Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Spallumcheen, DM - British Columbia

Map of Spallumcheen, DM (shaded in green), British Columbia

Map of Spallumcheen, DM

Interactive version of map

Prov. rank

93

Nat. rank

703

In 2011, Spallumcheen (District municipality) had a population of 5,055, representing a percentage change of 1.9% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 255.77 square kilometres with a population density of 19.8 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 922,509.29 square kilometres with a population density of 4.8 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Spallumcheen (District municipality) had 1,948 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 5.0%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Spallumcheen (District municipality) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Spallumcheen (District municipality) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
North Okanagan B, B.C. RDA 3,046 3,211 -5.1
North Okanagan C, B.C. RDA 3,872 3,912 A -1.0
Armstrong, B.C. CY 4,815 4,241 13.5
North Okanagan F, B.C. RDA 3,938 4,091 -3.7
Okanagan (Part) 1, B.C. IRI 2,604 2,192 18.8
Enderby 2, B.C. IRI 390 353 10.5
Harris 3, B.C. IRI 5 5 0.0
Columbia-Shuswap D, B.C. RDA 4,047 3,899 3.8
Okanagan (Part) 1, B.C. IRI 69 92 -25.0
Salmon River 1, B.C. IRI 45 53 -15.1

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Langford CY 29,228 22,459 30.1
Lake Country DM 11,708 9,606 21.9
Port Moody CY 32,975 27,512 19.9
Kent DM 5,664 4,738 E 19.5
Surrey CY 468,251 394,976 18.6

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Kitimat DM 8,335 8,987 -7.3
Peace River D RDA 5,479 5,749 -4.7
Esquimalt DM 16,209 16,840 -3.7
Hope DM 5,969 6,185 -3.5
Okanagan-Similkameen D RDA 5,717 5,913 -3.3

Age and sex

Spallumcheen, DM – Age distribution

Table 4 Spallumcheen, DM – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 16.1% 16.0% 16.2%
15 to 64 67.2% 65.5% 68.7%
65 and over 16.8% 18.1% 15.2%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Spallumcheen, DM was 16.8%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 67.2% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 16.1%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Spallumcheen, DM – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Spallumcheen, DM – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 5,055 4,960 95 1.9
0 to 14 815 865 -50 -5.8
15 to 64 3,395 3,380 15 0.4
65 and over 850 710 140 19.7
Males
Total 2,535 2,490 45 1.8
0 to 14 405 420 -15 -3.6
15 to 64 1,660 1,685 -25 -1.5
65 and over 460 390 70 17.9
Females
Total 2,525 2,465 60 2.4
0 to 14 410 450 -40 -8.9
15 to 64 1,735 1,700 35 2.1
65 and over 385 320 65 20.3

Spallumcheen, DM – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Spallumcheen, DM – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 5,055 2,535 2,525
0 to 4 years 215 120 95
5 to 9 years 260 130 130
10 to 14 years 335 160 180
15 to 19 years 380 180 200
20 to 24 years 225 135 90
25 to 29 years 210 100 110
30 to 34 years 215 105 105
35 to 39 years 215 100 110
40 to 44 years 320 160 160
45 to 49 years 420 175 245
50 to 54 years 530 255 280
55 to 59 years 450 225 225
60 to 64 years 435 230 210
65 to 69 years 315 160 150
70 to 74 years 235 130 105
75 to 79 years 145 90 60
80 to 84 years 90 50 40
85 years and over 55 35 20
Median age 47.3 47.7 46.9

Spallumcheen, DM – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Spallumcheen, DM was 47.3 years. In comparison, the median age of British Columbia was 41.9 years.

Table 7 Canada, British Columbia and Spallumcheen, DM – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
British Columbia 40.8 41.9
Spallumcheen, DM 44.6 47.3

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Spallumcheen was 1,610, which represents a change of 2.5% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Spallumcheen, 77.6% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 10.9% were common-law-couples and 11.5% were lone-parent families.

Spallumcheen – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, British Columbia, CSD of Spallumcheen, DM and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Spallumcheen, DM 1,610 1,250 77.6 175 10.9 185 11.5 2.5
North Okanagan B, RDA 955 710 74.3 120 12.6 125 13.1 4.4
North Okanagan C, RDA 1,190 940 79.0 125 10.5 125 10.5 -2.5
Armstrong, CY 1,410 1,015 72.0 170 12.1 230 16.3 11.5
North Okanagan F, RDA 1,260 930 73.8 205 16.3 125 9.9 0.4
Okanagan (Part) 1, IRI 920 705 76.6 105 11.4 115 12.5 21.1
Enderby 2, IRI 100 40 40.0 30 30.0 30 30.0 11.1
Columbia-Shuswap D, RDA 1,235 905 73.3 185 15.0 150 12.1 3.3
Okanagan (Part) 1, IRI 20 5 25.0 5 25.0 5 25.0 0.0
Salmon River 1, IRI 10 5 50.0 5 50.0 0 0.0 0.0

Spallumcheen – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Spallumcheen, 36.8% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 465
Married couples without children * 785
Common-law-couples with children * 55
Common-law-couples without children * 120

Spallumcheen – Marital status

In Spallumcheen, 67.7% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (59.4%) or living with a common-law partner (8.2%).

The remaining 32.3% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, British Columbia, Spallumcheen, DM – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Spallumcheen, DM British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 4,245 100.0 3,722,690 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 2,875 67.7 2,154,575 57.9 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 2,520 59.4 1,832,605 49.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 350 8.2 321,965 8.6 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 1,370 32.3 1,568,120 42.1 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 865 20.4 1,014,270 27.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 125 2.9 102,035 2.7 698,245 2.5
Divorced 230 5.4 246,515 6.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 140 3.3 205,300 5.5 1,584,525 5.7

Spallumcheen – Types of private households

There were 1,945 private households3 in Spallumcheen in 2011, a change of 4.9% from 2006. Of these, 26.0% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -15.1% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, British Columbia, Spallumcheen, DM – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Spallumcheen, DM British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 1,945 100.0 1,764,635 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
505 26.0 431,135 24.4 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
865 44.5 532,995 30.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 170 8.7 168,530 9.6 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 320 16.5 498,925 28.3 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 35 1.8 50,410 2.9 268,060 2.0
Other households9 60 3.1 82,640 4.7 543,340 4.1

Spallumcheen – Structural type of dwelling

In Spallumcheen, 95.1% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, British Columbia, Spallumcheen, DM – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Spallumcheen, DM British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 1,945 100.0 1,764,640 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 1,850 95.1 842,120 47.7 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 5 0.3 52,825 3.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 5 0.3 130,370 7.4 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 0 0.0 143,970 8.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 0 0.0 361,150 20.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 40 2.1 184,355 10.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 0 0.0 2,885 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 45 2.3 46,960 2.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Spallumcheen, DM – Mother tongue

Chart J: Spallumcheen, DM - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Spallumcheen, DM - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Spallumcheen, 92.3% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 0.9% reported French only, and 6.2% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 70.3% for English only, 1.3% for French only and 26.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 97.5% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.1% spoke only French and 1.3% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 80.5% for only English, 0.4% for only French and 15.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Spallumcheen, DM – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 5,055 100.0 5,055 100.0
English 4,665 92.3 4,930 97.5
French 45 0.9 5 0.1
Non-official language 315 6.2 65 1.3
Multiple responses 35 0.7 50 1.0
Table 13 Spallumcheen, DM – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.9 99.9 0.0
French 27.3 9.1 18.2
Non-official language 49.3 30.4 18.8

Spallumcheen, DM – Non-official languages

In Spallumcheen, the three most common mother tongues were German (2.8%), Dutch (1.6%) and Ukrainian (0.3%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (4.5%), Cantonese (3.2%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (2.9%).

Table 14 Spallumcheen, DM – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 140 41.2 2.8
Dutch 80 23.5 1.6
Ukrainian 15 4.4 0.3
Hungarian 15 4.4 0.3

Spallumcheen, DM – Bilingualism

Table 15 Spallumcheen, DM – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 2.7 1.9 62.5 6.5
0 to 19 3.0 2.6 0.0 0.0
20 to 44 2.6 2.2 0.0 11.1
45 to 64 3.3 1.8 80.0 7.7
65 and over 1.2 0.7 100.0 0.0
Table 16 Spallumcheen, DM – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 5,055 100.0
English only 4,905 97.0
French only 0 0.0
English and French 145 2.9
Neither English nor French 5 0.1

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.

Note(s):

  1. Median age: Age 'x' that divides a population in two groups of the same population size, one group being older than age 'x' and the other group being younger than age 'x'.
  2. Census family: Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family.
  3. Household, private: Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.
  4. Household type: Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living in common-law with or without children or a lone parent living with one or more children.
  5. Couple-family households with children: Refers to couple households with at least one child aged 24 and under.
  6. Couple-family households without children: Refers to couple households without children aged 24 and under. Includes couple households with all children aged 25 and over.
  7. Lone-parent-family households: Refers to all lone-parent family households regardless of age of children.
  8. Multiple-family households: Refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling.
  9. Other households: Refers to two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.
  10. Other single-attached house: A single dwelling that is attached to another building and that does not fall into any of the other categories, such as a single dwelling attached to a non-residential structure (e.g., a store or a church) or occasionally to another residential structure (e.g., an apartment building).
  11. Movable dwelling includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.
  12. Mother-tongue retention: Retention refers to the situation where people speak their mother tongue at home. Retention is defined as 'complete' when the mother tongue is the language spoken most often and 'partial' when it is spoken on a regular basis but not most often. The (complete or partial) retention rate refers to the proportion of the population with a given mother tongue that speaks that language at home most often or on a regular basis. The retention rate provides an indication of a group's linguistic vitality, particularly the importance of transmitting languages between generations.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

Related data: