Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Edmonton, CY - Alberta

Map of Edmonton, CY (shaded in green), Alberta

Map of Edmonton, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Edmonton, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Edmonton, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
2
Nat. rank
5

In 2011, Edmonton (City) had a population of 812,201, representing a percentage change of 11.2% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 684.37 square kilometres with a population density of 1,186.8 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 640,081.87 square kilometres with a population density of 5.7 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Edmonton (City) had 324,756 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 9.1%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Edmonton (City) is part of the census metropolitan area of Edmonton.

Population and dwelling counts

Edmonton (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Edmonton (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Leduc County, Alta. MD 13,541 13,135 A 3.1
Parkland County, Alta. MD 30,568 29,220 A 4.6
Strathcona County, Alta. SM 92,490 82,511 12.1
Fort Saskatchewan, Alta. CY 19,051 14,957 27.4
Sturgeon County, Alta. MD 19,578 18,566 A 5.5
St. Albert, Alta. CY 61,466 57,764 A 6.4
Stony Plain 135, Alta. IRI 987 1,418 -30.4

Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Chestermere T 14,824 9,923 A 49.4
Beaumont T 13,284 8,961 48.2
Airdrie CY 42,564 28,927 47.1
Leduc CY 24,279 16,967 43.1
Okotoks T 24,511 17,150 A 42.9

Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Alberta – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Lac la Biche County MD 8,402 9,123 A -7.9
Willow Creek No. 26 MD 5,107 5,337 -4.3
Crowsnest Pass SM 5,565 5,749 -3.2
Greenview No. 16 MD 5,299 5,464 -3.0
Lethbridge County MD 10,061 10,254 A -1.9

Age and sex

Edmonton, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Edmonton, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.7% 17.1% 16.2%
15 to 64 71.7% 72.8% 70.6%
65 and over 11.7% 10.1% 13.2%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Edmonton, CY was 11.7%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 71.7% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.7%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Edmonton, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Edmonton, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 812,195 730,370 81,825 11.2
0 to 14 135,435 123,535 11,900 9.6
15 to 64 582,110 520,145 61,965 11.9
65 and over 94,660 86,695 7,965 9.2
Males
Total 404,875 361,215 43,660 12.1
0 to 14 69,400 63,115 6,285 10.0
15 to 64 294,560 261,090 33,470 12.8
65 and over 40,915 37,010 3,905 10.6
Females
Total 407,325 369,155 38,170 10.3
0 to 14 66,035 60,415 5,620 9.3
15 to 64 287,550 259,050 28,500 11.0
65 and over 53,745 49,690 4,055 8.2

Edmonton, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Edmonton, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 812,195 404,875 407,325
0 to 4 years 50,560 25,930 24,625
5 to 9 years 42,320 21,655 20,660
10 to 14 years 42,555 21,810 20,740
15 to 19 years 48,950 24,690 24,265
20 to 24 years 67,850 34,205 33,645
25 to 29 years 75,695 38,760 36,930
30 to 34 years 65,365 33,615 31,750
35 to 39 years 57,450 29,295 28,150
40 to 44 years 55,955 28,465 27,485
45 to 49 years 60,100 30,150 29,950
50 to 54 years 60,290 30,345 29,945
55 to 59 years 51,205 25,600 25,605
60 to 64 years 39,250 19,435 19,820
65 to 69 years 26,640 12,635 14,005
70 to 74 years 21,515 9,815 11,700
75 to 79 years 18,365 8,065 10,295
80 to 84 years 14,825 6,080 8,745
85 years and over 13,315 4,315 9,000
Median age 36.0 35.3 36.9

Edmonton, CY – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Edmonton, CY was 36 years. In comparison, the median age of Alberta was 36.5 years.

Table 7 Canada, Alberta and Edmonton, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Alberta 36.0 36.5
Edmonton, CY 36.1 36.0

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Edmonton was 214,560, which represents a change of 10.1% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Edmonton, 68.5% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 13.8% were common-law-couples and 17.8% were lone-parent families.

Edmonton – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Alberta, CSD of Edmonton, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Alberta  999,525 719,355 72.0 135,660 13.6 144,510 14.5 10.5
Edmonton, CY 214,560 146,950 68.5 29,530 13.8 38,085 17.8 10.1
Leduc County, MD 4,105 3,360 81.9 415 10.1 330 8.0 5.0
Parkland County, MD 9,355 7,515 80.3 1,035 11.1 805 8.6 5.7
Strathcona County, SM 27,415 21,880 79.8 2,495 9.1 3,030 11.1 11.8
Fort Saskatchewan, CY 5,495 3,925 71.4 815 14.8 750 13.6 25.6
Sturgeon County, MD 5,740 4,725 82.3 590 10.3 425 7.4 7.8
St. Albert, CY 17,995 13,955 77.5 1,715 9.5 2,325 12.9 6.3
Stony Plain 135, IRI 255 75 29.4 70 27.5 110 43.1 0.0

Edmonton – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Edmonton, 48.7% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 76,410
Married couples without children * 70,540
Common-law-couples with children * 9,495
Common-law-couples without children * 20,035

Edmonton – Marital status

In Edmonton, 53.8% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (45.0%) or living with a common-law partner (8.7%).

The remaining 46.2% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Alberta, Edmonton, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Edmonton, CY Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 676,765 100.0 2,960,470 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 363,930 53.8 1,756,860 59.3 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 304,760 45.0 1,484,705 50.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 59,175 8.7 272,155 9.2 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 312,835 46.2 1,203,615 40.7 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 217,245 32.1 823,935 27.8 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 17,600 2.6 70,855 2.4 698,245 2.5
Divorced 45,475 6.7 177,375 6.0 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 32,525 4.8 131,440 4.4 1,584,525 5.7

Edmonton – Types of private households

There were 324,760 private households3 in Edmonton in 2011, a change of 9.1% from 2006. Of these, 25.1% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 8.0% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Alberta, Edmonton, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Edmonton, CY Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 324,760 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
81,615 25.1 407,145 29.3 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
84,325 26.0 406,380 29.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 34,175 10.5 128,330 9.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 94,915 29.2 342,735 24.7 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 6,995 2.2 27,900 2.0 268,060 2.0
Other households9 22,730 7.0 77,785 5.6 543,340 4.1

Edmonton – Structural type of dwelling

In Edmonton, 51.0% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 7.9% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Alberta, Edmonton, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Edmonton, CY Alberta Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 324,755 100.0 1,390,275 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 165,760 51.0 883,260 63.5 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 16,025 4.9 71,850 5.2 646,240 4.9
Row house 31,250 9.6 97,865 7.0 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 25,515 7.9 58,205 4.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 74,765 23.0 197,945 14.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 8,420 2.6 33,505 2.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 180 0.1 1,060 0.1 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 2,835 0.9 46,590 3.4 183,510 1.4

Language

Edmonton, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Edmonton, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Edmonton, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Edmonton, 68.1% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.0% reported French only, and 27.4% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 77.0% for English only, 1.9% for French only and 19.4% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 79.2% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.8% spoke only French and 15.1% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 85.7% for only English, 0.7% for only French and 10.5% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Edmonton, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 801,195 100.0 801,200 100.0
English 545,840 68.1 634,740 79.2
French 16,180 2.0 6,555 0.8
Non-official language 219,195 27.4 120,890 15.1
Multiple responses 19,985 2.5 39,015 4.9
Table 13 Edmonton, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.3 98.6 0.7
French 58.1 36.5 21.6
Non-official language 80.9 60.0 20.9

Edmonton, CY – Non-official languages

In Edmonton, the three most common mother tongues were Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (2.9%), Panjabi (Punjabi) (2.5%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (2.4%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were German (2.3%), Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (1.9%) and Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.5%).

Table 14 Edmonton, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,120 9.8 2.9
Panjabi (Punjabi) 19,755 8.3 2.5
Chinese, n.o.s. 19,530 8.2 2.4
Cantonese 13,895 5.9 1.7
Spanish 13,780 5.8 1.7

Edmonton, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Edmonton, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 7.1 5.8 86.3 4.2
0 to 19 7.4 6.5 80.0 6.4
20 to 44 8.3 7.5 90.2 4.8
45 to 64 5.7 3.7 86.1 3.4
65 and over 5.0 2.6 83.8 1.9
Table 16 Edmonton, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 801,195 100.0
English only 725,920 90.6
French only 1,075 0.1
English and French 58,210 7.3
Neither English nor French 15,990 2.0

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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