2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Selected Demographic and Language Characteristics (375), First Official Language Spoken (4A), Age Groups (8B) and Sex (3) for the population excluding institutional residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details selected demographic and language characteristics , first official language spoken , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Selected Demographic and Language Characteristics (375) First official language spoken (4A)
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsFootnote 2 English French English and French
Age groups - Total population excluding institutional residents 33,121,175 24,662,895 7,507,885 367,635
0 to 4 years 1,875,660 1,366,180 398,200 14,770
5 to 9 years 1,808,730 1,402,185 374,110 21,300
10 to 14 years 1,917,685 1,491,495 389,715 32,410
15 to 19 years 2,171,925 1,676,755 455,705 35,470
20 to 24 years 2,179,795 1,693,465 448,455 30,200
25 to 29 years 2,160,670 1,666,785 452,760 28,915
30 to 34 years 2,153,855 1,611,350 495,380 32,585
35 to 39 years 2,164,810 1,648,625 463,520 33,360
40 to 44 years 2,314,085 1,768,045 487,610 30,870
45 to 49 years 2,661,320 1,989,875 607,630 25,520
50 to 54 years 2,644,415 1,937,055 646,910 20,695
55 to 59 years 2,326,500 1,684,150 582,715 16,655
60 to 64 years 2,038,645 1,463,855 514,330 13,960
65 to 69 years 1,508,175 1,047,395 405,695 10,175
70 to 74 years 1,135,375 788,920 286,590 8,400
75 to 79 years 893,270 614,750 222,010 6,110
80 to 84 years 651,435 449,380 158,730 3,805
85 years and over 514,840 362,645 117,835 2,435
Median ageFootnote 3 40.3 39.3 42.9 33.2
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusFootnote 4 27,519,105 20,403,035 6,345,860 299,155
Married or living with a common-law partner 16,027,280 11,875,115 3,671,170 164,400
Married (and not separated) 12,884,750 10,161,515 2,263,585 150,350
Living common law 3,142,525 1,713,600 1,407,590 14,055
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 11,491,830 8,527,920 2,674,690 134,755
Single (never legally married) 7,699,415 5,788,655 1,775,600 107,345
Separated 688,810 561,730 109,045 5,600
Divorced 1,663,070 1,187,630 438,930 14,285
Widowed 1,440,535 989,905 351,120 7,525
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsFootnote 5 33,121,175 24,662,895 7,507,885 367,635
English only 22,564,670 22,564,665 0 0
French only 4,165,015 0 4,165,015 0
English and French 5,795,570 2,087,605 3,340,555 367,410
Neither English nor French 595,920 10,620 2,320 225
Mother Tongue - Total population excluding institutional residents 33,121,175 24,662,900 7,507,890 367,635
Single responses 32,481,635 24,175,705 7,403,865 319,315
English 18,858,980 18,852,735 6,240 0
French 7,054,975 50,620 7,004,355 0
Non-official languages 6,567,680 5,272,345 393,270 319,310
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 6 177,360 148,395 13,190 6,120
Atikamekw 5,820 0 5,010 155
Cree, n.o.s. 77,900 72,315 225 3,145
Dene 11,220 10,730 5 0
Innu/Montagnais 10,785 1,980 7,255 845
Inuktitut 33,500 26,075 645 1,805
Mi'kmaq 7,635 7,455 35 100
Ojibway 17,625 17,300 15 50
Oji-Cree 9,835 9,515 0 10
Stoney 3,050 3,025 0 15
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 7 6,312,430 5,059,865 372,510 310,480
African languages, n.i.e. 9,125 7,880 790 200
Afrikaans 8,770 8,545 20 125
Akan (Twi) 12,680 12,070 65 370
Albanian 23,820 19,510 1,145 1,230
Amharic 18,025 16,835 135 475
Arabic 327,870 177,115 85,750 45,010
Armenian 29,790 16,495 2,300 9,245
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 7,150 5,010 1,715 315
Bengali 59,365 51,480 920 3,910
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,855 110 4,885 630
Bisayan languages 16,240 15,895 70 115
Bosnian 11,690 9,510 965 560
Bulgarian 19,045 12,205 2,280 3,750
Burmese 2,990 2,690 10 25
Cantonese 372,465 281,555 1,945 5,760
Chinese, n.o.s. 425,210 326,100 7,610 13,160
Creoles 61,725 7,565 44,485 7,645
Croatian 49,735 46,460 685 1,125
Czech 23,585 21,970 460 620
Danish 14,150 14,005 20 85
Dutch 110,490 107,330 1,165 1,560
Estonian 6,390 6,180 20 150
Finnish 17,415 17,005 70 110
Flemish 4,695 4,035 425 210
Fukien 5,925 4,355 10 30
German 409,195 387,065 4,535 5,115
Greek 108,925 92,085 1,895 8,045
Gujarati 91,450 80,740 480 2,100
Hakka 5,115 4,210 55 85
Hebrew 18,455 16,580 410 1,120
Hindi 90,545 85,585 170 1,285
Hungarian 67,925 60,970 1,330 2,155
Ilocano 17,910 17,350 15 200
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,255 4,490 170 190
Italian 407,490 326,440 30,460 22,280
Japanese 39,985 36,260 515 650
Khmer (Cambodian) 19,440 10,045 5,140 1,850
Korean 137,930 118,850 385 2,835
Kurdish 9,800 7,985 385 410
Lao 12,965 8,025 2,880 1,025
Latvian 6,200 5,915 25 190
Lingala 3,085 255 2,550 245
Lithuanian 7,250 6,865 80 210
Macedonian 17,250 16,060 55 320
Malay 10,910 10,400 90 135
Malayalam 16,080 15,385 30 140
Maltese 6,225 6,145 10 30
Mandarin 248,705 195,815 1,940 5,725
Marathi 5,830 5,550 5 120
Nepali 8,480 6,495 145 375
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 14,070 8,780 4,430 605
Norwegian 5,800 5,675 35 60
Oromo 11,135 3,515 6,010 1,040
Panjabi (Punjabi) 430,700 352,240 745 7,085
Pashto 12,460 10,440 190 490
Persian (Farsi) 170,050 140,645 4,655 10,975
Polish 191,650 172,815 3,825 7,350
Portuguese 211,335 160,250 18,000 10,145
Romanian 90,300 51,315 12,550 21,735
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,975 520 2,630 710
Russian 164,330 131,705 7,110 13,040
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 3,895 1,010 2,090 695
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 16,970 14,280 70 220
Serbian 56,420 48,990 1,125 3,335
Serbo-Croatian 10,155 7,895 965 910
Shanghainese 2,920 1,920 20 55
Sign languages, n.i.e. 3,810 1,530 205 30
Sindhi 11,330 10,595 45 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,180 13,650 30 210
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 4,360 2,915 20 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,630 3,290 125 100
Slovak 17,585 16,430 290 430
Slovenian 10,775 10,465 95 135
Somali 31,385 26,190 1,185 1,790
Spanish 410,670 259,885 74,305 46,145
Swahili 10,090 6,675 2,265 780
Swedish 7,345 7,045 115 160
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 327,445 321,460 315 2,180
Taiwanese 9,630 7,595 45 190
Tamil 131,265 114,000 1,090 4,975
Telugu 9,315 8,885 5 120
Thai 7,935 6,810 280 115
Tibetan languages 4,640 4,020 20 85
Tigrigna 10,220 9,385 70 195
Turkish 29,640 21,910 2,845 2,250
Ukrainian 111,540 105,470 950 2,395
Urdu 172,795 157,970 815 4,250
Vietnamese 144,880 102,430 11,160 10,550
Yiddish 15,205 11,765 65 1,385
Other languagesFootnote 8 77,885 64,085 7,570 2,710
Multiple responses 639,540 487,195 104,025 48,320
English and French 144,685 71,085 35,950 37,655
English and non-official language 396,330 395,590 740 0
French and non-official language 74,430 10,645 63,785 0
English, French and non-official language 24,095 9,870 3,555 10,670
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsFootnote 9 33,121,175 24,662,895 7,507,885 367,635
Single responses 31,958,805 23,751,890 7,331,685 292,470
English 21,457,080 21,050,485 406,595 0
French 6,827,865 76,675 6,751,190 0
Non-official languages 3,673,865 2,624,730 173,905 292,470
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 10 114,610 87,260 11,650 6,055
Atikamekw 5,370 0 4,555 150
Cree, n.o.s. 44,525 39,030 170 3,120
Dene 7,965 7,485 5 5
Innu/Montagnais 9,630 1,810 6,275 835
Inuktitut 27,170 19,820 600 1,780
Mi'kmaq 4,165 3,985 35 90
Ojibway 6,850 6,540 10 50
Oji-Cree 6,870 6,545 0 10
Stoney 2,070 2,045 0 15
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 11 3,531,990 2,517,335 160,195 284,370
African languages, n.i.e. 4,130 3,640 115 165
Afrikaans 4,465 4,250 0 130
Akan (Twi) 6,545 6,020 30 330
Albanian 13,760 10,185 565 1,080
Amharic 10,765 9,725 55 390
Arabic 181,790 91,190 30,155 40,090
Armenian 19,140 7,405 1,220 8,765
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 1,810 1,380 155 185
Bengali 42,065 34,915 530 3,585
Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,990 30 1,200 540
Bisayan languages 5,390 5,220 5 60
Bosnian 6,705 4,950 585 515
Bulgarian 12,080 6,330 1,355 3,595
Burmese 1,900 1,590 5 20
Cantonese 288,620 192,710 920 5,580
Chinese, n.o.s. 297,300 205,915 5,090 12,355
Creoles 25,480 2,355 14,030 7,050
Croatian 18,730 16,035 205 1,030
Czech 7,420 6,255 75 540
Danish 945 845 0 65
Dutch 11,525 9,650 75 1,375
Estonian 1,450 1,275 0 135
Finnish 3,335 3,015 0 85
Flemish 455 235 25 175
Fukien 1,905 1,270 0 15
German 126,375 108,570 680 4,420
Greek 47,710 33,045 485 7,280
Gujarati 55,720 45,640 175 1,850
Hakka 2,050 1,495 10 35
Hebrew 8,400 6,655 265 1,120
Hindi 47,080 42,235 65 1,160
Hungarian 22,945 17,480 295 1,750
Ilocano 6,160 5,775 5 105
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,280 1,775 70 115
Italian 139,480 77,970 15,055 18,240
Japanese 18,845 15,585 145 600
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,325 4,995 2,370 1,605
Korean 104,905 86,125 200 2,735
Kurdish 6,000 4,660 145 315
Lao 6,980 3,770 1,240 920
Latvian 1,625 1,375 0 185
Lingala 880 60 570 210
Lithuanian 2,115 1,835 5 185
Macedonian 7,775 6,655 35 295
Malay 3,945 3,585 10 100
Malayalam 7,955 7,305 5 125
Maltese 1,330 1,265 0 30
Mandarin 203,275 149,665 1,305 5,685
Marathi 2,795 2,545 5 105
Nepali 6,325 4,380 120 355
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,785 2,460 630 445
Norwegian 575 500 0 50
Oromo 4,745 2,160 1,255 805
Panjabi (Punjabi) 317,075 240,030 430 6,420
Pashto 8,705 6,855 135 440
Persian (Farsi) 118,825 91,900 2,595 10,305
Polish 85,205 69,810 1,080 6,670
Portuguese 97,210 58,290 6,995 9,000
Romanian 54,460 22,190 6,735 20,830
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,330 165 500 560
Russian 109,740 79,600 4,680 12,780
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,180 205 330 550
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 11,670 9,280 25 180
Serbian 34,880 27,975 670 3,225
Serbo-Croatian 5,045 3,350 480 825
Shanghainese 1,325 800 5 35
Sign languages, n.i.e. 6,305 3,400 620 50
Sindhi 4,870 4,220 25 205
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,850 6,365 10 185
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 3,525 2,215 15 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,135 895 40 95
Slovak 5,370 4,545 35 375
Slovenian 2,475 2,290 10 105
Somali 21,665 17,305 580 1,575
Spanish 252,020 136,520 41,335 43,680
Swahili 4,175 2,405 740 650
Swedish 1,130 940 15 140
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 161,075 155,415 95 1,960
Taiwanese 4,830 3,480 15 130
Tamil 98,945 82,185 880 4,685
Telugu 5,210 4,800 5 110
Thai 3,215 2,340 60 105
Tibetan languages 3,620 3,020 10 85
Tigrigna 5,975 5,260 25 155
Turkish 18,705 12,260 1,845 2,055
Ukrainian 25,570 20,625 370 2,115
Urdu 113,785 99,130 445 3,940
Vietnamese 104,960 67,770 6,785 10,125
Yiddish 6,865 3,540 40 1,355
Other languagesFootnote 12 27,265 20,135 2,065 2,040
Multiple responses 1,162,375 911,005 176,205 75,165
English and French 131,205 26,055 59,285 45,865
English and non-official language 875,135 872,605 2,535 0
French and non-official language 109,700 4,170 105,535 0
English, French and non-official language 46,330 8,180 8,845 29,300
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsFootnote 13 33,121,175 24,662,895 7,507,890 367,635
None 28,418,595 21,236,540 6,459,710 185,585
Single responses 4,554,525 3,350,585 1,013,245 145,590
English 1,910,475 1,261,415 549,880 76,805
French 678,940 346,495 275,220 54,330
Non-official languages 1,965,105 1,742,670 188,140 14,455
Selected Aboriginal languagesFootnote 14 62,935 61,205 1,670 55
Atikamekw 470 5 465 0
Cree, n.o.s. 32,750 32,575 140 25
Dene 3,245 3,235 5 0
Innu/Montagnais 1,065 170 885 10
Inuktitut 7,230 7,120 100 5
Mi'kmaq 3,135 3,100 30 5
Ojibway 10,870 10,835 35 10
Oji-Cree 3,300 3,300 0 0
Stoney 865 860 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesFootnote 15 1,857,190 1,643,440 180,355 14,070
African languages, n.i.e. 3,620 2,885 690 15
Afrikaans 4,185 4,160 20 0
Akan (Twi) 6,110 6,055 25 20
Albanian 6,155 5,815 290 30
Amharic 5,665 5,480 70 45
Arabic 116,380 69,165 44,515 1,855
Armenian 6,690 5,690 705 240
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 3,595 2,330 1,185 60
Bengali 11,400 11,110 190 80
Berber languages (Kabyle) 2,045 30 1,990 20
Bisayan languages 4,020 3,970 20 15
Bosnian 3,360 3,070 265 15
Bulgarian 3,985 3,390 530 50
Burmese 860 795 5 5
Cantonese 83,955 81,095 740 225
Chinese, n.o.s. 74,930 71,345 2,175 325
Creoles 44,105 7,110 36,350 615
Croatian 19,045 18,725 240 60
Czech 7,535 7,320 170 25
Danish 4,800 4,765 25 5
Dutch 34,465 33,990 400 65
Estonian 2,240 2,225 10 5
Finnish 5,670 5,620 40 5
Flemish 995 895 85 10
Fukien 2,315 1,615 5 10
German 117,070 113,750 2,665 490
Greek 50,670 49,285 995 315
Gujarati 25,635 25,180 245 90
Hakka 1,490 1,260 25 35
Hebrew 14,265 12,755 950 325
Hindi 55,370 53,390 185 370
Hungarian 19,130 18,580 350 150
Ilocano 4,875 4,800 5 45
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,850 1,635 75 50
Italian 156,885 146,350 8,700 1,695
Japanese 19,050 18,225 605 70
Khmer (Cambodian) 5,425 3,245 1,915 110
Korean 22,870 22,595 150 35
Kurdish 2,295 1,985 125 40
Lao 3,830 2,685 1,050 20
Latvian 1,885 1,860 10 5
Lingala 4,235 175 3,965 80
Lithuanian 2,120 2,075 25 10
Macedonian 5,950 5,855 25 15
Malay 4,320 4,190 65 25
Malayalam 6,110 6,100 0 5
Maltese 2,405 2,400 0 0
Mandarin 47,785 43,260 675 240
Marathi 1,740 1,735 0 0
Nepali 1,175 1,145 5 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10,610 7,405 3,130 65
Norwegian 1,935 1,890 35 5
Oromo 3,320 830 2,415 55
Panjabi (Punjabi) 83,180 82,015 150 310
Pashto 2,320 2,155 25 30
Persian (Farsi) 32,275 30,630 1,150 260
Polish 54,585 52,955 1,310 185
Portuguese 77,845 70,800 6,510 455
Romanian 20,800 16,935 3,340 420
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,925 180 1,675 65
Russian 38,805 34,865 2,220 815
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,810 465 1,270 65
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,690 3,355 25 25
Serbian 14,885 14,455 315 50
Serbo-Croatian 2,565 2,270 270 15
Shanghainese 1,045 695 10 20
Sign languages, n.i.e. 4,300 3,825 435 10
Sindhi 4,935 4,835 45 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 6,060 6,015 10 15
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 465 380 10 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 970 905 55 10
Slovak 5,150 5,015 100 20
Slovenian 3,415 3,385 15 5
Somali 9,725 8,885 725 60
Spanish 152,215 115,990 34,250 1,635
Swahili 6,860 4,720 1,900 170
Swedish 3,515 3,350 135 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 107,955 107,635 115 140
Taiwanese 4,060 3,130 5 65
Tamil 27,625 27,280 265 65
Telugu 2,555 2,540 0 10
Thai 3,375 3,145 170 30
Tibetan languages 595 580 10 0
Tigrigna 3,330 3,235 25 25
Turkish 7,815 6,710 630 170
Ukrainian 32,735 31,940 265 185
Urdu 45,580 44,715 250 195
Vietnamese 32,280 26,750 3,455 310
Yiddish 3,510 3,400 50 25
Other languagesFootnote 16 44,990 38,030 6,125 335
Multiple responses 148,055 75,770 34,930 36,460
English and French 40,280 2,985 3,105 33,785
English and non-official language 49,905 21,265 27,260 975
French and non-official language 56,385 51,355 4,480 480
English, French and non-official language 1,480 170 85 1,220
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsFootnote 17 33,121,175 24,662,895 7,507,890 367,635
English 24,662,895 24,662,895 0 0
French 7,507,890 0 7,507,890 0
English and French 367,635 0 0 367,635
Neither English nor French 582,755 0 0 0
Official language minority (number)Footnote 18 7,691,705 0 7,507,890 183,815
Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 19 23.2 0.0 100.0 50.0

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Footnote 2

Those classified in the category 'Neither English nor French' appear only in the 'Total' category in this table.

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Footnote 3

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

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Footnote 4

Marital status
Part A - Short definition
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status.
Part B - Detailed definition
Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. Persons who are married or living common law may be of opposite sex or of the same sex. The classification is as follows:
Married (and not separated): A person who is married and has not separated or obtained a divorce, and whose spouse is living.
Common-law: A person who is living with another person as a couple but who is not legally married to that person.
Separated: A person who is married but who no longer lives with his/her spouse (for any reason other than illness, work or school) and who has not obtained a divorce. Persons living common law are not included in this category.
Divorced: A person who has obtained a legal divorce and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.
Widowed: A person who has lost his/her spouse through death and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.
Single (never legally married): A person who has never married or a person whose marriage has been annulled and who has not remarried. Persons living common law are not included in this category.

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Footnote 5

Total population excluding institutional residents. The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 6

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 7

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 8

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 9

Total population excluding institutional residents
The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 10

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 11

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 12

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 13

Total population excluding institutional residents
The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 14

Selected Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 15

Selected non-Aboriginal languages
The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 16

Other languages
This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 17

Total population excluding institutional residents
The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 18

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

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Footnote 19

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011053.

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