Census Profile

Data table

Data table

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Canada Data quality note(s)

(Country)
Quebec Data quality note(s)

(Province)
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 33,476,688  ...Data not available ...Data not available 7,903,001  ...Data not available ...Data not available
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 31,612,897  ...Data not available ...Data not available 7,546,131  ...Data not available ...Data not available
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 5.9 ...Data not available ...Data not available 4.7 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 14,569,633 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,685,926 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 13,320,614 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,395,343 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Population density per square kilometre 3.7 ...Data not available ...Data not available 5.8 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Land area (square km) 8,965,121.42 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,356,547.02 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 33,476,685 16,414,225 17,062,460 7,903,000 3,875,860 4,027,140
0 to 4 years 1,877,095 961,150 915,945 440,840 225,525 215,320
5 to 9 years 1,809,895 925,965 883,935 399,575 203,675 195,900
10 to 14 years 1,920,355 983,995 936,360 418,205 213,540 204,665
15 to 19 years 2,178,135 1,115,845 1,062,295 491,980 249,960 242,020
15 years 423,755 216,765 206,985 93,955 47,690 46,265
16 years 432,490 222,445 210,045 96,095 48,880 47,210
17 years 434,060 223,015 211,045 97,795 49,925 47,875
18 years 439,700 225,050 214,650 100,210 50,910 49,305
19 years 448,130 228,570 219,560 103,915 52,545 51,370
20 to 24 years 2,187,450 1,108,775 1,078,670 489,185 246,850 242,340
25 to 29 years 2,169,590 1,077,275 1,092,315 490,665 245,695 244,970
30 to 34 years 2,162,905 1,058,810 1,104,095 531,445 264,980 266,460
35 to 39 years 2,173,930 1,064,200 1,109,735 498,225 249,610 248,615
40 to 44 years 2,324,875 1,141,720 1,183,155 520,805 261,120 259,690
45 to 49 years 2,675,130 1,318,715 1,356,420 623,575 311,320 312,250
50 to 54 years 2,658,965 1,309,030 1,349,940 648,695 320,695 327,995
55 to 59 years 2,340,635 1,147,300 1,193,335 579,280 285,295 293,990
60 to 64 years 2,052,670 1,002,690 1,049,985 512,830 250,675 262,155
65 to 69 years 1,521,715 738,010 783,705 403,210 194,305 208,905
70 to 74 years 1,153,065 543,435 609,630 291,755 135,830 155,925
75 to 79 years 922,700 417,945 504,755 232,355 101,675 130,680
80 to 84 years 702,070 291,085 410,985 176,420 69,170 107,250
85 years and over 645,515 208,300 437,215 153,945 45,945 108,005
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.6 39.6 41.5 41.9 40.7 43.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.2 82.5 84.0 84.1 83.4 84.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 27,869,340 13,543,130 14,326,215 6,644,380 3,233,120 3,411,260
Married or living with a common-law partner 16,084,490 8,045,795 8,038,700 3,745,320 1,875,415 1,869,905
Married (and not separated) 12,941,960 6,470,300 6,471,660 2,353,770 1,177,720 1,176,050
Living common law 3,142,525 1,575,495 1,567,035 1,391,550 697,695 693,850
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 11,784,855 5,497,335 6,287,515 2,899,060 1,357,705 1,541,360
Single (never legally married) 7,816,045 4,206,320 3,609,730 1,942,090 1,045,540 896,545
Separated 698,240 299,655 398,585 105,195 46,465 58,720
Divorced 1,686,035 680,415 1,005,620 463,830 188,265 275,565
Widowed 1,584,530 310,940 1,273,590 387,945 77,430 310,515
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 9,389,695 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,203,630 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 2 persons 4,679,700 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,158,055 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 3 persons 2,048,560 ...Data not available ...Data not available 473,495 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 4 persons 1,870,305 ...Data not available ...Data not available 407,400 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 791,130 ...Data not available ...Data not available 164,680 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 9,389,700 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,203,630 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 7,861,855 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,838,120 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Married couples 6,293,950 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,143,365 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children at home 2,891,215 ...Data not available ...Data not available 596,140 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children at home 3,402,735 ...Data not available ...Data not available 547,225 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 1,288,775 ...Data not available ...Data not available 216,230 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 1,475,220 ...Data not available ...Data not available 226,985 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 638,740 ...Data not available ...Data not available 104,010 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Common-law couples 1,567,910 ...Data not available ...Data not available 694,750 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children at home 861,350 ...Data not available ...Data not available 334,250 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children at home 706,555 ...Data not available ...Data not available 360,500 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 321,865 ...Data not available ...Data not available 152,120 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 273,620 ...Data not available ...Data not available 155,020 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 111,075 ...Data not available ...Data not available 53,360 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 1,527,845 ...Data not available ...Data not available 365,515 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Female parent 1,200,295 ...Data not available ...Data not available 277,930 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 710,225 ...Data not available ...Data not available 169,760 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 352,150 ...Data not available ...Data not available 81,365 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 137,920 ...Data not available ...Data not available 26,810 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Male parent 327,545 ...Data not available ...Data not available 87,580 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 child 216,910 ...Data not available ...Data not available 57,910 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 children 85,770 ...Data not available ...Data not available 23,780 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 or more children 24,860 ...Data not available ...Data not available 5,900 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total children in census families in private households 9,971,320 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,201,800 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Under six years of age 2,217,355 ...Data not available ...Data not available 520,710 ...Data not available ...Data not available
6 to 14 years 3,322,875 ...Data not available ...Data not available 728,240 ...Data not available ...Data not available
15 to 17 years 1,240,565 ...Data not available ...Data not available 279,620 ...Data not available ...Data not available
18 to 24 years 2,062,245 ...Data not available ...Data not available 453,250 ...Data not available ...Data not available
25 years and over 1,128,280 ...Data not available ...Data not available 219,980 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1.0 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 32,856,980 16,153,945 16,703,035 7,732,835 3,812,190 3,920,640
Number of persons not in census families 5,634,105 2,678,530 2,955,575 1,489,290 717,115 772,170
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 735,685 309,510 426,175 145,795 64,175 81,615
Living with non-relatives only 1,225,115 689,960 535,150 249,085 141,300 107,785
Living alone 3,673,310 1,679,055 1,994,250 1,094,410 511,640 582,770
Number of census family persons 27,222,870 13,475,410 13,747,460 6,243,545 3,095,075 3,148,470
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2.8 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 4,551,900 2,081,795 2,470,110 1,128,815 510,045 618,775
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 1,527,630 445,865 1,081,770 413,235 124,645 288,590
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 224,755 52,375 172,380 45,530 11,850 33,680
Living with non-relatives only 87,185 42,230 44,955 24,935 11,985 12,950
Living alone 1,215,695 351,260 864,435 342,775 100,810 241,965
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 3,024,275 1,635,935 1,388,340 715,580 385,395 330,185
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 13,320,615 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,395,340 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Census-family households 9,103,965 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,174,255 ...Data not available ...Data not available
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 8,263,885 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2,050,840 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 7,070,680 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,738,280 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children 3,394,480 ...Data not available ...Data not available 880,690 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children 3,676,200 ...Data not available ...Data not available 857,590 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Lone-parent-family households 1,193,210 ...Data not available ...Data not available 312,555 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 840,075 ...Data not available ...Data not available 123,420 ...Data not available ...Data not available
One-family households with persons not in a census family 572,015 ...Data not available ...Data not available 95,000 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 389,775 ...Data not available ...Data not available 61,250 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Without children 144,240 ...Data not available ...Data not available 27,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available
With children 245,535 ...Data not available ...Data not available 33,840 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Lone-parent-family households 182,240 ...Data not available ...Data not available 33,750 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Two-or-more-family households 268,065 ...Data not available ...Data not available 28,420 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Non-census-family households 4,216,650 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,221,090 ...Data not available ...Data not available
One-person households 3,673,305 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,094,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Two-or-more-person households 543,345 ...Data not available ...Data not available 126,680 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 13,320,615 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,395,345 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Single-detached house 7,329,150 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,560,405 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,234,770 ...Data not available ...Data not available 171,115 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 183,510 ...Data not available ...Data not available 22,995 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 4,573,185 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,640,825 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Semi-detached house 646,245 ...Data not available ...Data not available 171,435 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Row house 791,600 ...Data not available ...Data not available 86,040 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Apartment, duplex 704,485 ...Data not available ...Data not available 263,860 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 2,397,550 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,103,845 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Other single-attached house 33,310 ...Data not available ...Data not available 15,645 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 13,320,615 ...Data not available ...Data not available 3,395,345 ...Data not available ...Data not available
1 person 3,673,310 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,094,410 ...Data not available ...Data not available
2 persons 4,544,820 ...Data not available ...Data not available 1,181,240 ...Data not available ...Data not available
3 persons 2,081,900 ...Data not available ...Data not available 496,140 ...Data not available ...Data not available
4 persons 1,903,300 ...Data not available ...Data not available 421,080 ...Data not available ...Data not available
5 persons 724,405 ...Data not available ...Data not available 142,555 ...Data not available ...Data not available
6 or more persons 392,885 ...Data not available ...Data not available 59,920 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Number of persons in private households 32,856,975 ...Data not available ...Data not available 7,732,835 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ...Data not available ...Data not available 2.3 ...Data not available ...Data not available
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305 7,815,950 3,841,260 3,974,690
  Single responses  32,481,635 15,955,395 16,526,240 7,663,135 3,764,810 3,898,325
    English  18,858,980 9,345,225 9,513,750 599,225 297,875 301,355
    French  7,054,975 3,452,380 3,602,590 6,102,210 2,994,300 3,107,910
    Non-official languages  6,567,680 3,157,785 3,409,895 961,700 472,635 489,060
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 177,360 86,870 90,490 41,290 20,530 20,760
        Atikamekw    5,820 2,975 2,845 5,815 2,975 2,845
        Cree, n.o.s.  77,900 38,055 39,845 15,135 7,570 7,565
        Dene  11,215 5,500 5,720 0 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais  10,785 5,205 5,580 8,715 4,200 4,515
        Inuktitut  33,500 16,725 16,775 10,915 5,430 5,485
        Mi'kmaq  7,635 3,715 3,920 670 340 325
        Ojibway  17,625 8,340 9,285 30 15 15
        Oji-Cree  9,835 4,890 4,945 5 0 0
        Stoney  3,050 1,465 1,580 0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,312,435 3,032,860 3,279,570 908,480 445,970 462,515
        African languages, n.i.e 9,125 4,920 4,205 930 530 400
        Afrikaans  8,770 4,370 4,400 100 50 45
        Akan (Twi)  12,680 6,145 6,535 1,140 560 585
        Albanian  23,820 12,205 11,610 2,405 1,240 1,170
        Amharic  18,020 8,745 9,275 690 340 355
        Arabic  327,870 175,535 152,335 140,035 74,985 65,050
        Armenian  29,795 14,525 15,265 15,030 7,335 7,700
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 7,150 3,565 3,590 1,645 875 770
        Bengali  59,370 30,555 28,815 10,405 5,305 5,100
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5,855 3,210 2,645 5,645 3,095 2,550
        Bisayan languages  16,240 6,185 10,055 955 280 670
        Bosnian  11,685 5,805 5,875 1,505 745 760
        Bulgarian  19,050 9,305 9,740 6,495 3,165 3,330
        Burmese  2,985 1,515 1,470 60 25 35
        Cantonese  372,460 173,510 198,955 10,975 5,185 5,790
        Chinese, n.o.s.  425,210 200,800 224,410 41,590 19,745 21,850
        Creoles  61,725 27,620 34,105 49,475 21,965 27,510
        Croatian  49,730 24,395 25,335 2,375 1,220 1,160
        Czech  23,585 11,350 12,230 1,645 790 855
        Danish  14,145 6,950 7,200 305 145 160
        Dutch  110,490 54,060 56,425 3,245 1,595 1,645
        Estonian  6,385 2,755 3,630 200 75 125
        Finnish  17,415 7,390 10,020 415 155 255
        Flemish  4,690 2,060 2,635 590 250 340
        Fukien  5,925 2,730 3,190 75 30 45
        German  409,200 195,415 213,785 15,025 6,920 8,105
        Greek  108,925 55,085 53,840 39,825 20,135 19,690
        Gujarati  91,450 45,570 45,875 5,940 2,915 3,025
        Hakka  5,115 2,360 2,755 105 40 60
        Hebrew  18,450 9,865 8,585 3,975 2,105 1,870
        Hindi  90,545 45,170 45,375 2,745 1,435 1,310
        Hungarian  67,920 32,740 35,180 6,675 3,250 3,430
        Ilocano  17,915 6,945 10,965 1,685 615 1,075
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5,255 2,860 2,395 560 320 240
        Italian  407,485 201,985 205,510 113,815 56,530 57,285
        Japanese  39,985 14,035 25,955 2,175 680 1,495
        Khmer (Cambodian)  19,440 9,095 10,345 8,620 4,035 4,580
        Korean  137,925 64,090 73,835 4,085 1,785 2,300
        Kurdish  9,805 5,350 4,445 820 465 360
        Lao  12,970 6,375 6,590 4,185 2,050 2,140
        Latvian  6,200 2,700 3,505 335 125 205
        Lingala  3,085 1,440 1,645 2,045 980 1,070
        Lithuanian  7,245 3,080 4,165 650 275 370
        Macedonian  17,245 8,405 8,840 195 105 95
        Malay  10,910 4,845 6,060 625 250 375
        Malayalam  16,080 8,200 7,875 315 165 150
        Maltese  6,220 3,125 3,100 30 15 15
        Mandarin  248,705 116,480 132,225 11,290 5,155 6,130
        Marathi  5,830 3,030 2,805 160 90 65
        Nepali  8,480 4,350 4,135 1,280 620 660
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 14,075 7,385 6,685 4,565 2,470 2,090
        Norwegian  5,800 2,745 3,055 275 130 140
        Oromo  11,140 6,075 5,060 7,035 3,865 3,170
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  430,705 217,015 213,685 11,150 5,990 5,160
        Pashto  12,465 6,470 5,990 990 545 445
        Persian (Farsi)  170,045 86,810 83,235 19,835 10,340 9,500
        Polish  191,645 87,905 103,745 15,250 6,695 8,555
        Portuguese  211,335 102,320 109,015 34,265 16,505 17,760
        Romanian  90,300 43,475 46,820 31,245 15,115 16,130
        Rundi (Kirundi)  3,975 1,875 2,100 2,370 1,150 1,220
        Russian  164,330 75,275 89,050 24,085 10,765 13,320
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  3,895 1,710 2,185 2,005 875 1,130
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 16,970 8,395 8,575 150 80 75
        Serbian  56,420 28,125 28,290 2,955 1,485 1,470
        Serbo-Croatian  10,155 4,940 5,215 1,910 945 970
        Shanghainese  2,920 1,230 1,695 95 40 50
        Sign languages, n.i.e 3,815 2,050 1,760 520 305 215
        Sindhi  11,330 5,290 6,040 305 145 155
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  14,185 7,070 7,110 585 305 280
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 4,360 2,225 2,135 95 55 40
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 3,630 1,850 1,785 325 180 145
        Slovak  17,580 8,045 9,540 1,180 525 660
        Slovenian  10,775 5,015 5,760 840 375 460
        Somali  31,380 14,260 17,120 855 435 420
        Spanish  410,670 199,110 211,565 131,850 64,490 67,365
        Swahili  10,090 5,050 5,045 2,065 1,060 1,010
        Swedish  7,350 3,170 4,175 515 240 280
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  327,445 131,405 196,045 13,740 4,655 9,090
        Taiwanese  9,635 4,450 5,185 405 190 215
        Tamil  131,265 65,145 66,120 13,245 6,645 6,595
        Telugu  9,315 4,910 4,405 365 200 160
        Thai  7,935 2,505 5,425 725 190 535
        Tibetan languages  4,640 2,365 2,270 110 60 50
        Tigrigna  10,220 4,990 5,230 350 160 190
        Turkish  29,640 15,865 13,775 6,915 3,605 3,305
        Ukrainian  111,540 49,570 61,975 4,785 2,095 2,690
        Urdu  172,800 88,295 84,500 9,800 5,115 4,690
        Vietnamese  144,880 68,255 76,625 26,560 12,675 13,885
        Yiddish  15,205 7,400 7,805 9,035 4,515 4,520
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 77,890 38,055 39,835 11,930 6,140 5,790
  Multiple responses          639,540 310,480 329,060 152,820 76,455 76,365
    English and French  144,685 69,975 74,710 64,800 32,390 32,405
    English and non-official language  396,330 192,000 204,330 23,435 11,455 11,975
    French and non-official language  74,430 36,535 37,890 51,640 25,810 25,825
    English, French and non-official language 24,095 11,965 12,130 12,950 6,790 6,155
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305 7,815,955 3,841,260 3,974,690
  English only 22,564,665 11,222,185 11,342,485 363,860 180,175 183,690
  French only 4,165,015 1,925,340 2,239,680 4,047,175 1,871,500 2,175,675
  English and French 5,795,570 2,876,560 2,919,005 3,328,725 1,758,410 1,570,310
  Neither English nor French 595,920 241,790 354,135 76,190 31,175 45,015
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 33,121,175 16,265,875 16,855,300 7,815,955 3,841,265 3,974,695
  English 24,662,900 12,172,545 12,490,350 935,635 465,965 469,675
  French 7,507,890 3,671,815 3,836,075 6,561,510 3,216,790 3,344,720
  English and French 367,635 186,235 181,405 245,230 128,655 116,575
  Neither English nor French 582,755 235,280 347,475 73,580 29,860 43,720
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 7,691,705 3,764,930 3,926,770 1,058,250 530,290 527,960
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 23.2 23.1 23.3 13.5 13.8 13.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 33,121,175 16,265,875 16,855,300 7,815,955 3,841,260 3,974,695
  Single responses 31,958,800 15,701,165 16,257,640 7,570,900 3,720,195 3,850,710
    English 21,457,075 10,585,620 10,871,455 767,415 379,915 387,500
    French 6,827,865 3,348,235 3,479,625 6,249,080 3,071,635 3,177,450
    Non-official languages 3,673,865 1,767,310 1,906,555 554,400 268,640 285,760
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 114,610 58,055 56,550 37,955 19,060 18,895
        Atikamekw   5,365 2,800 2,565 5,365 2,805 2,560
        Cree, n.o.s. 44,520 22,555 21,970 14,155 7,085 7,075
        Dene 7,960 4,025 3,940 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 9,630 4,700 4,935 7,730 3,760 3,965
        Inuktitut 27,170 13,780 13,390 10,360 5,230 5,130
        Mi'kmaq 4,160 2,100 2,060 330 175 155
        Ojibway 6,850 3,555 3,295 10 5 5
        Oji-Cree 6,875 3,525 3,350 0 0 0
        Stoney 2,070 1,025 1,045 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,531,990 1,695,585 1,836,405 511,880 247,275 264,610
        African languages, n.i.e. 4,130 2,085 2,045 220 105 115
        Afrikaans 4,465 2,230 2,235 25 10 15
        Akan (Twi) 6,545 2,980 3,560 565 260 310
        Albanian 13,765 6,985 6,775 1,510 765 745
        Amharic 10,760 5,065 5,695 360 165 195
        Arabic 181,790 92,840 88,950 72,955 37,360 35,590
        Armenian 19,140 9,035 10,105 10,980 5,195 5,785
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,815 865 950 290 140 155
        Bengali 42,065 21,140 20,925 8,285 4,110 4,170
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,995 1,045 950 1,915 1,005 915
        Bisayan languages 5,390 2,395 2,995 235 95 140
        Bosnian 6,705 3,385 3,315 1,030 525 505
        Bulgarian 12,075 5,940 6,135 4,940 2,430 2,505
        Burmese 1,895 970 925 30 10 15
        Cantonese 288,620 133,355 155,265 8,340 3,980 4,360
        Chinese, n.o.s. 297,295 141,425 155,870 33,890 16,270 17,620
        Creoles 25,475 11,045 14,435 19,430 8,295 11,135
        Croatian 18,730 8,950 9,780 1,060 510 545
        Czech 7,415 3,595 3,820 510 240 275
        Danish 945 475 465 35 20 15
        Dutch 11,530 5,485 6,040 525 245 280
        Estonian 1,450 550 895 30 15 15
        Finnish 3,335 1,480 1,855 65 25 40
        Flemish 455 210 245 95 45 55
        Fukien 1,900 875 1,030 15 10 5
        German 126,375 61,350 65,030 3,025 1,435 1,590
        Greek 47,705 22,800 24,905 20,060 9,685 10,380
        Gujarati 55,725 27,220 28,505 3,955 1,905 2,050
        Hakka 2,050 945 1,110 20 5 15
        Hebrew 8,400 4,245 4,150 1,735 885 845
        Hindi 47,080 23,215 23,870 1,450 720 725
        Hungarian 22,945 10,780 12,165 2,390 1,070 1,315
        Ilocano 6,160 2,610 3,550 585 225 360
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,285 1,165 1,120 275 145 130
        Italian 139,480 61,990 77,485 39,540 17,925 21,615
        Japanese 18,850 8,010 10,835 915 390 525
        Khmer (Cambodian) 11,330 5,250 6,075 5,350 2,475 2,875
        Korean 104,905 49,660 55,245 2,955 1,360 1,590
        Kurdish 6,000 3,125 2,875 380 200 180
        Lao 6,980 3,445 3,540 2,395 1,160 1,235
        Latvian 1,625 715 910 90 35 55
        Lingala 880 400 485 545 250 290
        Lithuanian 2,115 915 1,205 150 60 90
        Macedonian 7,775 3,740 4,035 125 65 60
        Malay 3,940 1,935 2,005 225 115 120
        Malayalam 7,955 4,010 3,940 75 40 35
        Maltese 1,330 640 690 0 0 0
        Mandarin 203,275 97,960 105,320 9,325 4,485 4,835
        Marathi 2,800 1,450 1,345 65 40 25
        Nepali 6,320 3,215 3,105 1,170 575 600
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,785 1,800 1,985 975 465 505
        Norwegian 575 275 300 40 20 25
        Oromo 4,745 2,445 2,305 2,115 1,110 1,010
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 317,075 158,375 158,700 8,345 4,415 3,925
        Pashto 8,700 4,390 4,310 805 430 380
        Persian (Farsi) 118,830 58,420 60,415 14,380 7,125 7,255
        Polish 85,210 39,945 45,260 6,955 3,160 3,800
        Portuguese 97,210 46,445 50,760 16,015 7,615 8,405
        Romanian 54,460 26,580 27,880 22,790 11,190 11,605
        Rundi (Kirundi) 1,335 610 720 665 305 355
        Russian 109,735 52,320 57,420 18,465 8,740 9,725
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,180 540 640 450 210 235
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 11,670 5,640 6,030 75 40 35
        Serbian 34,885 17,100 17,780 2,015 985 1,025
        Serbo-Croatian 5,040 2,465 2,580 1,180 580 600
        Shanghainese 1,325 610 715 30 15 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 6,305 3,685 2,620 975 625 355
        Sindhi 4,870 2,175 2,695 175 85 90
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,850 3,410 3,440 330 165 170
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 3,525 1,795 1,730 55 20 30
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 545 590 145 65 75
        Slovak 5,370 2,545 2,825 255 115 140
        Slovenian 2,475 1,095 1,380 295 130 170
        Somali 21,665 9,665 12,000 520 245 275
        Spanish 252,015 123,085 128,935 88,380 43,095 45,290
        Swahili 4,175 2,040 2,130 750 365 385
        Swedish 1,130 535 595 115 55 55
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 161,080 71,145 89,935 7,280 2,815 4,465
        Taiwanese 4,830 2,315 2,515 220 115 100
        Tamil 98,940 48,355 50,590 11,270 5,585 5,685
        Telugu 5,205 2,675 2,530 220 120 105
        Thai 3,215 1,470 1,745 210 95 115
        Tibetan languages 3,620 1,835 1,785 80 40 40
        Tigrigna 5,975 2,845 3,130 170 80 90
        Turkish 18,705 9,510 9,190 4,945 2,470 2,475
        Ukrainian 25,565 11,505 14,065 1,925 835 1,090
        Urdu 113,785 57,100 56,680 7,125 3,595 3,530
        Vietnamese 104,960 49,550 55,410 20,740 9,845 10,895
        Yiddish 6,860 3,515 3,350 6,275 3,225 3,050
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 27,265 13,670 13,595 4,565 2,310 2,265
  Multiple responses         1,162,370 564,710 597,665 245,055 121,070 123,985
    English and French 131,205 63,475 67,730 71,555 35,860 35,695
    English and non-official language 875,135 425,370 449,765 43,765 21,305 22,460
    French and non-official language 109,700 53,010 56,690 100,110 48,590 51,525
    English, French and non-official language 46,330 22,845 23,485 29,625 15,315 14,310
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 33,121,175 16,265,870 16,855,305 7,815,950 3,841,260 3,974,690
  None 28,418,595 13,988,140 14,430,455 6,691,145 3,279,620 3,411,525
  Single responses  4,554,525 2,205,595 2,348,935 1,046,580 522,335 524,245
    English  1,910,475 948,755 961,715 459,125 234,190 224,935
    French  678,940 318,530 360,415 298,090 147,040 151,050
    Non-official languages  1,965,110 938,305 1,026,805 289,365 141,100 148,260
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 62,935 29,835 33,100 3,380 1,585 1,795
        Atikamekw    470 205 265 470 205 270
        Cree, n.o.s.  32,750 15,645 17,105 1,250 630 620
        Dene  3,245 1,535 1,710 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  1,065 490 580 920 435 490
        Inuktitut  7,230 3,510 3,720 485 205 275
        Mi'kmaq  3,135 1,435 1,700 250 110 135
        Ojibway  10,870 5,040 5,835 5 5 5
        Oji-Cree  3,300 1,570 1,730 5 0 0
        Stoney  865 410 455 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,857,185 887,115 970,070 279,095 136,070 143,025
        African languages, n.i.e 3,625 1,930 1,695 625 335 295
        Afrikaans  4,185 2,075 2,110 65 35 30
        Akan (Twi)  6,105 3,010 3,095 475 240 240
        Albanian  6,155 3,095 3,055 400 200 200
        Amharic  5,665 2,785 2,875 195 95 100
        Arabic  116,375 62,625 53,755 49,400 26,430 22,965
        Armenian  6,690 3,270 3,420 2,500 1,235 1,265
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 3,595 1,735 1,860 945 495 450
        Bengali  11,405 5,925 5,475 1,140 635 505
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  2,040 1,085 955 1,980 1,050 930
        Bisayan languages  4,015 1,515 2,500 250 80 165
        Bosnian  3,365 1,635 1,730 310 145 165
        Bulgarian  3,985 1,850 2,135 835 380 450
        Burmese  860 425 435 10 5 5
        Cantonese  83,955 40,200 43,755 1,890 935 955
        Chinese, n.o.s.  74,930 35,840 39,090 5,395 2,480 2,920
        Creoles  44,100 19,795 24,305 34,645 15,580 19,065
        Croatian  19,045 9,240 9,805 600 280 325
        Czech  7,540 3,415 4,120 445 205 240
        Danish  4,800 2,145 2,655 130 50 75
        Dutch  34,465 15,800 18,660 930 415 515
        Estonian  2,240 955 1,285 60 25 35
        Finnish  5,670 2,355 3,310 140 60 85
        Flemish  995 405 585 110 45 65
        Fukien  2,315 1,080 1,235 25 10 15
        German  117,070 54,490 62,585 5,900 2,720 3,175
        Greek  50,670 25,670 25,005 14,520 7,350 7,165
        Gujarati  25,635 12,745 12,890 1,185 600 585
        Hakka  1,490 685 805 50 20 30
        Hebrew  14,270 7,170 7,095 2,975 1,475 1,505
        Hindi  55,375 28,080 27,290 1,870 985 890
        Hungarian  19,135 8,770 10,360 1,580 715 865
        Ilocano  4,880 1,895 2,990 505 180 325
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 1,845 980 870 210 110 95
        Italian  156,885 77,220 79,665 39,030 19,225 19,810
        Japanese  19,050 7,875 11,175 1,070 465 610
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5,425 2,545 2,880 2,300 1,070 1,230
        Korean  22,870 10,620 12,255 650 275 375
        Kurdish  2,295 1,245 1,045 230 125 110
        Lao  3,830 1,915 1,915 1,095 530 565
        Latvian  1,880 760 1,125 90 35 55
        Lingala  4,235 1,965 2,270 2,585 1,255 1,325
        Lithuanian  2,120 855 1,260 180 65 120
        Macedonian  5,950 2,890 3,060 45 20 25
        Malay  4,320 1,915 2,405 235 105 130
        Malayalam  6,110 3,085 3,020 135 70 70
        Maltese  2,405 1,110 1,300 5 5 0
        Mandarin  47,785 21,575 26,205 1,880 810 1,075
        Marathi  1,740 870 875 55 30 30
        Nepali  1,175 605 565 40 25 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10,610 5,245 5,365 2,705 1,350 1,355
        Norwegian  1,935 885 1,050 110 60 55
        Oromo  3,315 1,740 1,580 2,435 1,275 1,160
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  83,180 42,490 40,695 1,755 960 795
        Pashto  2,315 1,245 1,075 80 50 30
        Persian (Farsi)  32,275 17,085 15,190 2,920 1,600 1,325
        Polish  54,580 24,580 30,005 3,465 1,400 2,065
        Portuguese  77,850 37,635 40,215 9,950 4,785 5,165
        Romanian  20,800 9,715 11,085 4,475 2,070 2,410
        Rundi (Kirundi)  1,925 925 1,000 1,140 565 575
        Russian  38,805 17,710 21,095 4,610 2,105 2,500
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  1,805 775 1,030 920 390 530
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 3,685 1,850 1,835 55 35 25
        Serbian  14,890 7,460 7,425 540 275 265
        Serbo-Croatian  2,565 1,255 1,315 350 185 165
        Shanghainese  1,045 445 595 50 25 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e 4,300 1,800 2,505 445 205 240
        Sindhi  4,935 2,285 2,645 110 50 60
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  6,060 3,030 3,030 175 95 80
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 465 240 225 25 15 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 970 490 485 95 55 45
        Slovak  5,150 2,240 2,910 310 140 175
        Slovenian  3,415 1,515 1,900 225 95 130
        Somali  9,725 4,625 5,095 250 135 120
        Spanish  152,210 73,850 78,365 40,335 19,665 20,670
        Swahili  6,860 3,325 3,535 1,245 615 630
        Swedish  3,515 1,535 1,985 320 150 175
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  107,960 40,085 67,870 4,875 1,540 3,335
        Taiwanese  4,065 1,915 2,145 135 65 70
        Tamil  27,625 13,960 13,665 1,510 790 720
        Telugu  2,550 1,365 1,190 80 50 30
        Thai  3,380 1,135 2,240 320 100 215
        Tibetan languages  595 320 280 30 15 10
        Tigrigna  3,330 1,640 1,690 90 45 45
        Turkish  7,815 4,250 3,565 1,270 690 575
        Ukrainian  32,740 14,290 18,450 1,245 535 715
        Urdu  45,580 23,440 22,145 2,205 1,200 1,010
        Vietnamese  32,280 15,455 16,830 4,620 2,245 2,375
        Yiddish  3,510 1,555 1,955 1,690 765 920
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 44,985 21,360 23,630 6,890 3,445 3,445
  Multiple responses          148,055 72,140 75,915 78,230 39,305 38,925
    English and French  40,280 20,290 19,995 30,610 15,760 14,845
    English and non-official language  49,905 24,725 25,180 24,795 12,330 12,465
    French and non-official language  56,385 26,370 30,010 21,860 10,720 11,145
    English, French and non-official language  1,485 755 730 965 500 465

Symbols

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

E use with caution

After the release of the 2006 or 2011 Census population and dwelling counts, errors are occasionally uncovered in the data. It is not possible to make changes to the 2006 or 2011 Census data presented in these tables.

Refer to the 2006 population and dwelling count amendments or the 2011 population and dwelling count amendments for further information.

X area and data suppression

In addition to random rounding, area and data suppression has been adopted to further protect the confidentiality of individual respondents' personal information.

Area and data suppression results in the deletion of all information for geographic areas with populations below a specified size. For example, areas with a population of less than 40 persons are suppressed. If the community searched has a population of less than 40 persons, only the total population counts will be available.

Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

 excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

¶ incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement (For further information, see the 'Notes.')

Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

2011 and 2006 population

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Total private dwellings

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Age

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Median age

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Total population 15 years and over by marital status

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Total number of census families in private households

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Total number of census families in private households

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Living with relatives

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Total number of private households by household type

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

One-family-only households

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Couple-family households

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Other family households

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Couple-family households

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Movable dwelling

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Other dwelling

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Total number of private households by household size

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Total population excluding institutional residents

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Selected Aboriginal languages

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

Selected non-Aboriginal languages

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Other languages

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Official language minority

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to footnote 23 referrer

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2012. Canada (Code 01) and Quebec (Code 24) (table). Census Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-XWE. Ottawa. Released October 24, 2012.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

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© This data includes information copied with permission from Canada Post Corporation.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Some of the data sets are large and require special consideration during processing in order to successfully make use of them. For example, some data files may exceed the row limitations for various spreadsheet software.

Return to footnote 1 referrer - CSV/TAB (2011)

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census Profile


Option 3 – Comprehensive download files - IVT or XML file format

Download an IVT (Beyond 20/20) or a compressed XML (SDMX-ML) file for all geographies from a selected geographic level or groups of geographic levels for all topics.

Select a group of geographic levels and a file type (IVT or XML)
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Geographic levels File formatIVT/XML - Footnote 1
IVT (Beyond 20/20) XML (SDMX-ML)
(compressed)
Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions and census subdivisions
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Canada, provinces, territories and federal electoral districts (2003 representation order)
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Canada, provinces, territories, census divisions, census subdivisions and dissemination areas
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Forward sortation areas©
Canada, provinces, territories and health regions (December 2013)
..
Empty cell

Symbols

© This data includes information copied with permission from Canada Post Corporation.
.. not available for a specific reference period

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Some of the data sets are large and require special consideration during processing in order to successfully make use of them.

Return to footnote 1 referrer - IVT/XML


Map

Map

Map: Canada

Map: Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Canada

Geographic hierarchy: Quebec (Province)

  • Canada
    • Quebec (Province)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

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