,703 4.1
Pontiac, Que. 5,681 5,238 8.5
Ottawa, Ont. CV 883,391 812,129 8.8

Quebec – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Quebec – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Sainte-Brigitte-de-Laval 5,696 3,790 50.3
Sainte-Marthe-sur-le-Lac V 15,689 11,311 38.7
Marieville V 10,094 7,527 A 34.1
Shannon 5,086 3,825 33.0
Saint-Amable 10,870 8,398 29.4

Quebec – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Quebec – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
La Tuque V 11,227 11,821 -5.0
Shawinigan V 50,060 51,904 -3.6
Témiscouata-sur-le-Lac V 5,096 5,259 A -3.1
Roberval V 10,227 10,544 -3.0
Westmount V 19,931 20,494 -2.7

Age and sex

Gatineau, V – Age distribution

Table 4 Gatineau, V – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 17.4% 18.3% 16.6%
15 to 64 70.8% 71.5% 70.2%
65 and over 11.7% 10.2% 13.1%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Gatineau, V was 11.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 70.8% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 17.4%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Gatineau, V – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Gatineau, V – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 265,350 242,125 23,225 9.6
0 to 14 46,275 44,185 2,090 4.7
15 to 64 187,985 172,890 15,095 8.7
65 and over 31,090 25,050 6,040 24.1
Males
Total 128,405 117,070 11,335 9.7
0 to 14 23,475 22,330 1,145 5.1
15 to 64 91,800 84,420 7,380 8.7
65 and over 13,125 10,325 2,800 27.1
Females
Total 136,950 125,055 11,895 9.5
0 to 14 22,795 21,860 935 4.3
15 to 64 96,185 88,475 7,710 8.7
65 and over 17,960 14,725 3,235 22.0

Gatineau, V – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Gatineau, V – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 265,350 128,405 136,950
0 to 4 years 16,605 8,520 8,080
5 to 9 years 14,500 7,445 7,060
10 to 14 years 15,165 7,510 7,655
15 to 19 years 17,995 9,040 8,955
20 to 24 years 18,355 9,045 9,315
25 to 29 years 18,505 9,060 9,445
30 to 34 years 19,110 9,380 9,735
35 to 39 years 18,305 8,980 9,320
40 to 44 years 18,785 9,105 9,680
45 to 49 years 22,230 10,755 11,480
50 to 54 years 21,935 10,595 11,340
55 to 59 years 18,020 8,730 9,285
60 to 64 years 14,735 7,105 7,630
65 to 69 years 10,555 5,000 5,555
70 to 74 years 7,260 3,225 4,030
75 to 79 years 5,660 2,375 3,285
80 to 84 years 4,225 1,560 2,665
85 years and over 3,385 955 2,430
Median age 38.4 37.3 39.4

Gatineau, V – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Gatineau, V was 38.4 years. In comparison, the median age of Quebec was 41.9 years.

Table 7 Canada, Quebec and Gatineau, V – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Quebec 41.0 41.9
Gatineau, V 38.1 38.4

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Gatineau was 74,600, which represents a change of 7.6% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Gatineau, 51.7% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 28.5% were common-law-couples and 19.8% were lone-parent families.

Gatineau – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Quebec, CSD of Gatineau, V and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Quebec  2,203,625 1,143,370 51.9 694,750 31.5 365,515 16.6 3.9
Gatineau, V 74,600 38,540 51.7 21,290 28.5 14,770 19.8 7.6
Lochaber-Partie-Ouest, CT 195 100 51.3 80 41.0 20 10.3 25.8
L'Ange-Gardien, MÉ 1,545 920 59.5 485 31.4 140 9.1 18.4
Val-des-Monts, MÉ 3,195 1,655 51.8 1,185 37.1 360 11.3 8.9
Cantley, MÉ 2,965 1,610 54.3 1,045 35.2 305 10.3 23.5
Chelsea, MÉ 2,090 1,395 66.7 480 23.0 220 10.5 5.8
Pontiac, MÉ 1,725 1,055 61.2 460 26.7 210 12.2 12.4
Ottawa, CV (Ont.) 239,470 169,680 70.9 31,255 13.1 38,540 16.1 7.8

Gatineau – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Gatineau, 48.5% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 18,285
Married couples without children * 20,255
Common-law-couples with children * 10,750
Common-law-couples without children * 10,540

Gatineau – Marital status

In Gatineau, 55.4% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (36.0%) or living with a common-law partner (19.4%).

The remaining 44.6% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Quebec, Gatineau, V – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Gatineau, V Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 219,075 100.0 6,644,380 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 121,390 55.4 3,745,315 56.4 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 78,780 36.0 2,353,775 35.4 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 42,605 19.4 1,391,545 20.9 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 97,690 44.6 2,899,060 43.6 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 65,645 30.0 1,942,090 29.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 4,710 2.1 105,190 1.6 698,245 2.5
Divorced 16,190 7.4 463,830 7.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 11,150 5.1 387,950 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Gatineau – Types of private households

There were 112,760 private households3 in Gatineau in 2011, a change of 12.5% from 2006. Of these, 25.4% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 1.6% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Quebec, Gatineau, V – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Gatineau, V Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 112,760 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
28,630 25.4 811,120 23.9 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
29,915 26.5 988,410 29.1 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 14,045 12.5 346,305 10.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 34,830 30.9 1,094,410 32.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 995 0.9 28,420 0.8 268,060 2.0
Other households9 4,345 3.9 126,680 3.7 543,340 4.1

Gatineau – Structural type of dwelling

In Gatineau, 41.1% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 5.9% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Quebec, Gatineau, V – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Gatineau, V Quebec Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 112,760 100.0 3,395,345 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 46,365 41.1 1,560,405 46.0 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 15,515 13.8 171,435 5.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 6,665 5.9 86,040 2.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 6,615 5.9 171,110 5.0 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 30,615 27.2 1,103,845 32.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 6,720 6.0 263,860 7.8 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 155 0.1 15,650 0.5 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 105 0.1 23,000 0.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Gatineau, V – Mother tongue

Chart J: Gatineau, V - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Gatineau, V - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Gatineau, 11.0% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 77.3% reported French only, and 9.1% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 7.7% for English only, 78.1% for French only and 12.3% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 13.4% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 78.1% spoke only French and 4.9% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 9.8% for only English, 80.0% for only French and 7.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Gatineau, V – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 263,255 100.0 263,255 100.0
English 29,060 11.0 35,180 13.4
French 203,365 77.3 205,710 78.1
Non-official language 23,860 9.1 12,965 4.9
Multiple responses 6,975 2.6 9,400 3.6
Table 13 Gatineau, V – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 93.2 83.2 10.0
French 98.8 96.3 2.4
Non-official language 82.9 59.8 23.2

Gatineau, V – Non-official languages

In Gatineau, the three most common mother tongues were Arabic (2.5%), Spanish (1.6%) and Portuguese (1.0%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Arabic (2.1%), Spanish (1.8%) and Italian (1.6%).

Table 14 Gatineau, V – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Arabic 6,470 24.5 2.5
Spanish 4,205 15.9 1.6
Portuguese 2,675 10.1 1.0
Creoles 955 3.6 0.4
Chinese, n.o.s. 845 3.2 0.3

Gatineau, V – Bilingualism

Table 15 Gatineau, V – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 63.5 59.1 65.5 51.8
0 to 19 35.7 56.3 32.0 43.7
20 to 44 76.2 63.3 80.9 60.5
45 to 64 72.1 59.4 75.9 49.4
65 and over 60.6 47.9 64.5 27.5
Table 16 Gatineau, V – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 263,260 100.0
English only 17,195 6.5
French only 76,055 28.9
English and French 168,475 64.0
Neither English nor French 1,535 0.6

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.

Note(s):

  1. Median age: Age 'x' that divides a population in two groups of the same population size, one group being older than age 'x' and the other group being younger than age 'x'.
  2. Census family: Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family.
  3. Household, private: Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.
  4. Household type: Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living in common-law with or without children or a lone parent living with one or more children.
  5. Couple-family households with children: Refers to couple households with at least one child aged 24 and under.
  6. Couple-family households without children: Refers to couple households without children aged 24 and under. Includes couple households with all children aged 25 and over.
  7. Lone-parent-family households: Refers to all lone-parent family households regardless of age of children.
  8. Multiple-family households: Refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling.
  9. Other households: Refers to two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.
  10. Other single-attached house: A single dwelling that is attached to another building and that does not fall into any of the other categories, such as a single dwelling attached to a non-residential structure (e.g., a store or a church) or occasionally to another residential structure (e.g., an apartment building).
  11. Movable dwelling includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.
  12. Mother-tongue retention: Retention refers to the situation where people speak their mother tongue at home. Retention is defined as 'complete' when the mother tongue is the language spoken most often and 'partial' when it is spoken on a regular basis but not most often. The (complete or partial) retention rate refers to the proportion of the population with a given mother tongue that speaks that language at home most often or on a regular basis. The retention rate provides an indication of a group's linguistic vitality, particularly the importance of transmitting languages between generations.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

Related data: