2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations

Topic-based tabulation: Mother Tongue - Detailed Aboriginal Languages (85), Languages Spoken Most Often at Home - Detailed Aboriginal Languages (85), Other Languages Spoken Regularly at Home - Aboriginal Languages (12), Age Groups (13A), Sex (3) and Area of Residence (6) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2011 Census

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General information

Catalogue number :98-314-XCB2011048
Release date :October 24, 2012
Topic :Language
Data dimensions :

Note

Note: Population excluding institutional residents universe

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Note: Area of residence

'Area of residence' refers to the following geographic areas: on reserve, rural area, small population centre, medium population centre and large urban population centre. These geographic areas can be used to show where the Aboriginal population is residing.
'On reserve' includes six census subdivision (CSD) types legally affiliated with First Nations or Indian bands, i.e., Indian reserve (IRI), Indian settlement (S-É) (except for the five Indian settlements of Champagne Landing 10, Klukshu, Two and One-Half Mile Village, Two Mile Village and Kloo Lake), Indian government district (IGD), terres réservées aux Cris (TC), terres réservées aux Naskapis (TK) and Nisga'a land (NL), as well as the northern village of Sandy Bay in Saskatchewan.
A population centre (POPCTR) has a population of at least 1,000 and a population density of 400 persons or more per square kilometre, based on the current census population count. All areas outside population centres are classified as rural areas.
Population centres are classified into one of three population size groups:
? small population centres, with a population of between 1,000 and 29,999
? medium population centres, with a population of between 30,000 and 99,999
? large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over.
Rural areas include remote and wilderness areas and agricultural lands, as well as small towns, villages and other populated places with a population of less than 1,000.
Additional information on the geographic units can be obtained from the 2011 Census Dictionary.


Note: On reserve

Users should be aware that the counts for this item are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements. The extent of the impact will depend on the geographic area under study. In 2011, a total of 31 Indian reserves and Indian settlements were incompletely enumerated by the census. The populations of these 31 communities are not included in the census counts.




Data table

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This table details mother tongue - detailed aboriginal languages , languages spoken most often at home - detailed aboriginal languages , other languages spoken regularly at home - aboriginal languages , age groups , sex and area of residence for the population excluding institutional residents in CanadaFootnote 1
Mother tongue - Detailed Aboriginal languages (85) Age groups (13A)
Total - Age groups 0 to 14 years 0 to 4 years 5 to 9 years 10 to 14 years 15 to 24 years 15 to 19 years 20 to 24 years 25 to 44 years 45 to 64 years 65 years and over 65 to 74 years 75 years and over
Total - Detailed Aboriginal languages 33,121,175 5,602,070 1,875,660 1,808,725 1,917,680 4,351,720 2,171,925 2,179,800 8,793,425 9,670,875 4,703,085 2,643,550 2,059,540
Total - Single responses 32,481,635 5,441,505 1,815,240 1,758,165 1,868,100 4,255,860 2,122,470 2,133,390 8,603,910 9,537,535 4,642,825 2,610,525 2,032,300
English 18,858,980 3,568,465 1,169,320 1,165,535 1,233,600 2,705,215 1,370,155 1,335,055 4,845,190 5,333,230 2,406,875 1,369,645 1,037,230
French 7,054,975 1,071,805 370,115 340,910 360,785 854,280 430,860 423,420 1,733,440 2,247,570 1,147,870 666,920 480,955
Aboriginal languages 200,725 45,585 16,790 14,505 14,285 30,335 15,705 14,630 53,470 51,855 19,475 13,020 6,455
Algonquian languages 135,425 29,390 10,835 9,335 9,215 19,505 10,225 9,280 36,530 37,040 12,965 8,790 4,180
Algonquin 1,585 245 100 75 70 200 95 105 500 470 175 110 65
Atikamekw 5,820 2,165 810 700 655 1,180 675 505 1,500 780 195 135 50
Blackfoot 2,860 115 40 35 40 150 70 80 565 1,495 535 395 140
Cree languages 78,200 17,400 6,400 5,570 5,435 11,390 5,955 5,430 21,590 20,425 7,400 4,935 2,460
Cree, n.o.s. 77,900 17,350 6,385 5,545 5,420 11,355 5,945 5,405 21,490 20,330 7,375 4,920 2,455
Swampy Cree 75 15 5 5 5 5 5 5 20 30 5 5 5
Plains Cree 150 25 10 10 5 10 0 5 50 50 15 5 5
Woods Cree 70 10 5 5 5 15 10 10 20 15 5 0 5
Cree, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 420 15 0 10 0 10 0 5 60 230 105 60 40
Mi'kmaq 7,635 1,575 530 490 550 1,150 615 535 2,135 2,095 675 435 240
Innu/Montagnais 10,785 3,250 1,290 985 970 2,085 1,105 980 2,860 2,035 555 375 185
Naskapi 610 185 65 55 60 150 85 65 140 95 35 20 15
Ojibway 17,620 1,545 485 470 600 1,460 720 740 4,220 7,610 2,785 1,950 835
Oji-Cree 9,835 2,885 1,115 945 825 1,725 895 830 2,950 1,780 495 360 140
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 60 5 0 5 0 10 5 5 15 15 10 0 5
Michif 450 0 0 5 0 10 0 5 50 245 145 95 50
Athapaskan languages 19,215 3,640 1,375 1,110 1,155 2,840 1,395 1,445 5,275 5,190 2,270 1,410 865
Carrier 1,290 80 30 20 30 85 45 35 270 565 285 170 115
Wetsuweten 120 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 60 55 30 20
Chilcotin 765 40 20 15 15 60 35 25 170 335 155 80 75
Dene 11,220 2,890 1,130 875 885 2,085 1,020 1,070 3,190 2,225 825 535 295
Tlicho (Dogrib) 2,030 345 115 110 125 290 140 150 690 540 165 105 65
Gwich'in 355 10 0 5 0 25 10 10 55 125 145 90 55
North Slavey (Hare) 220 5 0 0 0 20 5 10 75 80 45 25 15
South Slavey 510 70 25 20 20 45 20 30 170 170 55 35 20
Slavey, n.o.s. 1,535 125 30 40 55 160 90 75 400 595 255 155 100
Sarcee 150 15 5 10 5 20 10 5 35 45 30 15 10
Beaver 245 20 5 10 5 25 5 20 65 95 40 20 15
Sekani 55 5 5 5 0 0 0 0 10 25 15 15 0
Kaska (Nahani) 255 15 5 5 10 20 10 5 70 110 40 30 15
Tahltan 100 5 0 5 0 5 0 0 10 40 50 25 20
Northern Tutchone 175 0 5 0 0 10 0 5 15 95 60 35 25
Southern Tutchone 110 5 5 5 0 5 0 0 20 50 35 20 15
Tutchone, n.o.s. 10 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 5 0
Athapaskan languages, n.i.e. 70 5 5 0 0 10 5 5 15 30 15 10 5
Haida 50 0 5 0 0 0 0 5 5 15 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 855 95 25 35 40 105 45 55 160 295 200 125 70
Mohawk 405 50 10 20 20 55 30 25 80 140 80 50 30
Cayuga 210 30 10 10 10 30 10 20 40 65 40 20 15
Oneida 160 15 5 5 0 10 5 5 15 60 55 40 15
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 75 5 0 0 5 10 0 10 15 30 20 10 10
Kutenai 85 0 5 0 0 5 0 5 15 40 25 20 5
Salish languages 2,440 195 55 70 70 145 60 80 345 945 810 525 285
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 575 30 10 5 15 40 15 25 75 240 190 125 65
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 370 20 10 5 5 10 5 0 40 165 140 85 55
Halkomelem 455 40 10 10 20 25 15 10 90 155 140 90 55
Lillooet 260 10 5 5 0 10 5 5 30 115 90 55 35
Okanagan 280 20 10 10 0 20 10 10 40 90 115 80 35
Squamish 55 10 0 0 0 5 0 5 15 15 15 10 10
Straits 140 40 10 15 10 25 10 15 25 30 20 15 5
Salish languages, n.i.e. 300 20 0 10 10 10 5 10 35 135 105 70 30
Siouan languages 4,200 800 290 255 260 695 335 360 1,230 1,085 395 235 160
Dakota 1,060 115 30 30 50 110 60 55 280 395 155 105 55
Stoney 3,045 685 255 215 210 575 275 305 930 645 210 120 90
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 95 0 0 0 5 5 5 5 20 35 25 10 20
Tlingit 105 10 5 0 5 15 10 5 15 40 25 15 15
Tsimshian languages 1,550 50 20 20 10 55 15 40 160 750 545 370 170
Gitksan 790 35 15 15 5 25 10 20 85 435 205 155 50
Nisga'a 530 15 5 5 0 20 5 15 60 240 200 135 60
Tsimshian 235 5 5 0 0 5 0 5 20 75 140 80 55
Wakashan languages 930 65 15 25 20 30 15 20 115 335 380 230 150
Nootka (Nuu-chah-nulth) 275 20 5 5 10 5 5 5 35 110 100 70 30
Haisla 140 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 10 55 80 45 30
Heiltsuk 75 5 0 0 5 5 0 5 5 5 55 35 15
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 435 40 15 20 15 20 10 5 65 165 140 80 65
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 34,670 11,285 4,155 3,630 3,495 6,880 3,575 3,305 9,435 5,585 1,485 1,060 425
Inuktitut 33,500 11,195 4,125 3,605 3,465 6,765 3,520 3,250 9,145 5,110 1,280 910 370
Inuinnaqtun 385 25 5 5 10 40 20 15 85 185 55 35 15
Inuvialuktun 475 30 15 10 10 40 20 20 110 185 110 80 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 310 25 10 10 10 35 15 15 95 105 45 30 15
Aboriginal languages, n.i.e. 760 55 15 15 25 60 25 35 135 310 205 145 60
Other languages 6,366,960 755,645 259,005 237,215 259,430 666,025 305,750 360,275 1,971,805 1,904,885 1,068,600 560,940 507,665
Total - Multiple responses 639,540 160,560 60,420 50,565 49,585 95,865 49,455 46,410 189,510 133,335 60,260 33,020 27,240
English and Aboriginal language 11,435 2,070 735 675 660 1,460 745 715 3,330 3,370 1,210 820 390
French and Aboriginal language 1,025 180 70 70 45 100 50 55 260 320 165 95 70
English, French and Aboriginal language 305 65 30 25 10 35 15 20 75 95 35 25 10
Other multiple responses 626,775 158,240 59,580 49,795 48,865 94,275 48,650 45,625 185,850 129,550 58,855 32,085 26,775

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Excludes census data for one or more incompletely enumerated Indian reserves or Indian settlements.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-314-XCB2011048.

Map – Canada

Map : Canada
Source: Statistics Canada, Geography Division, 2011 Census of Population

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