Population by mother tongue and age groups (total), 2011 counts, for Canada, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations

Table Summary

This table shows the population by mother tongue and selected age group. The column headings are: geographic name, type and mother tongue. Mother tongue is further divided into: total, English, French, non-official language, English and French, English and non-official language, French and non-official language and English, French and non-official language. The rows are: geographic names along with their corresponding values.

Population by mother tongue and age groups (total), 2011 counts, for Canada, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations
Geographic name Type Mother tongue Footnote 1
Total English French Non-official language English and French English and non-official language French and non-official language English, French and non-official language
Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest Sort highest to lowest Sort lowest to highest
Canada !   33,121,175 18,858,980 7,054,975 6,567,685 144,685 396,330 74,430 24,095
Toronto (Ont.) CMA 5,541,880 2,980,215 63,160 2,314,530 12,385 160,050 7,090 4,455
Vancouver (B.C.) CMA 2,292,115 1,282,500 24,780 923,825 4,380 53,235 2,260 1,140
Calgary (Alta.) CMA 1,205,175 855,015 18,600 304,765 2,980 22,220 1,045 545
Edmonton (Alta.) CMA 1,146,600 854,215 24,875 244,540 3,025 18,395 1,075 460
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ont.) ! CMA 1,222,760 599,300 384,160 204,225 16,665 11,790 4,630 1,985
Hamilton (Ont.) CMA 712,580 540,875 10,155 149,370 1,545 9,670 735 230
Winnipeg (Man.) ! CMA 721,120 520,785 27,680 154,350 2,825 14,220 970 290
Montréal (Que.) ! CMA 3,785,915 439,845 2,395,530 832,245 40,400 21,450 44,685 11,755
London (Ont.) CMA 469,010 378,330 5,815 78,295 1,035 4,985 360 190
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo (Ont.) CMA 472,090 351,915 5,870 106,840 985 6,100 220 160
Halifax (N.S.) CMA 386,440 348,740 10,160 23,865 1,465 1,895 210 105
St. Catharines - Niagara (Ont.) CMA 386,520 314,670 12,830 53,885 1,330 3,455 250 95
Oshawa (Ont.) CMA 353,460 306,685 6,740 36,005 920 2,815 205 95
Victoria (B.C.) ! CMA 339,725 288,235 5,735 41,670 905 2,900 180 105
Windsor (Ont.) CMA 316,520 230,845 10,565 68,135 1,540 4,820 385 230
Saskatoon (Sask.) CMA 256,905 212,580 3,755 36,735 515 2,925 330 60
St. John's (N.L.) CMA 194,940 188,965 810 4,520 230 355 30 20
Regina (Sask.) CMA 208,080 178,820 2,525 24,125 375 2,065 110 60
Barrie (Ont.) CMA 185,345 162,950 3,955 16,515 525 1,290 65 45
Kelowna (B.C.) CMA 177,615 152,525 3,075 20,220 395 1,275 90 35
Kingston (Ont.) CMA 155,405 135,715 5,095 12,990 565 885 100 50
Brantford (Ont.) ! CMA 133,915 118,870 1,370 12,520 205 880 50 20
Abbotsford - Mission (B.C.) CMA 167,815 117,240 1,495 46,255 260 2,425 85 50
Saint John (N.B.) CMA 126,280 116,040 5,515 3,865 580 255 10 15
Guelph (Ont.) ! CMA 140,405 112,820 1,840 23,865 300 1,490 65 20
Peterborough (Ont.) CMA 117,595 109,390 1,265 6,255 225 415 30 15
Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury (Ont.) CMA 159,200 102,760 42,815 10,340 2,500 630 105 50
Thunder Bay (Ont.) CMA 119,925 102,115 2,840 13,570 320 1,005 70 15
Cape Breton (N.S.) CA 100,105 94,535 925 4,280 125 225 15 0
Chatham-Kent (Ont.) CA 102,760 90,185 2,915 8,750 360 495 40 20
Lethbridge (Alta.) CA 105,115 88,745 965 14,275 150 925 50 10
Kamloops (B.C.) ! CA 97,370 86,980 1,185 8,410 140 595 40 10
Nanaimo (B.C.) CA 96,915 85,840 1,350 8,850 225 585 35 25
Belleville (Ont.) CA 91,405 83,790 2,415 4,575 245 350 20 10
Moncton (N.B.) CMA 136,145 83,585 46,960 3,400 1,920 145 115 25
Fredericton (N.B.) ! CA 93,515 81,070 6,580 4,770 680 380 20 25
Sarnia (Ont.) CA 88,750 79,260 2,180 6,540 260 455 45 10
Chilliwack (B.C.) ! CA 90,735 78,705 1,205 9,985 175 615 50 10
Red Deer (Alta.) ! CA 89,375 77,735 1,245 9,365 165 785 50 30
Prince George (B.C.) CA 83,355 73,965 1,270 7,360 180 535 35 10
Kawartha Lakes (Ont.) CA 72,180 68,035 765 3,090 85 185 20 5
Sault Ste. Marie (Ont.) ! CA 78,665 68,000 2,780 7,100 320 440 25 10
Medicine Hat (Alta.) CA 71,815 64,385 830 6,050 100 415 30 0
Charlottetown (P.E.I.) ! CA 63,510 58,090 1,360 3,695 175 170 15 10
Norfolk (Ont.) CA 62,375 53,765 725 7,485 55 305 35 5
Wood Buffalo (Alta.) CA 66,850 53,050 1,795 10,690 210 1,040 45 25
Vernon (B.C.) CA 57,640 50,745 805 5,635 85 330 30 5
North Bay (Ont.) CA 63,100 50,275 9,475 2,440 710 170 20 5
Courtenay (B.C.) ! CA 54,785 49,790 1,310 3,325 160 180 15 10
Grande Prairie (Alta.) ! CA 54,695 48,230 1,400 4,370 215 425 20 15
Brandon (Man.) CA 52,500 44,150 785 7,020 85 410 35 20
Truro (N.S.) ! CA 45,340 43,635 495 1,000 85 120 10 0
Cornwall (Ont.) CA 57,850 40,605 13,050 2,805 1,100 220 35 35
Duncan (B.C.) ! CA 42,655 38,620 540 3,140 65 260 15 10
Orillia (Ont.) CA 39,860 36,425 510 2,655 75 180 15 10
Penticton (B.C.) ! CA 41,840 36,200 720 4,470 105 320 20 5
Brockville (Ont.) CA 38,465 35,410 1,020 1,770 135 125 5 0
Prince Albert (Sask.) ! CA 41,025 34,975 1,275 4,125 100 525 25 5
New Glasgow (N.S.) CA 35,300 34,270 295 610 45 70 5 5
Leamington (Ont.) CA 48,935 33,635 695 13,775 110 645 50 25
Woodstock (Ont.) ! CA 37,285 33,535 470 3,000 70 190 15 5
Campbell River (B.C.) ! CA 35,790 32,695 545 2,280 70 175 10 10
Moose Jaw (Sask.) CA 33,610 30,860 675 1,800 90 160 10 10
Midland (Ont.) ! CA 34,350 30,525 1,820 1,670 235 90 5 0
Owen Sound (Ont.) CA 31,245 29,635 290 1,170 50 80 10 0
Stratford (Ont.) ! CA 30,520 28,085 230 2,035 35 120 10 10
Lloydminster (Alta.) CA 30,520 27,990 360 1,870 50 235 10 5
Corner Brook (N.L.) ! CA 26,805 26,460 90 215 25 10 0 0
Kentville (N.S.) CA 26,135 25,175 310 560 45 40 5 0
Miramichi (N.B.) ! CA 27,750 24,650 2,235 565 215 70 15 0
Parksville (B.C.) CA 27,300 24,565 405 2,105 60 140 10 10
Centre Wellington (Ont.) CA 26,345 24,235 255 1,720 35 95 5 0
Fort St. John (B.C.) CA 26,275 24,065 285 1,750 35 130 5 5
Timmins (Ont.) CA 42,675 23,770 15,895 1,950 875 160 15 10
Cranbrook (B.C.) CA 24,720 22,690 325 1,560 45 90 5 5
Okotoks (Alta.) ! CA 24,510 22,610 370 1,350 45 115 10 5
Port Alberni (B.C.) ! CA 25,240 22,425 455 2,160 65 125 10 5
Whitehorse (Y.T.) CA 25,790 21,750 1,185 2,510 115 205 15 10
Pembroke (Ont.) CA 23,315 20,740 1,505 805 185 70 10 5
Quesnel (B.C.) ! CA 21,940 19,970 275 1,515 35 125 15 0
Brooks (Alta.) CA 23,145 17,780 270 4,760 40 260 30 0
Collingwood (Ont.) CA 18,870 17,360 225 1,140 40 100 5 5
Cobourg (Ont.) CA 17,950 16,635 245 975 20 60 0 0
Williams Lake (B.C.) CA 18,300 16,405 275 1,495 25 105 5 0
North Battleford (Sask.) ! CA 18,725 16,135 370 1,985 35 185 20 0
Salmon Arm (B.C.) CA 17,400 15,835 190 1,245 35 100 0 0
Camrose (Alta.) ! CA 16,930 15,430 215 1,160 25 95 10 0
Yorkton (Sask.) CA 17,865 15,400 135 2,100 15 205 10 0
Yellowknife (N.W.T.) CA 18,995 15,120 810 2,790 65 195 10 0
Swift Current (Sask.) CA 17,320 15,120 235 1,815 15 130 0 0
Port Hope (Ont.) CA 15,870 14,965 200 620 25 50 0 5
Summerside (P.E.I.) CA 16,210 14,895 920 275 80 35 5 0
Powell River (B.C.) CA 16,495 14,675 415 1,270 40 85 5 5
Squamish (B.C.) ! CA 17,395 14,070 480 2,565 45 200 30 10
Petawawa (Ont.) CA 15,990 14,030 1,330 450 130 45 5 5
Kenora (Ont.) CA 15,065 13,765 315 850 35 85 10 0
Grand Falls-Windsor (N.L.) CA 13,665 13,495 30 115 5 15 0 0
Terrace (B.C.) ! CA 15,400 13,445 320 1,435 35 160 0 5
Tillsonburg (Ont.) CA 15,150 13,245 200 1,580 15 95 10 0
Cold Lake (Alta.) CA 13,805 12,080 930 650 75 65 0 0
Sylvan Lake (Alta.) ! CA 12,645 11,910 190 470 30 35 0 5
Estevan (Sask.) ! CA 12,765 11,715 155 785 15 90 5 0
High River (Alta.) ! CA 12,855 11,400 180 1,155 20 90 0 5
Ingersoll (Ont.) CA 12,025 11,370 115 475 25 30 0 0
Strathmore (Alta.) ! CA 12,275 11,220 170 770 25 75 15 5
Portage la Prairie (Man.) ! CA 12,410 11,025 285 965 25 105 10 0
Prince Rupert (B.C.) CA 12,980 10,950 125 1,710 25 165 15 0
Québec (Que.) ! CMA 756,400 10,850 717,770 22,075 3,295 215 1,995 205
Bathurst (N.B.) ! CA 32,935 10,810 21,300 275 510 15 10 10
Bay Roberts (N.L.) CA 10,865 10,800 20 30 5 5 5 0
Wetaskiwin (Alta.) ! CA 12,240 10,590 170 1,340 20 110 10 0
Lacombe (Alta.) ! CA 11,535 10,485 145 830 15 50 10 0
Thompson (Man.) ! CA 12,760 10,470 260 1,705 35 280 5 5
Dawson Creek (B.C.) CA 11,425 10,390 160 735 10 100 15 10
Canmore (Alta.) CA 12,265 10,145 660 1,285 75 90 5 0
Sherbrooke (Que.) ! CMA 199,185 9,735 178,035 9,090 1,555 105 585 75
Temiskaming Shores (Ont.) ! CA 13,320 8,850 3,995 260 200 10 0 0
Elliot Lake (Ont.) CA 11,185 8,480 1,770 750 135 40 5 0
Steinbach (Man.) ! CA 13,335 8,120 230 4,710 20 240 5 0
Campbellton (N.B.) ! CA 17,340 6,645 9,700 625 340 15 10 0
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu (Que.) CA 91,630 2,410 86,635 1,590 755 35 160 35
Cowansville (Que.) ! CA 12,155 1,970 9,780 190 195 15 10 5
Granby (Que.) ! CA 75,635 1,905 70,620 2,395 500 40 150 25
Hawkesbury (Ont.) ! CA 11,930 1,745 9,515 400 225 25 15 10
Trois-Rivières (Que.) ! CMA 149,710 1,655 144,535 2,645 585 20 240 25
Lachute (Que.) CA 12,325 1,315 10,705 160 130 10 10 5
Saguenay (Que.) ! CMA 156,585 1,230 153,850 1,005 375 25 100 10
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield (Que.) CA 39,490 1,105 37,470 390 455 10 35 20
Val-d'Or (Que.) CA 32,920 980 30,390 1,215 230 25 65 10
Drummondville (Que.) ! CA 87,240 920 84,090 1,690 345 10 155 20
Edmundston (N.B.) ! CA 21,300 910 20,030 155 190 5 10 5
Rouyn-Noranda (Que.) ! CA 41,075 850 39,465 420 250 10 65 10
Sept-Îles (Que.) ! CA 28,145 770 24,265 2,885 160 10 55 0
Shawinigan (Que.) ! CA 53,630 485 52,600 275 230 5 25 5
Sorel-Tracy (Que.) ! CA 47,090 465 45,950 445 175 5 40 10
Saint-Hyacinthe (Que.) ! CA 55,405 460 52,720 1,850 215 15 125 20
Joliette (Que.) ! CA 46,120 405 44,240 1,160 190 15 90 10
Rimouski (Que.) ! CA 50,210 330 49,355 325 140 5 55 10
Thetford Mines (Que.) ! CA 27,335 325 26,625 255 105 5 15 5
Victoriaville (Que.) ! CA 45,780 310 44,520 775 115 5 45 5
Saint-Georges (Que.) ! CA 34,020 300 33,415 175 100 0 20 10
Baie-Comeau (Que.) ! CA 28,535 220 28,045 160 85 5 25 0
Amos (Que.) ! CA 16,775 175 16,180 365 40 5 10 0
Alma (Que.) ! CA 32,565 150 32,215 115 55 0 30 5
Rivière-du-Loup (Que.) ! CA 27,165 135 26,795 160 55 0 20 5
Matane (Que.) ! CA 18,235 75 18,030 65 60 0 5 5
Dolbeau-Mistassini (Que.) ! CA 15,860 65 15,715 50 25 0 5 0

Note(s):

Footnote 1

Refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the individual at the time of the census (May 10, 2011).

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