Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Ottawa, CV - Ontario

Map of Ottawa, CV (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Ottawa, CV

Interactive version of map

Prov. rank

2

Nat. rank

4

In 2011, Ottawa (City / Ville) had a population of 883,391, representing a percentage change of 8.8% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 2,790.22 square kilometres with a population density of 316.6 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Ottawa (City / Ville) had 353,244 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 10.1%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Ottawa (City / Ville) is part of the census metropolitan area of Ottawa - Gatineau.

Population and dwelling counts

Ottawa (City / Ville) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Ottawa (City / Ville) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Lochaber-Partie-Ouest, Que. CT 646 514 25.7
Gatineau, Que. V 265,349 242,124 9.6
Pontiac, Que. 5,681 5,238 8.5
Bristol, Que. 1,128 1,210 -6.8
North Dundas, Ont. TP 11,225 11,095 1.2
The Nation / La Nation, Ont. M 11,668 10,662 A E 9.4
Clarence-Rockland, Ont. CY 23,185 20,790 11.5
Russell, Ont. TP 15,247 13,883 9.8
Merrickville-Wolford, Ont. VL 2,850 2,867 -0.6
North Grenville, Ont. MU 15,085 14,198 6.2
Montague, Ont. TP 3,483 3,209 A 8.5
Beckwith, Ont. TP 6,986 6,387 9.4
Mississippi Mills, Ont. T 12,385 11,734 5.5
Arnprior, Ont. T 8,114 7,158 13.4
McNab/Braeside, Ont. TP 7,371 7,222 2.1

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

Ottawa, CV – Age distribution

Table 4 Ottawa, CV – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.8% 17.6% 16.1%
15 to 64 70.0% 70.6% 69.4%
65 and over 13.2% 11.8% 14.5%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Ottawa, CV was 13.2%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 70.0% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.8%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Ottawa, CV – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Ottawa, CV – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 883,395 812,130 71,265 8.8
0 to 14 148,570 142,750 5,820 4.1
15 to 64 618,235 568,515 49,720 8.7
65 and over 116,585 100,870 15,715 15.6
Males
Total 428,455 393,000 35,455 9.0
0 to 14 75,280 72,625 2,655 3.7
15 to 64 302,560 277,905 24,655 8.9
65 and over 50,620 42,470 8,150 19.2
Females
Total 454,935 419,130 35,805 8.5
0 to 14 73,295 70,120 3,175 4.5
15 to 64 315,675 290,605 25,070 8.6
65 and over 65,960 58,395 7,565 13.0

Ottawa, CV – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Ottawa, CV – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 883,395 428,455 454,935
0 to 4 years 49,140 24,925 24,215
5 to 9 years 48,760 24,660 24,100
10 to 14 years 50,665 25,690 24,980
15 to 19 years 58,310 29,675 28,630
20 to 24 years 65,965 33,100 32,865
25 to 29 years 61,230 30,185 31,045
30 to 34 years 57,740 27,670 30,070
35 to 39 years 60,360 28,765 31,600
40 to 44 years 64,285 31,215 33,070
45 to 49 years 73,190 35,935 37,255
50 to 54 years 69,010 33,595 35,415
55 to 59 years 57,735 28,035 29,700
60 to 64 years 50,410 24,385 26,025
65 to 69 years 35,860 16,935 18,930
70 to 74 years 26,805 12,360 14,445
75 to 79 years 21,275 9,545 11,730
80 to 84 years 16,305 6,600 9,705
85 years and over 16,335 5,185 11,150
Median age 39.2 38.2 40.0

Ottawa, CV – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Ottawa, CV was 39.2 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and Ottawa, CV – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Ottawa, CV 38.4 39.2

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Ottawa was 239,470, which represents a change of 7.8% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Ottawa, 70.9% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 13.1% were common-law-couples and 16.1% were lone-parent families.

Ottawa – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of Ottawa, CV and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Ottawa, CV 239,470 169,680 70.9 31,255 13.1 38,540 16.1 7.8
Lochaber-Partie-Ouest, CT (Que.) 195 100 51.3 80 41.0 20 10.3 25.8
Gatineau, V (Que.) 74,600 38,540 51.7 21,290 28.5 14,770 19.8 7.6
Pontiac, MÉ (Que.) 1,725 1,055 61.2 460 26.7 210 12.2 12.4
Bristol, MÉ (Que.) 335 240 71.6 55 16.4 35 10.4 3.1
North Dundas, TP 3,385 2,505 74.0 475 14.0 400 11.8 5.1
The Nation / La Nation, M 3,510 2,370 67.5 755 21.5 380 10.8 9.9
Clarence-Rockland, CY 6,975 4,750 68.1 1,300 18.6 920 13.2 13.0
Russell, TP 4,515 3,355 74.3 670 14.8 485 10.7 11.6
Merrickville-Wolford, VL 855 615 71.9 135 15.8 100 11.7 4.3
North Grenville, MU 4,610 3,460 75.1 620 13.4 540 11.7 8.3
Montague, TP 1,085 795 73.3 165 15.2 125 11.5 8.5
Beckwith, TP 2,195 1,710 77.9 305 13.9 180 8.2 12.3
Mississippi Mills, T 3,735 2,830 75.8 470 12.6 440 11.8 9.2
Arnprior, T 2,290 1,515 66.2 310 13.5 465 20.3 10.1
McNab/Braeside, TP 2,325 1,790 77.0 310 13.3 225 9.7 4.7

Ottawa – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Ottawa, 49.5% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 89,675
Married couples without children * 80,005
Common-law-couples with children * 9,795
Common-law-couples without children * 21,460

Ottawa – Marital status

In Ottawa, 55.9% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (47.4%) or living with a common-law partner (8.5%).

The remaining 44.1% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Ottawa, CV – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Ottawa, CV Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 734,820 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 411,110 55.9 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 348,515 47.4 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 62,590 8.5 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 323,710 44.1 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 224,340 30.5 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 20,630 2.8 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 42,710 5.8 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 36,025 4.9 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Ottawa – Types of private households

There were 353,245 private households3 in Ottawa in 2011, a change of 10.0% from 2006. Of these, 27.4% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 3.7% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Ottawa, CV – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Ottawa, CV Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 353,245 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
96,760 27.4 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
96,790 27.4 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 35,775 10.1 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 99,905 28.3 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 4,985 1.4 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 19,025 5.4 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Ottawa – Structural type of dwelling

In Ottawa, 42.9% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 18.5% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, Ottawa, CV – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Ottawa, CV Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 353,245 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 151,495 42.9 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 19,305 5.5 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 72,540 20.5 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 65,495 18.5 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 36,190 10.2 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 6,845 1.9 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 440 0.1 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 935 0.3 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Ottawa, CV – Mother tongue

Chart J: Ottawa, CV - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Ottawa, CV - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Ottawa, 62.4% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 14.2% reported French only, and 20.4% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 74.8% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 9.9% spoke only French and 10.5% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Ottawa, CV – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 872,450 100.0 872,450 100.0
English 544,045 62.4 652,455 74.8
French 123,925 14.2 86,035 9.9
Non-official language 178,120 20.4 91,990 10.5
Multiple responses 26,360 3.0 41,965 4.8
Table 13 Ottawa, CV – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.4 98.6 0.9
French 83.5 64.7 18.8
Non-official language 81.2 57.7 23.5

Ottawa, CV – Non-official languages

In Ottawa, the three most common mother tongues were Arabic (3.6%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.5%) and Spanish (1.4%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 Ottawa, CV – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Arabic 31,415 16.2 3.6
Chinese, n.o.s. 13,180 6.8 1.5
Spanish 11,800 6.1 1.4
Italian 10,325 5.3 1.2
Mandarin 7,035 3.6 0.8

Ottawa, CV – Bilingualism

Table 15 Ottawa, CV – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 36.5 28.3 91.2 23.5
0 to 19 36.1 30.0 77.5 31.0
20 to 44 40.2 33.8 96.4 25.1
45 to 64 36.0 25.0 95.5 21.8
65 and over 28.3 15.7 88.4 13.5
Table 16 Ottawa, CV – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 872,450 100.0
English only 522,980 59.9
French only 12,915 1.5
English and French 324,695 37.2
Neither English nor French 11,860 1.4

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.

Note(s):

  1. Median age: Age 'x' that divides a population in two groups of the same population size, one group being older than age 'x' and the other group being younger than age 'x'.
  2. Census family: Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family.
  3. Household, private: Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.
  4. Household type: Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living in common-law with or without children or a lone parent living with one or more children.
  5. Couple-family households with children: Refers to couple households with at least one child aged 24 and under.
  6. Couple-family households without children: Refers to couple households without children aged 24 and under. Includes couple households with all children aged 25 and over.
  7. Lone-parent-family households: Refers to all lone-parent family households regardless of age of children.
  8. Multiple-family households: Refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling.
  9. Other households: Refers to two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.
  10. Other single-attached house: A single dwelling that is attached to another building and that does not fall into any of the other categories, such as a single dwelling attached to a non-residential structure (e.g., a store or a church) or occasionally to another residential structure (e.g., an apartment building).
  11. Movable dwelling includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.
  12. Mother-tongue retention: Retention refers to the situation where people speak their mother tongue at home. Retention is defined as 'complete' when the mother tongue is the language spoken most often and 'partial' when it is spoken on a regular basis but not most often. The (complete or partial) retention rate refers to the proportion of the population with a given mother tongue that speaks that language at home most often or on a regular basis. The retention rate provides an indication of a group's linguistic vitality, particularly the importance of transmitting languages between generations.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

Related data: