2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Mother Tongue - Detailed Aboriginal Languages (79), Single and Multiple Language Responses (3), Age Groups (13A), Sex (3) and Area of Residence (6) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2011 Census

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General information

Catalogue number :98-314-XCB2011050
Release date :October 24, 2012
Topic :Language
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Population excluding institutional residents universe

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Note: Area of residence

'Area of residence' refers to the following geographic areas: on reserve, rural area, small population centre, medium population centre and large urban population centre. These geographic areas can be used to show where the Aboriginal population is residing.
'On reserve' includes six census subdivision (CSD) types legally affiliated with First Nations or Indian bands, i.e., Indian reserve (IRI), Indian settlement (S-É) (except for the five Indian settlements of Champagne Landing 10, Klukshu, Two and One-Half Mile Village, Two Mile Village and Kloo Lake), Indian government district (IGD), terres réservées aux Cris (TC), terres réservées aux Naskapis (TK) and Nisga'a land (NL), as well as the northern village of Sandy Bay in Saskatchewan.
A population centre (POPCTR) has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.
Population centres are classified into one of three population size groups:
- small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999
- medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
- large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.
Rural areas include remote and wilderness areas and agricultural lands, as well as small towns, villages and other populated places with a population of less than 1,000.
Additional information on the geographic units can be obtained from the 2011 Census Dictionary.


Note: On reserve

Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographic area under study. In 2011, a total of 31 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 31 communities are not included in the census counts.




Data table

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This table details mother tongue - detailed aboriginal languages , single and multiple language responses , age groups , sex and area of residence for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Mother tongue - Detailed Aboriginal languages (79) Single and multiple language responses (3)
Total - Single and multiple language responsesFootnote 2 Single language responsesFootnote 3 Multiple language responsesFootnote 4
Total - Detailed Aboriginal languagesFootnote 5 33,121,175 32,481,635 639,540
English 19,424,090 18,858,980 565,110
French 7,298,180 7,054,970 243,210
Aboriginal languages 213,490 200,725 12,765
Algonquian languages 144,020 135,425 8,590
Algonquin 1,755 1,590 165
Atikamekw 5,915 5,820 95
Blackfoot 3,250 2,860 395
Cree languages 83,475 78,200 5,275
Cree, n.o.s. 83,145 77,900 5,250
Swampy Cree 85 70 15
Plains Cree 160 150 10
Woods Cree 75 70 5
Cree, n.i.e. 15 10 5
Malecite 485 415 65
Mi'kmaq 8,030 7,635 395
Innu/Montagnais 10,965 10,785 175
Naskapi 615 605 10
Ojibway 19,275 17,625 1,655
Oji-Cree 10,180 9,835 340
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 70 60 10
Michif 645 450 195
Athapaskan languages 20,700 19,215 1,485
Carrier 1,525 1,290 235
Wetsuweten 135 125 15
Chilcotin 930 765 165
Dene 11,860 11,220 640
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,080 2,030 50
Gwich'in 370 355 15
North Slavey (Hare) 225 220 5
South Slavey 525 510 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,595 1,535 65
Sarcee 165 155 15
Beaver 360 245 115
Sekani 65 55 10
Kaska (Nahani) 295 255 40
Tahltan 125 100 30
Northern Tutchone 205 180 35
Southern Tutchone 140 110 30
Tutchone, n.o.s. 10 10 5
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 75 70 5
Haida 75 45 30
Iroquoian languages 1,045 855 190
Mohawk 545 405 135
Cayuga 240 215 25
Oneida 180 155 20
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 85 75 10
Kutenai 105 85 15
Salish languages 2,955 2,440 515
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 680 570 105
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 435 365 70
Halkomelem 570 455 115
Lillooet 305 255 50
Okanagan 365 285 75
Squamish 65 55 10
Straits 170 140 25
Salish languages, n.i.e. 365 305 55
Siouan languages 4,425 4,200 225
Dakota 1,160 1,055 100
Stoney 3,155 3,045 105
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 105 95 15
Tlingit 130 105 25
Tsimshian languages 1,815 1,555 260
Gitksan 925 785 140
Nisga'a 615 530 80
Tsimshian 275 235 40
Wakashan languages 1,080 925 150
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 320 270 50
Haisla 160 140 25
Heiltsuk 95 75 20
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 495 435 65
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35,500 34,670 830
Inuktitut 34,110 33,500 610
Inuinnaqtun 410 390 25
Inuvialuktun 625 480 150
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 350 305 50
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 1,010 760 250
Other languagesFootnote 6 6,849,050 6,366,955 482,090

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

The category 'Total - Single and multiple language responses' indicates the number of respondents who reported each language, either as their only response or in addition to one or more other languages. Total responses represent the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the census.

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Footnote 3

A single language response occurs when a respondent provides one language only.

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Footnote 4

A multiple language response occurs when a respondent provides two or more languages.

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Footnote 5

This is a total population count. The sum of the languages in this table is greater than the total population count because a person may report more than one language in the census.

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Footnote 6

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011050.

Map – Canada

Map : Canada
Source: Statistics Canada, Geography Division, 2011 Census of Population

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Footnotes

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