Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Toronto, C - Ontario

Map of Toronto, C (shaded in green), Ontario

Map of Toronto, C

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Toronto, C - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Toronto, C - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
1
Nat. rank
1

In 2011, Toronto (City / Cit) had a population of 2,615,060, representing a percentage change of 4.5% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 630.21 square kilometres with a population density of 4,149.5 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 908,607.67 square kilometres with a population density of 14.1 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Toronto (City / Cit) had 1,047,877 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 7.0%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Toronto (City / Cit) is part of the census metropolitan area of Toronto.

Population and dwelling counts

Toronto (City / Cit) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Toronto (City / Cit) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Pickering, Ont. CY 88,721 87,838 1.0
Vaughan, Ont. CY 288,301 238,866 20.7
Markham, Ont. T 301,709 261,573 15.3
Mississauga, Ont. CY 713,443 668,599 A 6.7
Brampton, Ont. CY 523,911 433,806 20.8

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Milton T 84,362 53,889 A 56.5
Whitchurch-Stouffville T 37,628 24,390 54.3
Ajax T 109,600 90,167 21.6
Brampton CY 523,911 433,806 20.8
Vaughan CY 288,301 238,866 20.7

Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 Ontario – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Thunder Bay, Unorganized NO 5,909 6,585 -10.3
Hearst T 5,090 5,620 -9.4
Dryden CY 7,617 8,195 -7.1
The Blue Mountains T 6,453 6,825 -5.5

Age and sex

Toronto, C – Age distribution

Table 4 Toronto, C – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 15.3% 16.3% 14.4%
15 to 64 70.2% 70.8% 69.7%
65 and over 14.4% 12.8% 15.9%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Toronto, C was 14.4%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 70.2% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 15.3%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Toronto, C – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Toronto, C – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 2,615,060 2,503,280 111,780 4.5
0 to 14 400,865 409,620 -8,755 -2.1
15 to 64 1,836,750 1,740,205 96,545 5.5
65 and over 377,440 353,455 23,985 6.8
Males
Total 1,255,585 1,205,370 50,215 4.2
0 to 14 205,250 210,500 -5,250 -2.5
15 to 64 889,275 845,310 43,965 5.2
65 and over 161,055 149,560 11,495 7.7
Females
Total 1,359,480 1,297,915 61,565 4.7
0 to 14 195,615 199,120 -3,505 -1.8
15 to 64 947,475 894,900 52,575 5.9
65 and over 216,390 203,895 12,495 6.1

Toronto, C – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Toronto, C – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 2,615,060 1,255,585 1,359,480
0 to 4 years 140,515 72,085 68,425
5 to 9 years 128,065 65,400 62,665
10 to 14 years 132,290 67,770 64,525
15 to 19 years 150,040 76,850 73,200
20 to 24 years 183,470 90,735 92,735
25 to 29 years 211,850 101,290 110,565
30 to 34 years 201,170 95,730 105,435
35 to 39 years 190,405 91,285 99,115
40 to 44 years 197,405 95,545 101,850
45 to 49 years 207,625 101,815 105,810
50 to 54 years 191,295 92,850 98,440
55 to 59 years 162,535 76,950 85,585
60 to 64 years 140,965 66,215 74,745
65 to 69 years 102,450 47,275 55,175
70 to 74 years 86,190 38,060 48,130
75 to 79 years 74,215 32,455 41,755
80 to 84 years 59,625 24,515 35,115
85 years and over 54,965 18,750 36,210
Median age 39.2 38.2 40.1

Toronto, C – Median age1 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Toronto, C was 39.2 years. In comparison, the median age of Ontario was 40.4 years.

Table 7 Canada, Ontario and Toronto, C – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
Ontario 39.0 40.4
Toronto, C 38.4 39.2

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Toronto was 690,340, which represents a change of 3.0% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Toronto, 68.6% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 10.1% were common-law-couples and 21.3% were lone-parent families.

Toronto – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, Ontario, CSD of Toronto, C and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Toronto, C 690,340 473,440 68.6 69,910 10.1 146,990 21.3 3.0
Pickering, CY 25,420 18,615 73.2 2,140 8.4 4,670 18.4 2.1
Vaughan, CY 80,835 68,180 84.3 2,945 3.6 9,710 12.0 21.3
Markham, T 86,610 72,005 83.1 3,265 3.8 11,340 13.1 16.6
Mississauga, CY 199,380 154,440 77.5 12,160 6.1 32,780 16.4 6.8
Brampton, CY 145,350 111,325 76.6 8,970 6.2 25,050 17.2 20.3

Toronto – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Toronto, 48.8% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 245,885
Married couples without children * 227,560
Common-law-couples with children * 19,420
Common-law-couples without children * 50,490

Toronto – Marital status

In Toronto, 51.1% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (44.8%) or living with a common-law partner (6.3%).

The remaining 48.9% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Ontario, Toronto, C – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Toronto, C Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 2,214,195 100.0 10,671,050 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 1,131,785 51.1 6,158,605 57.7 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 991,700 44.8 5,367,400 50.3 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 140,080 6.3 791,210 7.4 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 1,082,410 48.9 4,512,440 42.3 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 746,190 33.7 2,985,020 28.0 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 69,600 3.1 319,805 3.0 698,245 2.5
Divorced 140,240 6.3 593,730 5.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 126,380 5.7 613,880 5.8 1,584,525 5.7

Toronto – Types of private households

There were 1,047,875 private households3 in Toronto in 2011, a change of 7.0% from 2006. Of these, 23.5% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -1.4% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Ontario, Toronto, C – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Toronto, C Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 1,047,875 100.0 4,887,505 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home5
246,265 23.5 1,402,420 28.7 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home6
250,165 23.9 1,408,120 28.8 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 129,390 12.3 535,825 11.0 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 331,180 31.6 1,230,980 25.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households8 31,135 3.0 128,660 2.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 59,740 5.7 181,500 3.7 543,340 4.1

Toronto – Structural type of dwelling

In Toronto, 26.2% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 41.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, Ontario, Toronto, C – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Toronto, C Ontario Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 1,047,875 100.0 4,887,510 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 275,010 26.2 2,718,880 55.6 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 72,405 6.9 279,470 5.7 646,240 4.9
Row house 60,295 5.8 415,230 8.5 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 429,225 41.0 789,975 16.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 163,895 15.6 498,160 10.2 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 44,740 4.3 160,460 3.3 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 2,200 0.2 9,535 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 110 0.0 15,795 0.3 183,510 1.4

Language

Toronto, C – Mother tongue

Chart J: Toronto, C - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Toronto, C - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Toronto, 50.9% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.3% reported French only, and 44.6% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 68.2% for English only, 3.9% for French only and 25.7% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 64.0% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.6% spoke only French and 28.3% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 79.0% for only English, 2.2% for only French and 14.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Toronto, C – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 2,589,090 100.0 2,589,085 100.0
English 1,317,025 50.9 1,657,835 64.0
French 32,665 1.3 15,575 0.6
Non-official language 1,154,245 44.6 733,130 28.3
Multiple responses 85,150 3.3 182,550 7.1
Table 13 Toronto, C – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 98.6 97.0 1.5
French 63.0 39.8 23.2
Non-official language 85.3 66.9 18.4

Toronto, C – Non-official languages

In Toronto, the three most common mother tongues were Chinese, n.o.s. (3.4%), Cantonese (3.4%) and Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (3.2%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Italian (2.1%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.6%) and Cantonese (1.5%).

Table 14 Toronto, C – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Chinese, n.o.s. 88,145 7.1 3.4
Cantonese 87,365 7.1 3.4
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 82,960 6.7 3.2
Italian 76,200 6.2 2.9
Spanish 75,305 6.1 2.9

Toronto, C – Bilingualism

Table 15 Toronto, C – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 8.6 9.6 89.3 5.1
0 to 19 9.2 9.0 80.3 7.7
20 to 44 10.4 12.3 93.1 5.6
45 to 64 7.4 8.3 90.7 4.2
65 and over 5.0 5.1 84.4 3.0
Table 16 Toronto, C – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 2,589,085 100.0
English only 2,222,695 85.8
French only 2,975 0.1
English and French 227,375 8.8
Neither English nor French 136,040 5.3

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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