Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Census subdivision of Victoria, CY - British Columbia 1

Map of Victoria, CY (shaded in green), British Columbia

Map of Victoria, CY

Interactive version of map

Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A: Victoria, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Chart A description: Victoria, CY - Population, 2011 and 2006 censuses

Prov. rank
14
Nat. rank
67

In 2011, Victoria (City) had a population of 80,017, representing a percentage change of 2.5% from 2006. This compares to the national average growth of 5.9%.

Land area is 19.47 square kilometres with a population density of 4,109.4 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the provincial land area of 922,509.29 square kilometres with a population density of 4.8 persons per square kilometre.

In 2011, Victoria (City) had 42,957 private dwellings occupied by usual residents. The change in private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006 was 3.0%. For Canada as a whole, the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Victoria (City) is part of the census metropolitan area of Victoria.

Population and dwelling counts

Victoria (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions

Table 1 Victoria (City) – Neighbouring census subdivisions, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Saanich, B.C. DM 109,752 108,265 1.4
Oak Bay, B.C. DM 18,015 17,908 0.6
Esquimalt, B.C. DM 16,209 16,840 -3.7
Capital H (Part 1), B.C. RDA 4,173 4,250 -1.8

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth

Table 2 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the highest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Langford CY 29,228 22,459 30.1
Lake Country DM 11,708 9,606 21.9
Port Moody CY 32,975 27,512 19.9
Kent DM 5,664 4,738 E 19.5
Surrey CY 468,251 394,976 18.6

British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth

Table 3 British Columbia – Census subdivisions with 5,000-plus population with the lowest population growth, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name CSD type Population
2011 2006 % change
Kitimat DM 8,335 8,987 -7.3
Peace River D RDA 5,479 5,749 -4.7
Esquimalt DM 16,209 16,840 -3.7
Hope DM 5,969 6,185 -3.5
Okanagan-Similkameen D RDA 5,717 5,913 -3.3

Age and sex

Victoria, CY – Age distribution

Table 4 Victoria, CY – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 9.1% 9.6% 8.7%
15 to 64 72.5% 74.9% 70.4%
65 and over 18.4% 15.5% 20.9%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Victoria, CY was 18.4%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 72.5% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 9.1%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Victoria, CY – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Victoria, CY – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 to 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 80,020 78,060 1,960 2.5
0 to 14 7,285 7,675 -390 -5.1
15 to 64 58,025 55,750 2,275 4.1
65 and over 14,710 14,630 80 0.5
Males
Total 37,625 36,155 1,470 4.1
0 to 14 3,600 3,810 -210 -5.5
15 to 64 28,195 26,915 1,280 4.8
65 and over 5,830 5,425 405 7.5
Females
Total 42,395 41,905 490 1.2
0 to 14 3,680 3,865 -185 -4.8
15 to 64 29,835 28,835 1,000 3.5
65 and over 8,875 9,205 -330 -3.6

Victoria, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Victoria, CY – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 80,020 37,625 42,395
0 to 4 years 2,820 1,395 1,425
5 to 9 years 2,305 1,160 1,145
10 to 14 years 2,160 1,045 1,115
15 to 19 years 2,735 1,285 1,450
20 to 24 years 6,815 3,000 3,815
25 to 29 years 8,720 4,330 4,395
30 to 34 years 7,000 3,615 3,385
35 to 39 years 5,325 2,760 2,560
40 to 44 years 5,075 2,615 2,455
45 to 49 years 5,285 2,660 2,630
50 to 54 years 5,520 2,585 2,940
55 to 59 years 5,825 2,725 3,105
60 to 64 years 5,725 2,615 3,110
65 to 69 years 3,810 1,830 1,985
70 to 74 years 2,650 1,190 1,460
75 to 79 years 2,350 995 1,350
80 to 84 years 2,275 840 1,430
85 years and over 3,625 980 2,645
Median age 41.9 40.4 43.8

Victoria, CY – Median age2 of the population

In 2011, the median age in Victoria, CY was 41.9 years. In comparison, the median age of British Columbia was 41.9 years.

Table 7 Canada, British Columbia and Victoria, CY – Median age, 2006 and 2011 censuses
  Median age
2006 2011
Canada 39.5 40.6
British Columbia 40.8 41.9
Victoria, CY 41.7 41.9

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Victoria was 18,375, which represents a change of 0.3% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Victoria, 56.1% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 25.2% were common-law-couples and 18.6% were lone-parent families.

Victoria – Family structure

Table 8 Canada, British Columbia, CSD of Victoria, CY and neighbouring census subdivisions – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Victoria, CY 18,375 10,315 56.1 4,635 25.2 3,415 18.6 0.3
Saanich, DM 31,310 22,765 72.7 3,720 11.9 4,820 15.4 0.4
Oak Bay, DM 5,110 4,080 79.8 465 9.1 560 11.0 -0.9
Esquimalt, DM 4,210 2,470 58.7 945 22.4 795 18.9 -5.3
Capital H (Part 1), RDA 1,345 970 72.1 250 18.6 120 8.9 2.7

Victoria – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in the census subdivision of Victoria, 28.7% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Presence of children within couple families
* Children aged 24 and under at home
Married couples with children * 3,475
Married couples without children * 6,845
Common-law-couples with children * 820
Common-law-couples without children * 3,815

Victoria – Marital status

In Victoria, 42.9% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (30.1%) or living with a common-law partner (12.8%).

The remaining 57.1% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.

Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, British Columbia, Victoria, CY – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Victoria, CY British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 72,735 100.0 3,722,690 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 31,200 42.9 2,154,575 57.9 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 21,880 30.1 1,832,605 49.2 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 9,315 12.8 321,965 8.6 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 41,535 57.1 1,568,120 42.1 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 25,460 35.0 1,014,270 27.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 2,535 3.5 102,035 2.7 698,245 2.5
Divorced 8,315 11.4 246,515 6.6 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 5,230 7.2 205,300 5.5 1,584,525 5.7

Victoria – Types of private households

There were 42,960 private households4 in Victoria in 2011, a change of 3.0% from 2006. Of these, 9.8% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -5.6% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, British Columbia, Victoria, CY – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Victoria, CY British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total private households 42,960 100.0 1,764,635 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children
aged 24 and under at home6
4,205 9.8 431,135 24.4 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children
aged 24 and under at home7
10,410 24.2 532,995 30.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 3,280 7.6 168,530 9.6 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 21,070 49.0 498,925 28.3 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple family households9 235 0.5 50,410 2.9 268,060 2.0
Other households10 3,760 8.8 82,640 4.7 543,340 4.1

Victoria – Structural type of dwelling

In Victoria, 15.7% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 16.7% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 11 Canada, British Columbia, Victoria, CY – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Victoria, CY British Columbia Canada
number % number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 42,955 100.0 1,764,640 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 6,760 15.7 842,120 47.7 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 1,110 2.6 52,825 3.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 2,130 5.0 130,370 7.4 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 7,180 16.7 143,970 8.2 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 21,820 50.8 361,150 20.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 3,855 9.0 184,355 10.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 95 0.2 2,885 0.2 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 5 0.0 46,960 2.7 183,510 1.4

Language

Victoria, CY – Mother tongue

Chart J: Victoria, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Victoria, CY - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Victoria, 83.6% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 2.0% reported French only, and 13.0% reported a non-official language only, in 2011. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 70.3% for English only, 1.3% for French only and 26.5% for only non-official languages.

In 2011, 92.4% of the population spoke only English most often at home, 0.6% spoke only French and 5.1% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the provincial / territorial percentages were 80.5% for only English, 0.4% for only French and 15.4% for only a non-official language.

Table 12 Victoria, CY – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected languages Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 77,225 100.0 77,230 100.0
English 64,550 83.6 71,370 92.4
French 1,515 2.0 440 0.6
Non-official language 10,075 13.0 3,925 5.1
Multiple responses 1,085 1.4 1,495 1.9
Table 13 Victoria, CY – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.8 99.6 0.2
French 50.7 26.0 24.7
Non-official language 68.8 43.4 25.4

Victoria, CY – Non-official languages

In Victoria, the three most common mother tongues were German (1.4%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.3%) and Spanish (1.1%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the provincial / territorial level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (4.5%), Cantonese (3.2%) and Chinese, n.o.s. (2.9%).

Table 14 Victoria, CY – The most common non-official-language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 1,095 10.1 1.4
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 9.3 1.3
Spanish 840 7.7 1.1
Cantonese 725 6.7 0.9
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 715 6.6 0.9

Victoria, CY – Bilingualism

Table 15 Victoria, CY – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 12.3 11.2 89.1 8.2
0 to 19 13.5 13.5 93.8 8.2
20 to 44 14.4 13.8 93.5 7.7
45 to 64 10.8 8.7 89.4 9.1
65 and over 8.8 6.5 81.5 8.1
Table 16 Victoria, CY – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 77,230 100.0
English only 66,745 86.4
French only 45 0.1
English and French 9,760 12.6
Neither English nor French 680 0.9

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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