Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census

Nunavut 1

In 2011, the enumerated population of Nunavut was 31,906 which represents a change of 8.3% from 2006. This compares to the national average of 5.9%.

The land area of Nunavut is 1,877,787.62 square kilometres with a population density of 0.0 persons per square kilometre. This compares to the national land area of 8,965,121.42 square kilometres with a population density of 3.7 persons per square kilometre.

In total, there were 8,661 private dwellings occupied by usual residents in Nunavut in 2011. This represents an increase of 10.3% of the number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents from 2006. For Canada as a whole, the total number of private dwellings occupied by usual residents increased 7.1%.

Population and dwelling counts

Canada, provinces and territories – Population, percentage change between 2006 and 2011

Table 1 Canada, provinces and territories – Population change, 2006 to 2011
Geographic name Population
2011 2006 Change % change % of nat. pop.
Canada  33,476,688 31,612,897 1,863,791 5.9 100.00
Newfoundland and Labrador 514,536 505,469 9,067 1.8 1.54
Prince Edward Island 140,204 135,851 4,353 3.2 0.42
Nova Scotia 921,727 913,462 8,265 0.9 2.75
New Brunswick 751,171 729,997 21,174 2.9 2.24
Quebec  7,903,001 7,546,131 356,870 4.7 23.61
Ontario  12,851,821 12,160,282 691,539 5.7 38.39
Manitoba  1,208,268 1,148,401 59,867 5.2 3.61
Saskatchewan  1,033,381 968,157 65,224 6.7 3.09
Alberta  3,645,257 3,290,350 354,907 10.8 10.89
British Columbia  4,400,057 4,113,487 286,570 7.0 13.14
Yukon 33,897 30,372 3,525 11.6 0.10
Northwest Territories 41,462 41,464 -2 0.0 0.12
Nunavut 31,906 29,474 2,432 8.3 0.10

Nunavut – Census subdivisions with population greater than 5000

Table 2 Nunavut – Census subdivisions with population greater than 5000, population change, 2006 to 2011
Census subdivision (CSD) name Type Population
2011 2006 % change
Iqaluit CY 6,699 6,184 8.3

Age and sex

Nunavut – Age distribution

Table 3 Nunavut – Age distributions by broad age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
0 to 14 32.7% 32.5% 32.8%
15 to 64 64.0% 64.0% 64.0%
65 and over 3.3% 3.4% 3.2%

In 2011, the percentage of the population aged 65 and over in Nunavut was 3.3%, compared with a national percentage of 14.8%. The percentage of the working age population (15 to 64) was 64.0% and the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 was 32.7%. In comparison, the national percentages were 68.5% for the population aged 15 to 64 and 16.7% for the population aged 0 to 14.

Nunavut – Population by broad age groups and sex

Table 4 Nunavut – Population by broad age groups, sex and population change between 2006 and 2011, 2006 and 2011 censuses
Broad age groups by sex Population
2011 2006 change % change
Both sexes
Total 31,905 29,470 2,435 8.3
0 to 14 10,425 10,000 425 4.3
15 to 64 20,420 18,660 1,760 9.4
65 and over 1,060 810 250 30.9
Males
Total 16,395 15,110 1,285 8.5
0 to 14 5,335 5,080 255 5.0
15 to 64 10,490 9,595 895 9.3
65 and over 565 435 130 29.9
Females
Total 15,510 14,365 1,145 8.0
0 to 14 5,090 4,925 165 3.4
15 to 64 9,930 9,065 865 9.5
65 and over 495 370 125 33.8

Nunavut – Population by five-year age groups and sex

Table 5 Nunavut – Population by five-year age groups and sex, 2011 Census
Age groups Both sexes Males Females
Total - Age groups 31,905 16,395 15,510
0 to 4 years 3,965 2,020 1,955
5 to 9 years 3,340 1,725 1,620
10 to 14 years 3,115 1,600 1,515
15 to 19 years 3,060 1,590 1,465
20 to 24 years 2,935 1,535 1,400
25 to 29 years 2,630 1,285 1,345
30 to 34 years 2,420 1,195 1,225
35 to 39 years 1,930 1,000 930
40 to 44 years 2,095 1,080 1,010
45 to 49 years 1,815 925 890
50 to 54 years 1,500 795 705
55 to 59 years 1,140 590 555
60 to 64 years 910 500 410
65 to 69 years 470 270 200
70 to 74 years 290 155 135
75 to 79 years 185 100 85
80 to 84 years 75 25 45
85 to 89 years 25 15 15
90 to 94 years 15 5 5
95 to 99 years 0 0 0
100 years and over 0 0 0
Median age 24.1 24.0 24.2

Families and households

In 2011, the number of census families2 in Nunavut was 7,780, which represents a change of 10.5% from 2006. This compares to a growth rate for Canada of 5.5% over the same period.


In Nunavut, 39.0% of census families were married couples in 2011, while 32.7% were common-law-couples and 28.2% were lone-parent families.

Family structure

Table 6 Canada, provinces and territories – Distribution of census families by family structure, 2011 Census
Geographic name Total families Married-couple families Common-law-couple families Lone-parent families % change, census families, 2006 to 2011
number % number % number %
Canada  9,389,695 6,293,950 67.0 1,567,905 16.7 1,527,840 16.3 5.5
Newfoundland and Labrador 159,385 114,335 71.7 20,630 12.9 24,420 15.3 2.3
Prince Edward Island 40,850 29,695 72.7 4,570 11.2 6,580 16.1 4.2
Nova Scotia 270,065 184,870 68.5 38,460 14.2 46,735 17.3 1.0
New Brunswick 224,590 152,455 67.9 35,945 16.0 36,190 16.1 3.1
Quebec  2,203,625 1,143,370 51.9 694,750 31.5 365,515 16.6 3.9
Ontario  3,612,205 2,612,890 72.3 394,670 10.9 604,645 16.7 5.5
Manitoba  327,875 232,635 71.0 39,060 11.9 56,185 17.1 4.8
Saskatchewan  285,375 202,770 71.1 35,785 12.5 46,825 16.4 6.7
Alberta  999,525 719,355 72.0 135,660 13.6 144,510 14.5 10.5
British Columbia  1,238,155 887,990 71.7 160,360 13.0 189,805 15.3 6.6
Yukon 9,330 5,080 54.4 2,340 25.1 1,915 20.5 11.9
Northwest Territories 10,930 5,465 50.0 3,135 28.7 2,330 21.3 0.5
Nunavut 7,780 3,035 39.0 2,545 32.7 2,195 28.2 10.5

Nunavut – Presence of children within couple families

Among couples (married and common-law) in Nunavut, 75.2% were couples with children aged 24 and under at home. In comparison, as a whole, 46.9% of couples in Canada had children aged 24 and under at home.

Among couples with children aged 24 and under at home in the province of Nunavut, 88.0% were intact families, that is, in which all children were the biological or adopted children of both parents, while 11.9% were stepfamilies, in which at least one child was the biological or adopted child of only one married spouse or common-law partner. For Canada as a whole in 2011, 12.6% of couples with children aged 24 and under at home were stepfamilies.



Nunavut – Marital status

In Nunavut, 53.4% of the total population aged 15 and over were either married (29.7%) or living with a common-law partner (23.7%).


The remaining 46.6% were not married and not living with a common-law partner, including those who were single (never-married), separated, divorced or widowed.


Note: Percentages may not total 100 percent due to random rounding.

Table 7 Canada, Nunavut – Population 15 years and older by marital status, 2011 Census
Marital status Nunavut Canada
number % number %
Total - Population 15 years and over 21,480 100.0 27,869,345 100.0
Married or living with a common-law partner 11,480 53.4 16,084,490 57.7
Married (and not separated) 6,385 29.7 12,941,965 46.4
Living common-law 5,095 23.7 3,142,525 11.3
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 10,000 46.6 11,784,855 42.3
Single (never legally married) 8,645 40.2 7,816,045 28.0
Separated 350 1.6 698,245 2.5
Divorced 405 1.9 1,686,035 6.0
Widowed 600 2.8 1,584,525 5.7

Nunavut – Types of private households

There were 8,660 private households3 in Nunavut in 2011, a change of 10.2% from 2006. Of these, 40.1% of households were comprised of couples with children aged 24 and under at home, a change of 5.2% compared with five years earlier.

Table 8 Canada, Nunavut – Distribution of households by household type, 2011 Census
Household type4 Nunavut Canada
number % number %
Total - Private households 8,660 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Couple-family households with children5 3,470 40.1 3,524,915 26.5
Couple-family households without children6 1,040 12.0 3,935,540 29.5
Lone-parent family households7 1,325 15.3 1,375,450 10.3
One-person households 1,575 18.2 3,673,310 27.6
Multiple-family households8 920 10.6 268,060 2.0
Other households9 330 3.8 543,340 4.1

Canada's territories – Size of private households

The average household size in Nunavut was 3.7 persons in 2011, compared to the Canadian average household size of 2.5 persons.

In Nunavut, the proportion of total private households with only one person has increased over time, while the proportion of larger households (five or more persons) has decreased.

Table 9 Canada's territories – Proportion of total private households with one person and five or more persons, 1961 to 2011 censuses
Private household size 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011
One person 11.9 12.6 14.6 16.0 17.9 18.4 20.0 20.6 23.5 24.2 25.0
Five or more persons 38.3 41.4 35.3 29.2 24.5 22.9 21.1 19.5 17.6 16.2 15.4

Nunavut – Structural type of dwelling

In Nunavut, 51.3% of private households lived in single-detached houses and 1.8% lived in apartments in buildings that have five or more storeys. The rest lived in other types of dwelling structures.

Table 10 Canada, Nunavut – Distribution of private households by structural type of dwelling, 2011 Census
Structural type of dwelling Nunavut Canada
number % number %
Total - Structural type of dwelling 8,660 100.0 13,320,615 100.0
Single-detached house 4,440 51.3 7,329,150 55.0
Semi-detached house 845 9.8 646,240 4.9
Row house 2,235 25.8 791,600 5.9
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 155 1.8 1,234,770 9.3
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 845 9.8 2,397,555 18.0
Apartment, duplex 130 1.5 704,485 5.3
Other single-attached house10 10 0.1 33,310 0.3
Movable dwelling11 10 0.1 183,510 1.4

Language

Nunavut – Mother tongue

Chart J: Nunavut - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Chart J description: Nunavut - Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home

Note: Counts for mother tongue as well as those for language spoken most often at home include single responses only.

In Nunavut, 28.1% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.4% reported French only, and 69.5% reported only a non-official language, in 2011. In comparison, the national percentages were 56.9% for English only, 21.3% for French only and 19.8% for non-official languages only.

In 2011, 45.5% of the population spoke English only most often at home, 0.8% spoke only French, and 53.0% spoke only a non-official language. In comparison, the national percentages were 64.8% for English only, 20.6% for French only and 11.1% for only a non-official language.

Table 11 Nunavut – Mother tongue and language spoken most often at home, 2011 Census
Selected language Mother tongue Language spoken most often at home
number % number %
Total 31,765 100.0 31,765 100.0
English 8,925 28.1 14,440 45.5
French 435 1.4 250 0.8
Non-official language 22,070 69.5 16,820 53.0
Aboriginal language 21,585 68.0 16,645 52.4
Non-Aboriginal language 490 1.5 180 0.6
Multiple responses 335 1.1 255 0.8
Table 12 Nunavut – Mother-tongue retention, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Mother-tongue retention12
(in percentage)
Total retention; language spoken at home at least on a regular basis Complete retention; language spoken most often at home Partial retention; language spoken at home on a regular basis
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
English 98.3 93.8 4.4
French 69.7 48.3 21.3
Non-official language 94.3 73.8 20.5
Aboriginal language 95.1 74.8 20.3
Non-Aboriginal language 62.0 29.0 33.0

Nunavut – Non-official languages

In Nunavut, the three most common mother tongues were Inuktitut (67.8%), Inuinnaqtun (0.9%) and Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (0.3%), in 2011. In comparison, the most common mother tongues at the national level were Panjabi (Punjabi) (1.4%), Chinese, n.o.s. (1.3%) and Spanish (1.3%).

Table 13 Nunavut – The most common non-official language mother tongues, 2011 Census
Mother tongue Number Percentage of non-official language mother-tongue population Percentage of total population
Note: Counts for mother tongue and home language include single response of a language as well as multiple responses of a language with English and/or French.
Inuktitut 21,530 96.1 67.8
Inuinnaqtun 295 1.3 0.9
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 0.5 0.3
German 35 0.2 0.1
Spanish 25 0.1 0.1
Innu/Montagnais 20 0.1 0.1
Inuvialuktun 20 0.1 0.1
Arabic 20 0.1 0.1
Hindi 20 0.1 0.1
Bisayan languages 20 0.1 0.1

Nunavut – Bilingualism

Table 14 Nunavut – Rate of English-French bilingualism by mother tongue and age groups, 2011 Census
Age groups Mother tongue
Total English French Non-official language
Note: Counts for mother tongue include single responses only. Consequently, the total excludes multiple responses.
Total 3.8 7.2 90.8 0.7
0 to 19 1.4 3.1 70.0 0.3
20 to 44 5.0 9.8 92.9 0.8
45 to 64 7.3 11.4 93.9 1.4
65 and over 3.9 16.7 100.0 0.6
Table 15 Nunavut – Knowledge of official languages, 2011 Census
Knowledge of official languages Number Percentage
Total 31,765 100.0
English only 27,665 87.1
French only 35 0.1
English and French 1,200 3.8
Neither English nor French 2,860 9.0

Symbols:

···
not applicable
excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements. For further information, refer to Notes.
incompletely enumerated Indian reserve or Indian settlement. For further information, refer to Notes.
A
adjusted figure due to boundary change. For further information, refer to Content considerations.
E
use with caution. For further information, refer to Cautionary note.


Source:

Statistics Canada. 2012. Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-310-XWE2011004. Ottawa, Ontario. Analytical products, 2011 Census. Last updated October 24, 2012.
 

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