Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Hamilton, C - Ontario

Map of Hamilton, C (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Hamilton, C

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Hamilton, C - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Hamilton, C - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
5
Nat. rank
10

In 2011, Hamilton (City / Cit) had a population of 519,949, representing a percentage change of 3.1% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 1,117.23 square kilometres with a population density of 465.4 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Hamilton (City / Cit) had 203,806 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 4.8%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Hamilton (City / Cit) is part of the census metropolitan area of Hamilton.

Population and dwelling counts

Hamilton (City / Cit) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Hamilton (City / Cit) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Puslinch, Ont. TP 7,029 6,689 5.1
Burlington, Ont. CY 175,779 164,415 6.9
Milton, Ont. T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
West Lincoln, Ont. TP 13,837 13,167 5.1
Grimsby, Ont. T 25,325 23,937 5.8
Haldimand County, Ont. CY 44,876 45,212 -0.7
Brant, Ont. CY 35,638 34,415 3.6
North Dumfries, Ont. TP 9,334 9,063 3.0

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

Hamilton, C – Age distribution

Table 4 Hamilton, C – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.5% 17.4% 15.6%
15 to 64 67.8% 68.6% 67.1%
65 and over 15.7% 14.0% 17.3%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Hamilton, C was 15.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 67.8% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.5%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Hamilton, C – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Hamilton, C – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 519,950 504,560 15,390 3.1
0 to 14 85,725 89,885 -4,160 -4.6
15 to 64 352,650 339,275 13,375 3.9
65 and over 81,575 75,395 6,180 8.2
Males
Total 253,775 245,690 8,085 3.3
0 to 14 44,165 46,145 -1,980 -4.3
15 to 64 174,045 167,335 6,710 4.0
65 and over 35,565 32,205 3,360 10.4
Females
Total 266,170 258,870 7,300 2.8
0 to 14 41,560 43,740 -2,180 -5.0
15 to 64 178,610 171,940 6,670 3.9
65 and over 46,005 43,185 2,820 6.5

Hamilton, C – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Hamilton, C – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 519,950 253,775 266,170
0 to 4 years 27,435 14,110 13,315
5 to 9 years 27,995 14,370 13,630
10 to 14 years 30,295 15,680 14,610
15 to 19 years 36,200 18,685 17,515
20 to 24 years 36,375 18,515 17,860
25 to 29 years 33,195 16,460 16,735
30 to 34 years 30,900 14,960 15,945
35 to 39 years 31,365 15,165 16,200
40 to 44 years 35,610 17,435 18,180
45 to 49 years 41,890 20,670 21,220
50 to 54 years 40,875 20,200 20,680
55 to 59 years 35,425 17,120 18,305
60 to 64 years 30,810 14,840 15,975
65 to 69 years 22,930 10,995 11,935
70 to 74 years 18,455 8,645 9,805
75 to 79 years 15,675 6,865 8,815
80 to 84 years 12,630 5,140 7,495
85 years and over 11,885 3,930 7,955
Median age 40.9 39.7 42.0

Hamilton, C – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Hamilton, C was 40.9 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and Hamilton, C – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Hamilton, C 39.6 40.9

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Hamilton was 144,120, which represents a change of 2.4% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Hamilton, 69.8% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 11.3% were common-law-couples and 18.9% were lone-parent families.

Hamilton – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of Hamilton, C and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Hamilton, C 144,120 100,635 69.8 16,270 11.3 27,220 18.9 2.4
Puslinch, TP 2,180 1,805 82.8 225 10.3 150 6.9 9.5
Burlington, CY 51,180 38,795 75.8 5,045 9.9 7,335 14.3 6.6
Milton, T 24,295 19,210 79.1 2,435 10.0 2,650 10.9 52.9
West Lincoln, TP 3,975 3,205 80.6 355 8.9 415 10.4 6.7
Grimsby, T 7,590 6,050 79.7 660 8.7 880 11.6 7.1
Haldimand County, CY 13,295 10,150 76.3 1,440 10.8 1,710 12.9 1.0
Brant, CY 10,665 8,340 78.2 1,155 10.8 1,170 11.0 5.4
North Dumfries, TP 2,825 2,340 82.8 245 8.7 245 8.7 6.0

Hamilton – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Hamilton, 48.2% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 49,910
Married couples without children * 50,725
Common-law-couples with children * 6,440
Common-law-couples without children * 9,825

Hamilton – Marital status

In Hamilton, 54.9% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (47.4%) or living with a common-law partner (7.5%).

The remaining 45.1% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Hamilton, C – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Hamilton, C Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 434,225 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 238,325 54.9 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 205,720 47.4 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 32,600 7.5 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 195,905 45.1 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 125,895 29.0 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 14,375 3.3 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 27,290 6.3 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 28,350 6.5 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Hamilton – Types of private households

There were 203,805 private households3 in Hamilton in 2011, a change of 4.8% from 2006. Of these, 26.5% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -5.0% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Hamilton, C – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Hamilton, C Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 203,805 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
54,070 26.5 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
56,940 27.9 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 24,770 12.2 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 56,930 27.9 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 4,090 2.0 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 7,005 3.4 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Hamilton – Structural type of dwelling

In Hamilton, 58.0% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 16.3% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, Hamilton, C – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Hamilton, C Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 203,805 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 118,105 58.0 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 6,325 3.1 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 21,440 10.5 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 33,140 16.3 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 17,660 8.7 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 6,320 3.1 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 440 0.2 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 370 0.2 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Hamilton, C – Mother tongue

Chart J: Hamilton, C - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Hamilton, C - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Hamilton, 73.8% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.3% reported French only, and 23.1% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 84.1% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.4% spoke only French and 11.7% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Hamilton, C – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 513,175 100.0 513,170 100.0
English 378,585 73.8 431,670 84.1
French 6,765 1.3 2,250 0.4
Non-official language 118,415 23.1 60,180 11.7
Multiple responses 9,405 1.8 19,075 3.7
Table 13 Hamilton, C – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.4 99.0 0.4
French 54.3 30.5 23.8
Non-official language 78.5 56.0 22.4

Hamilton, C – Non-official languages

In Hamilton, the three most common mother tongues were Italian (3.5%), Polish (1.6%) and Portuguese (1.5%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 Hamilton, C – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Italian 18,050 14.2 3.5
Polish 8,065 6.4 1.6
Portuguese 7,885 6.2 1.5
Spanish 7,765 6.1 1.5
Arabic 6,855 5.4 1.3

Hamilton, C – Bilingualism

Table 15 Hamilton, C – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 5.4 4.3 85.7 4.2
0 to 19 5.6 4.8 82.4 6.3
20 to 44 6.5 5.6 89.8 5.1
45 to 64 4.8 3.1 87.1 4.0
65 and over 3.6 2.2 81.0 1.8
Table 16 Hamilton, C – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 513,170 100.0
English only 475,355 92.6
French only 365 0.1
English and French 28,495 5.6
Neither English nor French 8,965 1.7

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

Related data:

Date modified: