2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Detailed Mother Tongue (232), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces, Territories and Federal Electoral Districts (2003 Representation Order), 2011 Census

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General information

Catalogue number :98-314-XCB2011034
Release date :October 24, 2012
Topic :Language
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Population excluding institutional residents universe

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Data table

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This table details detailed mother tongue , knowledge of official languages , age groups and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Detailed mother tongue (232) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Detailed mother tongue 33,121,175 22,564,670 4,165,015 5,795,570 595,920
Single responses 32,481,635 22,178,780 4,130,085 5,580,580 592,190
English 18,858,980 17,162,570 6,240 1,682,285 7,880
French 7,054,975 50,620 3,869,845 3,132,955 1,555
Non-official languages 6,567,680 4,965,590 254,000 765,340 582,755
Aboriginal languages 200,725 168,240 13,525 8,935 10,020
Algonquian languages 135,430 111,805 12,865 6,460 4,300
Algonquin 1,585 290 600 675 20
Atikamekw 5,815 0 4,965 205 650
Blackfoot 2,860 2,840 0 10 10
Cree languages 78,200 71,875 130 3,980 2,215
Cree, n.o.s. 77,900 71,580 130 3,975 2,215
Swampy Cree 70 70 0 0 0
Plains Cree 150 150 0 5 0
Woods Cree 70 70 0 0 5
Cree, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0
Malecite 420 405 0 10 0
Mi'kmaq 7,635 7,290 25 275 50
Innu/Montagnais 10,785 1,965 7,120 995 710
Naskapi 610 430 10 95 70
Ojibway 17,625 17,165 10 190 260
Oji-Cree 9,835 9,505 0 20 310
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 55 50 0 5 0
Michif 450 370 0 80 0
Athapaskan languages 19,210 18,415 20 105 675
Carrier 1,290 1,265 0 20 0
Wetsuweten 125 120 0 0 0
Chilcotin 765 740 0 0 20
Dene 11,215 10,715 5 25 480
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,030 1,935 0 10 90
Gwich'in 355 350 0 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 220 200 5 5 10
South Slavey 510 495 0 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,535 1,455 15 25 45
Sarcee 155 145 0 5 5
Beaver 245 240 0 5 0
Sekani 50 50 0 5 0
Kaska (Nahani) 255 250 0 0 5
Tahltan 100 100 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 175 175 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 110 110 0 5 0
Tutchone, n.o.s. 10 10 0 0 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 75 70 0 5 0
Haida 45 45 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 855 770 5 75 5
Mohawk 410 345 0 60 0
Cayuga 215 210 0 0 5
Oneida 160 150 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 75 65 5 10 0
Kutenai 90 90 0 0 0
Salish languages 2,435 2,410 0 25 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 575 565 0 5 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 370 370 0 0 0
Halkomelem 455 445 0 5 0
Lillooet 255 260 0 0 0
Okanagan 285 280 0 5 0
Squamish 55 55 0 5 0
Straits 140 140 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 305 295 0 5 0
Siouan languages 4,205 4,155 0 30 15
Dakota 1,060 1,050 0 10 0
Stoney 3,050 3,020 0 20 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 95 95 0 5 0
Tlingit 100 100 0 0 5
Tsimshian languages 1,555 1,540 0 5 5
Gitksan 785 780 0 5 0
Nisga'a 535 525 0 5 0
Tsimshian 235 235 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 930 910 0 10 5
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 275 265 0 5 5
Haisla 145 140 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 75 70 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 435 425 0 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 34,670 26,950 610 2,110 5,005
Inuktitut 33,500 25,850 595 2,080 4,970
Inuinnaqtun 390 365 0 0 20
Inuvialuktun 475 470 0 5 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 305 260 15 25 5
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 760 685 30 35 15
Romance languages 1,120,590 685,590 91,985 256,705 86,310
Italian 407,485 254,515 18,665 106,000 28,305
Portuguese 211,335 147,380 10,565 30,450 22,940
Romanian 90,295 43,290 8,295 34,025 4,690
Spanish 410,670 240,075 54,380 85,880 30,335
Catalan 595 245 75 270 10
Romance languages, n.i.e. 200 90 10 80 25
Germanic languages 579,680 515,380 1,655 47,540 15,105
Dutch 110,490 100,045 205 9,800 435
Flemish 4,695 3,215 110 1,350 20
Frisian 2,135 2,000 0 125 0
German 409,200 365,945 1,225 29,545 12,480
Yiddish 15,205 9,435 40 3,740 1,990
Scandinavian languages 28,790 26,305 25 2,370 90
Danish 14,145 13,265 5 850 25
Icelandic 1,500 1,400 0 95 5
Norwegian 5,800 5,285 5 480 25
Swedish 7,350 6,355 10 945 25
Afrikaans 8,770 8,340 5 345 85
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 400 90 35 275 0
Celtic languages 3,005 2,515 45 425 20
Gaelic languages 1,650 1,380 10 245 15
Welsh 1,255 1,125 0 130 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 105 10 35 60 5
Slavic languages 687,935 569,885 11,770 75,135 31,140
Belarusian (Byelorussian) 565 415 10 95 40
Bosnian 11,685 9,230 780 1,020 650
Bulgarian 19,050 11,060 1,555 5,620 810
Croatian 49,735 44,270 335 3,670 1,460
Czech 23,580 20,045 145 2,860 540
Macedonian 17,245 15,685 40 715 805
Polish 191,645 161,300 1,650 21,045 7,650
Russian 164,330 125,090 5,110 21,655 12,475
Serbian 56,415 46,940 770 5,740 2,970
Serbo-Croatian 10,155 7,310 655 1,805 385
Slovak 17,585 15,250 80 1,825 430
Slovenian 10,775 9,690 20 985 85
Ukrainian 111,540 100,480 550 7,780 2,730
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 3,630 3,130 70 320 110
Baltic languages 13,450 11,305 35 1,950 160
Latvian 6,205 5,235 10 900 65
Lithuanian 7,245 6,070 30 1,055 100
Greek 108,925 74,110 640 27,280 6,895
Armenian 29,795 12,840 1,285 13,915 1,755
Albanian 23,820 18,750 845 2,290 1,935
Georgian 1,195 895 25 125 150
Finno-Ugric languages 91,725 77,660 580 9,745 3,740
Estonian 6,385 5,515 5 830 35
Finnish 17,415 16,050 15 1,125 230
Hungarian 67,925 56,095 565 7,795 3,475
Turkic languages 35,015 24,920 2,400 4,580 3,115
Azerbaijani 2,490 2,025 20 255 185
Turkish 29,640 20,720 2,250 4,040 2,630
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 2,885 2,175 120 280 300
Mongolian 1,025 835 40 90 50
Afro-Asiatic languages 448,495 246,610 60,390 114,465 27,030
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,855 85 3,550 1,985 225
Cushitic languages 42,520 28,705 4,645 6,380 2,790
Oromo 11,135 3,415 3,960 3,190 565
Somali 31,385 25,290 685 3,190 2,220
Semitic languages 397,760 217,600 51,265 104,970 23,925
Amharic 18,020 16,330 55 1,060 575
Arabic 327,870 157,660 51,005 99,215 19,995
Hebrew 18,450 14,270 120 3,730 340
Maltese 6,220 6,030 5 150 40
Tigrigna 10,220 9,185 35 430 575
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 16,970 14,140 45 380 2,405
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 2,365 210 935 1,130 85
Indo-Iranian languages 1,085,075 905,910 5,790 59,375 114,005
Indo-Aryan languages 887,515 748,685 2,140 39,215 97,475
Bengali 59,370 49,540 610 6,165 3,055
Gujarati 91,450 78,140 245 4,940 8,130
Hindi 90,545 82,895 90 4,050 3,510
Konkani 2,825 2,640 15 135 35
Marathi 5,830 5,335 5 335 160
Panjabi (Punjabi) 430,705 346,465 525 13,085 70,635
Sindhi 11,330 10,075 20 795 435
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 14,180 13,310 10 565 295
Urdu 172,800 153,935 495 8,615 9,760
Nepali 8,480 6,355 130 535 1,465
Iranian languages 192,310 152,855 3,520 19,810 16,125
Kurdish 9,800 7,840 310 635 1,015
Pashto 12,460 10,260 160 700 1,340
Persian (Farsi) 170,045 134,755 3,050 18,475 13,770
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5,255 4,370 120 355 405
Dravidian languages 159,725 137,555 690 9,390 12,090
Kannada 2,725 2,505 0 165 50
Malayalam 16,080 14,980 10 565 525
Tamil 131,265 111,100 675 8,285 11,205
Telugu 9,320 8,650 5 360 305
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 315 0 15 10
Japanese 39,985 35,055 190 2,185 2,555
Korean 137,925 116,260 210 5,600 15,855
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,084,540 813,195 7,835 48,900 214,610
Chinese languages 1,072,555 803,685 7,810 48,610 212,450
Cantonese 372,465 274,105 1,040 14,125 83,195
Chaochow (Teochow) 2,580 1,690 35 190 665
Fukien 5,925 4,265 5 120 1,530
Hakka 5,115 4,090 20 240 765
Mandarin 248,705 191,785 1,375 10,315 45,225
Shanghainese 2,925 1,885 5 105 930
Taiwanese 9,635 7,430 20 385 1,800
Chinese, n.o.s. 425,210 318,440 5,305 23,120 78,340
Tibetan languages 4,635 3,955 10 165 505
Burmese 2,990 2,655 5 70 260
Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 4,360 2,895 15 60 1,390
Tai languages 20,905 14,260 1,790 3,075 1,775
Lao 12,965 7,665 1,670 2,585 1,050
Thai 7,935 6,595 120 495 725
Austro-Asiatic languages 164,325 109,015 9,815 22,355 23,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 19,440 9,610 3,085 4,345 2,400
Vietnamese 144,885 99,405 6,730 18,010 20,740
Malayo-Polynesian languages 381,750 367,345 640 9,275 4,490
Bisayan languages 16,240 15,665 20 405 155
Ilocano 17,910 17,130 10 430 345
Malay 10,905 10,055 30 540 280
Pampango 2,715 2,630 0 50 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 327,450 316,725 130 7,105 3,490
Bikol 1,220 1,155 0 40 20
Malagasy 1,015 20 405 580 10
Fijian 940 895 0 20 20
Pangasinan 1,035 1,000 0 15 25
Malayo-Polynesian languages, n.i.e. 2,315 2,070 40 95 105
Niger-Congo languages 68,325 40,545 9,970 16,490 1,320
Akan (Twi) 12,680 11,495 25 995 175
Bantu languages 31,915 15,155 6,005 10,000 760
Lingala 3,085 95 1,570 1,380 35
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,975 255 1,305 2,290 120
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 3,895 550 850 2,395 100
Shona 2,700 2,555 0 130 10
Swahili 10,090 6,105 1,385 2,235 375
Ganda 1,020 935 0 75 10
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 7,150 4,645 895 1,495 115
Edo 1,350 1,285 5 45 15
Igbo 2,925 2,750 5 135 35
Wolof 2,240 80 840 1,280 45
Bamanankan 885 10 470 395 5
Ewe 1,315 700 200 390 25
Ga 950 845 5 100 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 14,070 8,235 2,425 3,155 255
African languages, n.i.e. 9,130 7,635 380 855 255
Creoles 61,725 4,615 30,925 24,160 2,030
Non-verbal languages 6,435 2,900 450 290 2,790
American Sign Language 2,160 1,425 10 95 635
Quebec Sign Language 455 0 265 80 110
Sign languages, n.i.e. 3,815 1,475 175 115 2,045
Other languages 2,470 1,770 90 200 410
Multiple responses 639,540 385,890 34,930 214,990 3,730
English and French 144,685 14,580 4,625 125,375 105
English and non-official language 396,330 357,875 740 34,975 2,740
French and non-official language 74,430 10,645 28,875 34,135 770
English, French and non-official language 24,095 2,790 690 20,505 115

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011034.

Map – Canada

Map : Canada
Source: Statistics Canada, Geography Division, 2011 Census of Population

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