Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Markham, T - Ontario

Map of Markham, T (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Markham, T

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Markham, T - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Markham, T - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
7
Nat. rank
16

In 2011, Markham (Town) had a population of 301,709, representing a percentage change of 15.3% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 212.58 square kilometres with a population density of 1,419.3 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Markham (Town) had 90,534 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 17.3%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Markham (Town) is part of the census metropolitan area of Toronto.

Population and dwelling counts

Markham (Town) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Markham (Town) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Pickering, Ont. CY 88,721 87,838 1.0
Vaughan, Ont. CY 288,301 238,866 20.7
Richmond Hill, Ont. T 185,541 162,704 14.0
Whitchurch-Stouffville, Ont. T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Toronto, Ont. C 2,615,060 2,503,281 4.5

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

Markham, T – Age distribution

Table 4 Markham, T – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 17.4% 18.4% 16.5%
15 to 64 70.3% 70.0% 70.6%
65 and over 12.3% 11.6% 12.9%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Markham, T was 12.3%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 70.3% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 17.4%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Markham, T – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Markham, T – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 301,710 261,575 40,135 15.3
0 to 14 52,520 47,650 4,870 10.2
15 to 64 212,170 186,060 26,110 14.0
65 and over 37,025 27,865 9,160 32.9
Males
Total 147,285 127,950 19,335 15.1
0 to 14 27,085 24,570 2,515 10.2
15 to 64 103,080 90,745 12,335 13.6
65 and over 17,115 12,635 4,480 35.5
Females
Total 154,425 133,620 20,805 15.6
0 to 14 25,435 23,075 2,360 10.2
15 to 64 109,085 95,315 13,770 14.4
65 and over 19,905 15,230 4,675 30.7

Markham, T – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Markham, T – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 301,710 147,285 154,425
0 to 4 years 16,435 8,450 7,980
5 to 9 years 17,315 8,950 8,365
10 to 14 years 18,770 9,680 9,085
15 to 19 years 21,280 11,095 10,185
20 to 24 years 20,590 10,730 9,865
25 to 29 years 19,235 9,660 9,570
30 to 34 years 17,885 8,335 9,555
35 to 39 years 21,035 9,710 11,320
40 to 44 years 23,110 10,670 12,435
45 to 49 years 25,185 11,975 13,210
50 to 54 years 23,645 11,360 12,285
55 to 59 years 21,610 10,430 11,185
60 to 64 years 18,600 9,120 9,480
65 to 69 years 12,395 6,030 6,365
70 to 74 years 9,230 4,500 4,730
75 to 79 years 6,820 3,215 3,605
80 to 84 years 4,740 1,995 2,745
85 years and over 3,840 1,370 2,465
Median age 39.6 38.6 40.5

Markham, T – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Markham, T was 39.6 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and Markham, T – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Markham, T 38.1 39.6

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Markham was 86,610, which represents a change of 16.6% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Markham, 83.1% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 3.8% were common-law-couples and 13.1% were lone-parent families.

Markham – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of Markham, T and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Markham, T 86,610 72,005 83.1 3,265 3.8 11,340 13.1 16.6
Pickering, CY 25,420 18,615 73.2 2,140 8.4 4,670 18.4 2.1
Vaughan, CY 80,835 68,180 84.3 2,945 3.6 9,710 12.0 21.3
Richmond Hill, T 52,925 43,605 82.4 2,230 4.2 7,085 13.4 14.9
Whitchurch-Stouffville, T 11,210 9,060 80.8 970 8.7 1,180 10.5 57.3
Toronto, C 690,340 473,440 68.6 69,910 10.1 146,990 21.3 3.0

Markham – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Markham, 57.6% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 41,990
Married couples without children * 30,015
Common-law-couples with children * 1,355
Common-law-couples without children * 1,910

Markham – Marital status

In Markham, 62.4% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (59.8%) or living with a common-law partner (2.6%).

The remaining 37.6% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Markham, T – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Markham, T Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 249,190 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 155,450 62.4 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 148,915 59.8 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 6,535 2.6 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 93,740 37.6 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 68,560 27.5 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 4,480 1.8 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 9,535 3.8 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 11,165 4.5 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Markham – Types of private households

There were 90,535 private households3 in Markham in 2011, a change of 17.3% from 2006. Of these, 41.9% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 7.0% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Markham, T – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Markham, T Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 90,535 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
37,955 41.9 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
24,735 27.3 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 8,615 9.5 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 10,225 11.3 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 7,305 8.1 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 1,695 1.9 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Markham – Structural type of dwelling

In Markham, 64.1% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 10.2% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, Markham, T – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Markham, T Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 90,530 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 58,040 64.1 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 5,090 5.6 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 10,935 12.1 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 9,225 10.2 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,700 1.9 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 5,530 6.1 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 10 0.0 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 5 0.0 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Markham, T – Mother tongue

Chart J: Markham, T - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Markham, T - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Markham, 38.5% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 0.7% reported French only, and 57.2% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 52.2% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.3% spoke only French and 38.7% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Markham, T – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 300,680 100.0 300,680 100.0
English 115,745 38.5 156,850 52.2
French 2,035 0.7 920 0.3
Non-official language 171,875 57.2 116,295 38.7
Multiple responses 11,025 3.7 26,615 8.9
Table 13 Markham, T – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 98.2 95.7 2.5
French 61.6 37.7 23.9
Non-official language 87.4 70.3 17.1

Markham, T – Non-official languages

In Markham, the three most common mother tongues were Cantonese (16.4%), Chinese, n.o.s. (10.8%) and Tamil (5.3%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 Markham, T – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Cantonese 49,450 27.1 16.4
Chinese, n.o.s. 32,350 17.7 10.8
Tamil 15,890 8.7 5.3
Mandarin 14,735 8.1 4.9
Urdu 7,190 3.9 2.4

Markham, T – Bilingualism

Table 15 Markham, T – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 5.7 7.1 89.7 3.7
0 to 19 9.5 9.1 82.5 9.0
20 to 44 5.4 7.5 91.3 3.3
45 to 64 3.9 5.4 92.2 2.1
65 and over 3.1 3.5 88.3 1.7
Table 16 Markham, T – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 300,680 100.0
English only 257,725 85.7
French only 175 0.1
English and French 17,760 5.9
Neither English nor French 25,010 8.3

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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