2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2013 Representation Order), 2011 Census

Data table

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This table details detailed mother tongue , knowledge of official languages , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed mother tongue (232) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Detailed mother tongue 33,121,175 22,564,670 4,165,015 5,795,570 595,920
Single responses 32,481,635 22,178,780 4,130,085 5,580,580 592,185
English 18,858,975 17,162,570 6,240 1,682,285 7,880
French 7,054,970 50,620 3,869,845 3,132,950 1,555
Non-official languages 6,567,685 4,965,590 254,000 765,340 582,760
Aboriginal languages 200,725 168,245 13,525 8,940 10,020
Algonquian languages 135,425 111,805 12,860 6,460 4,300
Algonquin 1,585 290 600 675 20
Atikamekw 5,820 0 4,960 205 650
Blackfoot 2,865 2,840 0 10 5
Cree languages 78,200 71,875 130 3,980 2,215
Cree, n.o.s. 77,900 71,580 130 3,975 2,210
Swampy Cree 70 70 0 0 0
Plains Cree 150 150 0 0 0
Woods Cree 70 70 0 5 5
Cree, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0
Malecite 415 405 0 10 5
Mi'kmaq 7,635 7,290 25 275 50
Innu/Montagnais 10,785 1,965 7,120 995 710
Naskapi 605 430 10 95 70
Ojibway 17,625 17,165 15 190 260
Oji-Cree 9,835 9,500 0 25 310
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 55 50 0 5 0
Michif 450 370 0 75 0
Athapaskan languages 19,215 18,415 20 100 675
Carrier 1,285 1,265 5 20 5
Wetsuweten 125 120 0 0 0
Chilcotin 765 740 0 5 20
Dene 11,215 10,710 0 25 475
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,030 1,935 0 10 90
Gwich'in 355 355 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 220 200 0 5 10
South Slavey 510 495 0 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,530 1,450 10 20 45
Sarcee 150 145 0 5 0
Beaver 240 240 0 0 5
Sekani 55 55 0 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 255 255 0 0 0
Tahltan 100 100 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 175 175 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 110 110 0 5 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 10 5 0 5 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 70 65 0 5 0
Haida 45 45 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 855 770 5 75 5
Mohawk 410 345 0 60 0
Cayuga 210 205 0 5 0
Oneida 155 155 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 75 65 5 5 5
Kutenai 85 85 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,435 2,410 0 25 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 575 565 0 5 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 365 370 0 0 0
Halkomelem 455 445 0 10 0
Lillooet 260 255 0 0 0
Okanagan 285 280 0 5 0
Squamish 55 55 0 0 0
Straits 140 140 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 300 300 0 5 0
Siouan languages 4,200 4,160 0 30 10
Dakota 1,055 1,050 0 10 5
Stoney 3,045 3,020 0 20 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 95 90 0 0 0
Tlingit 100 100 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 1,550 1,545 0 5 5
Gitksan 785 785 0 5 0
Nisga'a 530 530 0 5 0
Tsimshian 235 230 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 925 905 0 15 10
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 275 265 0 5 0
Haisla 140 140 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 75 70 0 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 435 425 0 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 34,670 26,950 610 2,110 5,005
Inuktitut 33,500 25,850 595 2,080 4,970
Inuinnaqtun 390 370 0 0 20
Inuvialuktun 480 470 0 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 305 260 15 25 10
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 760 680 30 40 10
Romance languages 1,120,590 685,590 91,985 256,705 86,310
Italian 407,490 254,515 18,665 106,000 28,305
Portuguese 211,335 147,375 10,570 30,450 22,940
Romanian 90,300 43,290 8,290 34,020 4,690
Spanish 410,670 240,075 54,380 85,880 30,335
Catalan 600 240 75 270 10
Romance languages, n.i.e. 200 90 10 80 25
Germanic languages 579,680 515,380 1,655 47,540 15,100
Dutch 110,485 100,050 205 9,805 435
Flemish 4,695 3,215 110 1,350 20
Frisian 2,135 2,005 5 125 0
German 409,195 365,945 1,225 29,545 12,480
Yiddish 15,205 9,430 40 3,740 1,995
Scandinavian languages 28,790 26,305 25 2,370 90
Danish 14,145 13,265 5 850 30
Icelandic 1,500 1,395 0 95 5
Norwegian 5,800 5,285 5 480 25
Swedish 7,345 6,355 15 950 30
Afrikaans 8,770 8,335 5 345 85
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 405 90 35 275 0
Celtic languages 3,005 2,515 45 425 20
Gaelic languages 1,645 1,375 5 245 15
Welsh 1,255 1,125 5 130 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 105 10 40 55 5
Slavic languages 687,940 569,890 11,770 75,140 31,140
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 560 415 10 95 35
Bosnian 11,685 9,230 780 1,025 655
Bulgarian 19,050 11,060 1,555 5,625 810
Croatian 49,735 44,270 330 3,670 1,460
Czech 23,585 20,045 145 2,855 535
Macedonian 17,250 15,690 35 715 810
Polish 191,645 161,295 1,650 21,045 7,655
Russian 164,330 125,090 5,110 21,655 12,475
Serbian 56,420 46,940 770 5,735 2,970
Serbo-Croatian 10,150 7,305 655 1,805 385
Slovak 17,585 15,250 80 1,820 435
Slovenian 10,780 9,690 25 985 80
Ukrainian 111,535 100,480 550 7,785 2,725
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,635 3,135 70 320 110
Baltic languages 13,445 11,305 35 1,950 165
Latvian 6,200 5,235 5 900 65
Lithuanian 7,250 6,070 25 1,050 100
Greek 108,925 74,110 640 27,275 6,895
Armenian 29,795 12,840 1,285 13,910 1,755
Albanian 23,820 18,750 845 2,290 1,935
Georgian 1,200 895 25 125 150
Finno-Ugric languages 91,725 77,660 580 9,740 3,740
Estonian 6,385 5,515 5 830 35
Finnish 17,415 16,050 15 1,120 235
Hungarian 67,925 56,095 560 7,795 3,475
Turkic languages 35,010 24,920 2,395 4,575 3,120
Azerbaijani 2,490 2,025 20 255 185
Turkish 29,640 20,715 2,255 4,040 2,630
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 2,885 2,180 120 280 300
Mongolian 1,020 835 35 95 50
Afro-Asiatic languages 448,500 246,610 60,395 114,470 27,030
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,855 85 3,555 1,985 225
Cushitic languages 42,520 28,710 4,645 6,380 2,790
Oromo 11,135 3,415 3,960 3,190 570
Somali 31,385 25,290 685 3,190 2,225
Semitic languages 397,760 217,600 51,260 104,970 23,930
Amharic 18,020 16,330 55 1,065 575
Arabic 327,870 157,655 51,005 99,215 19,995
Hebrew 18,455 14,265 115 3,730 340
Maltese 6,225 6,025 5 150 40
Tigrigna 10,220 9,180 35 425 575
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 16,975 14,145 45 380 2,400
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,360 210 935 1,130 85
Indo-Iranian languages 1,085,080 905,905 5,790 59,375 114,010
Indo-Aryan languages 887,515 748,680 2,145 39,215 97,470
Bengali 59,370 49,540 610 6,160 3,060
Gujarati 91,450 78,135 245 4,940 8,125
Hindi 90,545 82,895 90 4,050 3,510
Konkani 2,820 2,635 10 135 35
Marathi 5,835 5,335 5 335 160
Panjabi (Punjabi) 430,705 346,465 525 13,080 70,635
Sindhi 11,330 10,075 25 795 435
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,185 13,310 15 565 295
Urdu 172,800 153,930 495 8,615 9,760
Nepali 8,480 6,355 130 535 1,465
Iranian languages 192,310 152,855 3,520 19,810 16,125
Kurdish 9,800 7,840 310 630 1,020
Pashto 12,460 10,260 160 705 1,340
Persian (Farsi) 170,045 134,750 3,050 18,475 13,770
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,255 4,370 120 355 405
Dravidian languages 159,730 137,555 690 9,390 12,090
Kannada 2,725 2,510 0 165 50
Malayalam 16,075 14,980 10 565 525
Tamil 131,265 111,100 680 8,285 11,205
Telugu 9,320 8,655 5 355 305
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 315 0 15 10
Japanese 39,985 35,055 190 2,185 2,555
Korean 137,925 116,260 205 5,605 15,850
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,084,540 813,195 7,840 48,900 214,610
Chinese languages 1,072,555 803,685 7,805 48,610 212,445
Cantonese 372,465 274,105 1,035 14,125 83,195
Chaochow (Teochow) 2,580 1,690 35 190 665
Fukien 5,925 4,270 10 120 1,530
Hakka 5,115 4,090 20 240 765
Mandarin 248,705 191,785 1,380 10,320 45,225
Shanghainese 2,925 1,880 10 110 930
Taiwanese 9,635 7,435 15 385 1,800
Chinese, n.o.s. 425,210 318,440 5,305 23,120 78,340
Tibetan languages 4,635 3,955 10 160 505
Burmese 2,990 2,655 5 65 265
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 4,360 2,895 15 60 1,390
Tai languages 20,905 14,260 1,790 3,075 1,770
Lao 12,970 7,665 1,670 2,580 1,050
Thai 7,935 6,595 120 495 725
Austro-Asiatic languages 164,325 109,010 9,815 22,355 23,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 19,440 9,610 3,080 4,345 2,405
Vietnamese 144,885 99,405 6,730 18,005 20,735
Malayo-Polynesian languages 381,750 367,350 640 9,275 4,490
Bisayan languages 16,240 15,665 20 400 155
Ilocano 17,910 17,135 5 425 345
Malay 10,905 10,060 30 535 285
Pampango 2,720 2,625 0 50 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 327,445 316,720 130 7,105 3,490
Bikol 1,220 1,155 0 40 20
Malagasy 1,015 20 410 580 10
Fijian 935 895 0 20 25
Pangasinan 1,035 995 0 15 25
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 2,315 2,075 40 100 105
Niger-Congo languages 68,325 40,545 9,970 16,495 1,315
Akan (Twi) 12,680 11,490 25 995 170
Bantu languages 31,915 15,150 6,005 9,995 760
Lingala 3,085 95 1,570 1,380 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,975 255 1,305 2,290 120
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 3,895 550 850 2,395 100
Shona 2,695 2,560 0 130 10
Swahili 10,090 6,105 1,380 2,235 375
Ganda 1,020 935 0 75 10
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 7,155 4,650 895 1,495 115
Edo 1,350 1,290 0 40 15
Igbo 2,920 2,745 5 140 35
Wolof 2,240 75 840 1,280 45
Bamanankan 885 10 470 395 5
Ewe 1,315 700 200 395 20
Ga 950 845 5 100 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 14,070 8,235 2,425 3,155 255
African languages, n.i.e. 9,130 7,640 380 860 255
Creoles 61,725 4,610 30,925 24,155 2,030
Non-verbal languages 6,430 2,900 450 290 2,790
American Sign Language 2,165 1,420 10 95 630
Quebec Sign Language 460 0 265 80 110
Sign languages, n.i.e. 3,815 1,475 180 115 2,045
Other languages 2,470 1,770 90 205 410
Multiple responses 639,540 385,890 34,925 214,995 3,730
English and French 144,685 14,580 4,620 125,375 105
English and non-official language 396,330 357,875 740 34,980 2,740
French and non-official language 74,430 10,645 28,880 34,140 765
English, French and non-official language 24,095 2,790 685 20,500 115

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011055.

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