Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Yukon 1

In 2011, the enumerated population of Yukon was 33,897 which represents a change of 11.6% from 2006. This compares to the national average of 5.9%.

The land area of Yukon is 474,712.64 square kilometres with a population density of 0.1 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 14,117 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Yukon in 2011. This represents an increase of 11.9% of the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006. For Canada as a whole, the total number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Canada, provinces and territories – Population, percentage change between 2006 and 2011

Table 1 Canada, provinces and territories – Population change, 2006 to 2011
Geographic name Population
2011 2006 Change % change % of nat. pop.
Canada  33,476,688 31,612,897 1,863,791 5.9 100.00
Newfoundland and Labrador 514,536 505,469 9,067 1.8 1.54
Prince Edward Island 140,204 135,851 4,353 3.2 0.42
Nova Scotia 921,727 913,462 8,265 0.9 2.75
New Brunswick 751,171 729,997 21,174 2.9 2.24
Quebec  7,903,001 7,546,131 356,870 4.7 23.61
Ontario  12,851,821 12,160,282 691,539 5.7 38.39
Manitoba  1,208,268 1,148,401 59,867 5.2 3.61
Saskatchewan  1,033,381 968,157 65,224 6.7 3.09
Alberta  3,645,257 3,290,350 354,907 10.8 10.89
British Columbia  4,400,057 4,113,487 286,570 7.0 13.14
Yukon 33,897 30,372 3,525 11.6 0.10
Northwest Territories 41,462 41,464 -2 0.0 0.12
Nunavut 31,906 29,474 2,432 8.3 0.10

Yukon – Census metropolitan areas (CMAs), census agglomerations (CAs) and regions outside CMAs and CAs

In 2011, 76.8% of the population of Yukon lived inside a census metropolitan area (CMA) or census agglomeration (CA). That represents 26,028 persons.


The number of persons living outside a census metropolitan area (CMA) and a census agglomeration (CA) was 7,869 which accounts for 23.2% of the territorial population.

Table 2 Yukon - Metropolitan areas, population rank and population change, 2006 to 2011
CMA or CA name Type Population Rank
2011 2006 % change Nat. Prov.
Whitehorse CA 26,028 22,898 13.7 98 1

Yukon – Census subdivisions with population greater than 5000

Table 3 Yukon – Census subdivisions with population greater than 5000, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Whitehorse CY 23,276 20,461 13.8

Age and sex

Yukon – Age distribution

Table 4 Yukon – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 17.3% 17.7% 16.9%
15 to 64 73.6% 72.7% 74.5%
65 and over 9.1% 9.6% 8.6%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Yukon was 9.1%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 73.6% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 17.3%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Yukon – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 5 Yukon – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 and 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 33,895 30,375 3,520 11.6
0 to 14 5,865 5,715 150 2.6
15 to 64 24,940 22,370 2,570 11.5
65 and over 3,090 2,285 805 35.2
Males
Total 17,055 15,280 1,775 11.6
0 to 14 3,015 2,920 95 3.3
15 to 64 12,400 11,160 1,240 11.1
65 and over 1,640 1,205 435 36.1
Females
Total 16,840 15,090 1,750 11.6
0 to 14 2,845 2,795 50 1.8
15 to 64 12,545 11,210 1,335 11.9
65 and over 1,450 1,085 365 33.6

Yukon – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 6 Yukon – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 33,895 17,055 16,840
0 to 4 years 1,980 1,020 960
5 to 9 years 1,905 970 935
10 to 14 years 1,980 1,020 960
15 to 19 years 2,210 1,140 1,070
20 to 24 years 2,225 1,160 1,065
25 to 29 years 2,375 1,180 1,195
30 to 34 years 2,300 1,075 1,225
35 to 39 years 2,420 1,155 1,270
40 to 44 years 2,445 1,180 1,265
45 to 49 years 2,910 1,365 1,545
50 to 54 years 3,170 1,595 1,575
55 to 59 years 2,780 1,435 1,340
60 to 64 years 2,115 1,120 1,000
65 to 69 years 1,295 735 560
70 to 74 years 755 420 335
75 to 79 years 510 240 270
80 to 84 years 300 150 150
85 to 89 years 160 70 90
90 to 94 years 60 15 40
95 to 99 years 15 5 5
100 years and over 0 0 0
Median age 39.1 39.2 39.1

Yukon – Median age2 of the population in the last 90 years

The median age in Yukon was 39.1 years. In comparison, the median age of Canada was 40.6 years.

Chart E: Yukon - Median age of the population in the last 90 years

Chart E description: Yukon - Median age of the population in the last 90 years

Table 7 Yukon and Canada – Median age of the population, 1921 to 2011 censuses
Median age Census year
1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011
Canada 23.9 24.7 27.0 27.7 26.3 26.2 29.6 33.5 37.6 40.6
Yukon 40.7 31.6 31.0 27.7 25.6 24.1 26.6 31.0 36.1 39.1

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families3 in Yukon was 9,330, which represents a change of 11.9% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Yukon, 54.4% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 25.1% were common-law-couples and 20.5% were lone-parent families.

Family structure

Table 8 Canada, provinces and territories – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Newfoundland and Labrador 159,385 114,335 71.7 20,630 12.9 24,420 15.3 2.3
Prince Edward Island 40,850 29,695 72.7 4,570 11.2 6,580 16.1 4.2
Nova Scotia 270,065 184,870 68.5 38,460 14.2 46,735 17.3 1.0
New Brunswick 224,590 152,455 67.9 35,945 16.0 36,190 16.1 3.1
Quebec  2,203,625 1,143,370 51.9 694,750 31.5 365,515 16.6 3.9
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Manitoba  327,875 232,635 71.0 39,060 11.9 56,185 17.1 4.8
Saskatchewan  285,375 202,770 71.1 35,785 12.5 46,825 16.4 6.7
Alberta  999,525 719,355 72.0 135,660 13.6 144,510 14.5 10.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Yukon 9,330 5,080 54.4 2,340 25.1 1,915 20.5 11.9
Northwest Territories 10,930 5,465 50.0 3,135 28.7 2,330 21.3 0.5
Nunavut 7,780 3,035 39.0 2,545 32.7 2,195 28.2 10.5

Yukon – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in Yukon, 45.6% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the province of Yukon, 84.2% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 15.8% were stepfamilies, in which at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under at home were stepfamilies.



Yukon – Marital status

In Yukon, 54.4% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (37.6%) or living with a common-law partner (16.8%).


The remaining 45.6% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.


Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 9 Canada, Yukon – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Yukon Canada
number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 28,035 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 15,260 54.4 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 10,540 37.6 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 4,720 16.8 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 12,770 45.6 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 8,870 31.6 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 815 2.9 698,245 2.5
Divorced 2,080 7.4 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 1,010 3.6 1,584,525 5.7

Yukon – Types of private households

There were 14,120 private households4 in Yukon in 2011, a change of 11.9% from 2006. Of these, 23.1% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of -0.9% compared with five years earlier.

Table 10 Canada, Yukon – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type5 Yukon Canada
number % number %
Total - Private households 14,120 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children6 3,260 23.1 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children7 3,835 27.2 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households8 1,725 12.2 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 4,330 30.7 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households9 255 1.8 268,060 2.0
Other households10 715 5.1 543,340 4.1

Canada's territories – Size of private households

The average household size in Yukon was 2.4 persons in 2011, compared to the Canadian average household size of 2.5 persons.

In Yukon, the proportion of total private households with only one person has increased over time, while the proportion of larger households (five or more persons) has decreased.

Table 11 Canada's territories – Proportion of total private households with one person and five or more persons, 1961 to 2011 censuses
Private household size 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011
One person 11.9 12.6 14.6 16.0 17.9 18.4 20.0 20.6 23.5 24.2 25.0
Five or more persons 38.3 41.4 35.3 29.2 24.5 22.9 21.1 19.5 17.6 16.2 15.4

Yukon – Structural type of dwelling

In Yukon, 64.9% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 0.0% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 12 Canada, Yukon – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Yukon Canada
number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 14,115 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 9,165 64.9 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 990 7.0 646,240 4.9
Row house 565 4.0 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 0 0.0 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,625 11.5 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 480 3.4 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house11 70 0.5 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling12 1,220 8.6 183,510 1.4

Language

Yukon – Mother tongue

Chart J: Yukon - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Yukon - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Yukon, 83.4% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 4.3% reported French only, and 10.8% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the national percentages were 56.9% for English only, 21.3% for French only and 19.8% for non-official languages only.

In 2011, 92.2% of the population spoke English only most often at home, 2.4% spoke only French, and 3.7% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the national percentages were 64.8% for English only, 20.6% for French only and 11.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 13 Yukon – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected language Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 33,655 100.0 33,655 100.0
English 28,065 83.4 31,025 92.2
French 1,455 4.3 815 2.4
Non-official language 3,625 10.8 1,240 3.7
Aboriginal language 835 2.5 105 0.3
Non-Aboriginal language 2,790 8.3 1,135 3.4
Multiple responses 510 1.5 570 1.7
Table 14 Yukon – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention13
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 99.8 99.6 0.2
French 74.2 52.5 21.8
Non-official language 62.4 36.6 25.8
Aboriginal language 42.4 14.1 28.3
Non-Aboriginal language 68.8 44.0 24.8

Yukon – Non-official languages

In Yukon, the three most common mother tongues were German (2.5%), Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (1.3%) and Kaska (Nahani) (0.8%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the national level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.4%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.3%) and Spanish (1.3%).

Table 15 Yukon – The most common non-official language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
German 855 21.4 2.5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 425 10.6 1.3
Kaska (Nahani) 265 6.6 0.8
Northern Tutchone 200 5.0 0.6
Spanish 180 4.5 0.5
Southern Tutchone 140 3.5 0.4
Dutch 130 3.3 0.4
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 3.3 0.4
Tlingit 105 2.6 0.3
Cantonese 100 2.5 0.3

Yukon – Bilingualism

Table 16 Yukon – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 12.9 9.6 89.3 7.6
0 to 19 15.5 13.6 83.3 8.7
20 to 44 14.6 11.0 93.7 7.9
45 to 64 10.6 6.2 88.0 8.1
65 and over 7.2 4.1 80.0 4.2
Table 17 Yukon – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 33,655 100.0
English only 29,050 86.3
French only 90 0.3
English and French 4,420 13.1
Neither English nor French 95 0.3

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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