Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Kingston, CY - Ontario

Map of Kingston, CY (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Kingston, CY

Interactive version of map

Prov. rank

19

Nat. rank

40

In 2011, Kingston (City) had a population of 123,363, representing a percentage change of 5.3% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 451.17 square kilometres with a population density of 273.4 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Kingston (City) had 52,413 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 7.3%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Kingston (City) is part of the census metropolitan area of Kingston.

Population and dwelling counts

Kingston (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Kingston (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Leeds and the Thousand Islands, Ont. TP 9,277 9,435 -1.7
Frontenac Islands, Ont. TP 1,864 1,862 0.1
South Frontenac, Ont. TP 18,113 18,227 -0.6
Loyalist, Ont. TP 16,221 15,062 7.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

Kingston, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Kingston, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 14.7% 15.5% 13.9%
15 to 64 68.8% 70.0% 67.8%
65 and over 16.5% 14.5% 18.4%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Kingston, CY was 16.5%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 68.8% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 14.7%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Kingston, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Kingston, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 123,360 117,205 6,155 5.3
0 to 14 18,100 18,480 -380 -2.1
15 to 64 84,920 80,195 4,725 5.9
65 and over 20,340 18,530 1,810 9.8
Males
Total 59,905 56,520 3,385 6.0
0 to 14 9,280 9,460 -180 -1.9
15 to 64 41,925 39,275 2,650 6.7
65 and over 8,700 7,790 910 11.7
Females
Total 63,460 60,685 2,775 4.6
0 to 14 8,820 9,020 -200 -2.2
15 to 64 42,995 40,920 2,075 5.1
65 and over 11,645 10,740 905 8.4

Kingston, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Kingston, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 123,360 59,905 63,460
0 to 4 years 6,165 3,080 3,080
5 to 9 years 5,825 3,025 2,800
10 to 14 years 6,105 3,165 2,935
15 to 19 years 8,125 4,090 4,035
20 to 24 years 10,915 5,645 5,270
25 to 29 years 9,170 4,600 4,570
30 to 34 years 7,820 3,970 3,850
35 to 39 years 7,025 3,550 3,480
40 to 44 years 7,855 3,900 3,955
45 to 49 years 9,510 4,665 4,845
50 to 54 years 9,030 4,235 4,795
55 to 59 years 8,100 3,845 4,255
60 to 64 years 7,370 3,425 3,950
65 to 69 years 5,725 2,660 3,075
70 to 74 years 4,535 2,085 2,455
75 to 79 years 4,015 1,740 2,280
80 to 84 years 3,080 1,270 1,815
85 years and over 2,980 955 2,025
Median age 40.3 38.3 42.1

Kingston, CY – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Kingston, CY was 40.3 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and Kingston, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Kingston, CY 40.0 40.3

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Kingston was 33,390, which represents a change of 4.1% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Kingston, 66.7% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 15.7% were common-law-couples and 17.6% were lone-parent families.

Kingston – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of Kingston, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Kingston, CY 33,390 22,285 66.7 5,245 15.7 5,860 17.6 4.1
Leeds and the Thousand Islands, TP 2,995 2,250 75.1 430 14.4 320 10.7 -1.3
Frontenac Islands, TP 615 485 78.9 80 13.0 50 8.1 0.8
South Frontenac, TP 5,800 4,505 77.7 725 12.5 570 9.8 2.5
Loyalist, TP 4,840 3,485 72.0 640 13.2 710 14.7 4.1

Kingston – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Kingston, 42.8% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 9,920
Married couples without children * 12,370
Common-law-couples with children * 1,875
Common-law-couples without children * 3,365

Kingston – Marital status

In Kingston, 53.6% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (43.5%) or living with a common-law partner (10.0%).

The remaining 46.4% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Kingston, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Kingston, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 105,265 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 56,385 53.6 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 45,825 43.5 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 10,560 10.0 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 48,880 46.4 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 31,925 30.3 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 3,485 3.3 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 6,890 6.5 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 6,580 6.3 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Kingston – Types of private households

There were 52,415 private households3 in Kingston in 2011, a change of 7.1% from 2006. Of these, 22.0% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -4.4% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Kingston, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Kingston, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 52,415 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
11,540 22.0 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
15,200 29.0 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 5,475 10.4 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 16,490 31.5 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 575 1.1 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 3,125 6.0 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Kingston – Structural type of dwelling

In Kingston, 49.6% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 15.1% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, Kingston, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Kingston, CY Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 52,410 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 25,975 49.6 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 4,135 7.9 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 3,490 6.7 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 7,895 15.1 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 8,740 16.7 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 1,885 3.6 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 125 0.2 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 175 0.3 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Kingston, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Kingston, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Kingston, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Kingston, 85.5% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 3.6% reported French only, and 9.8% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 92.6% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 1.8% spoke only French and 3.9% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Kingston, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 120,320 100.0 120,320 100.0
English 102,845 85.5 111,415 92.6
French 4,315 3.6 2,160 1.8
Non-official language 11,745 9.8 4,705 3.9
Multiple responses 1,410 1.2 2,040 1.7
Table 13 Kingston, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.7 0.2
French 69.3 46.9 22.5
Non-official language 73.4 46.1 27.3

Kingston, CY – Non-official languages

In Kingston, the three most common mother tongues were Portuguese (1.3%), German (0.8%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (0.7%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 Kingston, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Portuguese 1,575 12.4 1.3
German 970 7.7 0.8
Chinese, n.o.s. 860 6.8 0.7
Spanish 805 6.4 0.7
Arabic 695 5.5 0.6

Kingston, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Kingston, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 13.0 10.0 88.9 11.5
0 to 19 13.2 11.0 76.4 14.4
20 to 44 15.8 12.5 92.6 14.0
45 to 64 11.4 8.1 92.2 10.1
65 and over 9.3 5.9 88.4 8.2
Table 16 Kingston, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 120,320 100.0
English only 103,460 86.0
French only 295 0.2
English and French 16,015 13.3
Neither English nor French 550 0.5

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.

Note(s):

  1. Median age: Age 'x' that divides a population in two groups of the same population size, one group being older than age 'x' and the other group being younger than age 'x'.
  2. Census family: Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family.
  3. Household, private: Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.
  4. Household type: Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living in common-law with or without children or a lone parent living with one or more children.
  5. Couple-family households with children: Refers to couple households with at least one child aged 24 and under.
  6. Couple-family households without children: Refers to couple households without children aged 24 and under. Includes couple households with all children aged 25 and over.
  7. Lone-parent-family households: Refers to all lone-parent family households regardless of age of children.
  8. Multiple-family households: Refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling.
  9. Other households: Refers to two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.
  10. Other single-attached house: A single dwelling that is attached to another building and that does not fall into any of the other categories, such as a single dwelling attached to a non-residential structure (e.g., a store or a church) or occasionally to another residential structure (e.g., an apartment building).
  11. Movable dwelling includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.
  12. Mother-tongue retention: Retention refers to the situation where people speak their mother tongue at home. Retention is defined as 'complete' when the mother tongue is the language spoken most often and 'partial' when it is spoken on a regular basis but not most often. The (complete or partial) retention rate refers to the proportion of the population with a given mother tongue that speaks that language at home most often or on a regular basis. The retention rate provides an indication of a group's linguistic vitality, particularly the importance of transmitting languages between generations.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

Related data: